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sequence in Naples itself. Not far distant, however, are impoțiance or interest. I also attended some days ago a Pompeii, Herculaneuin, Vesuvius, Postum, &c. So silting of the French Academy, and saw, amongst other that I shall have enough to see and do.
worthies, Arago and Puissant, the famous astronomers
and mathematicians, and Gay-Lussac and Thenard, Paris, July 22d, 1833. the chemists. The actual President, Geoffroy St. Hi. There has been nothing going on here lately, of much laire, is rather a 'softish' sort of person, both in face and moment, except the preparations for the fétes of the manner. The first report read was one on quarantines, three days, which will be superlatively brilliant. One which gave rise to a regular French discussion, during of the chief shows is to be a ship of a large size, which which the President might often have uttered the reawill be attacked and defended. It is nearly finished, sonable request of "pas plus de quatre à la fois." I and lies on the Seine just opposite to the Tuileries. would rather hear a French debate for fun, than the Of course, its construction is not of the most solid kind, most ludicrous farce performed in any of those ne plus its sides being of canvass painted instead of oak, but it ultra temples of inirth-the theálres des Varietés du Vaumakes a very respectable figure. Nothing can exceed deville, or du Palais Royal. the interest manifested in relation to it by the Parisians, numbers of whom have never seen a ship in their lives.
August 10th, 1333. The quais near it are constantly thronged with wonder Went the other day to the annual public Séunce of ing crowds, whose various expressions of astonishment the Academie Française, the literary portion of the Inand delight afford no inconsiderable amusement to the stitute. It was crowded, particularly with ladies, and observer. Whether it be this “ vaisseau magnefique," its proceedings were certainly much more amusing than which completely absorbs the minds and hearts of the those of the Academy of Inscriptions, which made me, inhabitants of this good city, I know not, but certain it ever and anon, think of Piron's phrase, l'Académie des is that the other day they allowed the statue of him Quarante avoit de l'Esprit comme quatre. It was presided who was once the object of their idolatry, and about by no less a personage than M. Jouy—a gentleman whom they are always making such a fuss, to be ele- whose physical weight and dimensions are quite wor vated to the top of the column of the Place Vendome, thy of those of his intellectual being, considerable as without a single indication of gratification or enthusi- the latter are. His face is not especially remarkable asm. The number of persons assembled to witness the in any way, but his head has an imposing appearance “ hoisting” was comparatively insignificant, and not a from its size, and the quantity and respectable greyish sound was uttered to lead a stranger, ignorant of what hue of the hair by which it is covered. On his left was going on, to imagine that any interest was felt in hand sat Arnaud, one of the perpetual secretaries, and it by the assemblage. To be sure the statue was veiled, the author of the tragedy of Germanicus, whose pertliand the worthy citizens might not have been very cer ness fully entitled him to his position near the President, tain that it was not Louis Philippe himself, instead of and seemed to demonstrate that, however great his fondthe hero of Austerlitz, whose bronze effigies was con ness for filling his mind, he by no means ever allows cealed under the covering, and did not like to tes:ify literature to play him the same trick that science once gratitude for “the gift of the Greeks,” until they were did Sir Isaac Newton, if the story about the great phiaware of its character. It is to be uncovered on the losopher's forgetting his dinner be true. The Acadesecond of the three days with appropriate ceremonies, micians were in their official habiliments-blue coats when, doubtless, should the little Corsican show his embroidered with green, with standing collars. The brazen face, and prove that no mystification was meant, sitting was opened by the reception of M. Tissot, the there will be a grand chorus of French ejaculations. celebrated lecturer on belles-lellres, at the école royale, There is something suspicious, certainly, in a Bourbon's and author of several works of high repute, particularly raising a statue to Napoleon. The government seem the “ Etades sur Virgile,” who had just been elected a to have had no idea that the affair would go off so member to fill the vacancy occasioned by the death of quietly, as they had stationed a considerable quantity M. Dacier. He read a discourse on the occasion, which of soldiers about the column, to prevent any disturb- commenced, of course, by begging ance. Engravings of the statue have for some time past been exhibited in the windows of the print-shops
a propitious ear for his poor thoughts, and hawked about the streets, by which he is represented
However trivial all that he conceived, habited in his famous redingote, with his no less famous and then was filled up by an eulogium of his predecescocked hat upon his head. What a beautiful specimen sor. It was an exceedingly interesting paper, written of anti-climax-a column modelled upon that of Trajan with great neatness, spirit and point, and in commendat Rome terminating in a cocked hat! So much for able good taste, being free from that hyperbole and French patriotism and taste.
