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TABLt. 21.-Comparative statistics for 1888–89 of property and expenditures of public schools - of cities and villages containing over 4,000 inhabitants—Continued.

P, . # ** Value of Cost of super- - - - J. Q.) g = - c. Q. P. p - I - - # = 9 : school prop-| vision and '' ## # ## 53. £3. erty per teaching per £ '' ###| #3. # = | > S capita of— capita of— p1t: 3.2 - || “...a Q. C. :- - - .: * Q 2 3 Q Q. * , - i 5 : C. c. - | R & *~ "C ro .S. & P. P, & .* : | #5 2: c Q- :- £ c - ## : 3. S. S ###| ## - - • -> |- - City, #5 ##| | | | | | | | # # # $##| # ## - #| | | ##| | | ##| | | ##| ###| # # => #5 5 r: E O ~ : O ## $35 | #3 T: B | | *- : "... d 6 : 6 : 's # * | * : : £3 : o Q b0 o: 80 d ed © c >4 b: c * 5 ~ -> .# C: *- C: *- c c + 3 £:F *: C. .2 > : * : * : * .--~ * # *2. c. : : - - * © Q. Q * Q ~...~ *- Q c: " - | c. : © > O P- O > 3 * © * # Q # * A- < A- < 24 < * < 11 2 $ 4 5 6 2. 8 9 10 J11 PEN N SY L V A N IA- Mills continued. per dollar. Cents. 567 Erie............. - - - $5.03 5.56 ........... 568 Franklin” ..................l.. 4.22 '............l........... 569 i Greenville ................. 1.55 ........... 7. 9 570 : Harrisburg.... -- . 3.90 4. 12 8.6 571 Hazelton.................... 2.35 | 3.46 7.4 572 Honesdale.................. 22. (31 9.02 18.8 573 Huntingdon............... 2.7% '........... 6.4 574 Johnstown” .............. 2.81 - 7.6 575 Lancaster...................l........... 1.83 |..........! 77.60 |........... 11.68 i...........' ......................l........... 576 Lebanon*............... - .68 , 2.02 4.9 577 | Lock Haven............... .55 .............l..... |578 McKeesport ............... .93 2.82 7.5 #| Mahanoy':......... .98 || 6.90 6.7 580 Mauch Chunk”......... - 59 581 Meadville.................. - 73 582 Mechanicsburgh 583 | Middletown *..... 584 || Monongahela *................. 585 | Nanticoke.................. |586 | New Brighton *......... --- 587 | New Castle...... --- 588 | Norristown ............... - 589 |Oil City *................... *** ******** * * * * * * * * * 590 Philadelphia ........ • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 1.16 |........... 591 Phoenixville ....... - - 4.32 3.45 592 || Pittsburgh *............... 80 6.61 | 1.95 || 11. 593 || Pittston ........ - - - 2.9 3.96 594 | Plymouth..... 1.95 | 2. 10 595 | Pottstown.. 6. 2.79 596 | Pottsville .. 5. : 2.95 597 | Reading........... 4. 2.87 598 | Renovo ......................................................l............l........... 8.50 ........... 7. 599 || St. Clair * ............ - - 2.6 600 Scranton ....................'........... 0.82 2. 601 | Shamokin *.......... ...l...................l................. 6.01 ......... 2. 602 | Sharon "..................................... - I - 2. 603 Shenandoah ..................... ...] 1.65 ........... 3. 604 South Bethlehem *..... 5,366 | 1.23 65.90 2. 605 | South Easton ..... .. - - - - - 2. ' 606 | Steelton .............. - 2. 7 | Sunbury” ........ 2. 608 Susquehanna .. 5.6 609 | Tamaqua....... 2. 610 | Titusville .................. 6. 611 || Towanda *................. 4. 612 Uniontown ......................... 3. 613 Warren .............. 4. 614 | Washington.............. 615 West Chester............ 616 || Wilkes Barre .......... 617 | Williamsport.............. 618 York........................ RHODE ISLAND. 619 | Bristol.............. 620 Central Falls .................................. *i. 621 | Newport.................. 10,680 0.52 3.77 5. 622 | Pawtucket ............... 5,611 | 1.44 5.79 7. J1. 623 Providence ..... .... 7,463 0.83 - - 2.30 i 3.2 624 Woonsocket.............. “......'..........'.......'............ 7.70 | 19.33 2.44 6.19 (...... ...... 13.1

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TABLE 21.—Comparative statistics for 1888–89 of property and expenditures of public schools of cities and vill 'ges containing over 4,000 inhabitants—Continued.

