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you, while you live, and esteem your posterity when you are with Christ in the kingdom of heaven. The Lord both #. and bless your honour, and his whole church. From. ancaster castle, February 28, 1587. - “GILEs W1GGINToN, pastor of Sedburgh.” ... It does not appear what effect was produced by the above letter, nor how long Mr. Wigginton remained a close prisoner; but in about two years, he was brought into other troubles by Whitgift, his old adversary. In the month of December, 1588, being in London, the archbishop's pursuivant apprehended him at his lodgings, while he was in bed, and carried him to Lambeth, upon suspicion of being one of the authors of Martin Mar-Prelate. At Lambeth, he appeared before the Archbishop, the Bishop of Winchester, Dr. Aubery, Dr. Cosin, Dr. Goodman, and other high commissioners; when he underwent the following examination : Archbishop. There is a book, called Martin MarPrelate, a vile, seditious, and intolerable book; and you' are suspected to be one of its authors. Therefore, you are to swear what you know concerning it. - Wigginton. You do well to let me know what I have to swear to. But let me know, also, who are my accusers. For I do not mean to accuse myself. A. We will take your answers upon your word alone. What say you to these articles following? Have you any of those books 2 or have you read or heard any of them read, or any part of them, at any time? W. I will not answer to accuse myself. Let my accusers stand forth and proceed against me. You have known my mind upon this point, many years. A. Have you had any of them, and how many How came you by them hat did you do with them In whose hands are they And by whose means did you obtain them 2 W. I had rather accuse myself, than other persons; but I will accuse neither. Let mine accusers, and proper witnesses according to the laws of God and the realm, proceed against me. I expect no comfort in accusing myself, or my neighbour. - . A. Have you i. sold, given, dispersed, handled, or any way dealt in any of them and in what sort: W. I account it as unnatural for me to accuse myself, as to thrust a knife into my thigh. The matter, I understand, is doubtful and dangerous; therefore, I will accuse neither' myself nor others. “In the mouth of two- or three witnesses, let every word be established.” The heathen. jo said, “I will hear thee when thine accusers are come.” . Do you know the author, writer, or printer of that book? Did you make or help to make, write, or print it, or any F. of it, or see any part of it before it was printed 2 W. I did neither make, write, nor print it, nor any part of it, nor see any part of it before it was printed. * * A. Did you not deliver some copies of it in the country, one to Mr. Moore, and another to Mr. Cartwright? • * W. I understand, what you well know, that many lords, and other persons of quality, have obtained and read the book. And supposing I have done the same, it will, in my opinion, be more to your credit, to examine all sorts about. it, and not poor persons only, according to your custom. A. Whom do you believe, think, suspect, or conjecture, to be the author, writer, or printer of it, or any part of it, or any way helper towards it? - Did you make any oath, or vow, or promise, to conceal the same * - , W. What I believe, think, suspect, or conjecture, or have vowed or promised, I am not bound to make known. I answer as before, I would rather accuse myself, than my neighbour. A. What printing press, or furniture for printing, have you known, within the two years last past 2 W. I know of none, as I told you before. A. Yes, but you are verily suspected of it. Public fame is against you. : W. I thank God, I am not infamous; nor will I borrow of any man. But, by the grace of God, I will live a true: subject, the benefit of whom I claim, and wish to enjoy. . : A. But what do you say about, the case of Atkinson of Sedburgh, as mentioned in the book? Did not you minister, this report of Atkinson, nor any thing, else towards the book : Have you the note of Atkinson's hand for it, or, who hath it 2 - - - , W. I did not minister any such thing. For if I had done it, I would have reported the same story in another. form. Atkinson told it to many others besides me, whose names I reserve in silence. -A. Did you not say to the pursuivant, as you came in the boat, that you had seen the second Martin, called. “The Epitome?” Y. Let the pursuivant stand forth, and accuse me, if het Will, - - - - - - - -

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Bishop. You have preached pernicious doctrine. . ; * W. *i. do you mean by pernicious doctrine I preach that doctrine which promotes the glory of God, and the salvation of his people. B. We have the queen's authority and commission in our hands. * : W. I pray for you, that you may do well; but this I tell you, that while I profess to serve God, all that I do is not the service of God: so while you challenge the queen's authority and commission, all that you do is not the queen's authority and commission. A. The papists answer altogether like you. W. The papists eat bread, and so do I: and I fear not to do like them in any good thing. Yet I hope you will make a difference betwixt me and papists. * • A. Not in that point. o . W. It is well known that you mistake my design, and I yours; but I wish you well. - - A. I care not for your wishes. - o W. My wishes and prayers, though they be sinful, will do you no harm. o A. I desire them not, and would be loath to come under them. - W. Love me not the worse for being plain with you. Cosin. No, you are not so plain; for you do not directly. answer. W. Martin himself, I understand, will come forth, and, defend his matters, if he may have fair trial. A. Record that, Mr. Hartwell. W. It is well known that I am as ready to read and lend that book as any person, in a good and lawful manner. Yet, I will not accuse myself, and thus do myself hurt, and you no good. And I would rather have to speak well, than ill of you hereafter. - t - o Goodman. If we be ill, whom do you mean? W. All are ill, and need reformation. . . Aubery. Did not you tell Mr. Martin, your keeper at the Compter, that he could not find out the author of the book? : W. Mr. Martin is a simple man, and imagines from the title of the book, that I am the author. A. Is Mr. Perry then the author of the “Demonstration,”. or of Martin Mar-Prelate 2 - - W. I think he is not. And I think you are greatly deceived in charging him with it. - . - ... • A. There are many lies in Martin. ..

