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Private schools.—Statistics of private schools continue of the same meager and unsatisfactory character as heretofore. The following results are deduced from the data reported to the Bureau:

Sixteen States and Territories show an increase of private-school enrollment of 7.10 per cent., the public-school enrollment of the same increased 1.44 per cent., the whole enrollment, public and private, increasing 2.07 per cent.

These results tend in the same direction as those of preceding years, and give additional confirmation to the statement heretofore made that the private schools are growing at a greater rate than the public.

Individual States, such as Vermont, Rhode Island, Illinois, Colorado, Washington, and California, show an opposite tendency the present year, the public enrollment in those States growing faster than the private.

The statistics of private schools are of such varying degrees of accuracy from year to year, however, that conclusions derived from isolated data are open to suspicion, especially if they indicate any retrogression in the Northern States, which should rather be attributed to incomplete leturns.

Out of every 1,000 pupils in schools of all kinds, in 21 States and Territories, 97 were private-school pupils, a little less than 1 in 10. The report last year, embracing nearly the same States, was 94 per 1,000. The estimate for the whole of the United States is 84 per 1,000, as shown in Column 8.

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TABLE 6.—Number of schoolhouses, mainly for 1888–89, compared with same for the preceding year, with the territorial area, with the total population, and with the population 6 to 14.

Num': of School- Number ouses. Increase or built State or Territory. -T- decrease. during the 1887-88. 1888-89. | year. 11 United States a ..............................................“ North Atlantic Division............... South Atlantic Division................................ South Central Division.. North Central Division . Western Division................................... North Atlantic Division: | aine....................... --- * - - 4,337 4,361 New Hampshire..................... i 2, 131 1,993 Vermontb .............................. c2, 547 d2, 547 Massachusettsb..... --- •- - - - - - - - - - 6,918 7,023 Rhode Island......................... - 469 | 474 Connecticut........... • * * * * * * * *-* * * ****** 1,660 1,645 New York............................................................ 11,965 11,985 New Jersey........................................................... c 1,610 | d 1,615 Pennsylvania. ...................................................... 13,798 14,680 South Atlantic Divisio | Delaware d ...................... • - • *****, *. . . . . . . . . . * * * * * * * | 45 -:........................ Maryland b ............... •- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - *** 2, 159 2, 200 I...... 41 ! District of Columbia.... - . 90, Virginia. ................................. --- | 6, 205 West Virginia .... - - 4,687 | 4,729 I. ... 42 206 North Carolina........ --- c5, 660 d5,543 | D..... 117 |...... --South Carolina......... --- - - - •- ; 2,962 .................. 103 Georgia, b ...... •- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ************ * * * * * * * * * * ************ e 7,796 | J 6,563 | D.....1,233 |.................. Florida ........... * * * * * * * * * * * * * * - - - - - - * * * * * - * * * * * * *** | * * * * * * * * * * * *- ... bā2,219 |.......................... |South Central Division: Kentucky ..... - --- - - 7, 133 7,302 | I...... 169 406 Tennessee............................................................ c6,011 d 6, 130 I...... 119 308 Alabama b ............................................................ 5,792 6, 177 I...... * .................. Mississippi ... - 5,443 5,777 I...... 334 g 513 Louisiana b ..... e 1,985 J 2, 109 | I...... 124 k................. Texas h............ - - - - ,511 ..... - - - 354 Arkansash ... ............... - --- 2,452 2,535 | I...... 83 289 North Central Division: Ohio ....................................... ............................. 12,715 12,712 | D..... 3 3.96 Indiana............ ... - - - - - - 9, 882 9,928 I...... 46 800 Illinois.................................................................. 12,208 12,221 I...... 13 211 Michigan............ --- 7,428 7,493 | I ..... * .................. Wisconsin .......... -- - - 6,294 6,343 I...... 49 243 Minnesota............. - - - 5,652 .................. 292 Iowa........ - - - 12,752 12,879 I...... 127 127 Missouri b ........................................................... 9,819 9,687 | D..... 132 ......... ....... Dakota ... - c3, 864 d4, 102 | I ..... 238 cl 266 Nebraska... - 5, 187 | 5,748 || I...... 561 487 Kansas .............. • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8, 196 | 8,819 I...... 623 620 Western Division: | Montana............................................. ................ c 266 d 305 I...... 30 39 Wyoming.............................................................. i 11.1 | c 124 I...... 13 | "............... Colorado.......... - - - 820 1,474 I...... 651 600 New Mexico .... i Arizona d......... Utah b ........ Nevada ... - Idaho...................... Washington . Oregon ...... California Alaska........ • ****** * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * a Excluding Alaska. glncluding ten buildings in towns and cities, b Number of schools. costing from $10,000 to $30,000 each. c In 1886–87. h Report not complete. d In 1887-88. 4. In 1885–86. e In 1887. j Estimated.

fIn 1888 * k White 2, native 14,

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TAl:LE 7.—Number of sitting in public schoolhouses, mainly for 1888–89, compared with same for preceding year, with the population 6 to 14, with the enrollment, with the average attendance, and with the number of schoolhouses.

