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Schools of science endowed by the national land grant.............. • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 1140

Summary of statistics (Table 8).......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - * * * * * * * * * 1141

Progress in five years (Table 9)..................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1143

Distribution of students in practical work (Table 10).............................. * - - - - - - - - - - - 1145

Distribution of students in degree courses (Table 11) .................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1146

Occupations of graduates (Table 12) ................................................... . . . . . . . 1148

Detailed statistics (Table 13)........ .. • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - * * * * * * . . . . . . . . . . . . 1150

Summary of statistics of schools of science not endowed by the national land grant (Table 14)... 1154

Detailed Statistics of Same (Table 15)....... .... * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1155

IV.--PROFESSIONAL INSTRUCTION.

Summary of statistics of professional schools by geographical sections (Table 16). . . . . . . ....... 1158

Distribution of theological students according to religious denomination (Table 17).............. 1159

Summary of statistics of Schools of theology (Table 18)..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1160

Detailed statistics of same (Table 19)..................................... ........................ 1162

Summary of statistics of schools of law (Table 20)........ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1177

Detailed statistics of same (Table 21). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .......... 1178

Summary of Statistics of Schools of medicine, of dentistry, and of pharmacy (Table 22)......... 1182

Detailed statistics of Same (Table 23)................................. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1186

W,-DEGREES. *

Summary of all degrees conferred in 1888–89 (Table 24)........................................... 1203

Degrees conferred by colleges and Scientific schools (Table 25) . . . . . . . . . . ........................ 1209

Degrees conferred by institutions for the higher instruction of women (Table 26)................ 1220

Degrees conferred by professional Schools (Table 27)......................................... ... 1221

VI.-COURSES OF STUDY.

Courses of study in colleges and universities (Table 28) .............. . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1224

*

CHAPTER XXIX.—MANUAL TRAINING.

Introductory remarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............................ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1362

Instructors and pupils in manual training schools (Table 1)....................................... 1862

Number of pupils in each branch of manual training in cities (Table 2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1363

Time devoted in city schools to various branches of manual training by the different grades

(Table 3).- ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... --------..................................... 1365

Cost of manual training (Table 4).......... ..................................................... 1367

CHAPTER XXX.—CoMMERCIAL AND BUSINESS CoI.LEGES.

General remarks....... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .....--> -- . . . 1368

Summary of Statistics..................... * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ... ............'... 1870

Detailed statistics............................................................... ..... ... . . . . . . . . 1871

CHAPTER XXXI.—TRAINING SCHOOLS FOR NURSEs.

Introductory remarks......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... ... 1379 .

Summary of instructors and pupils.............................................................. 1379

Detailed statistics........... ................................................ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1380

CHAPTIR XXXII.-EDUCATION OF SPECIAL CLASSES.

I.-EDUCATION OF THE DEAF AND BLIND,

General remarks on the education of the blind - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . - - - - - - - - 1882

Meeting of the American instructors of the blind................................................. 1382

Some conclusions of the Royal Commission on the Deaf and Blind.................. ............ 1883

Notes from catalogues of institutions................................. ........................... 1885

Remarks upon the tables . . . . . . * * * * * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1889

Summary of statistics of institutions for the deaf...................... . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - 1890

Detailed statistics of same . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .............................................. 1392

Summary of statistics of institutions for the blind. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1397

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III.—EDUCATION OF JUVENILE DELINQUENTs.

IV.-EDI’CATION OF THE COLORED RACL.

Statistics of colored public Schools (Tables 1-3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . * * * * * * * * * *

Remarks upon the tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

Sources of support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ - - - - - - - - - - - - - -,- * * * *

General condition and progress................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The colored schools of Missouri................................................................. - -

Capacity of the negro for education..............................................................

Disbursements from the State fund (1883 to 1889). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .............. - - -

Peabody fund—amounts devoted to White and to colored schools (Table 5).......................

Statistics of institutions for the instruction of the colored race (Table 6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . * = -

Summary of same (Table 7).... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .........................

Consolidated statistics of colored schools (Table 8)............................................ - - -

Notes from catalogues of institutions...................................... ......................

CHAPTER XXXV.—INDEX TO THE PUBLICATIONS OF THE BUREAU OF EDUCATION.

PART III.

CHAPTER XXII.

STATISTICS OF STATE COMMON SCHOOL SYSTEMS.

PRELIMINARY REMARKS.

It was not possible at the time of closing the following tables to present in full the statistics of common schools in the United States for the school year 1888-89. The figures which follow are compiled from the most recent information received, about three-fourths of the States and Territories being represented by reports for the year 1888–89. The corrected totals will be given in a future report.

