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legal lectures, enters the office of a practising attor- to its truth, it has grown and flourished almost beyond ney, there to abide until the lapse of the probationary eradication. Plausible reasons and specious arguments period of three years, at the utmost, entitles him to claim are cited in support of it, and if we consider the study the honors of a licence.
of the law merely as a means of livelihood there may Of the mass of students, some consider their respec- be some reason for the assertion. But to consider the tive offices as prisons, in which they are unwillingly study of the science of the law as one tending to conimmured for an hour or two each day; while others tract the understanding, is irrational and absurd. Inzealously devote themselves to the acquirement of legal stances innumerable could be cited to disprove it. Deknowledge. But mark the fate of the latter. Short as mosthenes, Pericles, Cicero, the elder Antony and the the allotted term of sindy is for those who ardently elder Cato, were all lawyers in the strictest sense of the desire a knowledge of the law, their hours of study are term; and minds more comprehensive than theirs selliable to all sorts of vexatious interruptions. No matter dom fall to the lot of man. The profession of Bacon, the at what point the student's reflections have arrived, no man of universal lore, and who marked out the path matter to what critical period bis investigations have car for the progressive knowledge of succeeding centuries, ried him; at a moment when, perhaps, the reason of all was the law. The names of More, of Mansfield, of he has read is yet wanting to fix it on liis memory, the Jones and of Brougham, need no comment, nor does whole train of thought may be dispersed in an instant, that of Hamilton, the skilful warrior, legislator and and his struggling knowledge thrown irreclaimably back statesman. These are not one tithe of the names of into ignorance. The practice of the law has set periods lawyers, distinguished for their extensive views and and times for its operations, and the machinery of a suit liberal minds, that could be adduced. They are given cannot be stayed that the student may profit by the pern- for illustration and not for proof, for there is nothing in sal of a case, or the opinion of some legal sage. Causes the subject itself that should tend to narrow the mind. must be pushed on to judgment or decree, and the atten. Law is a science and a lofty one. It is based on the tion of the anxious student is so often interrupted and rights of man by nature and society; its object is the averted that at last he despairingly ceases to bestow it, elucidation of truth; its end the attainment of justice. and worse than all, he falls into habits of idleness, Besides the rights of man, international differences and always ditlicult to be eradicated.
the claims of sovereigns may demand the attention of the Such is the present state of things: such is the present lawyer. These certainly require a comprehensiveness of method of studying law. And as well mightone attempt views incompatible with a narrowed intellect. The to teach an apprentice the art of engraving, by employ- subjects of suits at law are co-extensive with human ing him constantly in working at the press, or bearing knowledge and pursuits, and the advocate may not only the impressions to the print-sellers, as to instruct a stu- have need of an acquaintance with the moral sciences, dent in the science of law by initiating him in the deep but with the doctrines and principles of the mechanic arts mystery of copying papers or counting their folios.
and the customs of trades. Can there be then aught bet
ter calculated to clevate the mind, to cause it to break off Qui studet optatam cursu contingere metam,
the shackles of prejudices, and attain to high moral Multa lulit fecitque puer, sudavit, et alsit,
beauty, than the full, faithful and conscientious study
ing of the law ? Such of old was deemed the discipline necessary to one But in what manner is a remedy to be applied to ambitious to excel in a mere physical excellence; while the imperfections which exist in the study, and the now, he who aims at eminence in a science confes. evils which result from its practice? This is a serious sedly intricate and hard of mastery-a science requiring question, and one in which every citizen is interested, undivided attention and indefatigable application-has and like many others of the same nature, one about his attention rendered diffuse, and his application divided which no citizen is concerned. It is a subject interestand minutely severed. This may tend to make what is ing, not only to the profession, but to the community called a sharp practitioner, one who will undertake any at large. There is no person, be his pursuit what it cause however perilous, in hopes by tacking and ma- may, that it does not touch. The law in its theory is næuvering and running to windward, to take advantage truth and justice, and if properly administered it could of his adversary-one of those thin, dried up, vulture- not be made as it too often is, an engine of incalculable looking attorneys, whose little eyes twinkle with the evil. light of long-kindled cunning, and who amass wealth, The opinions I present are crude, but I am induced and bring disrepute on the law—men whose feelings are to hazard them, by a feeling solicitous to awaken attendivided between their pleadings and their cost books, tion to the subject. like Garrick betwixt Tragedy and Comedy, vibrating As indolence in youth will hardiy ripen into industry between their offices and the courts, erudite in special in age, and as the blight in the blossom produces rottendemurrers, and deeply learned in the fee bill or even ness in the fruit, so an imperfect and erroneous studybeyond it, but with no more correct idea of the true ob- ing of the law will produce an imperfect and erroneous ject and high aim of the law, than the garbage-fed Hot knowledge of it, and a deficiency of moral rectitude in tentot possesses of the perfectibility of human nature. the student will leave room for roguery and knavish
