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I am dear Will
late Judge Carr. No young man of that day, gave do you like it? well I am sorry you are at such a distance I higher or brighter promise of efficient usefulness, by cannot hear your answer, however you must let me know it by talents and virtue, in the fearful struggle just then com
the first opportunity, and all the other news in the world which
you imagine will affect me. mencing. Tradition, coming down from relatives and
Yours affectionately contemporaries who loved, admired, and deplored him,
Th: Jefferson abundantly justifies Mr. Wirt* in applying to him the pathetic lament of Anchises for the untimely blight of the young Marcellus:
Wms.burgh. March. 20. 1764. 11, o'clock at night.
Dear Will "Ostendent terris hunc tantum fata, neque ultra
As the messenger who delivered me your letter, informs me Esse sinent."
that your boy is to leave town tomorrow morning I will endeavor
to answer it as circumstantially as the hour of the night, and a No. IV is the most interesting, from the juncture at violent headach, with which I have been aflicted these two days, which it is dated, and from its brief and purposely mys- will permit. with regard to the scheme which I proposed to you tified allusion to the momentous “DECLARATION," which some time since, I am sorry to tell you it is totally frustrated by was then ready to burst upon the public ear. It is miss R. B's marriage with Jacquelin Ambler which the people written upon a full sized sheet of rather coarse but for (can you believe it?) I have been so abominably indolent as
here tell me they daily expect : I say, the people here tell me so, strong foolscap; and (what our recollection of the post- not to have seen her since last October, wherefore I cannot affirm office regulations of the day does not enable us clearly that I know it from herself, though am as well satisfied that it is to explain) it is franked, by mail, precisely as Mr. J's true as if she had told me. well the lord bless her l say! but letters of more recent date were. The post-office stamp tion of the gentleman who, as I told her, intended to make her
_P—r is still left for you. I have given her a descripis singularly rude. The following is the nearest fac an offer of his hand, and asked whether or not he might expect simile of it, that we can make: PHILA, JULY 2 it would be accepted. she would not determine till she saw him
Still further to gratify the taste of antiquarian read- or his picture. now Will: as you are a piece of a limner I deers, we print the letters, as Mr. J. continued always, we
sire that you will seat yourself immediately before your looking. believe, to write, --without capitals at the beginnings of glass and draw such a picture of yourself as you think proper:
and if it should be defective, blame yourself. (mind that I men. sentences. We also preserve some instances of mis- tioned no name to her.) you say you are determined to be mar. spelling; and copy the manuscript, exactly, in giving ried as soon as possible : and advise me to do the same. only the first and last letters of some names, as well as thank ye; I will consider of it first. many and great are the in giving others entire. We hope the remoteness of comforts of a single state, and neither of the reasons you urge
can have any influence with an inhabitant and a young inhabi. the period, and the example of Mr. Jefferson's last and tant too of Wms.burgh. who told you that I reported you was most successful biographer, will justify us in thus ma- courting Miss Dandridge and Miss Dangerfield ? it might be king free with the ancestors of respected living persons. worth your while to ask whether they were in earnest or not. It may be proper to add, that the originals are in our so far was I from it that I frequently baniered Miss
JyT-Ö possession; and that the well known handwriting is scarcely any thing now going on here. you have heard I sup.
about you, and told her how feelingly you spoke of her. there places their genuineness beyond all doubt.
pose that J. Page is courting Fanny Burwell. W. Bland, and Betsy Yates are to be married thursday se'nnight. the Secreta.
ry's son is expected in shortly. Willis has left town intirely so Ri
that your commands to him cannot be executed immediately, but Dear Will.
those to the ladies I shall do myself the pleasure of delivering From a croud of disagreeable companions, among whom I tomorrow night at the ball. Tom: Randolph of Tuckahoe has have spent three or four of the most tedious hours of my life, I a suit of Mecklenburgh silk which he offered me for a suit of relire into Gunn's bedchamber to converse in black and white broadcloth. tell him that if they can be altered to fit me, I will with an absent friend. I heartily wish you were here that I be glad to take them on them terms, and if they cannot, I make might converse with a Christian once more before I die: for die I no doubt but I can dispose of them here to his advantage. per. must this night unless I should be relieved by the arrival of some haps you will have room to bring them in your portmanteau, or sociable fellow, but I will now endeavor to forget my present can contrive them down by some other opportunity. let him sufferings and think of what is more agreeable to both of us. know this immediately. my head achs, my candle is just going last Saturday I left Ned Carters where I had been happy in other out, and my boy asleep, so must bid you adieu. good company, but particularly that of miss Jenny Taliaferro: and though I can view the beauties of this world with the most philosophical indifference, I could not but be sensible of the jus.