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* Statistics of 1887–88.

Value of School property per capita of

Cost of super

vision and teaching per capita ot

Cost of incidentals per capita of

C - - ~ 2: Q -: # * | g : ### #3 23 #3 ~. 1 t 3 #S. £5 5 : ; #3 : | # # |### #: #: * : - 3. £ S 33 # , ECity. ## #3 # # | + | # | | | # ###### 3 . E 2 5 B 3 -b ~ : * # # *S* # = * : * : : : “... cd - *~ * 2: 3 | f : + i + 3 ### 23 || 3 | ##| 3 | ##| 3 | ##| ###### - - - : - - - - 5 : ### =3 | # # | # #" | # #" | 3 ##| # < * , o Po ~ c. ~ c: |- : c 23 £: -5 - 2 5 #: 3. * : *- : P- ::::: 5's %.: = , = 3 C 9 >| | 9 2. $2 £5.3 | # = c: - * o * O * s: © - : © 2: P- < |- < £- < *: i < 11 2 | 3 || 4 || 5 6 || 7 || s | 9 || 10 || 11 Mills SOUTII CAROLINA. # a' | Cent Cen Ollur. : Cent8. Charleston............................'... ..#20.96 : £5. SQ S11.53 $14.25 $1.56 $1.93 ............ | 9.0 Columbia .... - ... 27.59 ... - - - - - - Greenville” .... ...: 42.98 |.. Spartanburg .............. 30.20 TENNESSEE. Chattanooga.............. ...'....... ........... 50.01 72.95 Clarksville ............... $2,990 : 0.76 22.83 35.62 Jackson........ .............'...........'........... 6.21 : 10.3% Knoxville.... ... 1,821 1.28 || 23.34 41. 12 Memphis...... - - - - - - - - Nashville ..................'..........l........... 27.34 45.89 i Union City ....... £"|3.3s 3:31 TEXAS. Austin........ -- - 2,497 0.55 13.77 | 28.27 | 7.65 15.7 1.52 3.13 3.67 10.6 Brenham........ . 2.209 || 0.81 | 18.32 36.78 9. 10 | 18.22 0.80 | 1.60 4.37 10.5 Brownsville...............'... ...'..... #| #| #####| #| #: 12.1 Dallas 2,223 0.90 20.09 83.80 4.39 18.32 0.93 3.89 2.39 '........... Dennison ......................] 57.65 : 110.55 7.43 14.26 2.47 4.74 '........... 10.9 El Paso .... 5,350 : 0.61 34.63 70. 21 | 12.10 # 24.5: 2.70 || 5.47, 3.30 19.8 Fort Worth.... 5.028 0.53 | 26.77 ; 42.96 9.50 15.24 1.93 3. 10 ; 2.27 | 10.2 Galveston....... £ i. 9; 3:55 13s.50 5.35 | is 35 ; i.ić £ 3.3s 13.5 Houston ...... ...: 2,244 0.73 16.98 50.54 4: 14.25 | 1.19 3.56 3.67 | 19.2 Marshall ... - :":- - - - - 3.06 7.11 0.66 | 1.55 ............ | 8.7 Palestine... ... ........'..........., 0.70 |........... -----------' --- .......'........... ..........'.................................. Paris.......................... 2,050 : 0.88 | 18.04 43.67 | 6.16 15.60 0.25 0.62 3.13 9.0 San Antonio"............ :...'..... 14.35 7t}. 43 4.36 21.38 : 0.31 1.54 |............ 11.4 Sherman.................... 2,677 | 1.37 || 36.43 70.32 6, 19 11.95 | 1.33 2.57 2.81 8.1 Waco.......................... - - - - - - 34.63 68.30 8. G3 : 15. 8.3 0.91 1.78 ............l........." | | UTAH. | | Yogan.................. ..... - - - - - 13.93 39.81 4.54 13.28 |...........'..........'....................: Ogden City .... * 0.81 30.3: 84.19 3.43 9.57 2.3: 6.43 | 1. Provo City*....... - - - 42.82 125.33 5.28 15.45 0.52 | 1.54 ....................... Salt Lake City......................! 0.42 ..........' 48.40 l........... 11.2). .....................'. - * : *I