It is this that has brought the saying to pass, that the ness in the practitioner. The latter of these evils canstudying of the law tends to the narrowing of the mind. not be universally guarded against, but much can be It is this which has almost ripened the heresy into doc- done to correct the former. trine, and given to a dogma the force of an axiom. The In the first place, the adoption of the law as a proparadox has become current in the schools and the sen- fession should be maturely weighed in the mind by the ate, and, in spite of multifarious practical contradictions young student before venturing on it. He should ex
Abstinuit venere et vino:
amine his mind thoroughly; he should question his tions broad and deep ere he attempts to rear his strucpassions, his habits, his capacities. He should look ture. As the healthful operations of the corporeal funcupon the study of the law abstractedly from every tions is of the deepest importance to every student, let thing else. He should ask himself if he will be con- not the sanguine student of the law consider that time tented with a life of constant labor and secluded study. wasted, which within proper limits is devoted to exerlle should review his course, and observe if he has cise. Vigorous exercise regularly pursued imparts acexhibited unwavering perseverance in any thing. He tivity to the mental faculties, whereas indolence of body should separate the pursuit of the law from its inci- gradually spreads a damning influence over the mind. dental honors, its fame and the acquirements it begets, Regularity in mental pursuits is also a requisite of the and reflect whether he can love it for its own sake. He highest moment. The student should apportion his should be assured that he will be able to abandon all time to his different necessities and avocations. In the allurements for the sake of its study. If he cannot spirit of the lines quoted by Lord Coke, I would say to solve all these points satisfactorily, let him abandon all the student, idea of pursuing the study of the law, or resolve to be contented with a mediocrity of attainment.
Sex horas somno, totidem des legibus æquis,
Quatuor orabis, des epulisque duas; There are mental and moral requisites to the study
Quod superest ultra sacris largire camænis. and to the practice of the law. I believe sincerely that the standing and acquirements of a man depend upon Having settled these points, let him next decide upon himself, and that it is only the greater or less discip- the best means of fulfilling the term of study required by line and culture that the mind is subjected to, that the rules of court. Since it is necessary to spend a cermakes the difference. It may be objected, that differ- tain time in the office of a practising attorney, the ing circumstances affect the result; but superiority to choice in this respect is limited to the advantages of circumstances is exactly what marks and distinguishes different offices. And here may be suggested to the the great man. He, therefore, who is about commencing student the fallacy of the prevailing idea, that the ofice the study of the law, should question himself closely of an old practitioner is preferable to that of a young to what he has wrought up his moral faculties: to good one. The actual knowledge gained in either, cannot or to evil; to industry or to idleness. If to evil or extend much beyond an acquaintance with the routine idleness, let him first correct his error, or give up his of business. The knowledge of practice that may be resolve. If to good and industry, he may with strong gained in an office where considerable business is carb.pe carry his scrutiny farther. The mental and moral ried on, is limited, and the attainment of it illy compenrequisites to the study of the law and its practice are, sates for the heavy sacrifice it requires. In a perseverance of purpose, a love of truth, a logical con- office" no regular course of study can be pursued, nor formation of mind, a close discrimination, a quick and can even a desultory one be very extensive. It may be correct perception; or, if a slow perception, then a fa- said that the supervision of the student's reading by an culty of shutting out partial conclusions until the whole experienced lawyer is of great advantage, and so it subject is before the mind; an abhorrence of vice, a probably is, when exercised; but the lawyers best qualifreedom from dissipation in any shape, a scrupulous, fied for such superintendence, are those who in general unswerving, indomitable integrity, an unshaken equa. are too much occupied with their business to bestow nimity of temper, and an undeviating courtesy of much time on their students, or, as the rules more cormanner.
