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STATISTICS OF GERMAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

The following statistics, the most reliable that could be obtained, are taken from “ Dr. E. Mushacke, Deutscher Universitäts-und Schul-Kalender,” (German University-and School-Almanac,) for 1872, prepared from official sources.

ALSACE-LORRAINE.

[Area, 5,075 square miles ; population, 1,549,459. ] There are two kinds of classical colleges,* differing but little except in name, viz, gymnasia and “colléges.”

The number of gymnasia is four, with 215 students and 34 professors; and the number of "colléges,” 16, with 122 students and 35 professors; making a total of 20 classical colleges, with 337 students and 69 professors.

ANHALT.

[Area, 869 square miles; population, 203,354. )

One person in every 171 of the population has a secondary education; one secondary school to every 25,419 inhabitants.

(1) Classical colleges : There is only one kind of classical colleges, viz, gymnasia.

There are four gymnasia, with 828 students, 78 professors, 23 graduates, and 18,000 volumes in the libraries.

One person in every 245 of the whole population has a classical education.t There is one classical college to every 50,838 of the population. The average number of students to each professor is 10, the average number of graduates from each college 5, and the average number of volumes in each library is 4,500.

(2) Non-classical colleges : Of these there are two kinds, viz, real-classes and higher burgher-schools.

The total number of non-classical colleges is four, with 879 students and 52 professors.

One person in every 233 of the whole population has a non-classical college education. There is one non-classical college to every 50,838 of the population, and the average number of students to each professor is 16.

* For brevity's sake, the name “classical colleges” is employed for gymnasia and all similar institutions, and the name “non-classical colleges” for real-schools and all kindred schools.

| In this case, as in all the following, this is, of course, understood to mean that one person in so and so many of the population was then (1872) being educated at a secondary school.

BADEN.

[Area, 5,904 square miles; population, 1,461,428.] One person in every 243 of the population has a secondary education; one secondary school to every 29,825 inhabitants.

(1) Classical colleges : There are three kinds of classical colleges, viz: lyceums, (the higest grade;) gymnasia, (regular gymnasium-course;) and pædagogien, (the lowest grade.)

The total number of lyceums is 7, with 1,758 students, 119 professors, 100 graduates, and 14,100 volumes in the libraries; 8 gymnasia, with 953 students, 82 professors, 34 graduates, and 7,228 volumes in the libraries; and 2 pædagogien, with 62 students and 18 professors, making a total of 17 classical colleges, with 2,773 students, and 219 professors.

One person in every 526 of the whole population has a classical education; there is one classical college to every 85,966 of the population; the average number of students to each professor is 12; the average number of graduates from each classical college (15 reported) is 9; and the average number of volumes in each library (4 reported) is 5,332.

(2) Non-classical colleges : There is only one kind of non-classical colleges, viz, the higher burgher-schools.

There are 32 non-classical colleges, with 3,232 students, 194 professors, 13 graduates, and 3,412 volumes in libraries. One person in every 452 of the population has a non-classical college education ; there is one nonclassical college to every 45,669 of the population ; the average number of students to each professor is 16; the average number of graduates from each college (3 reported) is 4; and the average number of volumes in each library (6 reported) is 568.

BAVARJA. [Area, 29,617 square miles; population, 4,861,402.] One person in every 311 of the population has a secondary education; one secondary school to every 40,853 inhabitants.

(1) Classical colleges: There are three kinds of classical colleges, viz: Studienanstalten, (gymnasium and Latin school combined;) Latin schools, (with a more extensive course of Latin, German, geography, and penmanship, and less Greek;) and real-gymnasia, (adding to the gymnasium-course a more thorough instruction in mathematics and natural sciences.)

There are 28 Studienanstalten, with 7,820 students, 597 professors, 368 graduates, and 234,200 volumes in libraries; 6 real-gymnasia, with 403 students, 70 professors, 48 graduates, and 3,832 volumes in libraries; 50 Latin schools, with 2,749 students, 373 professors, and 10,388 volumes in libraries; making a total of 84 classical colleges, with 10,972 students and 1,040 professors.

One person in every 443 of the population has a classical education; there is one classical college to every 57,873 inhabitants; the average number of students to each professor is 10; the average number of graduates from each college (34 reported) is 16; and the average number of volumes in each library (34 reported) is 7,588.

(2) Non-classical colleges : There are two kinds of non-classical colleges, viz, Gewerbeschulen, (industrial schools of a higher grade,) and Handelsschulen, (business-colleges ;) while frequently the two are combined.

The total number of non-classical colleges is 35, with 4,629 students, 425 professors, in graduates, and 16,485 volumes in libraries. One person in every 1,050 of the whole population has a non-classical college education ; there is one non-classical college to every 138,897 inhabitants; the average number of students to each professor is 10; the average number of graduates from each college (10 reported) is 11; and the average number of volumes in each library (9 reported) is 1,831.

BREMEN.

[Area, 106 square miles; population, 122,565.] One person in every 54 of the population has a secondary education; one secondary school to 12,256 inhabitants.

(1) Classical colleges : There is only one kind of classical colleges, viz, the gymnasium.

There is one gymnasium, with 238 students, 16 professors, 9 graduates, and 3,765 volumes in the library.

One person in every 514 of the population has a classical education; there is one classical college to 12 2,565 inhabitants; and the average number of students to each professor is 14.

