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Although Mr. Deering was again allowed to preach; his troubles were not ended. The Bishop of London, by whose influence he had been restored, appeared soon to repent of what he had done. When he waited upon the bishop, informing him that the council, by their letters, had restored him to his lecture, his grace said he would see the letters, or he should not preach, and added, “That unless he preached more soberly and discreetly than before, he would silence him again.” Mr. Deering replied, “If you do forbid me, I think I shall obey.” His obedience was, indeed, soon brought to the test; for the bishop silenced him presently after. He brought complaints against him in the star-chamber, and urged the treasurer to procure an order from the queen to put down his lecture. He wrote also to the Earl of Leicester, signifying how much he disliked Mr. Deering's continuance. This was going the right way to work, and he was sure of success. Accordingly, the business was brought before her majesty, who commanded him to be silenced; and a warrant being sent to the bishop for this purpose, he was again suspended." In the year 1574, the famous Dr. Thomas Sampson being laden with old age and infirmities, was desirous of Mr. Deering succeeding him in his lecture at Whittingtoncollege, London, for which there was a stipend often pounds a year. The company of cloth-workers had the power of nomination, and the archbishop had the allowance. Dr. Sampson had no doubt of the company's approbation, but doubted the favour of the archbishop. And, indeed, his doubts were not without foundation; for his grace being moved to allow of Mr. Deering, in case he should be nominated by the company, he utterly refused. Dr. Sampson, however, wrote to Burleigh, the treasurer, earnestly intreating him, in this case, to use his influence with the archbishop. In this letter, he observed, that though the archbishop did not himself like to take pains in the congregation, he should not hinder or forbid others, who were both able and willing. He could say of Mr. Deering, that his grace of Canterbury could find no fault with him, either in his doctrine or his life. . Also, that it was no great promotion, but a place in which, by the labours of Mr. Deering, he doubted not that her majesty's subjects would be much profited. It was all to no purpose. The archbishop remembered his former nonconformity, but especially his puritanical answers to the articles in the star-chamber; and, therefore, remained inflexible, and would not admit him."

usually carried things with a very high hand, expecting all to bow to her will and pleasure. This arbitrary temper she exercised over her own clergy, as well as others. Dr. Nowell, dean of St. Paul's, and one of the queen's chaplains, having spoken less reverently of the sign of the cross, in a sermon preached before her majesty, she called aloud to him from her closet window, commanding him to retire from that ungodly digression, and return to his text.—On another occasion, Elizabeth and the Earl of Essex not exactly agreeing in a point of political prudence, this sovereign lady was so exceedingly provoked, that she gave him a box on the ear, and bid him “go and be hanged.”—Heylin's Hist. of Refor. p. 124. Edit. 1670.Rapin's Hist. vol. ii. p. 149. ... " Strype's Parker, p. 428.

At length, Mr. Deering being worn out by hard labours and manifold troubles, fell sick; and perceiving his dissolution to approach, he said to his friends, “The good Lord pardon my great negligence, that, while I had time, I used not his precious gifts more for the advancement of his glory, as I might have done: yet I bless God, that I have not abused those gifts to ambition and vain studies. When I am dead, my enemies will be reconciled to me; excepting such as knew me not, or such as have in them no sense of the truth. I have faithfully, and with a good conscience, served the Lord my God, and my prince.” A brother minister standing by him, said, “It is a great blessing to you, that you shall depart in peace, and be taken from many troubles, which your brethren shall behold and suffer.” To whom he replied, “If the Lord hath appointed that his saints shall sup together in heaven, why do I not go to them But if there #. any doubt or hesitation resting on my spirit, the Lord reveal the truth unto me.” Having for some time lain still, a friend who attended him, said, that he hoped his mind had been employed in holy meditation; to whom he thus replied: “A poor wretch and a miserable man that I am, the least of all saints, the chief of all sinners! yet I trust in Christ my Saviour. Yet a little while, and we shall see our hope. The end of the world is coming upon us; and we shall quickly receive the end of our hope, which we have so much looked for. Afflictions, diseases, sickness, and grief, are only parts of that portion which God hath allotted us in this world. It is not enough to continue some time in his ways; we must persevere in the fear of the Lord to the end of our days. For in a moment we shall be taken away. Take heed, therefore, that you do not make sport of the word of God, nor lightly esteem so great a treasure.

- * Strype's Parker, p. 469, 470. WOL. I. P

Blessed are they who, while they have tongues, use them to God's glory.” . As the hour of his dissolution approached, being raised up in bed, his friends desired him to say something to their edification and comfort. The sun shining in his face, he thus addressed them: “As there is only one sun in the world, so there is only one righteousness, and one communion of saints. If I were the most excellent creature in the world, equal in righteousness to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, yet would I confess myself to be a sinner, and that I expected salvation in the righteousness of Jesus Christ alone; for we all stand in need of the grace of God. As for my death, I bless God, I find and feel so much comfort and joy in my soul, that if I were put to my choice, whether to die or live, I would a thousand times rather choose death than life, if it was the holy will of God.” He died soon after, June 26, 1576.4 Fuller denominates Mr. Deering a pious man, a painful preacher, and an eminent divine; but disaffected to bishops and ceremonies. Mr. Strype says, he was disliked by the bishops, and some other great personages, as a man vain an full of fancies, because he would tell them of their common swearing and covetousness. He would not associate with persecutors; and was much grieved when the benefice of a great parish was given to an unpreaching minister. Yet, says he, it was Mr. Deering's common fault to tell lies.f Does not this look like a slander : What did the excellent Dr. Sampson say of him, as already noticed, who knew him well ? Surely, if this had been his common fault, having so many enemies constantly and narrowly watching him, his sin would have found him out. Granger gives a very different account of him. “ The happy death,” says he, “of this truly religious man, was suitable to the purity and integrity of his life.” He is classed with the other learned writers and fellows of Christ's college, Cambridge.| Mr. Deering was a man of great learning, and a fine orator; but in his sermon before the queen, February 25, 1569, he had the boldness to say, “If you have sometimes said (meaning in the days of her sister Mary,) tanquam ovis, as a sheep appointed to be slain; take heed you hear not