rectly style them, their clerks. What is generally the The mental preparatory attainments necessary are, fact? When the legal tyro first enters an office, Blacka knowledge of the Latin language, both the classic and stone is placed in his hands, and after that he is left to the modern; a general acquaintance with miscellaneous his own guidance, until, admonished by his approaching classical literature, and with the arts and sciences; examination, he instinctively directs liis attention to the practised skill in metaphysical analysis and mathe- rules of practice. Blackstone is an invaluable treatise, matral demonstration.
and worthy of all commendation. It is so orderly in its This may appear a startling enumeration to the stu- arrangements, so clear in its positions, so rational in its dent, but I am convinced that with industry and jude- spirit, and so full, yet just, in its learning, that it may ment all these are within the reach of every one. If a well be doubted if any scientific work was ever so well student possess us an upright heart, he embraces in that executed. Coke probably possessed more abstruse learnalone one half the list. As to the rest, it is true they ing, but we may vainly seek for hours for any particuwill require assiduous application, and without that it lar point in his chaos of legal erudition. His deep is very useless to undertake the sindy. Any gentle-learning and acute intellect give an oracular stamp to mu would be ashamed of himself, if his attainments | all his writings; but as if uttered in the inspiration of did not reach to at least one half of what we have set libe moment, they are as much distinguished for their down; and as to the mental habitudes spoken of, they irregularity as their infallibility. But Blackstone is at are so concatenated together and dependant on cach once learned and clear, correci and methodical. Neverother, that the student who attains one link may theless, Blackstone is not the work that should be first easily draw the whole chain to his possession. The placed in the hands of an American student. Should acquiring of one, will constitute a relaxation to the pur- it be, he will learn what afterwards he must unlearn ; suit of the oibers; and so long as the student recollects and, as Bolingbroke remarked, it is an easier road to his aim and object, liis multifarious studies will all con- knowledge from ignorance, than from error; and much duee to his advancement.
of Blackstone's Commentaries, applied 10 American law, The intellectual discipline of the intended lawyer would be erroneous. The law of England, though it is must be strict and constant. He must lay the founda- I the source of our law, differs from it in many respects
extremely, and in others in such slight degrees, that lo | law pursue a similar plan, and his time be exclusively separate them will require a subtle memory inge-devoted to his studies ? niously exercised. The constitution of England should The establishment of a law university, in which the be studied, but not before our own. The legislation of pursuit of the science should be the primary object, England should interest us, but our own should be and in which it should be pursued assiduously, methoparamount. Again, America has remedied many of dically, and on a broad and philosophical basis, is to the imperfections, and abolished many of the evils of our country a matter of the highest moment. From the English code. Our doctrine of real estate has also the profession of the law rise up a large proportion of been remodelled and simplified. Fifty years since, the our statesmen, legislators and judges; the originators, barrister from Westminster might have argued the the makers, and the expounders of the law. And when briefs in our courts with as little special preparation as we consider how much, in our constitutional governat home. Fifty years hence, the language of the one ments, we are directed and restrained by the law-how bar will be as it were a different dialect from that of the necessary it is to our safety and protection-how it is other, unless England should, as she now seems in interwoven with our daily avocations, and with all our cline.i, keep pace with our improvement. Why, then, relations to others, it seems indispensable to our hapshould the student first peruse a work which, if trusted piness and security, that those who make, and those lo as law, will lead to error, and if not yielded credence who practically direct the application of our laws, to, will unsettle and disturb his mind? After he has should be men of deep and extensive learning in the acquired an outline of American law, a perusal of principles of human nature-of a general and intelliBlackstone will be beneficial. But admitting that the gent acquaintance with the arts, sciences and pursuits “Commentaries” constitute the proper work for a be- of the community-of a great and pervading knowginner, the supervising power ends with that; and it ledge of the practical operation of principles in times may well be doubted if most lawyers would not be past and the present; that they should be men skilful perplexed by the question, “What course of reading in matters of finance, commerce, trade, manufactures, do you recommend to your students?” This fancied agriculture, and all the modes in which the talents advantage of an eminent lawyer's office is none in and propensities of citizens are manifested; that they reality; while in the office of an attorney of limited should be above bribery and corruption ; in short, that practice, the student would have ten times more leisure they should be of such honesty, knowledge and judgfor his studies.
