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tion ; lives of some of the prominent authors of hymns ; life and activity of the apostles ; Paul's missionary journeys, quoting those passages from the Epistles which supplement the Acts of the Apostles.
Class II, b, (two hours per week :) Reading of portions of the Bible, chiefly with a view of showing the Kingdom of God in the Old and New Testament. In the Old Testament, the passages of typical significance are dwelt upon with regard to persons, events, and institutions. From the New Testament, there are read: Paul's Epistle to the Ephesians, the Philippians, the Epistle of James, the First Epistle of John, the First Epistle of Peter. Repetition of the catechism, showing its internal arrangement. Repetition of passages of Scripture, hymns, and psalms. Continuation of church-history.
Class II, a, (two hours per week:) Of the New Testament, there are read and explained: the Acts of the Apostles, First Epistle to Timothy, &c. In this class, the Greek Testament is used, with Luther's translation. Important passages, such as the Lord's Prayer, are learned by heart in Greek. The Sunday gospels and epistles are gone through in Greek. Repetition of Bible-knowledge, of passages from the Bible, Psalms, and hymns. Review of church-history, with special reference to the first four centuries; more in detail, the history of the reformation, the time of Spener, Franke, and the foreign missions. The history of dogmas is confined to what is absolutely necessary. The religious wars, the history of the Popes, &c., are only mentioned; a detailed account of them being left to instruction in history. A general history of religion does not belong to a gymnasium-course; but, considering the constant occupation with Greek and Roman antiquities, it is necessary that in the higher classes the scholars should be made acquainted not only with the relation between Judaism and Christianity, but also with the relation of the other ancient religions, especially the Oriental, the Greek, and Roman, to Christianity..
Class I, (two hours per week :) The following books of the New Testament are read: the Gospel of St. John, the Epistle to the Romans, the Epistle to the Galatians, important passages from the First Epistle to the Corinthians, and the Epistle to the Hebrews; principles of doctrine and morals, showing their intimate connection ; review of the books of creeds; reading of the Augsburg Confession, special regard being paid to the apologetic portions. In explaining difficult passages from the New Testament, in illustrating biblical language and the fundamental principles of doctrine and morals, the Greek text is always referred to in the two upper classes. Repetition of Bible-knowledge, passages from Scripture, psalms, and hymns.
General remarks.—Wherever the Heidelberg Catechism is used in the churches, it is also used in the religious instruction in the gymnasium. A text-book is used for instruction in church-history; also for doctrine and morals. Religious instruction is always given during the first school-hour in the morning, and is every time opened with prayer by the teacher. In singing-school, the most common church-tunes are practiced.
B. CATHOLIC.-Class VI, (three hours per week :) The Little Catechism; of faith ; explanation of the Lord's Prayer and the Apostolic Confession of Faith; biblical history of the Old Testament as far as the division of the Jewish king
dom. The passages from the catechism, after having been explained, are learned by heart, especially the passages from Scripture given in the catechism.
Class V, (three hours per week:) The Little Catechism; of hope and charity; of prayer; the commandments of God and of the church; continuation of biblical history from the Old Testament; the life of Christ, according to the New Testament.
Class IV, (two hours per week :) Following the Large Catechism, the seven sacraments are explained, also the religious ceremonies and the ecclesiastical year with its festivals; explanation of Latin church-hymns; continuation of biblical history according to the New Testament; spread of the church, especially the journeys of the apostles.
Class III, b, and III, a, (two hours per week :) Following the Large Catechism, the doctrines of God the Creator, the Redeemer, and Sanctifier; the means of grace; the church-commandments; explanation of Latin churchhymns; review of the whole biblical history, Old and New Testaments.
Class III, b, (two hours per week :) The revelations of God; the books of the Old Testament; patriarchal and Mosaic revelations; the prophets; commencement of church-history; the lives of the saints.
Class II, a, (two hours per week :) Introduction to the books of the New Testament; the doctrine of the sacraments; continuation of church-history and of the lives of the saints.
Class I, (two hours per week :) Apologetic doctrine of faith and morals; continuation and repetition of church-history ; readings from the Gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, and their epistles in Greek.
Class VI, (two to three hours per week :) Reading, and repeating orally what has been read; learning by heart and reciting of poems, chiefly from German legend and history; grammar, (in connection with the reading ;) the parts of speech, parts of a simple sentence; German grammar with reference to Latin grammar, using the Latin grammatical terms; prepositions; orthographical and short grammatical exercises in writing.
