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FOREIGN MAILS-Continued.

SAMPLES OF MERCHANDISE

must be bona fide trade samples without any salable value. Wrapping-Samples of merchandise must be wrapped so that the contents may be easily examind without injury to wrappers. Permissible Writing-They must bear no writing except the name or the social position of the sender, a manufacturers' or trade mark, numbers, prices and indications relating to the weight, size, dimensions and quantity to be disposed of, and words which are necessary to precisely indicate the origin and nature of the merchandise. Weight-Packages of samples must not exceed 12 ounces in weight. Size-The size must not exceed 12 inches in length, 8 inches in breadth, and 4 inches in depth, except when in the form of a roll, they may be 12 inches in length and 6 inches in diameter. Postage-The postage on samples is 2 cents for the first 4 ounces or less, and 1 cent for each additional 2 ounces or fraction of 2 ounces. Register all valuable articles. Registration fee 10 cents. PARCEL POST.

Postage, 12 cents a pound or fraction thereof; greatest length (unless specially noted below), 3 feet 6 inches; greatest length and girth combined (unless specially noted below), 6 feet; limit of weight (unless specially noted below), 11 pounds; value (unless specially noted below), not limited; registration fee, 10 cents.

Unsealed packages of mailable merchandise may be sent by parcel post to Dutch Guiana (parcels cannot be registered. See item " Customs Declarations''), Uruguay (parcels cannot be registered). See item "Customs Declarations"), Hungary, Bermuda, Jamaica, including Cayman Islands, Turks Island, including Caicos Islands, Barbadoes (parcels cannot be registered), the Bahamas, British Honduras, Mexico (limit of size, 2 feet in length, 4 feet in girth; limit of weight for places named in "Postal Guide." 11 pounds; for other places, 4 pounds 6 ounces), Leeward Islands (Antigua, Anguilla, Barbuda, Dominica, Montserrat, Nevis, Redonda, St. Kitts and the Virgin Islands), Colombia (limit of size, 2 feet in length, 4 feet in girth), Costa Rica, Salvador (see item Customs Declarations"), British Guiana, Danish West Indies (St. Croix, St. John and St. Thomas), and the Windward Islands (Grenada, Grenadines, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent), Trinidad, including Tobago; Venezuela (see item "Customs Declarations"), Bolivia, Ecuador (parcels must not exceed $50 in value), Peru and Chile, Newfoundland, including Labrador; Honduras (Republic of), Germany, including Cameroon (Kamerun) Toga, German East Africa and German South West Africa; Italy, including Erythrea, Benadir, Bengazi and Tripoli in Tripoli (Barbary) and Republic of San Marino. Netherlands (parcels cannot be registered. See item "Customs Declarations'), New Zealand, including Cook and Fanning Islands; Nicaragua, Guatemala, Norway, Japan, including Formosa, Karaluto (Japanese Saghalien), and Korea; Hongkong, including Kowloon, Austria, Belgium, France, excluding Algeria and Corsica (parcels cannot be registered. See item Customs Declarations''), Great Britain and Ireland (parcels cannot be registered), Australia, including Tasmania, Denmark, including Faroe Islands and Iceland; Sweden, China, the following places only: Amoy, Canton, Changsha, Cheefoo, Chingklang, Foochow, Hangchow, Hankow, Hoihao (Hoihow), Hongkong, Kingiang, Lin Kung Tau, Nanking, Newchwang, Ningpo, Shanghai, Shanghaikwan, Shasi, Soochow, Swatow, Peking, Tientsin, Tongku, Wei Hai Wei and Wuku; Aberdeen, Au Tan, Chingchow, Ping Shan, Sai Kung, Sha Tin, Sha Taukok, Shung Shui, Stanley, Tai-0, Tai-Po. Tsinanfoo, Weihsen and the German Protectorates of Kiowchow or Kiautschon; Manchuria, the following places only: Antoken (Antung), Bujun (Fushun), Choshun (Changchun), Dairen (Tairen, Talien, formerly Dalny), Daisekkio (Tashichiao), Daitoko (Tatungkou), Furanten (Pulantien), Gaihei (Kaiping), Giukaton (Newchatun), Gwaboten (Wafangtien), Hishiko (Pitzuwo), Honkeiko (Penhasiku), Hoten (Mukden). Howojio (Fenghu angcheng), Kaigen (Kalyuen), Kaijio (Haichaeng), Kinshu (Chinchow), Koshurei (Kungchuling), Riojun (Port Arthur), Rioyo (Liaoyang), Riujuton (Liushutun), Senkinsal (Chienchinsai), Shiheigai (Ssupingchieh), Shinminfu (Shingningfu), Shoto (Changtu), Sokako (Tsaohokow), Sekaton (Suchiatun), Taikozan (Takushan), Tetsure (Tiehling), Yendai (Yental), Yugakujio (Hsiungyocheng); Hayti, Brazil, Dominican Republic, Dutch West Indies, French West Indies, Panama and Turkey, the following places only: Alexandretta, Beirut, Cavalla, Constantinople (including Galata, Pera and Stamboul), Dardanelles, Dedeagatch, Durazzo, Caifa, Inebol Jaffa, Janina, Jerusalem, Kerassund, Mersine, Mitylene, Prevesa, Ritimo (Rethymo), Rhodes, Saloniki (Salonica), Samsoun, San Jean de Medua, Santi Quaranta, Scio (Schios), Scutari, Smyrna, Trebizond, Tripoli (Syria), Valona, Vathy (Samos), and Canea and Candia in the Isle of Crete. Parcels must be wrapped so as to permit their contents to be easily examined by postmasters. The presence, in an unsealed parcel, of sealed receptacles containing mailable articles which cannot be safely transmitted in the unsealed receptacles, will not render the parcel unmailable, provided the contents of the sealed receptacles are plainly visible, or are unmistakably indicated by the method of packing or by a precise statement on the covers. But such sealed receptacles will not be admitted to the parcel post unless inclosed in an outside cover open to inspection. Any article absolutely prohibited admission to the regular mails for any country is also inadmissable to parcel post mails for that country; but no article is excluded from parcel post mails solely because it is dutiable in the country of destination. Liquids, poisonous, explosive, and inflammable substances are excluded. CUSTOMS DECLARATIONS.