fustian which constitute the main ingredients of most I have been several times to the Sorbonne to hear panegyrics. When the plaudits consequent upon it the lectures, but have only once been fortunate enough had terminated, M. Jouy opened his lips, and addressed to succeed in my object. The lecture I heard was by the Récipiendaire, in a strain of compliment which must Amperè, the successor of Villemain, upon the influence have tempted him to cry jam satis more than once, un. exercised by oriental literature upon the literature of less his appetite for praise be perfectly canine. His France, more particularly in the department of tales works were all passed in review, and their merits emnand romances, in the middle age. He is a small man, blazoned in such a way that one might have imagined with an intelligent face, and talks in an easy, careless, but that the new member was the literary glory of the age, true French style. He seemed to me to treat his sub- whilst his personal qualities were by no means conject very well, but it did not strike me as one of great signed to oblivion. i must do M. Jouy, however, the
justice to say, that his periods were so nicely balanced TO A CHILD ASLEEP IN CIIURCH. his phrases so piquantly turned, and that the composition altogether wore so spiritual an air, as to neutralize Sleep, lovely babe! securely sleep, the disagreeable effect of the fulsomeness of his matter, With guardian angels hovering o'er thee, verifying in a certain sense the saying, that "vice loses Whilst seraph watchmen vigils keep, half its evil by losing all its grossness.” Two or three Oh, dream not of the world before thee. reports were next read by Arnault, respecting the competition for the various prizes which the academy dis
The anthem swells upon thine ear, tributes, and the names of those to whom they were
But wakes thee not with all its numbers: awarded, announced. Messieurs de Tocqueville and
No dream of joy or startling fear, de Beaumont obtained for their works on our peniten
Disturbs thy spirit's tranquil slumbers. tiary system, the second of the four destinés aux ouvrages
The prayer ascends for thee and thine, les plus utiles aux meurs, published during the course of
And friends and kin around thee bow, the year, two of which are of 6,000 francs, the third of
Whilst pillowed near God's holy shrine, 2,500, and the fourth of 1,500. The first was obtained
Thou seemest án unpledged angel now. by Mademoiselle Necker de Saussure, for a work in two volumes, entitled "l'Education progressive, ou Etude And sure thy lips were formed to sing du cours de la Vie.” The piece which gained the poeti The hallelujahs of the choir, cal premium, was subsequently recited by its author, Who give hozannahs to their king and seemed to be a decent jingle enough, not altogether With golden harps and heavenly fire. at variance with his name, Mr. Emile de Bonnechose. The subject was "the death of Silvain Bailly, mayor
Then sleep, sweet babe, securely sleep, of Paris," the one proposed. I could not help occa
With guardian angels hovering o'er thee: sionally feeling inclined to smile at the manner in which
Whilst seraph watchmen vigils keep, Mr. de Bonnechose made the audience acquainted with
Oh, dream not of the world before thee. his poetical offspring. He rehearsed it in such slow, solemn, awful tones, that one might have imagined he was relating the most fearful story in the most over
Trifles. whelming language that ever was listened to by mortal ears. The finale of the Séance was a discourse read
LINES. by M. Jouy upon the Montyon prizes of virtue which had been decreed, in which he mentioned the persons
TO A YOUNG LADY, rewarded, and detailed their merits in a highly inter On seeing her set a piece of net-work in her hair. esting way.
