have your honours had of this man of God, of his godliness and gravity, and of the manifold gifts of God in him, that I need say no more, as any way doubting of your honourable acceptation.” In the edition of his works, published in 1612, there is a dedication by Mr. Stephen Egerton, another excellent puritan, to Sir Marmaduke Darrell and Sir Thomas Bloother, knights, part of which is as follows:—“Surely, if one heathen man could gather gold out of the writings of another, how much more may we, being christians, gather not gold only, but pearls and precious stones out of the religious and holy labours of Mr. Richard Greenham, being a most godly brother; yea, more than a brother, even a most painful pastor, zealous preacher, and reverend father in the church of God; of whom I am persuaded that for practical divinity he was inferior to few or none in his time.” This pious divine had a strong and an unceasing attachment to the house of God. He used to say that ministers ought to frequent those places most where God hath made them most useful. Having once found the sweetness of gaining souls, thither should they be most desirous to resort. He had so conscientious a regard for the ordinance of public worship, that, however weak might be the talents of the preacher, he constantly esteemed it his duty, as well as his happiness, to resort to the house of the Lord.

GILEs W1GGINtoN, A. M.–This zealous puritan was born at Oundle in Northamptonshire, educated in Trinity college, Cambridge, and, in 1566, made second scholar in the college. He went to the university under the patronage and recommendation of Sir Walter Mildmay,” and was educated under Dr. Beaumont, master of the above college. Afterwards, he was chosen fellow of the house, though much opposed by Dr. Whitgift, then master of the college. He took his degrees in arts in 1571, having made great progress in the knowledge of divinity and the Greek and

* Sir Walter Mildmay was a constant friend to the persecuted nonconformists, and founder of Emanuel college, Cambridge, which afterwards became the very nursery of puritanism. He was surveyor of the court of argumentation in the reign of Henry VIII., and privy counsellor, chancellor, and under-treasurer of the exchequer to Queen Elizabeth. He is celebrated by Camden, and other historians, for his uncommon merit in his private and public character.—Fuller's Hist. of Cam. P. 146, 147-Granger's Biog. Hist, vol. i. p. 233. a


Hebrew languages. He continued some years longer at
Cambridge, and, when he quitted the university, was
possessed of great learning and many excellent endowments.
Mr. Wigginton having completed his studies at the
university, was presented to the vicarage of Sedburgh, in
the North Riding of Yorkshire; but being a zealous non-
conformist, he became a great sufferer in the common
cause. In the year 1581, Archbishop Sandys, writing to
the Bishop of Chester, in whose diocese our divine lived,
thus reproaches his nonconformity —“ Your lordship,”
says he, “shall do well to better Mr. Wigginton, a young
man very far out of frame; who, in my opinion, will not
accept of you as his ordinary or bishop; neither would I
accept of him being in your place, as a preacher of my
diocese. He laboureth not to build, but to pull down, and,
by what means he can, to overthrow the state ecclesi-
astical.” He probably thought the ecclesiastical state so
far corrupted and decayed, that it was incapable of the
amendment that was desired; and, therefore, he might
wish and endeavour by all peaceable means, to have it
pulled down, and a more pure discipline and government
Being afterwards in London, he was appointed in the
year 1584, to preach before the judges, in St. Dunstan's

church. Information of this coming to the ears of *

Whitgift, then Archbishop of Canterbury, he sent a pursuivant to Mr. Wigginton's lodgings in the dead of the night; and, finding him in bed, forbade him preaching, and required him to give bond for his appearance the next day, at Lambeth. All this he did without any written warrant. Upon his appearance at Lambeth, and refusing the oath ea officio, to answer certain articles altogether unknown to him, the archbishop, after using much reviling and reproachful language, committed ii. to the Gatehouse, where he remained nine weeks within one day. At the expiration of this period, the merciful archbishop released him, and gave him canonical admonition, charging him not to preach in his province without further license.

... In the year 1585, upon the information of one Edward Middleton, a man of profane character, and a o: papist, Whitgift gave orders to his brother Sandys of York, to proceed against Mr. Wigginton, even to deprivation. He was therefore cited j Chadderton, bishop of

* Baker's MS. Collec. vol. xxviii. p. 366. + M.S. Register, p. 759.

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Chester, when twelve charges were exhibited against him; and, in the end, he was deprived of his ministry; and one Colecloth, a minister of immoral character, was sent to take possession of the living. Afterwards, by the favour and influence of several persons of quality, he was again restored. - - : - . . . . . In the year 1586, our divine, being in London, was again . by one of Whitgift's pursuivants, and carried before his grace at Lambeth; who, for refusing the oath to accuse himself as before, committed him to the White-lion * where he was treated with the utmost barbarity, We shall give the account in his own words. “In #: month of May,” says he, “I was in London; and was sorely vexed by the archbishop's pursuivants, who apprehended me, and took me to Lambeth. At Lambeth, I was shamefully reviled and abused by the archbishop and those about him, as if I had been the vilest rebel against my prince and country. He then committed me to the keeper of the prison in Southwark, who, by the archbishop's strict charge, so loaded me with irons, confined me in close prison, and deprived me of necessary food, that in about five weeks, I was nearly dead.” Such were the unfeeling and inhuman proceedings of this persecuting arch-prelate. While in this deplorable condition, Mr. Wigginton wrote to a certain nobleman, soliciting him to use his utmost endeavours to obtain his deliverance from such cruel usage. In this letter, dated from the White-lion, June 1, 1586, he expressed himself as follows:—“I desire “you to make known my lamentable case to her majesty's * honourable privy council, or to her majesty herself, that “ the cause of my imprisonment may be examined, and “ that I may be delivered from this hard usage. For I “ desire justice, and not mercy, being conscious of my own “innocency. My old adversary, the archbishop, hath “treated me more like a Turk, or a dog, than a man, or a “minister of Jesus Christ. I heartily commend you to “ God. - Giles W1GGINToN.”* . He further proceeds in this account of himself, and says, “At length, my life being in so great danger, I was removed to another prison, in London. And some time after this, I was brought again to Lambeth; when, for refusing to answer as before, after much slanderous usage, the archbishop suspended me from preaching in his province,

