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Class IV, (two hours per week :) Repetition of grammar, and continuing the same to pronouns, numerals, comparisons, interrogative and negative sentences; oral and written exercises; occasionally some irregular verbs and easy rules of syntax; besides words, short sentences, verses, and fables are learned by heart; exercises in understanding French when spoken, and in translating it extempore into German; orthographical exercises.
Class III, 6, (two hours per week :) Repetition of grammar, pronominal and impersonal verbs, syntax, of articles, cases and position of words, all accompanied by suitable exercises and translations; phraseology; learning by heart, as in Class IV.
Class III, a, (two hours per week :) Repetition of grammar, the tenses and moods, practiced by oral, written, and extempore exercises; read some anthology or historical works, like Voltaire's Charles XII, Rollin, &c.; learning by heart, &c., as in the preceding class.
Class II, 6, (two hours per week:) Repetition of grammar, continued and extended practice in the most important syntactical rules, etymology, Gallicisms, synonyms; exercises in speaking; read some anthology or easy historical works, as in III, a; short notices on French literature; learning by heart, &c., as in III.
Class II, a, (two hours per week :) Grammatical and other oral and written exercises, as in II, 6; read selections from prose and poetry, from anthologies or works like Montesquieu's Considérations; Michaud's Histoire de la troisième croisade; Ségur's Histoire de Napoléon; Thiers's Bonaparte en Égypte; Guizot's Histoire de Charles I.
Class I, (two hours per week:) Repetition of grammar, with exercises; short compositions; exercises in speaking; oral repetition in French of pieces that have been read; read selections from prose and poetry, from anthologies or from French classic authors; also select dramas of Racine, Corneille, and Molière.
VII.-GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY. Class VI, (two hours per week :) Brief review of the rudiments of physical and mathematical geography; a hydrographic and orographic sketch of the earth is given, with occasional references to myths, legends, and history; exercises on the globe and on the map.
The place of systematic instruction in history in classes VI and V is supplied by biblical history in the hours of religious instruction. The German reader and the written exercises in German instruction are also used for making the scholars acquainted with Greek and Roman legendary history, and with important facts and persons from German history. Important memorial-days of German history are invariably mentioned whenever they come round.
Class V, (two hours per week :) Repetition of the geographical lessons of Class VI; parts of the globe; special geography of Europe, with the exception of Germany, with the most important rivers, mountains, and cities; intro. duction to map-drawing; historical instruction, as in VI.
Class IV, (three hours per week:) In geography: repetition of the political and physical divisions of Europe, with special geography of Germany and Prussia ; map-drawing. In history: the more important facts and persons of
of Roman hid; history of Rosa brief history
Greek history till the death of Alexander the Great, giving a brief history of the other nations during the same period; history of Rome to the reign of Titus, giving a brief sketch of Roman history till the migration of nations; wall-maps to be used in this as in all the following classes; memorizing of the most important dates.
Class III, 6, (three hours per week:) Geography: brief repetition of the lessons of class IV, giving a more detailed description of Germany, more particularly Prussia; brief review of the other states of Europe and other countries that stand in any relation to Europe. History: history of Germany from the migration of nations to the peace of Westphalia, giving the history of the non-German nations whenever they enter into German history; special history of Brandenburg-Prussia.
Class III, a, (three hours per week:) Geography: repetition and further extension of the lessons studied in class III, b; also repeating the lessons of former classes. History: history of Brandenburg-Prussia from 1648 to 1815, and brief review of the same till the present time; and, in connection with the history of Prussia, the history of Germany.
Class II, b, (three hours per week:) Ancient history, exclusive of Roman history, (legislation, monuments of science and art;) ancient geography. From this class on, continual repetitions of the preceding lessons, and memorizing of historical tables. Every two or three weeks one hour for geographical repetitions.
Class II, a, (three hours per week:) History of Rome till 476 after Christ, (legislation, monuments of science and art;) geography of the Roman Empire; every two or three weeks, geographical repetitions, as in II, b.
Class I, (three hours per week:) History of the Middle Ages and modern history; during the first year, from the migration of nations till the time of Charles V, (with special regard to the history of culture;) during the second year, from Charles V till 1815, and brief review of history till modern times; geographical and historical repetitions, as in the preceding classes.
VIII.-MATHEMATICS AND ARITHMETIC. Class VI, (four hours per week:) The four fundamental rules are repeated and more firmly grounded by constant practice; measures, weights, and coins; measures of time; common fractions. More mental arithmetic than anything
Class V, (three hours per week:) Repetition of fractions; rule of three; mental arithmetic.
Class IV, (three hours per week:) Decimal fractions; proportions, &c., (this is the last class in which instruction in arithmetic proper is given, but in the following classes the scholars are obliged to do any sum occurring in the mathematical instruction readily;) elements of plane geometry as far as equality of triangles.
Class III, 6, (three hours per week:) Plane geometry as far as circles; elements of algebra; arithmetical and geometrical proportions; roots. Class III, a, (three hours per week:) In geometry: repetition of the lessons
of class III, 6, and continuation. In arithmetic: scientific proofs of common arithmetic. In algebra: equations of the first degree with one unknown quantity.
Class II, b, (four hours per week:) Conclusion of plane geometry; repetition of the lessons in arithmetic from former classes; extraction of roots; equations of the first degree with several unknown quantities.
Class II, a, (four hours per week:) Plane trigonometry; quadratic equations; permutations and combinations; arithmetical and geometrical progression; logarithms.
Class I, (four hours per week:) Geometry of space; algebraic problems, especially algebra as applied to trigonometry; indeterminate equations; chainrule; binomial theorem.