For whom, sweet girl, dost thou prepare I have heard the new opera of Ali-Baba, by Cheru That subtle net-work in thy hair? bini, but I cannot say that it is the most delightful Whose heart wilt thou entangle there? piece of music that has ever charmed my ears. It Alas! poor youth! how oft shall he smacks too inuch of the old school of composition for Struggle-and struggle—to be free; the present day, and is more remarkable for science And all in vain! But as for me, than inspiration. There is a great deal of imposing So fairly warned, I shall be shy; sound, of rich noise, about it; the instrumentation is And whilst I have the power to fly, consummately managed, and whatever definite ideas
I'll use it now: so, Jane, good bye. there are, are worked up with perfect skill, but these Richmond. are almost as rare as the rara avis itself. What the French call phrases melodiques preponderate greatly over the pure melodies, there not being more than three
IMPROMPTU.. or four of the latter, if so many, that make any impres
TO MISS sions. Yet it cannot be denied, that those who have on its raining upon her wedding day, which old ladies say is a heard it once must be desirous of hearing it again; the
sign that the bride will lose her busband. harmony is so fine, and there is so much good sense in
Sigh not, sweet girl, to see these showers it, if I may be allowed that term, except in the over
Upon thy bridal day; ture, which is full of concelli and straining after effect. The judgment is satisfied, if the ear is not tickled or the
(But April ones preparing flowers
To crown the coming May:) heart moved. I doubt if much parlor music can be gleaned from it.
They bode no ill to thee nor thine,
Whale'er wise women know;
Thou seest, a radiant beau.
Epiphanius attributes no less than 6,000 volumes to Origen. It may be added that the “Similitude” of Zoroaster is said to have occupied as much space as 1,260 hides of callle.
of which the emperor, in the council of ministers, inNOTES AND ANECDOTES, lerrogated the chief judge, asking him what penalty a
minister ought to incur, who negotiated, of his own Political and Miscellaneous--from 1798 to 1830.--Drawn from
the Portfolio of an Officer of the Empire,--and translated from accord and without the consent of his master, with a the French, for the Messenger.
foreign power-this negotiation, for which Napoleon said to Fouché : “Duke d'Otrante, your head should
be brought to the scaffold"-caused the negotiator only THE PAPERS OF FOUCHÉ.
an imprisonment of twenty-four hours.
As I have said before, the avowed motive was not The emperor laid it down as a maxim, that the police the real one of this disgrace. should watch every one except himself; he said and Ouvrard had some interest in the house of Hope of repeated it to all whom he employed; and, neverthe. Amsterdam; this house was associated with M. Laless, nothing was ever better known to the police, than bouchère, son-in-law of Mr. Baring of London. Ourthe occurrences in the Tuileries and in the cabinet of rard went to Amsterdam, and had some interview with the emperor. Fouché was informed early enough of M. Labouchère, on the subject of the means necessary his disgrace to enable him to conceal the most impor- to bring about peace between France and England. tant papers in his possession, and particularly his cor- M. Labouchère suggested some ideas which Ouvrard respondence with the first consul, and subsequently communicated to Fouché on his return to Paris, and with the emperor. His retirement was scarcely asked the minister engaged him to carry on this species of and accepted, before the Count Dubois was sent to negotiation. His only design was, as he always perplace the seals on his house. Some days after, the sisted in asserting, to inform himself of the sentiments seals were removed by Count Real, who was ordered of the English cabinet. to abstain from all searches, and only to ask the ex
In this species of negotiation, which Fouché only minister to place in his hands the letters that Napoleon regarded as a matter of police, the emperor saw, or had written him at different periods.
wished to see, the crime of high treason; he, at least, That Fouché might understand that he came as a found in it a pretext for Fouché's disgrace. friend, M. Real went to Ferrières, Fouché's residence,
Ouvrard was arrested at the house of Mademoiselle in an open carriage, and only accompanied by his Hamelin, at Paris, by the duke of Rovigo, at the mo. daughter, the Baroness Lacuée. On his approach, a ment that the council of ministers were in session at horse that was ready saddled in the court-yard, dis- St. Cloud; his papers were seized and he was thrown appeared : Fouché was no longer at his chateau. M. into prison. There he showed himself very little trouReal waited until eleven at night, and the ex-minister, ble about his situation, affirming that he had only acted after having passed the whole day abroad (he had on the indirect authority of the emperor. taken with him a large sum of money which he had It appeared, in fact, that Louis Bonaparte, king of obtained from his agent), not knowing whether he ought Holland, had received through M. Labouchère, inforto remain in Paris or fly to England, adopted the wise mation of what had passed between Ouvrard and himresolution of returning home. The seals were removed self, and had notified the emperor, his brother, who had without formality; and, on the demand of the letters, engaged him, if not to give any direct authority in his Fouché protested that he had burnt them all, without name, at least to let the affair go on, and even to risk exception; neither the emperor por M. Real believed some evasive instructions. a word of this statement; but in such cases, when one The morning after his arrest, Ouvrard was set at cannot prove the contrary, it is best to appear to be- liberty, and the duke of Rovigo supplanted Fouché as lieve.