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of sittings or decrease

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State or Territory. in public ; since pre- | Each 100 Each 100 Each | school- ceding pupils en- of average school houses. year. rolled. |attendance building. H i 2 3 4 3 6 United States a................................................'. ...” 1 12 182 61 !--------- ,--- North Atlantic Division a ................ - - - || -- | 104 | 162 70 South Atlantic Division a ....................... i--------- - 98 162 58 South Central Division a ........................ |................................" i........ - !.....” - - - - North Central Division a ....................... |........... -------|------------------ | 119 | 195 60 Western Division a .......... - - - - .................. '.................. | 104 173 42 == : :==!:a:- 1: North Atlantic Division: | | | ! | Maine b ................................ ............ 175,000 .................. 122 177 40 New Hampshire.............................. ................... |..................l..................i..................!.................. Vermont:...............................".............................. ...]...". ********* | * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Massachusetts........- - - - - - .................. ; ... • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ! . . . . . * ************ '..................l.................. Rhode Island ......................... • * * * * * * * * * t 51,749 I..... 487 100 153 109 Connecticut ............................... ....... 130,867 I..... 1,687 103 159 80 New York -- - - •- " - •- | - • * * * * * * * * * * * * 1 - • * * * * * * * * * * * **** | * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * | * * * * * * * *- - New Jersey c........... - - - - | 209,542 I..... 3,707 93 : 155 130 Pennsylvania.................................... |........ * * * * * *- : - - - - - - - - 1......... • **** “...i..................l.................. South Atlantic Division: | | | Delaware c...................... - : 28,401 |..................' 87 134 i 64 Maryland........... * - - - - - - !------------------|------------------ '..................'.... •- * * * * - - District of Columbia..........................' 31,764 I..... 1, 114 89 | 115 338 Virginia ........... --- - - - - ... 336,511 ................. | 100 172 53 West Virginia. ...... • * * * * * * * * * ************** *** **! ... • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * '...... ........... ... • * * * * * * * * * * * * ***** * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * - *North Carolina ........ • ************************ | * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * |....... - • | * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * r * * * * * * * * - South Carolina .................................'..................'................. '..................l...... - - - - - - --Georgia........... • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *•- * * * * * * * * * ! --- * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * '... '.................. | ----------- - || -- --Florida ..................................... ......................... '.................. |.................. --- --South Central Division: i Kentucky - --- - - - - ** | * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * '........... - | * - || -- • *- - Tennessee ...............................********* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * '..... '.......................... --- •Alabama.................................. ......... '.................. |.................. ‘..................l.. - - - - Mississippi............................. - - - - “...!..................l.................. ..................l............ ------ i................." Louisiana.................. •------ '...l... - - - - - - - - - Texas.................... - - - - - '... * * * * * * * * * * * * * *-****** *** ******* i.................. 1.---------- * * * * * * * Arkansas .................................... "...l.... |......" - - - - - '........... - - - - - - - North Central Division: | | Ohio................................ - - - - - - '.................. |.................. ............” '..................l.................. Indiana................................ - - - - - |- - '................................... ..................l.................. Illinois............................................... ': '............ ..... '.................. 1 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * : * * * * * * * * * * ****** Michigan............................................ 543,707 I......7,759 | 128 194 73 Wisconsin........ - - - - - 395,098 D...17,107 115 211 62 Minnesota,- - - - - - - - - ...” - **! ..... ..... • ****** | ********* ****** - ..................'................“ Iowa .................................................. ‘....... ......... '........ ** * > - !......." ‘............... - - - : |-- --Missouri...........................................: 672,284 I....:23,022 110 178 .................. Dakota, c............ --- - 140,466 I.....20,210 150 264 34 Nebraska.............. - - - •- . * * * * *-* * * * * * * * * ...'....................................'........ - || - ---Kansas --- - - - - - - --- !...... i...................................................... !................." Western Division: | Montana......... - - - - - - - .***** * * * * * * * * * * * * * : * * * * * * * * * * - * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * - -- - ...'................" Wyoming.......................... - - - - |..................l..................l..................l.................. i.................. Colorado........... • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *-* * * * * * * * * 61,464 I..... 8,797 104 173 | 42 New Mexico ......... - - - - - !------------------ '....................................l.................. !............... *Arizona - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... - - - - - - - - - - * * * ****** -Utah .................. |- - - - - - - - '.................. "........ - - - • • -- * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *-* * * *- --Nevada ............................................. '.................. '.................. "...l..... !........... -----Idaho ................................ .............. '...l.....- - - - - - - - - - - - - |...... Washington ....... .........'. - I - • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *-i- **- *** •- Oregon........ - - - - - - - - '.................. !------------------!----- - * * * * * * '..... “....i...... California.......................................... !................ |.................. - •; * * * * * ......'...... Alaska............................... --- ‘.................. - - - - |. :

a These summaries embrace only the States tabulated in the same columns below.

b Estimated. cIn 1887-88.

