« 上一頁繼續 »
B. But the cross is used as a token only, that we should not be ashamed of the cross of Christ. W. And is it not lawful to be taught not to be ashamed of Christ? A. Yes; but we may not teach by unlawful means. Where doth the word of God warrant us, that making a cross, signifies that we should not be ashamed of Christ? W. Would you then take all symbolical signs out of the church of God 2 B. The church hath authority to ordain all symbolical signs, that are useful in the church. Therefore the church hath authority to ordain the cross in baptism. A. This is only begging the question. You are as far from the mark as ever. B. Is not the cross a symbolical sign, that is useful in the church of God? f A. That is the point in dispute, and yet remains to be proved. B. What scriptures have you against the cross? A. In the second commandment, we are forbidden to use in the service of God, “The likeness of any thing.” But the cross in baptism is the likeness of something : Therefore the cross in baptism is forbidden, and may not be used. C. May we not then make the likeness of any thing 2 A. The commandment meaneth, that we should make no likeness of any thing for a religious purpose. We may not make the likeness of any thing in heaven or earth, for a religious purpose. But the cross in baptism is the likeness of something in heaven or earth, and appointed for a religious purpose. Therefore we may not make the cross in baptism. The making of the cross, because for a religious purpose, is here forbidden. Barker. The cross in baptism is not forbidden in the first commandment. A. I did not say it was. It is sufficient that it is forbidden in the second. Barker. But the same thing is meant in them both. A. You confound the first and second commandments, and, like the papists, make them to be the same. I must say, this is great ignorance. Barker. fo. not so ignorant as you suppose. A. Your own words do betray you. B. You are too captious. He shall reason you out of it. : Barker. The making of the cross in baptism is not forbidden in all the prophets; and, therefore, not in the commandment. A. You had better first prove, that the cross is not forbidden in all the prophets. Your reasoning is not good. C. If God have bestowed better gifts upon you, than upon others, you must thank him for it; but not contemn other mens' gifts. A. God forbid that I should contemn the gifts of God in any man. B. What say you about kneeling at the communion ? A. Jesus Christ and his apostles received the communion sitting, and why may we not imitate them : Barker. Jesus Christ, with his apostles, celebrated the communion sitting, because he had immediately before, celebrated the passover sitting. . A. After the celebration of the passover, Christ arose and washed the feet of his disciples. Then it is said, he did again sit down to celebrate the communion; which shews, that he preferred doing it sitting, rather than in any other posture.” B. Mr. Axton, I have other questions to propose to you. What think you of the calling of bishops, or of my calling : A. I am not ignorant of the danger I may fall into, by answering your question. Yet I am not compelled to answer it, not being accused of any crime. B. Yes, I may compel you to answer upon your oath. A. But I may choose whether I will answer you upon my oath. B. I may urge you with your own speeches, which you delivered the last time you were before me. A. What I then spoke to the glory of God, that will I also speak now. * The learned Beza, in his letter to Bishop Grindal, said, “If you have rejected the doctrine of transubstantiation, and the practice of adoring the host, why do you symbolize with popery, and seem to hold both by kneeling at the sacrament? Kneeling had never been thought of, had it not been for transubstantiation.” Grindal replied, that though the sacrament was to be received kneeling, yet the rubric accompanied the service book, and informed the people, that no adoration of the elements was intended. “O ! I understand you,” said Beza, “there was a certain great lord, who repaired his house, and, having finished it, left before his gate, a great stone, for which he had no occasion. This stone caused many people in the dark to stumble and fall. Complaint was made to his lordship, and many a humble petition was presented, praying for the removal of the stone; but he remained long obstinate. At length, he condescended to order a lanthorn to be hung over it. My lord, said one, if you would be pleased to rid yourself of further solicitation, and to quiet all B. You then said, that every minister of God is a bishop, and to be a bishop is only to be a minister of God. You said also, that no bishop in England had authority to excommunicate. A. I said so, indeed; and proved what I said by the word of God. I am not bound to bring myself into danger; but because I am persuaded it will advance God's glory, I will speak, be the consequence what it will. I trust in the Holy Spirit, that I shall be willing to die in defence of the truth. B. Then what say you of my calling 2 A. You are not lawfully called to be a bishop, according to the word of God. B. I thought so: But why? A. For three reasons,—1. Because you were not ordained by the consent of the eldership. B. But I had the hands of three or four bishops. A. That is not the eldership St. Paul speaks of, 1 Tim. iv. 14. B. By what eldership were you ordained 2 Was it not by a bishop 2 A. I had, indeed, the laying on of the hands of one of the bishops of England, but that was the least part of my calling. B. What calling had you more? A. I having exercised and expounded the word several times in an orderly assembly of ten ministers, they joined in prayer; and being required to speak their consciences, they declared upon the trial they had of me, that they were persuaded I might become a profitable labourer in the house of God. After this I received the laying on of the hand of the bishop. B. But you had not the laying on of the hands of those preachers. A. No : I had the substance, but wanted the accident; and in this, I beseech the Lord to be merciful unto me. For the laying on of hands, as it is the word, so it is agreeable to the mighty action of ordaining the ministers of God. A. Then your ordination is imperfect as well as mine. A. Mine is imperfect for want of the accident: the Lord be merciful to me for it. And yours is imperfect for want of the substance. B. What is your second reason 2 A. Because you are not ordained bishop over any one flock.