minister of police. The emperor, tired of having a minister, wanted a clerk, who should be the faithful
executor of his wishes. M. QUVRARD.
M. Ouvrard has published, or caused to be published,
THE DUKE OF DECRES, MINISTER OF some memoirs of life; in these memoirs he has been
MARINE. careful not to tell the whole truth. This remarkable man has been concerned in so many things, that twenty The Duke of Decres was a minister admirably suited volumes would not suffice to contain all that he has to Napoleon's purposes; a true clerk, good to execute done, seen, and heard.
any orders given, but absolutely incapable of any opiI should undertake too much were I to begin with nion different from his master's. The emperor frethe commencement of his history and follow him down quently treated him roughly, but had, at boltom, an to the year 1832, when engaged in his last financial affection for him which I am unable to explain. Whenscheme, in negotiating for pastime, the marriage, thenever the emperor was at Paris, the ministers were become necessary, of the Duchess de Berri with M. de accustomed to assemble at the Tuileries every day at Luchesi Palli. But I find M. Ouvrard concerned in one seven in the morning; the Duke of Decres generally of the incidents of the ministry of Fouché; and of this arrived a few minutes after the appointed hour. The alone I wish to speak at present.
emperor addressed him with some harshness, in these A negotiation undertaken by Ouvrard with the En- words : glish cabinet, with the consent, or at the invitation of “Are you unwell ?” the minister of police, was the avowed cause of the “No, sire.” disgrace of Fouché. This negotiation, on the subject "Ah! I see; it is your common complaint, laziness."
When the first moment of ill humor had passed, the The thieves form in Paris a distinct class; they susemperor thought no more of the matter.
tain each other in danger and assist their associates in On the emperor's visit to the works at the port of adversity; they have regular institutions of their own. Cherbourg, he caused the minister of marine to accom- When a thief is arrested the society supplies him with pany him. The minister had ordered the construction | a woman to serve him, a defender before the court, and of a piece of work, which he thought would serve to often witnesses to acquit him. If condemnation cannot prevent the accumulation of the gravel and sand thrown be avoided, the protection of the society follows the priup by the sea. The emperor embarked in a small boat soner even to the house of punishment; he receives for the purpose of visiting this improvement, then just assistance in money; they furnish him also with every commenced; he took with him the minister, many ad- possible means of escape. The pay in prison of a robmirals, and the captain of the port, an old sailor with ber of a rank somewhat elevated, is at least five francs whom he conversed familiarly during the whole of the a day. excursion. When they had arrived in sight of the
M. Henri knew all the robbers that were thus assowork, he said to the officer:
ciated together in Paris. When any one was brought “Do you believe, captain, that such a work will suf- to him, he addressed him by his name, and detailed to fice to prevent the irruption of the sand ?"
him, without consulting any memoranda, the principal “Sire, he who says so is a blockhead.”
acts of his life, and the number of sentences that he had The emperor turned to the minister:
undergone. When in a good humor, he would go so “ You see, duke, that I have not made him say so." far as to reproach them with the awkwardness which
The emperor had heavy cause of complaint, and of led to their arrest. more than one sort, against the Duke of Decres; he They should confine themselves to the handkerascertained, for example, that an important rank in the chief,” he said one day to a robber, who had been taken nary had been granted on the recommendation of a in the act of stealing, "who are unable to succeed with lady of beauty and easy virtue. The minister had the watch.” cause to repent it: the emperor spoke to him of it in “ To secure the watch-that does not require a very full council. On another occasion, the duke, having great deal of skill." gone to Holland, had brought back fraudulently some “And yet it is precisely in attempting that, that you lace, which he intended for a very pretty governess, suffered yourself to be caught." then in his employment. The custom-house officers did " It was because some one pushed my arm.” not think themselves authorized to examine the carriage
" A fine reason !” of the minister of marine.