Redivivus, p. 341, 342. - + Fuller's Church Hist. b. ix. p. 109. f Strype's Parker, p. 381,429. $ Granger's Biog. Hist, vol. i. p. 215. Fuller's Hist. of Cam, p. 92.

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• Account annexed to Mr. Deering's Lects. on Heb-Fuller's Abel now of the prophet, tanquam indomica juvenca, as an untamed and unruly heifer.” For this, he was forbidden preaching any more at court; and surely, says Fuller, the queen still retained much of her former disposition, as a sheep, in not inflicting a greater punishment, for so public a reproof.4 Mr. Clark relates the following anecdote, shewing the amiableness of his truly christian spirit. Mr. Deering being once at a public dinner, a gallant young man sat on the opposite side the table, who, besides other vain discourse, broke out into profane swearing; for which Mr. Deering gravely and sharply reproved him. The young man taking this as an affront, immediately threw a glass of beer in his face. Mr. Deering took no notice of the insult, but wiped his face, and continued eating as before. The youn entleman presently renewed his profane conversation; an r. Deering reproved him as before; upon which, but with more rage and violence, he flung another glass of beer in his face. Mr. Deering continued unmoved, still shewin his zeal for the glory of God, by bearing the insult wit christian meekness and humble silence. This so astonished the young gentleman, that he rose from the table, fell on his knees, and asked Mr. Deering's pardon; and declared, that if any of the company offered him similar insults, he would stab them with his sword.: Here was practically verified, the New Testament maxim, “Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.”

His Works.-1. A Sermon at the Tower of London, 1569.-2. A sparing Restraint of many lavish Untruths, which Master D. Harding doth challenge in the first Article of my L. of Salisburies Reply, 1569. —3. Certaine godly and comfortable Letters, full of Christian Consolation, 1571,-4. Twenty-seven Lectures, or Readings, upon part of the Epistle to the Hebreues, 1576–5. A Sermon preached before the Queen's Majesty, the 25th day of February, 1569, from Psalm lxxviii. 70., 1584–6. A briefe and necessarie Catechisme, or lnstruction very needful to be known to all Householders.--All these were collected and published in one volume, in 4to., 1597.

THoMAs ALDRICH, A.M.–He was son of John Aldrich, who was twice chosen mayor of the city of Norwich, and member of several parliaments for that city. His father being a public character, introduced him to public notice, and obtained his preferment to several ecclesiastical benefices. He was made archdeacon of Sudbury, prebendary of Westminster, master of Bennet college, Cambridge, proctor of the university, and rector of Hadleigh in Suffolk." About the same time, he became chaplain to Archbishop Parker, and was appointed one of the commissioners for visiting and reforming the papists in the county of Norfolk. Notwithstanding all these worldly allurements, together with a flattering prospect of much higher advancement, he espoused the cause of the despised puritans; became a zealous nonconformist, and one of their leaders in the university of Cambridge. It is observed, that, May 20, 1571, Mr. Aldrich preached at Thetford, in Norfolk; May 21st, he preached at Wymondham : May 22d, he preached at Matshall: May 24th, he preached in St. Clement's church, Norwich; and the next Lord's day, May 27th, he preached in the Greenyard, before the mayor and citizens. He was, therefore, no indolent labourer in the Lord's vineyard.t Mr. Aldrich being master of the above college, and refusing, from a scrupulous conscience, to take the degrees required of those in that office, was brought into many troubles, and at length, to avoid expulsion, resigned his mastership of the college. Many other grievous complaints are said to have been brought against him, most probably about his nonconformity. In one of these complaints, he is said to have called the archbishop “the pope of Lambeth and Bennet college.” Dr. Whitgift, at this time one of the heads of the university, took an active part in these severities. This was in the year 1573; but some time previous to these troubles, Mr. Aldrich voluntarily resigned his prebend at Westminster. It is, indeed, acknowledged, i. as he objected taking the degrees, upon the ground of a scrupulous conscience, the treatment he met with was rather too severe.] The author last cited, however, brings many foul accusations against him. He observes, that Mr. Aldrich was charged, not only with refusing to qualify for his office, but with evil government of his college, in neglecting its exercises and discipline; with things prejudicial to its temporal interests; and with various other things, to the number of twenty. And the troubles of the college did not

* Sermon before the Queen, Feb. 25, 1569. + Fuller's Church Hist. b. ix. p. 109. † Clark’s Examples, p. 500. Edit. 1671.

* Blaimefield's Hist. of Norfolk, vol. ii. p. 468. + Newcourt's Repert. Eccl. vol. i. p. 925. " ..., -t Strype's Parker, p. 254. $ Ibid. p. 429–433.-Whitgift, p. 49. | Master's Hist, of C. C. C. p. 112. Edit. 1753. *


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