“MS, Register, p. 769, . . . *

and, in a certain way, deprived me of my living at Sedburgh: but for my final deprivation, he sent me to Sandys, archbishop of York. - - . ... “When by the extremity of my sickness in prison, I was constrained still to abide some time in the city; and when, in the opinion of learned physicians, I was on my death-bed, the j sent two pursuivants, commanding me to appear before him again at Lambeth; which I being unable to do, he pronounced against me the sentence of deprivation and degradation." After my departure, the Earls of Warwick and Huntington, without my solicitation, did earnestly sue unto him for my restoration; but he absolutely refused, signifying, that he had already written to the patron of the living, for the presentation of another to the place.” - . . . . . Upon Mr. Wigginton's recovery from sickness, he returned to Sedburgh, and offered himself to preach in the church, but was refused the pulpit. He, therefore, preached in various places, and particularly in his own house, where he had a considerable assembly; and looking upon himself as the pastor set over the people by the Lord, he administered both the ordinances of the gospel. This coming to the knowledge of Whitgift, by his instigation an attachment was sent forth from Archbishop Sandys, “To all justices, mayors, sheriffs, bailiffs, constables, and all other her majesty's officers and subjects, within the province of York, or to any of them, to apprehend him, and commit him to the castle of Lancaster, in the province of York.”f Accordingly, Mr. Wigginton being soon after on a journey, was apprehended at Boroughbridge, arrested by a pursuivant from the archbishop, and carried to Lancaster, castle, being the distance of fifty miles, in a severe, cold winter. There he was shut up in close prison among felons and condemned prisoners, and more basely used than they, or the recusant papists. From hence he sent an account of his case to Sir Walter Mildmay, his worthy patron, and one of the privy council; wherein he expressed himself as follows: " " ... * * * * . .

- - * . . . . . . . . * Whitgift, says Hume, was a zealous churchman, who had signalized his pen in controversy; and who, having in vain, attempted to convince the puritans by argument, was now resolved to open their eyes by power, and by the execution of penal statutes.—Hist, of Eng, vol. v., p. 188. of The person presented to the living, was one Edward Hampton, a man. unlearned, and openly profane.-MS. Register, p. 760–165.; , . . . # Ibid. p. 767. $ ibid. p. 753,754.

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“Right honourable and beloved in Christ. . . . . . . “Since my late deprivation at Lambeth, I have both eached and ministered the sacraments, to my flock at edburgh; nor could I find any rest in my conscience till I had done this.” And as I have not depended on any man's opinion, in what I have done, so the Lord hath abundantly blessed me with heavenly comforts in my own soul, and under my painful sufferings; and abundantly blessed my labours among those whom he committed to my care. “l have turned my back upon those antichristian and unlawful proceedings, which were used against me, my ministry, and my flock. This was necessary in these days of prelatical and popish superstition. But I must inform you, that as I was lately on my journey as far as Boroughbridge, my wife big with child, and the other branches of my family being with me, I was there arrested by a pursuivant, and brought to this place, a distance of fifty miles, in this cold winter. The chief cause of this usage, is my preaching and administrating the sacraments among my flock, after my deprivation. Dr. Sandys used me hardly, in causing me, and those who were with me, to remain four days at Boroughbridge, and in sending me this distance, to this noisome prison, in cold winter, when there were better prisons near at hand. I am here within the iron gate, in a cold room, among felons and condemned prisoners, and in various ways, worse used than they, or recusant papists. Therefore, my suit to your honour, is, that it would please your honour to use some means, as God shall direct you, whereby I may be delivered out of the hands of my cruel enemies. And that it may please your honour to further the reformation of our English church, especially in this present parliament; that the faithful ministers of Christ may not be silenced by the prelates; that good christians may not be brought into trouble, for refusing those rites and ceremonies which are the inventions of men; and that a learned and godly minister may be appointed to every. congregation. “You are now one of the oldest nobles in our land. Your days are few and wearing out; therefore, let them be spent to the honour of Christ. Thus we shall pray for

* About one hundred and forty of Mr. Wigginton's people, for the sad crime of hearing him preach after his deprivation, were cited to appear. at York and other places, at the distance of sixty or eighty miles, most of

whom were excommunicated by the ecclesiastical commissioners.-MS. Register, p. 770.

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