“If I desired to secure yours, you think perhaps I The emperor was informed of it; and, in council, in should be very much puzzled to do so ?” the presence of all the ministers, he reproached the “Mine? I defy you." duke in the most violent terms, commanding him im “ Yours! I will lay you a wager that I can take it, periously to carry the lace to the custom-house, to be in your very office.” Chere confiscated, and to pay immediately into the trea “I will bet you five napoleons, and will give you sury the fine imposed by law on the smuggler. until four o'clock; it is now twelve.”
And, notwithstanding all these things, the emperor “Done; I stake my money." maintained the Duke of Decres in his ministry. He And the robber immediately drew from some con. was a pliant and useful instrument, and in consequence cealed pocket, which the guards had not discovered in he loved him, without perhaps knowing why.
searching him, five napoleons which he laid on M. Louis XIV, in the advice which he gave to his son, Henri's table. said to him:
Two hours had not slipped by, when M. Henri heard "'The ninisters of a king must be his clerks, or the himself called from a corner of his cabinet, where he was king will soon be the clerk of his ministers."
always surrounded by a crowd of agents and gendarmes. The emperor but too well followed the counsels of It was the robber who had found means to seize the Louis XIV.
watch while M. Henri was waiting on some one else.
In his place M. Henri rendered immense services.
He had been invested with a sort of discretionary M. HENRI.
power. He enjoyed within very extensive limits, the With the exception of two or three aberrations of right of pardoning before trial; and when he thought the Count Dubois, the prefecture of police under the advisable to exercise it, he obtained in return imporempire, could not be reproached with having departed tant information. from its particular line of duty ; it abstained entirely One night about half after one, 200,000 francs had from politics, but watched scrupulously over the surety been taken from the coffers of the company who farm of houses, the cleanliness of the streets, and the public the gaming houses at Paris. At five o'clock, M, Perrin health. If the authors of any crime remained too long was in the anti-chamber of M. Henri, asking to speak undiscovered, the emperor, who made them give an with him on urgent business. M. Henri was awakenaccount of every thing to him, would send for the pre- ed; he opened his eyes and recognized M. Perrin. fect of police, reproach him severely for his negligence, “You come at an early hour, M. Perrin; I beg parand enjoin upon him to stimulate the zeal of his agents. don for having made you wait; but I went to bed at
The prefecture of the police had at this period among midnight. You come about your robbery of to-night, eh?” its officers a man of a very superior order; this was “But how did you hear of it? It was committed bethe chief of the bureau specially charged with watching tween one and two o'clock.” thieves; he was known as M. Henri, or father Henri. “I knew it was to take place since the day before
yesterday, and I found it necessary to let it go on. The commodore, with his secretary, had been deYour robber has taken the Saint Denis road; he ought tained two years in the temple: the twelve men of his to be already arrested; they were to discover him at suite, taken with him, had been sent to the depol of Eng. the moment that he was dividing the spoils with his lish prisoners at Fontainebleau. Smith and Wright accomplices. Your money will be returned to you this had requested in vain to be treated as prisoners of war. evening ; but it will cost you a note of 500 francs for The commodore appeared too enterprising a man not the agents. This will learn you to watch better for to be guarded with more than ordinary care. By the the future. A revoir, M. Perrin ; I am going to finish kindness of the wife of the keeper of the temple, on my nap, and I advise you to do so likewise."
whom the agreeable person, the intelligence, and good manners of Smith had made a deep impression, he en
joyed every privilege calculated to soften his captivity. COMMODORE SIDNEY SMITH.