ment, that the laws of their making should be obeyed But supposing the student to have made choice of through a sense of their justice, rather than their his office, and that he has opportunity for study, and weight, and their expositions of laws made, should uses it; he cannot have those advantages which he maintain the right, and right the wrong. should have. The system itself is wrong, fundamen But, independent of the senate and the bench, how tally wrong. For those young gentlemen of indepen. necessary it is that the practising lawyer should be a dent fortune, who take up the profession of the law, man of extensive acquirements and learning-that he merely because, in this country, a young man without should be able clearly to discern the right, and deany pursuit or profession would be an anomoly; or for tect the wrong-to understand fully the principles of those who adopt it because it is eminently honorable, law, and be able to apply them accurately to the case or because it is considered the high road to place and before him. How much of useless, expensive litigapower, without any determination of trusting to it as tion would then be avoided-how much wear and tear a profession, the present course of study is fully suffi- of feeling would be saved-how many a family be precient. But for him who desires, if entrusted with vented from dividing against itself-how much knavery power, to use it rightly, or who intends to make the and roguery blasted in its incipiency-how many a law his business and his study-who is anxious to be- man saved from beggary and despair-how many a come master of the law and its spirit—who expects to wife from sadness and a broken heart—how many a devote his whole life to its ardent pursuit,-lo such a child from vice, from guilt, from the dungeon. one, how utterly inappropriate and inadequate is the A knavish lawyer is productive of a wider extent of present method of study! It allows barely sufficient misery than is generally supposed, because, although time to obtain a general knowledge of the local laws, the misery be evident, the cause is unsuspected. Look but is altogether incompetent to imbue the mind with a through the circles formed by his clients and their op. deep and solid acquaintance with its broad and general ponents—you behold bankrupts, profligates, knaves, principles. He cannot go up to the source of the rogues—the last in all their infinite variety, from the stream and drink from its fountains, but he must receive dollar-extorting cheat, who but just escapes an indictit polluted and adulterated, as it has floated down to ment for larceny or highway robbery, by his knowledge him. His time is divided between the business of the of law, to the splendid rascal, who confiscates estates office and his studies; and in the regulation of the lat- by legal ingenuity, and proves himself statute-honest ter, he has to trust to his own judgment, or at best, to by the subtlety of his villainy, and the depth of his the casual advice of one more competent. Why should casuistry in the ethics of the law. It requires no faith such a plan be pursued in regard to students of the in animal magnetism to support the belief that, when law, when one so different is deemed necessary for finesse, chicanery, and knavishness inhabit the mind those of other liberal professions. Students of media of the lawyer, they soon pass into the mind of the cine must spend all their time in the pursuit of that client. science; they must follow a collegiate course exclu. Next, take the case of an unskilful advocate. To sively relating to their profession, undisiurbed by other his hands may be confided cases of the greatest im. pursuits. Why, then, should not the student of the portance. Confiding friends may entrust to his gui
dance matters involving their fortunes, their estates,| any inherent obstacle to the proper expression of the their eredit, or their reputation. Step by step he meaning of the law-giver, but to carelessness or ignoblunders on, in his short-sighted ignorance, believing rance in those who indite the laws. They leave a loop each step correct, until at last his client is involved in to hang a doubt on, use words of disputable meaning, harassing, expensive, ruinous litigation. It is of the particularize to the exclusion of a general principle, essence of ignorance to believe itself wise, and the con- and in their anxiety to enumerate every case, omit ceited and superficial smallerer in the law hardens many points which without the enumeration would himself in his unbelief, like Pharaoh, though portents have been covered by the rule. Men not properly eduand miracles contend against him; and hence the dan-cated and informed are often raised to the rank of ger: for the experience that a client gains by schooling legislators, and of course entrusted with the drafting of in litigation, is among the dearest he can purchase ; the laws; and the consequence is, that loose verbose, amlight it gives is not a beacon to conduct his vessel to its biguous, crude, hastily conceived statutes are enacted haven, but the burning of the fragments of the wreck and declared to be law. Such laws are but firebrands by which he would fain comfort and cheer himself in in the community, and the subtlety, the ingenuity, the his despair. If a lawyer of this cast is defeated, he acuteness, or the astuteness of lawyers, clients and rails against judges and juries; they are all num- judges, lead the meaning of the statute a dance of fifty seulls and blockheads the judge had some personal or or a hundred years before it becomes settled and adpolitical bias against him, or the jury decided “clear judged. And then such adjudications !-such violent against the judge's charge"—the case must be appealed wanderings of significations !-such felicitous conjecfrom, or there must be a new trial, or the like; and thus tures of the meaning of the legislature !—and in the he will run a cause through the whole scale of legal meanwhile such insecurity in contracts !-such glorious tribunals, up and down the forensic gamut, until the fields for litigation such harvests of fees and costs-all ensts outswell the subject matter of dispute-until which would have been unnecessary or uncalled for, if there is no longer a higher Court of Appeals, except the sapient Solon who started the apple of discord, had that beyond the grave, whose grand summoner is been a man fitted for his sphere.* Death, and where no advocates avail, save good deeds Now let us suppose that in every legislative body done in the body, and the mercy of the Great Judge there were a few men who had been properly nurtured himself.