W. You must then confute them. * A. You despise the high commission. Why do you wear a cloak above your gown 2 W. As a woman just come out of child-bed, I am just . out of the Compter, and dress thus, fearing the C0101. A. You make a wise comparison of yourself. Such women must be kept warm. W. Then let them be kept warm." ... The commissioners having finished the examination of Mr. Wigginton, and finding him, after using all the inquisition their wits could devise, unwilling to accuse himself or others, they dismissed him from their presence, while they consulted what they should do. And being again called in, the meek and lowly archbishop thus addressed him:—“Forasmuch as you have refused to swear, and to answer as we have required you, and so, by law, have confessed yourself to be guilty of the accusations charged against you; and as you have at sundry times, and in divers ways, shewed your contempt of our ecclesiastical authority, and of this our high commission, which the queen hath given unto us, and which you shall obey and yield unto, before I have done with you; therefore, your former enlargement shall now be taken away, and you shall be kept close prisoner in the Gatehouse, until you shall yield in these matters; and when you are so disposed, you may send us word. In the mean time go your way. Away with him pursuivant.” He was then carried to the Gatehouse,t where he remained a long time; and though repeated intercessions were made to the archbishop for his release, it was all to no purpose. Mr. Wigginton was a pious man, a zealous minister, and a learned divine, and was living in the year 1591; but he most probably continued in the Gatehouse for several years, until the general, banishment of the puritans.; This great sufferer in the cause of nonconformity, during

* MS. Register, p. 843–848. + Ibid.

# The warrant sent to the keeper of the Gatehouse, was as follows:– “Herewith we send you one Giles Wigginton, whom we will and require “ you, and in her majesty's name, do strictly charge and command you to “retain in your custody, by virtue of her highness's commission for causes “ecclesiastical to us and others directed, and him safely to keep and “ detain, until you shall have further direction from us. And hereof fail “you not, as you will answer to the contrary at your peril. Given at “Lambeth, December 6, 1588.”—Ibid. p. 848,849.

§ MS. Chronology, vol. ii. p. 441. (8.) - -

his confinement in prison, had some correspondence with Hacket, the zealous enthusiast, who is said to have devised mad plots against the government; for which he was hanged, drawn and quartered. Whatever acquaintance or correspondence he had with this man, he never approved of his opinions and practice. However, from his slight connection with Hacket, Coppinger, and Arthington, his memory has suffered greatly from the scurrilous pen of Dr. Cosin, one of the high commission in the above examination; and herein he is followed by other historians.” . On this account, it will be proper to give a circumstantial statement of the case, even allowing his enemies to be judges. That Wigginton held correspondence with these men in the matters of their conspiracy, and that there was mutual correspondence betwixt him and them in all their plots for advancing their discipline, is manifest, says our author, by the confession of Arthington, who said, “That he heard Hacket singing certain songs, who wished that Arthington had some of them. For it was a very special thing, and, said he, Mr. Wigginton hath a great many of them.” This is one evidence of their mutual and united conspiracy 1 Coppinger, it is said, had once a conference with Wigginton, in the presence of Arthington, concerning his extraordinary calling. On this occasion, Mr. Wigginton refused to be made acquainted with Coppinger's secrets, saying, “You are known to be an honest gentleman, and sworn to the queen, and therefore I will not be acquainted with those things which God hath revealed unto you for the f. of your sovereign.” Hacket also declared, that he eard Mr. Wigginton say, “That if the magistrates do not govern well, the people might draw themselves together, and see to a reformation.” This dangerous opinion, it is said, may be gathered from one of his letters, in which he said, “Mr. Cartwright is in the Fleet, for refusal of the oath, and Mr. K. is sent for, and sundry worthy ministers are disquieted. So that we look for some bickering 'ere long, and then a battle, which cannot long endure.” Coppinger and Arthington told Wigginton, “That reformation and the Lord's discipline should now forthwith be established, and therefore charged him in the Lord's name, to put all christians in comfort, that they should see a joyful alteration in the state of church government shortly.”:

* Strype's Whitgift, p. 305.—Collier's Eccl. Hist, vol. ii. p. 327–329. * Cosin's Conspiracy, p. 57. Edit. 1699. f Ibid. p. 58, 62.

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