TABLE 8.-Estimated real value of all public school property.

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| Value of School Value Estimated! Increase or |Percentage property...per for eael | real value decrease of capita of - #6' State or Territory. of all pub- since | increase -- . . . . ~~! assessed lic school | preceding or | Total Average | valua| Droperty. year. decrease. popula-i attend '£' * | tion. ance. i - ! 11 2 S$ 4 5 6 2. - | | | Per cent, United States a ........... ... $323,573,532 I...323,965,822 I...... 8.00 $5.31 || $40.42 $1.36 North Atlantic Division a ........ 125,387,728 I...... 5, 637,728 : 1...... 4.73 7.37 61.62 1.24 South Atlantic Division at ........ 14, 208, S00 I..... 1,763, 800 : I...... 14. 17 1.64 13.04 .72 South Central Division a......... 12, 174,813 I..... 1,052,313 I...... 9.45 1.15 8.29 .53 North Central Division a......... 149,935,498 I.....11,670,288 ' '...... 8. 1 # 6.84 48. 36 1.97 Western Division a.................. 21,865,693 : I..... 3,841,693 1 ..... 21.29 | 7.86 70.48 1.21 | - -----North Atlantic Division: : | | | Maine ................. .............. 3,481, 835 : I..... 153,092 I..... 4. 60 5.28 35.30 !..... New Hampshire .... .......... 2,380, 600 I..... 79,269 | 3. 6.38 | Vermont ....... ‘..............'. - Massachusetts. ........'... Rhode Island......... 2,744, 408 .*- ! Connecticut ........... ... 6, 275, 177 .57 New York.............. 39,354,353 - 3.69 | New Jersey b ..................... 7, 837,706 * | 5. Pennsylvania. .................... c32,958,638 ...: 6, 41 47.95 1.28 South Atlantic Division : | | | Delaware b ...... ... •- - 716,232 D.... e8,768 . 4.3S - ******** Maryland.............................................. | - - ... |- District of Columbia b........" 1,761,000 '...... ................. - 8. - 1. 38 Virginia ........ - - - 2,208, 115 I..... 90,512 - 1. 35 - .64 West Vir...inia ...... ... 2, 330,718 | I..... 286,262 I...... 14.00 3.13 19.42 b1.25 North Carolina, b ... . 735,511 I..... 71,155 : 1...... 10. 71 .47 3.53 .36 £ Carolina...... : d 373,351 ............... |.................. .33 2.74 .26 eorgia............... **** ... --------------- ------------------------ - - - - - - - - - ********* : * * * * * * * * * ****** * * * * * * : ************** ********* Florida. "Sii,373 i..." iii.33. I'...bi.g'"##!"13. South Central Division: i l i | £5....................: ####| | |..... 290,914 : I...... 8.95 2.93 15. 92 .71 '' | ###### 1:53: i: #10 i3 #17 .75 abania. .... '.............................................................' ..............................'........ *Mississippi. .; 1,125,000 I..... 125,000 : 1..... 12.50 .89 | 5.83 .72 Louisiana...... "... ...................” --Texas e....... ...... 3,000,000 i................. ::... '... i 1. 39 .82 .41 Arkansas........................... ,777 I...... 60,710 ! I...... 7.80 .77 6. 32 .54 North Central Division: | | Ohio............................ ....... 31,381,033 I..... 1,093, 135 I...... 3.61 8.68 59. 14 1.79 Indiana ...... - - - 15,000.0% I. 248, 185 : I...... 1.68 6.92 || 42." 1.80 Illinois .... .# 25,913,445 I..... 972, 707 I...... 3.90 6.93 51.7 3.27 Michigan. 13,386, 6:37 . I..... 529,534 I ..... 4. 12 6.53 47.83 1.30 Wisconsin ........... ... f.8, 898, 603 I..... 932,363 I...... 11. T0 , 5.36 47.61 1.53 Minnesota........... ...... 10,383, 825 I..... 1,922,999 | 1......22.73 8. 24 93.05 1.66 Iowa....... - - - - .... 12,900, 495 I... 566, 198 I ...... 4.50 6.88 42.32 2.47 Missouri............................. 10,972, 161 ; I..... 1, 168,375 . I ..... 1 1.92 4.19 | 29.11 1.46 Dakotab............................. 3,298, 871 | I..... 173,745 : I...... 5.50 7.02 61.99 2.00 Nebraska.... .......! 8,000,000 : I..... 2,876,820 ! I......56.16 8.13 50. 10 4.38 Kansas...: .......................... 9,794,428 I..... 1, 186,226 I......13.78 6.69 40.02 2.71 Western Division : | - ! i *'' b..... ... 646,670 : [... 98.303 I .... 17.93 6.25 Yorn 1ng ... . .................. ...... ................. .................. ............... Colorado ..... ......... . 3, 838, 353 I..... 600, 332 I...... 18. 55 10.36 New Mexico g........ - 125,000 '....................... - - - - - - - - - . 89 Arizona b......... .# 222, 269 I... 46, 269 I......26.29 4.03 Utah............ - 610,050 I. 67. 294 I...... 12.40 3.06 Nevada b .... - - 246,681 2.0', I ...... . S.5 5.20 i Idaho..... - .. 344,500 .25 4.50 Washington ........ .# 1,205, 296 h (5.04 4.:l Oregon ..... - ... 1,533, 104 I..... 18.37 5. 20 ! California . - 12,844,770, . 59 . 11.02 . Alaska................................................ - - - - - - ‘.........'