May 19. 1773. Mrs. Carr's tice of the character you had given me of her. She has in my Dear Fleming opinion a great resemblance of Nancy Wilton, but prettier. I You have before this heard and lamented the death of our was vastly pleased with her playing on the spinnette and sing good friend Carr. some steps are necessary to be immediately ing, and could not help calling to mind those sublime verses of taken on behalf of his clients. you practised in all his courts the Cumberland genius
except Chesterfield and Albemarle. I shall think I cannot better Oh! how I was charmed to see
serve them than by putting their papers into your hands if you Orpheus' music all in thec.
will be so good as to take them. I once mentioned to you the
court of Albemarle as worthy your attention. if you chuse now when you see Patsy Dandridge, tell her 'god bless her. I do to go there I would get you to take his papers for that court also. not like the ups and downs of a country life : 10 day you are they would put you in possession of a valuable business, the frolicking with a fine girl and tomorrow you are moping by your king's attorney's place is vacant there, and might be worth your self. thank god! I shall shortly be where my happiness will solliciting. if you think so you should dispatch an express for be less interrupted. I shall salute all the girls below in your the commission. Otherwise you may be prevented. write me a name, particularly syP-1. dear Will I have thought of line in answer to this and lodge it here within a week, as I shall the cleverest plan of life that can be imagined. you exchange about that time call here to take the law papers and put them your land for Edgehill, or I mine for Fairfields, you marry into some channel. your assistance in these matters will much SMP-r, I marry R-a B- join and get a pole chair oblige Dear Fleming and a pair of keen horses, practise the law in the same courts, and drive about to all the dances in the country together. how
Your friend and humble serv'l.
Th: Jefferson Life of Patrick Henry.
the most dreadful calamity. it was in contemplation of some IV
gentlemen who conferred on the subject to propose the re-estabPhiladelphia. July 1. 1776.
lishment of our committees of correspondence; others thought Dear Fleming Your's of 92d. June came to hand this morning and gratified should be sent to satisfy the mind of the French minister, and to
this too slow for the emergency and that plenipotentiary deputies me much as this with your former contains interesting intelli
set on foot proper measures for procuring the genuine sense of gence.
the several states. the whole however subsided on a supposition Our affairs in Canada go still retrograde, but I hope they are that the information might not be true, and that our delegates in now nearly at their worst. the fatal sources of these misforCongress would think no obligations of secrecy under which tunes have been want of hard money with which to procure pro- they may have been laid suficient to restrain them from informvisions, the ravages of the small pox with which one half of our ing their constituents of any proceedings which may involve the army is still down, and an unlucky choice of some officers. by fate of their freedom and independance. it would surely be betour last letters, Genl. Sullivan was retired as far as Isle au noix ter to carry on a ten years war some time hence than to continue with his dispirited army and Burgoyne pursuing him with one of
the present an unnecessary moment. double or treble his numbers. it gives much concern that he had Our land office I think will be opened ; the sale of British pro. determined to make a stand there as it exposes to great danger of perty take place, and our tax bill put on a better footing. these losing him and his army; and it was the universal sense of his measures I hope will put our finances into a better way and enaofficers that he ought to retire. Genl. Schuyler has sent him ble us to cooperate with our sister states in reducing the enor. positive orders to retire to Crown point but whether they will
mous sums of money in circulation. every other remedy is nonreach him time enough to withdraw him from danger is ques sensical quackery.-the house of delegates have passed a bill tionable. here it seems to be the opinion of all the General offi- for removing the seat of government to Richmond. it hesitates cers that an effectual stand may be made and the enemy not only with the Senate. we have established a board of war and a prevented access into New York, but by preserving a superiority board of trade. I hear from your quarter that Genl. Sullivan is on the lakes we may renew our attacks on them to advantage as marching with a large army against the Indians. if he succeeds soon as our army is recovered from the small pox and recruited. it will be the first instance of a great army doing any thing but recruits, tho long ordered, are very difficult to be procured against Indians and his laurels will be greater. we have ever op account of that dreadful disorder.
