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IN FOUR PARTS.-PART I.
There came a sound of horror in the air,
And Missolonghi to her centre shook,
And terrible the heap of carnage there,
Fallen like ripe grass 'neath the mower's stroke-
(Standing like monument above the dead,) Spirit of evil-dark Ibrahim-see How bleed yon shores, where thy cursed arm hath Roused into madness at the proud Turk's song,
Seized up their broken arms and wild they fled, riven Sweet life asunder-and what yet may be
While the glad Mussulman in conquering blast
Told the last hope of Missolonghi past.
And in the ar.guish of his keen distress,
The dying Greek grasped what he held most dear, Her broad eye blackens at thy infamy
In all the agony of last caress-And Alla! may protect thee, if he can
And orphan children, clinging side by side, Think such as thee a goodly Mussulman.
In pale disorder, knelt all carelessly, Upon those ancient mountains which surround
Dipping their little hands in the red tide Ill fated Maina, the dawn was beaming
Of their Sire's blood-Ah! could'st thou, Allah! see, And down their rocky steeps there fell around
And seeing, call Ibrahim Pasha great,
To butcher Missolonghi in his hate ?
There had been one, brave Missolonghi, who,
Tho' born a foreigner, regarded thee
With deepest feeling, and all eager flew
His native home in quest of thine, where he Bat lo! the stillness of the morn is fled,
Shone like a star in gentle beauty bright, And death, and tumult, in confusion spread
Twinkling thro’ dark clouds on a winter night, See, o'er those ancient rocks vast crowds appear,
That, spite of storm, a little while will stay, Climb their high summits, and seen lost in air
To guide the frail wreck o'er a swelling sea, Then, madly hurrying to a neighboring height,
And light the lonely mariner to spread
The raftling canvass o'er his dizzy head.
We'll tell his name, for it can never diem
By breath of slander, to destroy, or dim, With frightful glare the vivid red Aames burst,
The fadeless wreath the Greeks awarded him. Devouring all things, and then slack their thirst,
Tho' wove in bitterness, in beauty now Amid the rolling streams of human gore,
It blooms-it blossoms on his mouldering brow, 'Till-done the fierce repast-they rage no more.
And patriot tears, with which each leaf was wet, And the wild wind, their ashy fragments strewing,
Like pearly dew-drops, glisten on it yet. Leave but to Mainа the name of ruin.
The pitying Angel, he shall look thereon
In the last day—and will he not forgive, As when the dimming clouds of tempest rise, Tho' faults were many, tho' but virtues one, Hide the fair hills, and blacken all the skies;
Yet for that one, will he not bid him live? When in wide stream descends th’impetuous rain, Yes, to the generous Byron may be given And the fierce whirlwind hurries o'er the plain; A sainted dwelling, in the light of HeavenWhile the black thunder peals his note afar,
For to the portals of the bless'd he bears, And the pale lightning dances thro' the air,
The brave man's pity, and the good man's prayers. Rending the summit of all Nature's height, Shaking her lowest depths—in fearful fright
The merry Mussulman in triumph smiled The shuddering birds dart trembling thro' the air
And well they might o'er such a victory, Away-away to shelter them afar
As gaily they the lingering hours beguiled; So shook fair Maina on that sad day,
The bright skies echoed with their revelryAnd so affrighted, fled her sons away.
They sang Mohamed, and again,
How many a time the Greeks had fled;
What had good Mussulmen to dread ?
Cursed every Greek, and every Christian name.
Awhile they sported—but too soon they found
That Gauls, and Britons, look'd upon the shore. And they were hurrying to a bloody fate
Strange terror seized them, and the giddy sound To battle Greeks-what boots it to delay?
Of joyous mirth inspired their hearts no more“To battle Greeks," the distant echoes say.