Nay, you are not a pastor to any one congregation, contrary to 1 Pet. v. 2. and Acts xiv. 23., “Feed the flock.” From which it is manifest there should be a bishop and elders in every congregation. ‘B. What is a congregation? x A. Not a whole diocese, but such a number of people as ordinarily assemble in one place, to hear the word of God. B. "What if you had a parish six or seven miles long, where many could not come to hear you oncein a quarter of a year? A. I would not be pastor of such a flock. B. What is your third reason? A. Because you are not chosen by the people. Aets xiv.23. C. How came you to be parson of Moreton Corbet: A. I am no parson. ..: C. Are you then vicar 2 A. No: I am no vicar. I abhor those names as antichristian. I am pastor of the congregation there. : li C. Are you neither parson nor vicar? How hold you the iving 2 *; receive those temporal things of the people, because, being their pastor, I minister to them spiritual things. C. If you be neither parson nor vicar, you must receive no profit. - * - A. Do you mean in good faith what you say?. C. Yea, if you will be neither parson nor vicar, there is good eause why another should. . . B. You must understand, that all livings in the church are given to ministers as parsons and vicars, and not as pastors and ministers. A. I am sure the names of parsons and vicars were not given by Jesus Christ, but by antichrist. B. How were you chosen pastor? A. By the free election of the people, according to the word of God. . B. Why, did not the patron place you there? A. The patron allowed the people the free choice of their minister; and after I had preached about six weeks by way of probation, I was chosen by one consent of them all, and a sermon was preached by one of my brethren, setting forth the mutual duties of pastor and people. B. May the bishops of England ordain ministers? A. You ought not to do it in the manner you do, without the consent of the eldership, without sufficient proof of their qualifications, and without ordaining them to some particular congregation. . . -- WOL. I. M
C. How do you like my lord's book of articles. A. Some of the articles approach near to the institution of the apostles, but the best of them appear to be very little practised. B. I admit none to the ministry but those who have a recommendation from some nobleman or gentleman. A. You had need beware of breaking the institution of God. This door being opened, will admit thieves and robbers. The Lord give you a sound conscience to keep hirelings out of the church of God. - B. Well, Mr. Axton, you must yield in some things to me, and I will yield in some things to you. I will not trouble you about the cross in baptism, if you will sometimes wear the surplice. A. I cannot consent to wear the surplice: it is against my conscience. I trust, by the help of God, I shall never put on that sleeve which is the mark of the beast. • * B. Will you leave your flock for the surplice A. Nay: Will you persecute me from my flock for the surplice I love my flock in Jesus Christ, and had rather have my right arm cut off than be removed from them. B. Well, I will not deprive you at this time. A. I beseech you consider what you do in removing me from my flock, seeing I am not come in at the window, nor by simony, but according to the institution of Jesus Christ.* The second day's conference concluded as above, when Mr. Axton was taken away, the bishop requiring his future attendance. Accordingly, upon his appearance at the time appointed, he underwent a third examination concernin the use of instrumental music in the public worship of God, and obedience to the queen's laws, with some other things. Being questioned about the use of organs in public worship, he replied as follows: A. They are Jewish, and not to be used in christian congregations. Bickley. Did not David command organs and cymbals to be used? t A. That command was ceremonial, and is abrogated. Bickley. You will then abrogate singing in the church, because David and the Jews sung. A. Piping with instruments is abolished. Bickley. How do you prove that? A. Because our joy in public worship must be more - s * MS. Register, p. 37–50. . . . . *