found that chosen corps of men fit for the service of the woods, The Conspiracy at New York is not yet thoroughly developed, going against them with rapidiy, and by surprize, have been nor has any thing transpired, the whole being kept secret till the
most sucesful. I believe that our Colo Clarke if we could prowhole is got through. one suct is known of necessity, that one perly reinforce him would be more likely to succeed against of the General's lifeguard being thoroughly convicted was to be
those within his reach than Genl. Macintosh's regular method shot last Saturday. General Howe with some ships (we know
of proceeding. I shall hope to hear from you often. I put no not how many) is arrived at the Hook, and, as is said, has landed
name to this letter, because letters have miscarried, and if it some horse on the Jersey shore. the famous major Rogers is in
goes safely you know the hand custody on violent suspicion of being concerned in the conspi. racy. I am glad to hear of the Highlanders carried into Virginia. it
Leller to Gen. Washington. does not appear certainly how many of these people we have but The friend who favored us with the foregoing letters I imagine at least six or eight hundred. great efforts should be of Mr. Jefferson, has placed in our hands a copy of one made to keep up the spirits of the people the succeeding three months: which in the universal opinion will be the only ones in also, to President Washington; written, it seems, by which our crial can be severe.
the gentleman to whom the fornier were addressed. I wish you had depended on yourself rather than others for We could wish that its language were less the language giving me an account of the late nomination of delegates. I
of adulation-less fulsome-even towards Him, whom have no other state of it but the number of votes for each per. eon. the omission of Harrison and Braxton and my being next
not Americans alone, but the well-judging throughout to the lag give me some alarm. it is a painful situation to be 300. the world, must in time to come regard as the greatest miles from one's country, and thereby open to secret assassina. of mankind. When the precedent is once set, of saying tion without a possibility of self defence. I am willing to hope to a really good and great man's face all that he deserves mothing of this kind has been done in my case, and yet I cannot be easy. if any doubt has arisen as to me, my country will have my to have said of him,-how easily, how fatally, does it political creed in the form of a 'Declaration' &c. which I was lead to flatteries of the bad! lately directed to draw. this will give decisive proof that my own sentiment concurred with the vote they instructed us to give.
Dear sir, had the post been to go a day later we miglit have been at liberty
This will be handed you by my friend mr. William Claiborne to communicate this whole matter.
junr. who is at present a judge of the superior court in the state July. 2. I have kept open my letter till this morning but no.
of Tennissee, and who aspires to the office of District judge in thing more new. Adieu.
that state, where I spent several days in a late tour through the Th: Jeffersor
western country. Mr. Claiborne has much the respect and confidence of his fellow citizens in that quarter, among whom he
has been a very successful practitioner of the law for several Williamsburgh June 9. 1779. years; indeed his superior talents, great sobriety, and intense Dear Fleming
application to business, distinguish him from the generality of I received your letter and have now to thank you for it. some young gentlemen of his age: and I am persuaded, should be be resolutions of Congress came to hand yesterday desiring an au. so fortunate as to succeed in his application, you will never have thentic state to be sent them of the cruelties said to have been cause to regret the appointment.committed by the enemy during their late invasion. the council I hope sir, you will pardon the trouble I have given you on had already taken measures to obtaio such a state. tho' so near this occasion; and whilst the pen is yet in my hand, and you are the scene where these barbarities are said to have been commit about to retire to the enjoyment of domestick tranquiliiy, permit ted I am not able yet to decide within myself whether there were me to express my entire approbation, and admiration of the such or not. the testimony on both sides is such as if heard se wisdom, ability, and firmness with which you have discharged parately couid not admit a moment's suspension of our faith. the arųuous duties of the most important office in the united
We have lately been extremely disturbed to find a pretty gene- states, at a time when party prejudice, interested views, and ral opinion prevailing that peace and the independance of the (perhaps) resentment for supposed injuries combined are ever thirteen states are now within our power, and that Congress have active in misrepresentations to the people, and in unremiuing en. hesitations on the subject, and delay entering on the considera. deavours to thwart a wise and just administration of one of the tion. il has even been said that their conduct on this head has best governments in the universe. been so diseatisfactory to the French minister that he thinks of With the highest veneration for your publick and private vir. returning to his own country, osteosibly for better health, but in tues, and most servent prayers for your present and future haptruth through disgust. such an event would be deplored here as piness, I have the honor to be &c
For ghosts hath chosen long-
But quilc unfit for song;
Glens most abrupt and foul,
Of each departed soul;
Dread shrieks, and threat'ning storm, While round the magic fountain,
Danced many a hellish form.
Here, above us, rises
A steep, but green-brow'd rock; 'Tis there, the spectre tries his
('Tis said) accustom'd walk; He has been seen by many
A timid ghost, they say, Who would not pause for any,
But still kept on his way; Pursuit and question balking;
From rock to rock, most rash,
For he happ'd, unhappily,
Who vex a landlady:
With the good old widow Brown, He loved too warmly, deeply,
To be able to pay down!