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a Owing to a change in the school year this report covers the period between April 1, 1888, and June 30, 1889.

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TABLE 21.-Comparative statistics for 1888–89 of property and erpenditures of public schools of cities and villages containing over 4,000 inhabitants—Continued.

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B. : 4.2. Value of Cost of super- i....:- | # 2. £-: #T: 9 : school prop- Vis. On '' Cost of inci: | ###| 85 © *- :) prop dentals per * > | < $3. P. a. erty per teaching per £ £e T. 55 | E 5. £ #. 3 £ capita of - capita of— capita o <2 = | : *... Ö Q. * * ~ #: $3 .# 9 5.9 r= | * * | 3 53 | }.5 .C. c. d : | > | C. s := ~ 5 | < . ## = 3 | 3 | 3. £ ##| | #3 City. ## #3 | f | # = | # : # ###| #: 3: ... à: ' ' | #3 & #3 || 4 | ##| ###| # ###| # # ##| | | ##| 3 | ##|###| #3 - *** *- ; : 3 × 1 = 4 * : * ~ ... < | 35 63 *::: o S : : ; # : # : #. 3 : * | #3 ###| 3 || | # # # # # # 335 | #5 ###| ## 3. $: * o 5 : 3 #53 £2 3"|33 || 3 || 3 || || 3 || 3 |#* # 1 2 || 3 || 4 || 5 || 6 || 7 | s 9 || 10 || 11 l Mills VIRGINIA-continued. Per per cent t. dollar. Cents. Richmond........... ....... $3,566 0.90 $32.39 $41.65 $9.39 $12.07 || $1.72 ; $2.22 3.11 7.5 Roanoke........ ... ...................... 37.04 34.43 6.09 5.67 0.96 , 0.89 ............ 4.1 Staunton........ ....! 2,356 | 1. 15, 27.24 33.40 || 7.90 9.46 | 1.56 : 1.91 3.96 6.7 Winchester*... ... 2,667 0.01 | 16.34 28.22 || 4.90 8.46 | 1.09 | 1.88 2.24 5.6 WASHINGTON. Seattle ......................' ..................... '........." 1:2:::::::: 7.96 | 16.35 | 3.92 | 8.06 |............ •Spokane Falls...... .# 6,013 | 1.29 85.58 104.80 11.53 14. 14 | 3.53 4.32 2.28 9.2 Tacoma ............ .118,053 | 1.18 213. 10 193. 50 14.76 17.52 6.89 6.43 1.42 12.0 Walla Walla..............! 6, 113 1.40 ! 89.72 177.29 | 7. 98 15.78 ... - - - - - - - - - | WEST VIRGINIA. : Charleston.................' ..........'........... 37.88 ** - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1 Grafton ..................... | 1,624 || 1.36 22.09 26.01 || 5.47 || 6.58 || 1.04 || 1.25 4.00 4.9 Martinsburgh............ 1,761 1.64 28.85 31-61 | 6.08 6.67 3.49 || 3.82 5.42 5.5 Parkersburgh.......... • *, * * * * * *** ** * * * * * * * * * * * 73.90 85.76 | 13.02 15, 11 || 4, 27 4.95 |...... ...... 10.0 Wheeling ......... ........ 4, 377 | 1.08 47. 16 70.28 9. 17 13.67 2.71 4.04 2.72 8.9 WISCONSIN. Appleton.................... 3,319 2.25 83.35 108.60 10.49 13.7 5.68 7.42 4. 37 12.3 Baraboo..................... 3, 367 1.21 47.78 43.36 13.47 12.22 2.84 2.58 4. Il 8.3 Beaver Dam" ... ....'