A Customs Declaration" Form 4402 (which will be furnished on application at the post-office or a station) must be properly and fully filled out, stating the actual contents, value, etc., of the parcel. General terms, such as merchandise" or "samples," will not answer; the contents must be accurately described. Customs Declarations' must be firmly attached to the cover of the parcel, but not pasted or affixed so that they will seal the package and prevent examination of the contents without damaging the cover. In addition to being tied by means of a cord passing through the eyelet, the tag should be bound flat to the parcel (with the front or declaration" side facing out), so that the tag cannot be used as a handle to lift the parcel while in transit.

Two (2) copies of the declaration" (Form 4402) must be attached to each parcel for Dutch Guiana, Dutch West Indies, Netherlands, Salvador and Uruguay, and three (3) copies to each parcel for Venezuela.

France-Two copies of the special declaration, "Form No. 2 Bis" (4402%), showing in addition to the usual entries the gross weight of the parcel and net weight of the contents, must be attached to parcels for France. One copy may be pasted to the package, but the other copy must be affixed in such a manner that it can be readily removed at the exchange office where the mail is prepared for despatch to France.

GENERAL REGULATIONS RESPECTING FOREIGN MAILS.

Rates and conditions to countries not in the Universal Postal Union are now the same as those to Universal Postal Union countries,

Postage can be prepaid upon articles (other than the reply half of double postal cards) only by

Postal-Savings System.

FOREIGN MAILS-Continued.

means of the postage stamps of the country in which the articles are mailed.
in one country addressed to another country which bear postage stamps of the country to which they
are addressed are treated as if they had no postage stamps attached to them.
Hence articles mailed

Unpaid letters received from the Postal Union and insufficiently prepaid correspondence of all kinds is chargeable with double the amount of the deficient postage.

Matter to be sent in the mails at less than letter rates must be so wrapped that it can be readily examined at the office of delivery, as well as the mailing office, without destroying the wrapper. Packages of newspapers and periodicals sent in the mails to foreign countries are restricted to a single (outside) address. Those sent to Canada, Cuba, Mexico, Panama, and Shanghai (City), China,

are transmissible as in domestic mails.