Our haunted glen is lacking
Essentials such as these; No gathering clouds are blacking
The vallies and the trees; The streamlet runs out clearly,
And a glimmer from the moon, Steals through yon forest fairly,
And speaks her coming soon; A tender light, to show it,
That wild, secluded grove, And the rippling stream below it,
Was meant alone for love.
'Tis there we'll take our ramble,
Nay, shrink not back, my dear, 'Twill be time enough to scramble,
When we see the ghost appear!
OF PHYSIOLOGY OF MENTAL EMOTION.
From this gray penk he darted
To the sluggish stream below; (Why, dearest, how you started!
'Twas but a lazy crow, That, seeing us, departed,
As he thought it time to go;)
Light fills the path we came,
Night folds around her frame, In a pure and waveless splendor,
For there's scarce a breath to stir, The silence, sweet and tender,
Which belongs so well to her. There, o'er the sky divinely,
Her silver veil is drawn, As delicate and finely,
As the eastern wing of dawn.
At all times civilized nations have endeavored to perpetuate the remembrance of beloved and departed friends, by some of the various arts which represent the person and features. The processes most familiar to us, are painting and sculpture, more particularly the first. And although a taste for the fine arts is by no means characteristic of the American people, and the historical or landscape painter meets with indifferent encouragement, almost every where the portrait painter finds employment, even among those little able to pay for his services. A great deal of this is doubtless attributable to personal vanity-to an anxiety on the part of persons to see themselves on canvass, whom no one
would care to remember if they were gone; but much too is owing to the anxiety of affection to preserve some sensible memorial of the objects of its love, when death shall have removed the originals forever.
Then for a beam of joy to light
But thou serenely silent art !
Here, 'neath this ledge, projected,
By the rock above the stream, From the rude air protected,
We will watch the evening beamWhose mellow-light, thus flowing,
As from an ocean fount,
Round the Prophet on the Mount:In excess of beauty streaming,
It is flowing through the sky, And with equal beauty gleaming,
Hills and vales beneath it lie.
No spectre forms of pleasure fled
Fear not for sprites, my swectest,
They are immaterial things, Whose wings are ever fleetest,
When they fly to pleasant springs-This glen is too secluded,
To be kept for them alone, And if love was here deluded,
Here again he shall be won: This hill, in light reposing,
'Mid such beauty, is too sweet, To be kept while dolts are dozing,
But for ghosts and ghostly feet.
And yet the art of the painter, and all the feelings which in this case lead to its encouragement, are directly in conflict with a singular provision of nature, which erases from the memory the image of a beloved object, when we are separated from it, and makes the obliteration complete in proportion to the intensity of our attachment. We can call up to the “mind's eye,” with great readiness, the features of our common acquaintances, after almost any period of separation; but how difficult is it to present to our imagination those of objects dear to conjugal and parental love?
Lovers, too, do not readily remember the features of each other; and the oblivion is often so complete, that
the parties have been said, by an acute observer,* to be frequently disappointed on meeting after a separation of some duration, having fancied each other much more beautiful than reality presents them. It is fortunate that any means exist of softening the operation of so violent a passion, at those periods when its objects are necessarily withdrawn, although temporarily, both for the comfort of the parties and their utility as members of society.
But the benevolence of the provision is much more striking when it intervenes to soften the deep agony
which arises from a separation produced by death from objects deeply and tenderly loved. It is then the veil thrown over the vision of the imagination, is most blessed in its influence. Time, the "great and univer
I care not if they wander,
With the breeze that breathes around, They still have love to squander,
Or they would not here be found: For, hearts broken, and yet beating,
And the hearts that still must break, All other paths forsaking,
This lonely one should take.
Search all the world beside,
Where kindred hearts have died.
* Doctor Darwin.