The population heretofore has been given for that June which fell near the beginning of the school year reported; in this report it is given for the June of that calendar year in which the school year reported closed; i.e., if the school year reported is 1888–89, the population is computed for June, 1889. This method is preferable on several grounds, one obvious advantage being that the official census figures of 1890 will now be used in connection with the school statistics of 1889–90, instead of waiting for those of 1890–91. On account of this change, however, the enrollment, expenditure, etc., per capita of population and of school population, as given in this report, is not comparable with the same data as given in previous reports. The corrected statistics of previous years are given in the present report, pages 9–31.

The United States census of 1890, in connection with that of 1880, has been used as a basis for computing the population given in the following table (column 3). It therefore very closely approximates the actual population at the epoch given (mainly 1889); the percentages based upon it are probably accurate as far as carried out.

TABLE 1.—Estimated population and population per Square mile; number of pupils enrolled; same compared with the enrollment of the previous year and with the population; all mainly for 1888–89 (the population being given for the close of the school year).

Estimated total

population. Enrollment.
Whole
School >

State or Territory. year Average number Percent- | Percent

ended-- number of pupils Increase or ." of age of Number. to a enrolled decrease increase | populasquare in the - or de- tion • mile. Conn in on crease. enrolled.

schools.

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... . - Per cent. Per cent. United States a.................. 60,971, 114 21.0 | 12,291,259 I.......220,903 I... 1.83 20.2

North Atlantic Divi

Sion -----------------------. ...............] 17,007, 400 104.9 || 3,026,460 I... .44 17.8 South Atlantic Divi-

sion -........................l. 8,649,600 32.2 | 1,711,082 I... .21 19.8 South Central Division].. 10,626,500 19.7 2,139,617 I... 4. 26 20.1 North Central Division].. 21,904, 814 29.1 4,938, 474 I... 1.66 22.6 Western Division............. 2,782,800 2.4 475,626 I... 8.19 17.1

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TABLE 1.-Estimatcd population and population per square mile, etc.—Continued.

Estimated total T. population. Enrollment. - Whole Sclhool : - - Average numbe Percent- | PercentState or Territory. e:- number of pupils Increase or age of age of Number. to a enrolled decrease increase | populaSQuare in the - or (le- tion mile. Conn in Oll crease. enrolled. schools. 1 2 $ 4 5 (5 2. S North Atlantic Division: * Per cent. | Por cent. Maine .................... Mar. 31 659,100 22.0 143, 113 | D..... 1,067 ... . 74 21.7 New Hampshire ... Mar. 31 372,900 41.4 a60, 124 D..... 1,702 | D. 2.75 16.1 Vermont b.............. Mar. 31 332,200 56.4 68,453 | D..... 2, 949 D. 4.13 20.6 Massachusetts........ Mar. 31 2, 172,000 270. 1 363, 166 I .... 5, 166 I... 1.44 lo. 7 Rhode Island ........ Apr. 30 336,700 310.3 51, 895 | D $27 | D. 1.57 15.4 Connecticut.......... July 14 732,500 151.2 127,089 I...... 1,034 I... .82 17.3 New York ...... ... July 25 5,885,000 123.6 | 1,033,813 | I...... 544 I... .05 17.6 New Jersey b......... Aug. 31 | 1,374,000 184.3 224, 398 I...... 291 I... . 13 16.3 Pennsylvania........ June 3 || 5, 143,000 114.3 954, 409 I...... 12,784 I... 1.36 18.6 South Atlantic Division: Delaware b............ Mar. 31 163,400 83.4 32, £52 | D..... c625 | D.c.1. 88 19.9 Maryland.............. June 30 | 1,029,000 104.4 179,460 I...... 2,873 || I... 1.63 17.4 District of Columbia........ - ... June 30 223,900 3,731.6 35,764 I... 2.62 16.0 Virginia........ July 31 1,635,000 40.7 336,948 I... 2.02 20.6 West Virginia........ June 30 744,900 30.2 187,528 D.. .91 25.2 North Carolina b... June 30 | 1,571,000 32.3 337,382 I... 3.72 21.5 South Carolina...... Aug. 31 1, 131,000 37.5 194, 264 I... .43 17.2 Georgiad.......... ..... Dec. 31 | 1,772,000 30.0 21, 176 D., 6, 17 18, 1 Florida..................] Sept. 30 379,400 7.0 86,008 I... 4.48 22.7 s' Central DiviSion : Kentucky.... ......... June 30 1,834,000 45.8 e330,986 I...... 151 I... .05 18.0 Tennessee b ........... June 30 | 1,717,000 41. l. f436,524 I...... 26, 117 | I... 6.36 25.4 Alabama......... .... Sept. 30 1,481,500 28.7 270,204 || I...... 2,915 I... 1.09 18.2 Mississippi............ Sept. 30 1,269,000 27.4 319, 711 | I...... 9,592." I... 3.09 25.2 Louisiana d............ Dec. 31 1,079,000 23.8 125,573 I...... 13,745 # I...12.29 11.6 Texas b......... Aug. 31 2, 158,000 8.2 c440, 467 I...... 21, 59 i I... 5.15 21.1 Arkansas ..... ... June 30 | 1,088,000 20.5 216, 152 I...... 13,398 I... 6.61 19.9 North Central sion: Ohio.......................] Aug. 31 3,617,000 88.7 777, 162 | D..... 54 D.. . 007 21.5 Indiana.................] Nov. 15 2, 167,000 60.3 523, 147 | H...... 8,684 I... 1.69 24.1 Illinois............ ...' June 30 3,737, 66.7 763, 411 I..... 12,062 I... 1.61 20.4 Michigan............... Sept. 2 2,048,500 35.7 423,604 || D..... 1,614 | D.. .38 20.7 Wisconsin ............ June 30 1,659,000 30.5 344, 942 | I ..... 10,651 I... 3. 19 20.8 Minnesota............ July 31 1,261,000 15.9 273,814 | I...... 15,087 | I... 5.83 21.7 Iowa. ..................... Sept. 16 1,875,000 33.8 489,229 I...... 12,045 I... 2.52 26.1 Missouri............... June 30 2,621,000 38.1 611,541 I...... 991 I... . 16 23.3 Dakotab................ June 30 470, 100 3.2 93, 826 I...... 4,076 I... 4.54 20.0 Nebraska.............. July 8 984,300 12.9 232,344 I...... 16,455 I... 7.62 23.6 Kansas.............. .... June 30 1,464,914 17.9 405,454 I...... 2, 103 | I... .52 27.7 Western Division: Montana b..... . Dec. 31 103,400 .7 13,828 I...c5.56 13.4 Wyoming g .. Oct. -- 43,900 .4 5,622 I...12.71 12.8 Colorado............... June 30 370, 300 3.6 59, 313 I...16.88 16.0 New Mexico d........ Dec. 31 140,500 1. 1 c16,484 I..h16.80 11.7 Arizona b....... - ..] June 30 55,200 .5 6, I...11.51 12.0 Utah ..................... June 30 199,200 2.4 34,221 I... , 14 17.2 Nevada b. . Aug. 31 47,400 .4 7, 511 D. 1.74 15.9 Idaho .................... Aug. 31 76,600 .9 12,678 I...21.52 16.5 Washington.... June 30 286,500 4.3 46,751 I... i2.4.77 16.3 Oregon............ ...] Mar. - 294,800 3.1 56,696 || I...... 4,058 I... 7.71 19.2 California..... • *- June 30 1, 165,000 7.5 215,905 || I...... 8,855 I... 4.28 18.5 Alaska. ........................! May 31 j40,000 .1 1,040 l................ - - 2.6