The United States two-cent postal card should be used for card correspondence with foreign countries (except Canada, Cuba, Mexico, Panama, and Shanghai City, to which countries the onecent card is transmissible), but where these cards can not be obtained, it is allowable to use for this purpose the United States one-cent postal card with a one-cent United States adhesive postage stamp attached thereto. Private cards can be used if conforming in size, etc., to Government cards, such cards should bear the words "post card."

Mail matter of all kinds received from any country of the Postal Union is required to be refor warded at the request of the addressee, from one post-office to another, and in the case of articles other than parcel post packages, to any foreign country embraced in the postal Union, without additional charge for postage.

All articles prohibited from domestic mails are also excluded from circulation in the mails to and from foreign countries. Postal cards or letters addressed to go around the world will not be forwarded, being prohibited.

When payable in Apia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Cape Colony, Costa Rica, Denmark, Egypt, Germany, Great Britain, Honduras, Hongkong, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Liberia, Luxemburg, New South Wales, Natal and Zululand, New Zealand, Orange River Colony, Peru, Portugal, Queensland, Russia, Salvador, South Australia, Switzerland, Tasmania, the Transvaal, Uruguay and Victoria rates are as follows:

FOREIGN (INTERNATIONAL) MONEY ORDERS.

For sums from 80. 01 to $2.50...
From $2.51 to $5.00.

From $30 G1 to $40.00..
40.01 to 50 00...
50.01 to 60.00..
60.01 to
70.01 to 80.00.

70 00.

10 cents
15

5. 01 to

7.50.

20

64

7.51 to

10.00.

25

66

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10.01 to

15.00.

30

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15.01 to

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35

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80.01 to 90.00.

20.01 to 30.00.

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90.01 to 100.00.

From $10.01 to $20.00.

When payable in any foreign country not named above For sums fro: $0, 01 to $10. 00.

10 cents From $50.01 to $60.00.

rates are as follows:

20

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20.01 to 30.00.

60.01 to 70.00.

30

46

30.01 to 40.00.

70.01 to 80, 00.

40

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80.01 to 90.00.

40.01 to

50.00.

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NOTE-It should be understood that these tables are subject to change, it being the aim of the Post-Office Department to make reductions whenever conditions warrant such action.

Postal-Savings System.

INFORMATION FOR DEPOSITORS ANNOUNCED BY POST-OFFICE DEPARTMENT Object-1. The Postal-Savings System is established for the purpose of providing facilities for depositing savings at interest with the security of the United States Government for repayment. Safety-2. The faith of the United States is solemnly pledged to the payment of deposits made in postal-savings depository offices with accrued interest as provided by the Postal-Savings act. Who May Deposit-3. Accounts may be opened and deposits made by any person of the age of 10 years or over in his or her own name and by a married woman in her own name and free from any interference or control by her husband. any one time. No person can have more than one account at

4. Any person may open a postal-savings account. 5. All accounts must be opened in person by the depositor or his authorized representative. After opening an account a depositor may forward subsequent deposits to the post-office by mail. 6. Deposits will be accepted only from individuals, and no account will be opened in the name of any corporation, association, society, firm, or partnership, or in the names of two or more persons Jointly. 7. No account will be opened in the name of one person in trust for or on behalf of another person or persons.

Service Free-8. The service of the Postal-Savings System is free, and no charge or fee is collected or required in connection with the opening of an account or the withdrawal of money deposited, unless withdrawals are made by mail, and by means of money orders, when the usual fee is deducted.

Privacy of Accounts-9. No person connected with the Post-Office Department or the postal service is permitted to disclose the name of any depositor or give any information concerning an account except to the depositor himself, unless directed to do so by the Postmaster-General.

How to Open an Account-10. When a person applies to open an account he must furnish the necessary information for the postmaster or his representative to fill out an application, which he will then be required to sign. by a disinterested person. If the applicant signs by mark his signature must be witnessed

Deposits-11. Deposits are evidenced by postal-savings certificates issued in fixed denominations of $1, $2, $5. $10, $20, $50 and $100, each bearing the name of the depositor, the number of his account, the date of issue, the name of the depository office, and the date on which interest begins. The postmaster or his representative will make out a duplicate of each certificate issued, which the depositor will be required to sign and which the postmaster will retain in his records.