What if earth
sal” comforter, is thus enabled to perform its office, and sooner or later, every degree of sensibility becomes
THE GREAT METROPOLIS: capable of regarding a separation from the objects of its attachment with comparative composure. Their By the author of “Random Recollections of the House of Comremembrance does not disturb serenity-tender and tearful sorrow having melted into gentle recollection. This amusing book is presented to the American Yet strange to say, a dream presents them, not only public in the cheap form of less than five weekly numwith all the lineaments of real life, but calls up instantly bers of Mr. Theodore Foster's “Cabinet Miscellany” in our bosoms the warm and glowing love, which bound at 124 cents a number: thus reducing to little more than us to them in the hours of happy union, and which 50 cents, a work of which the English price, we believe, seemed in our waking hours to have become extinct. is about two dollars. Rien ne parait exister en vain, says one of the most “ The Great Metropolis,” every body knows, can be philosophical of modern writers; and this law which no other than London: and most minutely diversified garners up as it were, the love which can be no longer are the particulars; in which Mr. Grant has ministered of any service here, like latent heat, to be called forth to the craving curiosity of all who speak and read the when a proper occasion is presented, taken in connec- English language, with regard to that great heart of tion with that most benevolent provision, which dims English life, manners, fashions, and literature. His dethe recollection of lost friends at the moment their scriptions, however, are not topographical: it is with remembrance is most agonizing, clearly indicate that, the moral aspects and attributes-not the physical—of under the care of a paternal providence, we are training London, that he has to do. He does not give the difor another stage of existence—that the virtuous affec-mensions of streets or buildings; or describe the gortions of this life do not perish here, and that in all geousness, or the relative positions, of palaces, or churchprobability the life to come does not differ wholly in es, or Tower, or Monument, or squares. But, after a kind from the present.
rapid and graphic view of those visible circumstances
which would soonest catch an observant and philosoBe but the shadow of heaven and things therein Each to other like more than on earth is thought?
phic eye upon a general survey of the city from some Par. Lost. B. V.
aérial station above it—were such a stand attainable he carries his reader to the Theatres; introduces him (without danger of his being black-balled) into the Clubs; plunges with him into the Gaming Houses, and
shews him the fiends who tenant those “Hells;" chapeSONNETS
rones him then, through the three classes of MetropoliTO ******
tan Society—the Higher, Middling, and Lower; and
lastly, details (too minutely perhaps, but very entertain1
ingly) the condition and statistics of the newspaper and Strange doth it seem that in so brief a space,
periodical Press. Two hearts a change so deep, so vast should know,
It is in this last one of his walks, that we (from proAs ours have felt, since scarce six moons ago fessional sympathy, perhaps) accompany him with most With tranquil eye I view'd thy beauteous face, pleasure: and we shall give, in a condensed form, a few Calmly admired thy form's unequall'd grace,
of the many particulars which have so interested us. And chid the half-form'd wish that thou might'st be
The whole number of periodical publications in LonMore than a bright but distant star to me.
don, from quarterly Reviews down to daily newspapers, Softly and sweetly from thine eloquent eyes is fifty nine; every one of which, Mr. Grant mentions The light of hope dawn'd on my doubting heart, by name,-describing its moral, intellectual, and politiAnd soon I mark'd in thy pure bosom rise
cal (or religious) character, its age, price, editor, chief Love's answering thoughts, and to thy cheek impart contributors, and extent of circulation. The daily paBlushes, the heart's betrayers. Now time flies pers are eleven; weekly papers thirty,-viz. five literary,
Slowly, though sweetly, till the bright day shine and twenty five political or religious; quarterly reviews, Which gives thy hand to me, and binds me ever thine. five; monthly Reviews or Magazines, thirteen.
There is a remarkable preponderance, of the Press, II
in favor of liberal principles, in politics. On the libeBut oh, the bond which now unites our souls, ral side are seven daily, and thirteen weekly papers; Is stronger far than oaths or forms can frame: namely, "The Morning Chronicle,'—"The Morning One heart is ours already; for the flame
Advertiser,'— The Constitutional,'— The Globe,'Which love has lighted, every pulse controls Courier,'—'Sun,' and True Sun;'-'The ExaminIn either hosom: nothing now can be
er,'—'The Spectator, '-- The Observer,'—'Bell's Life The source of joy or sadness, pain or pleasure in London,'—'The Weekly Dispatch'—'Bell's New To me-to thee-but in an equal measure
Weekly Messenger'--"The Atlas'--'The Satirist''Tis felt by both with thrilling sympathy.
"The Weekly True Sun'-The News'—'The Sunday No song can please thine ear, no flower thine eye, Times'--'The Patriot-and “The Christian Advocate;' But straight mine eye and ear the pleasure share: making twenty in all: while the Conservatives, or To. No hope thy smile awakes, no fear thy sigh, ries, have but four daily, and seven weekly papers; viz: But I that sigh must breathe, that smile must wear: "The Times'- The Herald'--'The Post-and 'The Thy future is my future; mine is thine;
Standard,'—'Bell's Weekly Messenger - The John And in one chain of love henceforth our lives entwine. / Bull!--The Age’-- The Watchman'—'The Weekly