Class V, (two to three hours per week :) Reading, and oral, sometimes also written, repetition of the pieces which have been read ; learning by heart and recitation of poems from the reader; grammar with reference to the pieces from the reader ; simple sentences and the easy forms of the compound sentences, conjunctions, punctuation; orthographical and grammatical exercises in writing ; exercises in the formation of sentences and in punctuation.
Class IV, (two to three hours per week:) Reading, with explanations of pieces of prose and poetry from the reader, with oral exercises in repeating the contents of the pieces read and reciting of poems; grammar, with reference to the pieces which have been read; dependent clauses; compound sentences; punctuation ; synonyms and etymology, with reference to the pieces read; orthographical dictations, with special reference to words of foreign origin; short compositions, repeating narratives read or own experiences; descriptions, after short explana
tions of the subjects to be described. The aim to be reached on this grade is fluent, distinct, and correct reading, correct speaking and writing.
Class III, b, (two hours per week:) Reading and explanation of pieces of prose and poetry from the reader, especially epic poetry; the laws of metrical composition; exercises in oral and written composition and in the reproduction of pieces that have been read; comprehensive review of grammar and syntax; the different declensions and conjugations; synonyms and etymology continued; reciting of poems; short speeches on subjects from Greek and Roman history; compositions on descriptive subjects, scenes of nature, or art. from time to time, translations from foreign languages, showing the difference between German syntax and that of other languages.
Class III, a, (two hours per week :) Reading and explanation of pieces of prose and poetry from the reader; introduction to making skeletons of speeches and essays; finding the skeleton of pieces read; exercises in making extempore speeches on well-known subjects or others on which information has been previously given. The rest like III, b. The subjects for the extempore speeches are to be taken particularly from German and Prussian history. The aim to be reached in this grade is clear and correct comprehension of what is read and heard, and a correct and clear way of expressing one's thoughts in speaking and writing
Class II, b, (two hours per week :) The characteristics of the different kinds of poetry and the differences of metrical form are illustrated by examples from the reader or selections from classic German authors, with the necessary notes on the different periods of German literature; recitations and speeches on subjects taken from history, from Latin and Greek authors whose works have been read; the most important portions of rhetoric and making of skeleton-speeches. The characteristics of good style are illustrated by examples from the classical writers of Germany. Compositions with the outline prefixed; translations from foreign languages.
Class II, a, (two hours per week:) Introduction to the classical literature of the Middle Ages (Nibelungen, Gudrun) either by translations or the originals, with historico-grammatical explanations; Klopstock's odes ; occasionally attempts in composing poetry, also in translating from foreign languages; the rest like Class II, b. The subjects for the compositions are to be selected only from fields in which the scholars are at home, either through instruction, reading, or personal observations,
Class I, (three hours per week:) History of German literature from Luther to the present time; reading of select portions from the most important authors, Luther, Herder, Lessing, Klopstock, Göthe; reading of Lessing's Laokoon; Schiller on naive and sentimental poetry, &c.; the outlines of psychology and logic; composition and speeches.
Class VI, (nine to ten hours per week:) Grammar; declensions and conjuga. tions, including deponent verbs; rules of gender, comparison, numerals, pronouns, prepositions; oral and written translations ; learning by heart of words and sentences.
Class V, (nine to ten hours per week :) Repetition of grammar; continuation of exercises in trapslation; rudiments of syntax, (accusative with the infinitive, ablative, absolute, &c.;) learning by heart of words and sentences.
Class IV, (nine to ten hours per week:) Repetition of grammar; syntax-cases and further rules from the syntax; oral and written translations into Latin ; authors read, Cornelius Nepos, portions of Livy, select fables of Phædrus; learning by heart of words, sentences, and fables.
Class III, 6, (ten hours per week:) Repetition of cases; syntax of tenses and moods; read Cæsar's De Bello Gallico, books 1, 2, and 3; Ovid's Metamorphoses; oral and written translations into Latin ; learning by heart of suitable pieces of prose and poetry. In this class the literary importance of every author whose works are read is clearly set forth.
Class III, a, (ten hours per week:) Repetition of grammar; written exercises (also extempore) to practice grammar, especially conditional clauses and the difference between direct and indirect speech; etymology and synonyms ; read remainder of Cæsar's De Bello Gallico; Sallust's Jugurtha, or Curtius; Ovid's Metamorphoses; learning by heart as in III, b; metrical exercises.