12. No account may be opened for less than $1, nor will fractions of a dollar be accepted for deposit.

13. No person is permitted to deposit more than $100 in any one calendar month nor to have a total balance to his credit at one time of more than $500 exclusive of accumulated interest.

14. Savings certificates cannot be transferred or negotiated and will be payable only to the person to whom issued.

15. On opening an account a depositor is supplied with an envelope in which he may keep his

savings certificates. On this envelope is printed information for his guidance, and also a blank ledger record on which to keep an account of his deposits and withdrawals.

16. In case a savings certificate is lost or destroyed the depositor should notify the postmaster. If deemed proper, a new certificate will be issued upon compliance by the depositor with the necessary requirements.

17. Postmasters are not permitted to receive savings certificates for safe-keeping.

Savings Cards and Stamps-18. Amounts less than $1 may be saved for deposit by the purchase of 10-cent postal-savings cards and adhesive 10-cent postal-savings stamps. Each postalsavings card contains blank spaces to which savings stamps may be affixed from time to time as purchased, and a postal-savings card with nine 10-cent savings stamps thus affixed will be accepted as a deposit of $1 elther in opening an account or in adding to an existing account, or it may be redeemed in cash.

19. Savings stamps are not valid for postage. They will not be received in exchange for postage stamps nor will postage stamps be accepted in exchange for postal-savings cards or stamps.

Interest-20. Interest will be allowed on all deposits at the rate of 2 per cent. per annum, computed on each savings certificate separately, and payable annually. No interest will be paid on money which remains on deposit for a fraction of a year only.

21. Deposits will bear Interest from the first day of the month next following that in which deposited.

22. Interest will continue to accrue on a savings certificate as long as it remains outstanding, certificates being valid until paid, without limitation as to time. 23. Compound interest is not allowed on an outstanding certificate, but a depositor may withdraw Interest payable and include it in a new deposit, which will bear interest at the regular rate. Withdrawals 24. A depositor may at any time withdraw the whole or any part of his deposits to his credit with any Interest payable by surrendering savings certificates, properly indorsed, for the amount desired.

25. A depositor presenting a certificate for payment in full, with all interest payable, must Indorse it on the back in the presence of the postmaster or his representative and surrender it. The postmaster or his representative, if satisfied as to the depositor's identity, will then make payment. 26. When a depositor desires to withdraw only a part of the amount called for by any certificate the postmaster, on presentation of the certificate, shall pay the amount demanded with all interest then payable on the full amount of the certificate. He shall issue a new certificate or certificates covering the amount to remain on deposit, which shall bear interest from the first day of the month succeeding that in which payment is made.

27. When a depositor desires to withdraw merely the interest payable on any certificate, instead of indorsing and surrendering the certificate as in case of full payment, he will be required to give his receipt for the amount of the interest paid. The postmaster will enter the interest payment on the back of the certificate and return it to the depositor.

Deposits Not Made in Person-28. When a person who has opened an account cannot appear personally to make an additional deposit, because of infirmity or for other good and sufficient reason, the amount to be deposited may be sent by a representative or forwarded to the post-office by registered mail or money order. When a depositor forwards money by mail for deposit the postmaster shall sign the duplicate certificates beneath the depositor's name and mail him the originals. New accounts cannot be opened by mail. When an intending depositor desiring to open an account is unable to appear in person he may forward the money by a representative, who will be provided with an application form and a deposit slip. When the application and the deposit slip have been returned, properly filled out and signed, the postmaster shall accept the deposit and issue the necessary certificates, writing the depositor's name on the duplicates and requiring the representative to sign under it.

Withdrawals Not Made in Person-29. When under similar circumstances a depositor cannot appear in person to make a withdrawal, a blank order will be furnished for his use upon request by his representative. When such order has been properly filled in and signed by the depositor, with his signature witnessed by a disinterested person, and has been returned to the postmaster, together with each certificate to be paid properly indorsed, payment will be made to the depositor's representative.

30. When a depositor who is unable to appear in person desires to withdraw merely the interest payable on any certificate, the blank order furnished will include receipts for the interest to be paid, upon return of which, properly signed by the depositor, the postmaster will make payment to his representative.