by the principles and educated in the bearing of laws, Again, suppose the case of an upright and conscien- skilled in human nature and its practical workingstious advocate, who, believing that a cause entrusted 10 elevated to moral dignity and inspired by love of truth; him is just, has devoted to it hours, days, weeks of let us suppose that our lawyers also were such men, preparation; who has omitted no care, no toil, no re- and that our judges were the like ; could any of the search ; who has conducted his cause safely to his argu- results depicted in the few last paragraphs occur? ment, through all the snares and pitfalls of practice Would not the influence of such men be felt throughand pleading; and then, after expending on it all the out all the ramifications of our laws; and would not stores of his knowledge, and allowing his feelings to be the pursuit of law be the most ennobling of human engrossed by it, is at last hopelessly defeated. Suppose sciences, if directed merely to ihe attainment of justice, him to have been right, yet overcome. This may be. rather than to the shrouding of guilt and wrong under Courts are fallible ; rules of law imperfect. But has the dubious expressions of statutes, or counterpoising he not been too sanguine-has he not given his atten- the iniquity of a client by the ingenuity of his adtion to the details of his case, when the elucidation of vocate ? the principles involved required it; has he not over To give a legal university the importance and influrated his capability for argument; was there no fault ence it ought to possess, many things are requisite. in his logic; was he prepared to render his case as Students ought not to be admitted into it until their clear to others as it seemed to his own mind; has he general education is completed. They should be schonot, in his conviction of the equity of his case, forgot- lars in general knowledge ere they become students of ten that in society, equity is fenced in by laws, and law. They should have attended to the requisites enuthat in pursuit of the former we must obey the direc- merated in the former part of this essay—and should tions of the latter? From these considerations, and enter the university with healthy constitutions, correct such as these, let the ingenuous student draw a profita- habits, good morals—the morals of principle and not ble lesson.
merely of circumstances, and a resolution to master the Again, how much litigation arises from the imper- science, and for the term of their studentship to pursue fect or erroneous wording of laws, and how essentially it unwaveringly and uninterruptedly. Then if the requisite for the guidance of the citizen, is clearness means of instruction be commensurate, and the mode and lucidness in the statute. Municipal law has been proper, the students of the law might become, what too well defined to be a rule of civil action prescribed by often they are not-fit and faithful trustees of the rights the superior power in the state, and which the citizen of the community, composers of strife, elucidators and is bound to obey. Every good citizen acknowledges guardians of right and equity, upright men, influential the obligation, but in many cases, may be extremely citizens, polished and intellectual scholars. puzzled to ascertain what the rule is, and be no better
The writer's want of leisure prevents his entering off than the subjects of that tyrant who caused his edicts to be written in small characters, and posted on * The same remarks may be applied to unskilful draughts. high pillars, so that they were illegible to all. This men and conveyancers, whose bungling deeds of conveyance of
settlement, wills, leases, and written contracts, produce dispute difficulty in ascertaining the meaning of some statutes, and strife as certainly as in nature certain effects follow the does not arise from the imperfection of language, or' causes which God has decreed they must follow.