a Number who have attended school two weeks or more.
b In 1887-88.

c Approximately.

d. In 1888.
e Highest number in attendance; no report from Bell County.
f A few counties not reporting are estimated.

g In 1886–87.

h Average annual rate of increase since 1880.
* Average annual rate of increase since 1887.
j General agent's estimate.

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Enrollment.—The latest returns of enrollment of pupils in the common schools foot up to 12,291,259, being an increase of 220,903 over the corresponding returns of one year previous. The increase in enrollment has been at the annual rate of 1.83 per cent, as against an increase of 2 per cent. per annum reported a year ago and as against an annual increase of 2.17 per cent. in the school population the present year. The progressive decrease of public-school enrollment since 1870 in the Northern States has already been demonstrated in tables published by this office. It now appears that the movement is still going on. During the current year the school population in the North Atlantic Division increased 1.90 per cent., the enrollment only 0.44 per cent.; in the North Central Division the school population increased 1.73 per cent., the enrollment only 1.66 per cent. In every North Atlantic State in which a school census was taken the school population was found to have increased at a much greater rate than the school enrollment. In four of the North Atlantic States and in two of the North Central States there has been an absolute decrease in the enrollment. The increase of enrollment in New York has only been 544, against an increase of school population of over 30,000. The presentation of these facts affords still further confirmation of the relative decline # £ol attendance in the North, in addition to what has been already pubished. In the South Atlantic States the increase of school population the past year was at the rate of 2.05 per cent., of enrollment at the rate of 0.21 per cent. per annum. Here the same decline is observable as at the North. Exceptional agencies were at work, however, to bring about the greater part of this decline in Georgia, and it is believed that it will be only temporary. A provision of the so-called Denny law, which was in operation in Georgia in 1888, required an additional enrollment of at least twenty-five pupils in order to establish a school after one had been provided for each race in each district; this had the effect to diminish the number of schools in the country districts; and on account of the unfavorable crops many farmers’ children were obliged to work in the fields, which further tended to reduce the enrollment. The provision of the law of Georgia referred to has since been repealed. The South Central Division shows an increase of enrollment of 4.26 per cent., which is much greater than the rate of increase of the school population, the latter being only 2.42 per cent. As has been stated, the proportion of population enrolled, as given in column 8, is not comparable with the same quantities in previous reports. For the percentage of population enrolled in previous years, since 1870, see Chapter I.

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