Death of Depositor-31. In case of the death of a depositor the amount standing to his credit will be paid to the executor or administrator of his estate upon compliance with the necessary requirements. In case no formal administration is desired by his relatives, the postmaster may, if it is deemed proper, be authorized to pay the amount of the deposit, on application in proper form, to the persons entitled to receive it, without the appointment of an administrator.

Account of Woman Who Marries-32. A woman who opens an account and afterward marries must present her savings certificates at her office in order that the certificates may be indorsed as payable to her in her new name. The postmaster will receive no further deposits from a depositor failing to comply with this requirement nor will he make any partial or interest payment to her.

Postal-Savings Bond-33. A depositor will be permitted to exchange the whole or any part of his deposits in sums of $20, $100 and $500, into United States registered or coupon bonds bearing Interest at the rate of 24 per cent. per annum, payable semi-annually, and redeemable at the pleasure of the United States after one year from date of issue, both principal and interest payable twenty years from such date in United States gold coin. Such exchange may be made under date of January 1 and July 1 of each year, provided such bonds are then available.

34. A depositor desiring to convert his savings deposits into bonds on January 1 and July 1 of any year must make application at least ffteen days before either of the dates named to the postmaster in triplicate on a form which will be supplied him for that purpose. At the time of making application he must indorse and surrender savings certificates covering the amount of the bonds desired, for which the postmaster will give him a receipt. Interest will continue to accrue on certificates surrendered until the date on which the bonds are issued. Bonds, wher ssued, are sent to the applicant's address. At the same time all interest due on the certificates surrendered will be paid. 35. Savings deposits converted into bonds are not counted as a part of the maximum of $500 allowed one depositor, and there is no limitation upon the amount of available postal-savings bonds which may finally be acquired by a depositor.

36. Postal-savings bonds are exempt from all taxes or duties of the United States, as well as from taxation in any form by or under State, municipal or local authority.

37. Postal-savings bonds can only be procured by the conversion of posts. -savings deposits, and will not be issued to persons who are not depositors, but whether in registered or coupon form they may, upon receipt by the depositor, be sold and assigned at any time to any person desired. Information-38. Further information concerning the Postal-Savings System may be obtained by application at any depository office or by inquiry addressed to the Third Assistant PostmasterGeneral, Division of Money Orders, Washington, D. C.

Distances from New York to Cities in United States.

Miles.

CITIES.

Mues.

2,053
1,982
1,318

CITIES.

621 Louisville, Ky... 632 Lynchburg, Va.. 308 Manchester, N.H. 378 Memphis, Tenn.. Meridian, Miss.. Milwaukee, Wis.. Mobile, Ala.... 798 Montpeller, Vt... 1,522 Newark, N. J 2,290 New Orleans, La. 1,613 Norfolk, va.. 1,738 Ogden, Utah. 1,742

Miles.

CITIES.

Miles.

867 St. Paul, Minn... 1,370 400 Salt Lake City, 290 Utah. 2,480 1,286 San Francisco, Cal 3,183 1,142 Santa Fé, N.Mex. 2,211 1,046 Savannah, Ga... 844 1,229 Seattle, Wash... 3,184 339 Sheridan, Wyo... 2,209 9 Shreveport, La.. 1,454 1,344 Sloux Falls, S. Dak 1,507 346 Spokane, Wash.. 2,443 Springfield, Ill.. 1,604 Springfield, Mass. 1,455 Superior, Wis..

THE distance herein shown is that via the quickest route and the lines carrying the bulk of the mails. CITIES. Albany, N. Y Albuquerq'e, N. M Alliance, Neb.... Amarillo, Tex.... Atlanta, Ga. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Me. Baltimore, Md.. Birmingham, Ala. Bismarck, N.Dak. Boise, Idaho... Boston, Mass.. Bristol, Tenn. Buffalo, N. Y.. Burlington, Vt.. Butte, Mont.. Cape May, N. J.. Carson City, Nev. Charleston, S. C.. Charleston, W. Va. Chat'nooga, Tenn Cheyenne, Wyo.. Chicago, Ill.(N.Y. Cent.).