... ............... .. 52.95 79.84 7.27 10.96 ......................'............ '........... Beloit ........................! 3,727 3.35 124.90 126.40 12.31 12.47 3.53 : 3.57 4.35 8.6 Berlin ........................ 7 3.65 76.43, 93.24 10.18 12.41 3.63 4.43 6.59 9.4 Chippewa Falls.........'........... ............ 46.91 77.36 8.62 14.22 | 1.78 2.93 .......:. | 9.6 Eau Claire...... £ 3: ' ' | 16.io it.' ##| || 3 |"3: 10.5 Fond du Lac.. , 958; 2.5. 74.39 , 6.91 10.32 3.25 4.86 5, 19 7.7 Fort Howard.... - 64.42 8.75 13.16 1.82. 2.73 .......:. 8.4 Green Bay........... .# 1,956 | 77.84 9.08 14.22 1.31 2.01 : 5.27 8.1 Janesville........... ...... .....:”:'''........... ........... 135.80 ........... 12.57 ......... 4.43 ............ | , 8.9 Kenosha.............. 1, 581 i 2.85 45.04 ........... | 7.34 ........... 1.83 ........... 5.91 ........... La Crosse......... 2,618 2.34 60.59 79.54 11.07 || 14.53 , 2.73 3.58 5.27 9.2 Madison......... 4, 310 | 2.63 113.20 158. 83 10. 12 14. 19 4.14 | 5. 81 3.31 10.8 Marinette*.. .i...................... 45. 12 ............ 9.87 ".....................'...........'............ '.........Menasha ........ 1, 739 1. 19, 20.71 37.34 7.08 12.78 1.95 3.53 ; 5.19 | 8.6 Menomonie...... 3,3' | 1: 3.4i 31.8s. 13.44 ii. So 5:00 £43 5.70 || 9 | Merrill....................... 3, 164 1.05 33.68 36.96 ...........'......................'...................... '.......... Milwaukee...... - 3,019 | 1.21 39.50 66.33 9.80 , 16.46 , 2.59 4.35 4.01 11.5 Monroe................ ...] 5,428 1.14 : 61.94 ............: 10.66 ........... 3.35 ........... 2.58 ........... Neenah.. - - 1.93 : 48. 7.61 : 11.80 2. - 8.9 Oconto.. - *- 9.56 10.29 0. 4.8 Oshkosh. 8.08 ........... 2. 11.5 Portage ......... 3. ! or. . ... 6 9.52 : 14.45 2. 3. |- 8.8 Racine .............. - 36 34.76 : . 73 7.92 - 12.94 1.29 , 2. 12 4.41 7.6 Sheboygan........ 1,399 33 32.56 5.92 : 6.52 : 11.20 2. 16 3.71 : 6.20 7.7 Stevens Point............l...........'........... 37.15 i 64.03 7.06 12.18 ........... . - '..... Watertown”...... 1,886 1.56 29.35 60.40 6.25 | 12.85 1.61 3.31 4.17 8.1 Waukesha...... 6,937 | 1.51 "104.34 95.02 14.05 | 12.77 7. 19 6.53 3.06 10.4 Wausau.......... .... 2, 494 0.98 24.61 || 33.96 6.57 9.07 1.56 2.15 3.26 '........... White Water.............. 3,207 | 1.50 48.2 63.98 12.52 | 16.60 2.56 3.40 4.7 10. WYOMING. t Cheyenne....... ...................... 1.81 ...” 127.03 ". * - i

* Statistics of 1887-88.

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List of cities and villages, containing over 4,000 inhabitants, which presumably maintain school systems, but concerning which no information is at hand.