(2) Non-classical colleges : There are two kinds of non-classical colleges, viz, real-schools and Handelsschulen, (business-colleges.)

The total number of non-classical colleges is 9, with 2,032 students, 89 professors, 15 graduates, and 5,815 volumes in libraries.

One person in every 60 of the population has a non-classical college education; there is one non-classical college to 13,618 inhabitants; the average number of students to each professor is 22; the average number of graduates from each college (1 reported) is 15; and the average number of volumes in each library (4 reported) is 1,453.

BRUNSWICK.

[Area, 1,526 square miles; population, 311,715. ] One person in every 141 of the population has a secondary education ; one secondary school to 38,964 inhabitants.

(1) Classical colleges : There is only kind of classical colleges, viz, gymnasia.

There are 6 classical colleges, (gymnasia,) with 1,574 students, 86 professors, 44 graduates, and 15,400 volumes in the libraries.

One person in every 198 of the population has a classical education; there is one classical college to 51,952 inhabitants; the average number of students to each professor is 18; the average number of graduates from each college (5 reported) is 9; and the average number of volumes in each library (3 reported) is 5,133.

(2) Non-classical colleges : There are two kinds of non-classical colleges, viz, real-schools and higher burgher-schools.

The total number of colleges is 2, with 629 students, 49 professors, 4 graduates, and 4,000 volumes in libraries.

One person in every 495 of the population has a non-classical college education ; there is one non-classical college to 150,857 inhabitants; and the average number of students to each professor is 12.

HAMBURG

[Area, 148 square miles; population, 338,974.] One person in every 104 of the population has a secondary education; one secondary school to 24,212 inhabitants.

(1) Classical colleges : There are two kinds of classical colleges, viz, gymnasia and progymnasia.

The total number of colleges is 2, with 370 students, 23 professors, and 16 graduates.

One person in every 992 of the population has a classical education ; there is one classical college to 169,487 inhabitants; and the average number of students to each professor is 16.

(2) Non-classical colleges: There are two kinds, viz, real-schools and Handelsschulen, (business-colleges.)

Total number of non-classical colleges, 12, with 2,884 students and 164 professors.

One person in every 117 of the population has a non-classical college education; there is one non-classical college to 28,247 inhabitants; and the average number of students to each professor is 17.

HESSE.

[Area, 3,240 square miles; population, 852,843. ] One person in every 200 of the population has a secondary education; one secondary school to 44,886 inhabitants.

(1) Classical colleges: There are two kinds, viz, gymnasia and pro-gymnasia.

There are 6 gymnasia, with 1,327 students, 101 professors, and 61 graduates; and i pro-gymnasium, with 55 students and 5 professors; making a total of 7 classical colleges, with 1,382 students, 106 professors, and 61 graduates.

One person in every 617 of the population has a classical education. There is i classical college to 121,834 inhabitants; the average number of students to each professor is 13; and the average number of graduates from each college (6 reported) is 10.

(2) Non-classical colleges : There are real-schools, both public and private.

Total number of non-classical colleges, 12, with 2,870 students, 131 professors, 125 graduates, and 13,868 volumes in libraries.

One person in every 297 of the population has a non-classical college education; one non-classical college to 71,070 inhabitants; the average number of

students to each professor is 21; the average number of graduates from each college, (8 reported,) 15; and the average number of volumes in each library, (6 reported,) 2,311.

LIPPE-DETMOLD.

[Area, 445 square miles; population, 111,153. ] One person in every 265 of the population has a secondary education; one secondary school to 27,788 inhabitants.

(1) Classical colleges : There is only one kind, viz, the gymnasia.

Two gymnasia, with 278 students, 25 professors, 6 graduates, and 6,300 volumes in the libraries.

One person in every 398 of the population has a classical education; there is one classical college to 55,576 inhabitants; the average number of students to each professor is 11; the average number of graduates from each college is 6; and the average number of volumes in each library, 3,150.

(2) Non-classical colleges: There is only one kind, viz, real-schools. Total number of colleges, 2, with 140 students, 7 professors, and 6 graduates.

One person in every 794 of the whole population has a non-classical college education; there is one college to 55,576 inhabitants; and the average number of students to each professor is 20.

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[Area, 10972 square miles; population, 52, 158. ] One person in every 32 of the population has a secondary education; one secondary school to 6,519 inhabitants.

(1) Classical colleges : There is only one kind, viz, gymnasia.
One gymnasium, with 183 students, 10 teachers, and 11 graduates.

One person in every 285 of the population has a classical education; there is one classical college to 52,158 inhabitants; average number of students to each professor, 18.

(2) Non-classical colleges : There are two kinds, viz, real-schools and Handelsschulen, (business-colleges.)

Total number of non-classical colleges, 7, with 1,434 students, 76 professors, 13 graduates, and 850 volumes in libraries.

One person in every 36 of the population has a non-classical college education; one non-classical college to 7,451 inhabitants; average number of students to each professor, 18.

MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN.

[Area, 4,834 square miles; population, 557,897. ] One person in every 242 of the population has a secondary education; one secondary school to 34,868 inhabitants.

(1) Classical colleges : There are two kinds, viz, gymnasia and pro-gymnasia. The number of gymnasia is 6, with 1,388 students, 77 professors, 22 gradu

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