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143 Cleveland, O.
2,260 Columbus, O..
1,875 Concord, N. H..
1,920 Cumberland, Md.
875 Deadw'd, S. Dak.
150 Denver, Col.
410 Des Moines, Ia..
185 Detroit, Mich...
989 Duluth, Minn..
1,818 El Paso, Tex..
2,783 Fargo, N. Dak..
233 Ft. Worth, Tex..
604 Galveston, Tex.
438 Gr. Rapids, Mich.
303 Greensboro, N. C.
2,498 Harrisburg, Pa...
173 Hartford, Ct..
3,016 Helena, Mont..
736 Hot Springs, Ark.
612 Indianapolis, Ind.
846 Ishpeming, Mich.
1,966 Jackson, Miss....

Jacksonville, Fla.
960 Kansas City, Mo.
Knoxville, Tenn..
908 Little Rock, Ark.

Oklahoma, Okla..
940 Omaha, eb.
515 Parkersb'g, W.Va.
196 Pendleton, Ore..
110 Philadelphia, Pa.
2,500 Phoenix, Ariz...
1,470 Pittsburgh, Pa.
820 Portland, Me..
1,354

1,238

1,342

735

1,409

Portland, Ore..
Prescott, Ariz.
979 Providence, R. I
Reno, Nev.
Richmond, Va.
Roanoke, Va.....

752 Los Angeles, Cal. 3,106 St. Louis, Mo...

600 Syracuse, N. Y..
3,017 Tacoma, Wash..
90 Tampa, Fla.
2,721 Topeka, Kan.
439 Trenton, N. J...
348 Vicksburg, Miss..
3,248 Vinita, Okla.
2,861 Washington, D. C
186 Wheeling, W. Va.
2,939 Wichita, Kan...
340 Wilmington, Del.
452 Wilmington, N. C
1.060

2.845 1,017

136

1,427

290

3,225

1,190

1,409

57

1,282

1,422

225

506

1,565

116

707

MAIL DISTANCES AND APPROXIMATE TIME TO FOREIGN CITIES FROM NEW YORK. (For Distances, irrespective of Mail Routes, see Index.)

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ROME 647 840 414 639 1048 1180 1033 1746 1223 TRIESTE 510 487 370 391 533 888 1066 1009 1828 1416 WARSAW 806 1276 702 436 1156 1021 398 576 895 2593 1925 1067 1557 1135 CONSTANTINOPLE 1205 1725 2138 1564 1298 2018 1883 1699 1903 2025 3545 2718 1899 2232 2030 ODESSA 363 842 1330 1800 1226 960 1680 1545 1340 1418 1737 3117 2625 1760 2119 1917 Moscow 950 1339 811 1617 2087 1513 1247 1967 1832 1209 1387 1706 3414 2904 1848 2117 1915 ST. PETERSBURG 406 1356 1733 693 1769 2239 1395 399 2119 1714 1091 1269 1588 3286 2874 1699 1976 1774 STOCKHOLM 430 838 1510 2408 1082 1171 1731 1084 1110 1337 1176 685 580 993 2384 1972 1219 1491 1289 COPENHAGEN 416 846 1252 15101510 68 1067 1318 671 697 1047 885 270 208 620 2012 1600 812 1181 979

BOYCOTTING, BLACKLISTING AND INTIMIDATION LAWS.

THE States having laws prohibiting boycolling in terms are Alabama, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, and Texas.

The States having laws prohibiting blacklisting in terms are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Mississippi (applies to telegraph operators only), Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, and Wisconsin.

A number of States have laws concerning intimidation, conspiracy against workingmen, and interference with employment, viz.: Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho (applies to mine employés only), Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Porto Rico, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia and Wisconsin.

In the following States it is unlawful for an employer to exact any agreement, either written or verbal, from an employé not to join or become a member of a labor organization, as a condition of employment: California, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi (applies to telegraph operators only), Nevada, New Jersey, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Porto Rico, South Carolina, Utah, and Wisconsin.

EIGHT-HOUR LAWS.

Arizona.-Eight hours constitute a day'slabor on all public works and in all mines and workings, smelting and reduction works, blast furnaces, rolling mills, etc.

Arkansas.-Eight hours constitute a day's work on public highways and bridges and for railway telegraph operators.