City. State. #adsden a ----------- - - - - - - - - Alabama. Tombstone ..... ------...-----| Arizona. Eureka Springs.---------- ... --! Arkansas. Hot Springs...... - - - - - - - - - - Do. Alameda---------------------- California. Napa City b -----------------. Do. Nevada City b ............... ..! Do. San Diego. -----. |- - - - - - - - - - - - Do. Santa Ana -------------------- To. Santa Barbara ---------------- Do. Stockton.------------. - - - - - - Do. Denver, District No. 2.--..... Colorado. 1) enver, District No. 17....... Do. Ansonia ------------------ .... Connecticut. Birmingham ------------------ Do. Danbury---------------------- Do. Danielsonville ---..... - - - - - - - Do. Waterbury ------------------. Do. Fernandina c.----------------- Florida. Gainesville b-...-----...-- - - - - - Do. Jacksonville c ...... - - - - - - - - Do. Key West b.----- - - - - - - - - Do. Tallahassee.-----------------. Do. Brunswick-------------------- Georgia. Milledgeville b-...--...------. Do. Thomasvilleb.------.......... Do. Alton.-----------------------. Illinois. Collinsville ----- •- - - - - - - - - - - - - - Do.

b No city organization.

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c Organization of schools prevented by yellow fever.
a No city school system prior to 1889–90.

CHAPTER XXVI.
SCHOOLS FOR THE TRAINING OF TEACHERS.

NOTABLE EVENTS FOR 1888–89.
NEW SCHOOLS.

In three States the legislature has provided for a new normal school. Colorado calls into existence her first school, Connecticut her second, and New York her tenth in addition to putting the sixty or seventy normal classes of the academies under the control of the State superintendent, who intends to transform them into veritable training classes for the education of teachers as far as may be done with schools having so short a session. The school at Slippery Rock, Pa., and that for colored teachers at Montgomery, Ala., have been opened under favorable circumstances.

THE COLORADO SCHOOL,

Section 1 of the act creating a State normal school in Colorado reads as follows: “A State normal school is hereby established at or near the city of Greeley, the purpose of which shall be instruction in the science and art of teaching, with the aid of a suitable practice department, and in such branches of £ as shall qualify teachers for their profession: Provided, That a donation shall be made of a site for said State normal school, consisting of forty acres of land, with a building erected thereon, according to plans and specifications furnished by the State board of education, and to cost not less than $25,000, $10,000 of which shall be paid by the State, as hereinafter provided.” The school is to be under the control of a board of six trustees appointed by the £ for a term of six years, the terms of two expiring every two years, who 1ave also general supervision, control, and direction of its funds. They appoint the faculty and fix their salaries, and with the advice and consent of the faculty prescribe the various books to be used in the school, the courses of study and instruction (which shall in no case have fewer than three years), make all needful rules and regulations, and fix the qualifications for admission. Every applicant for admission shall undergo an examination by the faculty, and if the applicant is not of good character or fails to pass he is to be rejected. The school is open to all persons sixteen years of age or more who are are residents of the State, and to nonresidents “upon payment of a rate of tuition to be fixed by the board.” To enable residents to receive tuition free they must have signed (and filed with the board of trustees) a declaration “to engage in the business of teaching in the public schools of this State.” Diplomas are granted to such students as have completed the full course of instruction and have been recommended by the faculty after having passed an examination conducted by a board composed of the State superintendent of public instruction, a county superintendent of schools within the State, and the principal. When a certified copy of this has been filed in the office of the superintendent of the county wherein the holder designs to teach, the holder is licensed to teach in any of the public schools of the State. The trustees are to make an annual report, which is to include, among other matters, “the attendance each day, the average attendance for each week and term, and during the year, the full curriculum of instruction in said school, the classification and departments thereof, the branches taught, time devoted to each, text-books and apparatus in use, requirements for admission and graduation.” In addition to the $10,000 appropriated for buildings, an additional $10,000 is provided by the State for furnishing them. 953

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