at present into a full detail of his idea of what a law | people--and to trace out the effect of laws on morals university should be, and this is the less important, as and of morals on laws would be curious and instructive. this essay is rather suggestive than practical. It is but International law, so essential to the admiralty pleader, a survey of the ground on which the edifice is to be so necessary in the pursuit of rights springing from crected, the architect will come afterwards. But it treaties, or of rights delayed or destroyed by war, may be proper here to indicate the general plan and would demand a separate professor. So, too, of the principles, to sow seed for thought-and leave the de- civil law, which as regards all matters of contract (a velopment and maturing for reflection and experience.comprehensive title in the law) is “fons et principium," It is now time, that in the more thickly settled portion and which though not law here by enactment, involves of our country the practice of the law should be divided, and elucidates the principles of justice so fully, so and consequently the studies at the university so con- clearly, so justly, and has furnished so large a portion ducted that each student might apply himsell partieu of the basis of the law of all civilized nations, that he larly to that branch of the profession which he might who is well skilled in its teachings, shall have little intend to pursue. Conveyancers, attorneys and solici- more of general principles to learn. In regard to contors, and counsellors and advocates, comprise the divi- stitutional and municipal laws, and their various divisions that seem proper. Toconveyancers would belongsions, statute law and common law, and the subdivithe drawing all papers relating to the transfer or in-sions, maritime, commercial, criminal, &c. no remarks cumbrancing of real estate, such as wills, deeds, mort- are necessary. They are too essential to be overlooked gages, leases, settlements, trusts, uses, powers, fines, by any. recoveries, abstracts of titles, and the like. To the Although I have now fulfilled all I proposed to emattorneys and solicitors, the practical conducting of all brace in this essay-fulfilled not according to the imsuits, the drafting of pleadings and proceedings, the portance of the subject, but to the extent of my leisure collecting of evidence, &c. To the counsellors, who and present object, I cannot forbear citing one or two might be again divided into chamber counsel, and ad- passages from Lord Coke's English Prefaces to the vocates at the bar would appertain the giving of advice second and third parts of his Reports. upon legal rights and liabilities, upon settling or com “Now for the degrees of the law," says he, “as there promising matters of dispute, the settling of the form of be in the universities of Cambridge and Oxford divers pleadings and proceedings, and the attending to the degrees, as general sophisters, bachelors, masters, doctrial of causes, and arguments of cases.
tors, of whom be chosen men for eminent and judicial It may be objected that there would be few willing places, both in the church and ecclesiastical courts; so to confine themselves to the rank of attorneys and so- in the profession of the law, there are mootemen, (which licitors, but that all would aspire to be counsellors. are those that argue readers cases in houses of chan. To this we may reply both by fact and argument, that cery, both in terms and grand vacations.) Of mootein England where a similar division has obtained, no men, after eight years study or thereabouts, are closen such inconvenience occurs; and further, that whatever utter barristers; of these are chosen readers in in ns of aspirations the mind may entertain for a higher exercise chancery: Of ulter barristers, after they have been of of its powers are checked and confined within their that degree twelve years at least, are chosen benchers, or proper sphere by the actual limitation of those powers. ancients; of which one, that is of the puisne sort, reads And moreover, it would be found that those persons yearly in summer vacation, and is called a single reader; who had been well schooled as attorneys and solicitors, and one of the ancients that had formerly read, reads would make the most accomplished and ready, and in Lent vacation, and is called a double reader, and therefore most successful counsellors, when they should commonly it is between his first and second reading, choose to change their vocation.
about nine or ten years. And out of those the king As to the professorships in our university, there makes choice of his attorney, and solicitor general, &c. should be one of logic-that the student's mind might And of these readers, are sergeants elected by the king, be trained to close and severe reasoning, induction, and are, by the king's writ, called ad statum & gradum analysis, comparison, the detection of sophistry the servientis al legem. most subtle, and of fallacy the most plausible. There “For the young student, which most commonly comshould be one of rhetoricthat he might deliver a de- eth from one of the universities, for his entrance or beduction of reason or a statement of facts in a clear and ginning were first instituted, and erected eight houses of lucid order, in language choice yet determinate-ner-chancery, to learn there the elements of the law. *** vous yet graceful. A professorship of moral philosophy Each of the houses of court consists of readers above would be requisite, for by a contemplation of their twenty ; of utter barristers above thrice so niany; of duties as members of God's great family, the students young gentlemen about the number of eight or nine would discover that the streams of the law descend score, who there spend their time in study of law, and from the great fountains of truth and justice, and thus in commendable exercises fit for gentlemen : the judges incline to cherish in their hearts a deeper attachment for of the law and sergeants being commonly above the their profession, and a deeper desire to pursue it upright. number of twenty, are equally distinguished into two ly and honorably. A professorship of history and histo- higher and more eminent houses, called Sergeant's Inn: rical jurisprudence would be essentially necessary, for all these are not far distant one from another, and all the “thing that hath been is the thing that shall be,” and together do make the most famous university for proexperience is the great corrective of legislation. This fession of law only, or of any one human science that is presents a wide field; for the law keeps progress with in the world, and advanceth itself above all others, science, trade, commerce, and all other branches of quantum iter viburna cupressus. In which houses of human pursuits; it has often changed the destiny of a court and chancery, the readings and other exercises