California.-Unless otherwise expressly stipulated, eight hours constitute a day's work. The time of service of all laborers, workinen, and mechanics employed upon any public works of, or work done for, the State, or for any political sub-division thereof, whether the work is to be done by contract or otherwise, and of employés in mines and smelters, is limited and restricted to eight hours in any one calendar day.

Colorado.-A day's work for all workingmen employed by the State, or any county, township, school district, municipality, or incorporated town, and for all employés in underground or open cut mines or workings, aud in smelting and refining works, is restricted to eight hours.

Connecticut.-Eight hours of labor constitute a lawful day's work unless otherwise agreed. Railroad telegraph operators controlling the movement of trains may work but eight hours, except at stations kept open only in the daytime. Engineers, firemen, machinists and other mechanics employed in State institutions may work but eight hours, except in case of emergency.

Delaware.-Eight hours constitute a lawful day's work for all municipal employés of the city of

Wilmington.

District of Alaska.-Eight hours are a day's labor on the public roads.

District of Columbia.-A day's work for all laborers and mechanics employed by the District of Columbia, or by any contractor or sub-contractor upon any public works of the District, is limited to eight hours.

Hawaii.-For all mechanics, clerks, laborers, and other employés on public works and in public offices eight hours of actual service constitute a day's work.

Idaho.-Eight hours' actual work constitute a lawful day's labor for manual laborers employed by the day on all State, county, and municipal works. Labor in mines and smelters is limited to eigut hours per day.

Illinois. Eight hours are a legal day's work in all mechanical employments, except on farms, and when otherwise agreed; the law does not apply to service by the year, month or week. Eight hours constitute a day's labor on the public highways.

Indiana.-Eight hours of labor constitute a legal day's work on the public roads, and for all classes of mechanics, workingmen, and laborers, excepting those engaged in agricultural and domestic labor. Overwork by agreement and for extra compensation is permitted.

lowa.-Eight hours constitute a day's labor on the public roads,

Kansas.-Eight hours are a day's work for all laborers, mechanics, or other persons employed by or on behalf of the State or any county, city, township or other municipality. Kentucky.-Eight hours constitute a day's work on all public works of the State.

Louisiana.-The hours of labor of stationary firemen in factories, etc., in continuous operation are limited to eight per day.

Maryland.-No mechanic or laborer employed by the Mayor or City Council of Baltimore, or by any agent or contractor under them, shall be required to work more than eight hours as a day's labor. Massachusetts.-Eight hours shall constitute a day's work for all laborers, workmen, and mechanics employed by or on behalf of the Commonwealth or any county therein, or of any city or town in the Commonwealth upon acceptance of the statute by a majority of voters present and voting upon the same at any general election.

Minnesota.-Eight hours constitute a day's labor for all laborers, workmen, or mechanics employed by or on behalf of the State, whether the work is done by contract or otherwise.

Mississippi.-Eight hours are a day's labor on highways.

Missouri.-Eight hours constitute a legal day's work. The law does not prevent an agreement to work for a longer or a shorter time and does not apply to agricultural laborers. It is unlawful for employers to work their employés longer than eight hours per day in mines and smelters, or as traín despatchers, etc., on railroads, unless the office is open only during the daytime. Eight hours are a day's labor on highways.

Montana.-Eight hours constitute a legal day's work for persons engaged to operate or handle hoisting engines at mines. The law applies only to such plants as are in operation sixteen or more hours per day, or at or in mines where the engine develops fifteen or more horse-power, or where fifteen or more men are employed underground in the twenty-four hours. A day's labor on public works and in smelters, underground mines and in railroad and other tunnels is limited to eight hours. Nebraska.-Eight hours constitute a day's work on public roads and on all public works in cities of the first class.

Nevada. For labor on public highways, in and about all mines, in smelters, plaster and cement mills, as train despatchers, etc., on railroads, and on all works and undertakings carried on or aided by the State, county, or municipal governments, the hours of labor are fixed at eight per day.

New Jersey.-Eight hours is the limit of a day's work by any person employed by or on behalf of the State or any municipality thereof.

New Mexico.-Eight hours constitute a day's labor in all employment by or on behalf of the State or municipality.

New York.-Eight hours constitute a day's work on highways, and on work done by or for the State, or a municipal corporation, whether directly by contractors or sub-contractors; also for all

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