Class II, b, (ten hours per week :) Continuation of written and oral exercises, with constant reference to the rules of grammar; read Livy or Sallust, Cicero's Cato Major and Lælius, Virgil's Æneid, two books. From Class II on, portions of grammar that seem to demand it are repeated; also etymology and synonyms; learning by heart and metrical exercises as in III, a. Instruction in speaking Latin is commenced in the middle classes, with short, simple sen. tences; but still more is this done from class II on.
Class II, a, (ten hours per week:) Grammar, &c., as in II, b; more regard is paid to the application of the rules of syntax, formation of sentences, &c.; written exercises, also short compositions in Latin on historical subjects; read Livy, Cicero's Select Orations, Virgil's Æneid, four books; also portions of Virgil's Georgics and Eclogues; and elegiac pieces from an anthology.
Class I, b, (eight hours per week :) Grammar, &c., as in II, b; syntaxis ornata; exercises; compositions; read Cicero's Select Orations, De Officiis, Tusculan Disputations, Epistles; Tacitus's Germania, Agricola; Horace's Odes, books i and 2; learning by heart of well-known odes from Horace; metrical exercises.
Class I, a, (eight hours per week :) Grammar, &c., as in I, 6; read Cicero's Orations, (Pro Sestio, Pro Murena, Pro Plancio, Pro Sulla, De Imp. Pompeii, In Pisonem, In Verrem;) his Brutus, Orator, and De Oratore; Tacitus's Annales, portions of the Historiæ; Horace's Odes, books 3 and 4, Satires, and Epistles.
IV.-GREEK. Class IV, (six hours per week :) Grammar, including the verba pura, non contracta, and verba muta, the rules of accentuation, oral and written translations from Greek into German; during the last months of the year, also, translations from German into Greek; learning by heart of words and sentences.
Class III, 6, (six hours per week :) Repetition of all that has been studied in Class IV; the verba liquida, contracta, and verbs in gle; some of the most common irregular verbs and prepositions; translations and learning by heart as in IV.
Class III, a, (six hours per week :) Repetition of all that has been studied; irregular verbs; easy rules of syntax; translations into Greek; read Xenophon's Anabasis, book 1; Homer's Odyssey, book 1, verses 1-100, (all to be memorized ;) the most important portions of Homeric grammar. From this class on, the position in literature of every author whose works are read is clearly set forth.
Class I, b, (six hours per week :) Repetition of grammar; syntax of the articles and the pronouns; infinitive and participial constructions; exercises in translation and learning by heart as in the preceding classes; read Xenophon's Anabasis, books 2 and 3; Homer's Odyssey, books 4-6; review of the Epic dialect.
Class II, a, (six hours per week :) Repetition of grammar; syntax of cases, tenses, and moods; translating and learning by heart as in the preceding classes ; read Xenophon's Cyropædia, books 2 and 3, or select portions from his Hellenica or Memorabilia ; Plutarch's Select Biographies, Arian ; if possible, also, selections from Isocrates and Lysias; Herodotus: books i and 2, with translation into the Attic dialect; Homer's Odyssey, books 6-8.
Class 1, b, (six hours per week:) Repetitions of grammar; syntax of particles and conjunctions; translating and learning by heart as in the preceding classes; read Plato's Apology, Criton, Eutyphron, and some other easy dialogues; Demosthenes's Olynthic Orations or De Pace; Homer's Iliad, books 6–8; a selection of lyric and elegiac poems.
Class I, a, (six hours per week :) Repetition of grammar; continuation of written exercises; read Demosthenes's Philippic Orations; Plato: Phædon, Protagoras, &c.; Selections from Thucydides; Homer's Iliad, books 8–12 ; Sophocles's Antigone, Edipus Rex, Ajax, Philoctetes; also, some tragedies of Euripides.
V.—HEBREW, (OPTIONAL.) Class II, (two hours per week :) Reading exercises; conjugations, including the verba quiescentia ; declensions; learning of words ; exercises in writing ; translations from Genesis.
Class 1, (two hours per week :) Repetition of grammar; the most important rules of syntax; exercises; occasionally extempore grammatical analyses ; read selections from the historical books of the Old Testament, select Psalms, and selections from the Prophets.
VI.—FRENCH. Class V, (three hours per week :) Rules of pronunciation; reading exercises ; grammar, declensions, auxiliary verbs, the regular conjugations; oral and written translations during the first quarter only from French into German; then also from German into French; learning by heart of words; orthographical exercises.