a These summaries embrace all the States and Territorics except Alaska.

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IEStimates

c The value of school property in Pennsylvania has been overestimated heretofore. property

d Sehool buildings only.
e Estimated.
f Schoolhouses and sites only.
g In 1888.

h Average annual rate of increase since 1887.

are made

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TABLE 9.- Whole number of different teachers employed, classified by sex, mainly for 1888–89, and compared with the same for preceding year; number of teachers necessary to supply the schools; changes in the teaching force; proportion of teachers who are males.

b This summary embraces only the States tabulated in the same column below.

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| - Number of Ratio
whole '" whole '" whole £" ...'. teachers of 'ale
r - - number ecrease number ecrease number crease cessary employed teachers to
State or Territory. S111Ce slnce since to supply £ -
of male di of female receding of both Sreceding the for every whole
teachers. Pr's teachers. | Pr'* sexes. | 1 wear g schools. 100 number of
---.... ; year. y - - necessary. teachers.
| '-------, ----------'—-------
I | 2 3 4 5 6 7 s 9 16
| i - | |
| . ! | Per cent.
United States at .................................. - - - ....... 124,929 |.................. 227,302 .................. 352,231 ............... - “... | b129 .#
North Atlantic Division........................................................ w 18,324 D....1,306 71,838 I......1,981 90, 162 I...... 675 1,122 20.3
South Atlantic IDivision.... • * : 20,241 .................. 18,462 ................. 38,703 | ū103 52.5
South Central Division - - - - .. 29, 203 i.................. 19,512 .................. .......! 60.0
North Central Division .... ... 53,127 15.... i.755 108,603 | 1.4,635 b139 32.8
Western Division ....................................................................... 4,034 ................. | 8,887 |.................. 1,101 31.2
North Atlantic Division: -
Maine c...... ............................................................................ d1,351 d6,247 I...... d17.8
New Hampshire...................................................................... 312 2,727 10.3
Vermont c....................................................... 479 3,517 12.. O
Massachusetts......................................................................... 901 9,222 8.9
Rhode Island.... 171 1, 196 12.5
Connecticut c d57 d3,440 d14.3
New York .............................................................................. 5,549 26,438 17.3
New Jersey c..................................." - - 796 3,325 19.3
Pennsylvania. .................... - - - - 8, 191 | 15,726 23,917 34.2
South Atlantic Division: - i
Delaware c........... - - -- - 203 454 657 30. 9
Maryland........................................................ 1,084 2,644 3,728 29. 1
District of Columbia...................................... 7 602 680 11.5
Virginia......*- - - - - - - - - 3,258 4,165 7,423 | 43.9
West Virginia....................... - - - - - - - - - 3,444 1,897 5,341 04.5
'North Carolina c..................................................................... 4,450 2,657 7, 107 ........... 62. 6
South Carolina....................................................................... 2,210 2,040 4,250 ! I 52.0
Georgia de.................................... 4,095 2,829 6,924 59. 1
Florida .............................. 1,419 1, 174 2,593 54.
South Central Division:
Kentucky ..................................................................... 4.508 4,383 8,891 I..... * - f50.7
Tennessee c....................................................... 5, 146 2,572 7,718 I..... 233 66.7
Alabama........ - --- 3,791 2, 125 5,916 || I..... 155 64. 1
a Excluding Alaska.

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