He was even permitted, on his parole d'honneur, to walk Sidney Smith was one of the most violent enemies abroad, to visit the baths, to dine in the city, to go to of Napoleon, not only during his reign and throughout the theatres, and even to the chase. The commodore his life, which might naturally have been expected from was too gallant a man to take advantage of favors thus an Englishman and a soldier, but after the emperor had accorded: on the day and hour agreed he invariably been dethroned, and even after his death. There are returned to redeem his word. During these two years no stupid absurdities calculated to stain the memory the English government, anxious to procure the release of Napoleon, which, in his blind hatred, the commodore of Sir Sidney, had made numerous propositions for an has not received and accredited.
exchange of prisoners, all of which were rejected. Sidney Smith is a sailor full of courage and skill, Attaching much importance to his freedom, and unable with but a weak intellect. In England they say into accomplish by direct means, it determined to employ plain words-he is a mad-man: I wish to be more po- every expedient in its power to secure it hy indirect. lite than the English. For many years Sidney Smith The means employed to effect his escape were so has been under the influence of an ancient hatred: he little calculated to excite suspicion, that the police were has never been able to forgive the French government not informed of the fact until ten days after its occur. for his captivity of two years. Age, which calms every rence. thing, even the most envenomed animosities, ought to Some time during the early part of the month of have made him understand that he has been the dupe March 1798, the minister of the marine, Pléville le Pley, of intriguers ever ready to inflame his national and was informed that an intrigue was on foot to secure the private antipathies. Who knows but he may show escape of the two English prisoners. He notified his himself some day not less generous than Sir Robert colleague of the police, by a letter of the 16th of Wilson, denying at the end of twenty years all that he March, informing him that if he were not on bis guard, had stated and written touching the pretended poison. Sidney Smith would be free before ten days. The ing of those attacked by the plague at Jaffa ? minister of the marine was only a few days wrong, for
The escape of Sidney Smith from his imprisonment the escape took place on the 25th of April. And, what in the "lemple” has been frequently related; but even is most curious in the affair, is, that it was by means of in events the most generally known there are often cu- the signature of this very minister that it was effected. rious details concealed from the public.
On the 25th of April, Adjutant General Auger, in uni. In 1796 Commodore Sidney Smith cruised on the form, followed by his aide and two gendarmes, presented coast of France. Having gone too far in the pursuit of himself at the registry of the prison of the temple, and a French corsair, he was captured in his small boat exhibited to the keeper an order on the stamped paper with twelve men of his suite, his secretary Wright, of the ministry of the marine, with the signature of the (the person who undertook in 1803 to transport Georges minister of that department subscribed, which, in virtue and his accomplices from England, and to land them on of a decree of the directory, enjoined him to deliver the the coast of Bivelle near Dieppe,) and a French emi-commodore, as well as his secretary, to the adjutant grant, M. de Tromelin. This last, afterwards admitted general, charged to conduct them immediately to Foninto the army, was nominated general of brigade after tainebleau, the depot of English prisoners. the battle of Lutzen, on the recommendation of the The suspicion of the keeper had been excited by orCount de Lobau.
ders which he had received a few days previously from Immediately after the capture, and in pursuance of the minister of police concerning the prisoners; and an arrangement previously made, M. de Tromelin be- his conscience reproaching him for the numerous facilicame, under the name of John, the servant of the com- ties he had given the commodore, he only saw in this modore. In consequence of this title, and of his not transfer evidence of the government's desire to adopt being a military character, he was set at liberty a few additional means of safety. After a moment's hesitadays afterwards, with permission to return to England. tion his suspicion vanished, and he was completely reM. de Tromelin soon revisited France, where he became lieved when he heard the Adjutant General Auger, an a principal agent in the conspiracy formed to secure the officer of high rank, in the confidence of the minister, escape of Sidney Smith. To effect this object the Bri- announce his intention of contenting himself with the tish government had provided him with unlimited credit parole d'honneur of the two prisoners, should they be at a banker's in Paris—the firm of Hams in the rue du willing to give it. He hurried through the prescribed Bac. M. de Tromelin's co-operation in the escape of formalities, noticed the order of the minister on his Smith was not unknown to the emperor, who often jailor's book, made the adjutant general sign it, and spoke to the general, but without the least bitterness, of then delivered to him Sir Sidney Smith and his secrehis partiality for the English.