IX.-NATURAL SCIENCES. Class VI, (two hours per week:) Natural history: description of various animals and plants, especially domestic ones; in summer, chiefly plants and insects, and in winter, vertebrated animals; exercises in terminology, and in . practicing the usual organs for observation; description of the mode of living of different animals.
Class V, (two hours per week:) Continuation and extension of the lessons of class VI.
Class IV, (on account of the instruction in mathematics and French commencing in this class, no instruction in natural history is given.)
Class III, (two hours per week :) Development and determination of the different species ; systematic review of the three natural kingdoms.
Class II, (one hour per week:) Elements of physics: solids; fluids; the air; sound; heat.
Class I, (two hours per week :) Light; magnetism; electricity; statics; mechanics; mathematical geography.
COURSE OF INSTRUCTION IN A REAL-SCHOOL.
IN ONA A A
Instruction in vocal music and gymnastics is either totally or partially given out of school-hours. The details of the real-school-course are the following:
1.-RELIGION. There is but little difference in this respect from the gymnasia; only, because a large number of scholars enter practical life from class III or class II, religious instruction is in these classes brought to a satisfactory conclusion. The Greek original of the New Testament is, of course, not used. Churchhistory may be confined to class I.
Class VI, V, and IV have the same course as these classes in the gymnasium.
Class III, b, and III, a, (three hours per week:) The course of instruction in these classes is also essentially the same as that of gymnasium-class III, but regard is taken to the fact that many scholars of the real-schools leave school from class III, a, in order to enter practical life. The themes for compositions are, therefore, mostly taken from subjects relating to practical life, business, &c. In reading poetry, only what is absolutely necessary regarding. meters is given. Practical exercises are going on constantly, aiming at grammatical correctness in the use of the mother-tongue, clear conception of what has been read and heard, and readiness of correct oral and written composition.
Class II, b, and II, a, (three hours per week :) By select examples, the different kinds of poetry are illustrated, and the most important facts in the life and imes of the authors are given. Selections from Homer in Voss's translation, and from the Lay of the Nibelungen in modern German translation, are read, lyric and didactic poems; dramatic scenes, (whole dramas being read privately ;) declamations and speeches on subjects from history, the authors read in school or privately; logical exercises, synonyms, easy definitions, the original and derived meaning of words; making outlines of speeches and compositions; the characteristics of good style are illustrated by examples from classic German authors; writing of compositions and translations from foreign languages.
Class I, (three hours per week :) History of German literature; specimens of classic German poetry and prose; explanation of Klopstock's Odes, selections from Lessing's prose works, Herder's Ideas, &c.; oral reproduction of the pieces which have been read; exercises in definitions and writing outlines of speeches or compositions ; rhetorical and logical disquisitions. Determination of the contents and extent of important ideas, such as science, art, litera. ture, poetry, prose, organism, mechanism, &c., serving also as typical illustrations of methodical analysis; compositions and speeches.
III.-LATIN. Class VI, (seven to eight hours per week :) Regular substantives and adjectives, rules of gender, the regular verbs; exercises in translation from Latin and into Latin, keeping within the limits of simple sentences, with subject, predicate, object, and easy application of the other cases; memorizing of vocables. Class V, (six hours per week:) Irregular declensions of substantives and adjectives; rules of gender; irregular comparatives; declension of pronouns; prepositions; numerals; deponent verbs; irregular verbs; translations; accusative with the infinitive and ablative absolute; oral and written exercises ; memorizing of vocables and sentences.
Class IV, (six hours per week :) Exercises in order to practice the accusative with the infinitive and the ablative absolute, as well as the portions of syntax agreeing in Latin and in German; exercises on the rules of the cases; repetition of etymology and of the rules of gender; irregular verbs; written exercises; reading of choice selections from Latin authors and learning by heart of words and sentences.
Class III, b, and III, a, (five hours per week:) Repetition and completion of the rules of the cases, the rules of the genitive and the ablative; conjunctions; participial constructions; the most important rules of the tenses and moods; repetition of etymology; written exercises; extempore written exercises; changing indirect speech into direct, and vice versa. Read Cornelius Nepos, in III, a; Cæsar's De Bello Gallico; memorizing of words and sentences.
Class II, b, and II, a, (four hours per week :) Repetition of etymology and syntax; oral and written sentences, as in III. Cæsar, continued; portions of Livy and Curtius; Sallust's Catiline; selections from Ovid's Metamorphoses or Fasti; mythology and prosody as far as required; memorizing of famous selections in prose and poetry; brief literary notices of the authors read.
Class I, (three hours per week :) Read selections from Livy, Sallust, orations of Cicero, easy philosophical writings of the same, Virgil's Æneid; prosody; mythology; and literary history.
The passages read are used for keeping the grammatical knowledge of the scholars constantly fresh; from time to time, translations from German into Latin.
Class V and Class IV: The course is the same as in the gymnasium, with the only difference that the larger number of hours offers the chance for more practical exercises.
Class III: The same course as in class III of the gymnasium; the scholars being obliged to render into French pieces which have been read orally.
Class II, b, and Class II, a, (four hours per week :) Repetition of important portions of grammar. In II a, besides written and extempore exercises, also commencement of French compositions. In explaining the works of authors, the French language is used if possible, and hints are given for instructive private reading in French; exercises in French conversation.
Class I, (four hours per week :) The explanation of authors and the whole instruction are given exclusively in French; review of the classic period of French literature. Works like those of Madame de Staël, Boileau, &c., are read; also suitable dramas. Private reading guided by the teacher; grammatical repetitions; written exercises and compositions; translations from the works of German classics into French brief speeches in French.