They, who had never dreamt of fear before,
Now felt the bosom tremble--well they knew, | announced, that by passing a ray of light, first through Tho' they stood strong for an approaching war, water, and then through a piece of glass-colored green, That force invincible, which nearer drew,
all the heat of the sun's rays miglit be stopped, and the Was match o'er-equal; yet all desperate,
light insulated. A most accomplished English lady, They man’d their war-ships for approaching fate. Mrs. Somerville, has also very lately stated, that by
means of a similar, or the same arrangement, the cheAye, 'twas a night of deadliest, deepest gloom, mical action of the sun might be suspended. To every Mussulman-just such an one
We have to announce that discoveries of the same As Egypt felt, when her imperious lord
kind, but much more extensive, have simultaneously Dared to provoke the majesty of light
been made in this state. Dr. Draper, the professor of And o'er her guilty sons in wrath was pour’d, chemistry in Hampden Sidney College, found in an A bitter darkness, and a seven-fold night,
investigation of this matter, that not only compound And the same horror shook each Turkish heart,
media, such as water and colored glasses, would stop As did Belshazzar's, when with trembling start
the heat and chemical action of the solar ray, but that He listen'd to the Prophet's awful story
there is an extensive class of bodies which accomplish Of coming downfall and departing glory.
the same thing; these are chiefly the coloring matter O'er the fair surface of the liquid blue
of certain vegetables, and salts dissolved in water or Rode the proud squadron of the Christian band,
in spirits of wine. Some curious facts have thus been 'Till from the highest mast the joyous crew
disclosed. A body may be transparent to the sun's Behold the welcome sight of Grecian land.
light, or to his heat, and opaque to his chemical ray. And on they swept—nor wind, nor wave withstand
A solution of tannin, which is made from the bark of Their colors dancing in the sportive gale
the red oak, is transparent to the sun's light, and opaque Near, near they come, urged by the favoring wind,
to his heat; the same may be said of litmus, or turnWith shouts transporting soon the land they hail,
sole, dissolved in water, and of a variety of tinctures, Drop their huge anchors-furl the broad white sail.
such as turmeric, saffron, &c. Some of the metallic salts afford very fine examples of these results; the substance known in commerce as the bichromate of
potassa, when in solution, is transparent to the ray of
light, semi-transparent to the ray of heat, and absoRECENT DISCOVERIES lutely opaque to the chemical ray, and on the other
hand, this latter ray will freely pass through a stratum Respecting the
of solution of sulphate of copper and ammonia, thick PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF THE SUN'S LIGHT.
enough to be opaque to the two former. Color has
little or no agency; the chloride of gold and the chlo. It has been known for several years, that light of dif- ride of platina, which are yellow—the sulphate of copferent colors possessed powers of exciting the sensation per, which is blue-the muriate of cobalt, which is of heat in different degrees, the observation being ori-pink-the chloride of chromium, which is green, and ginally made by the celebrated astronomer, Herschel; the sulpho.cyanate of iron, which is red, though they who, on viewing the sun through powerful telescopes, are all more or less transparent as respects light, are with colored glasses intervening, to take off the exces- far less so as respects heat; and in regard to the chesive glare, found that sometimes there was an insup- mical ray, some of them are quite opaque, and some portable heat transmitted to his eye, and at other times quite transparent. An examination of nearly three an inappreciable quantity. He examined a beam of hundred substances has led to the conclusion, that even light which had passed through a prism, and came to substances which are colorless, limpid, and as transpathe conclusion that the violet was the coldest of all the rent as water, exercise very different functions. None colored rays, and the red the hottest ; but what was such however have yet been found opaque to the ray extremely singular, that a class of rays emanated from of heat, or the cheniical ray, though some approach to the sun, competent to excite a more intense sensation that condition. of heat than any of the former, but quite invisible to Dr. Franklin, and the philosophers of his day, sup
posed that the solar light on being extinguished, became A short time after, another curious fact was estab- heat; the general tendency of these experiments would lished by Ritter, that rays capable of producing a va. lead to a very different conclusion. In this age of riety of chemical changes came from the sun, and these luxury, it is probable that ihese researches, refined and like the former were also invisible to the eye. The delicate as they are, can be made to minister to our violet ray, insulated by a flint glass prism, was disco- comforts, and the revival of one of the fine arts, now vered to exhibit these properties in the most marked nearly extinct, will be the consequence. We can ad. degree, but beyond the violet, in a space where no mit into our chambers the full blaze of the noonday light could be seen, the action was still more energetic. sun, and shut out his heat! Those of us who have witPhilosophers therefore inferred, but only upon this in- nessed the gorgeous volumes of party colored light, direct evidence, that there were three kinds of rays which pass through the painted windows of the palaces emitted by the sun, one exciting the sensation of light, and abbeys of the old continent, and the quiet feeling another that of heat, and another competent to induce of calmness that comes over us, may expect with pleachemical action.
sure the restoration of these inimitable ornaments, and For many years no further discovery was made. A the voluptuary may look forward to the poetical delight celebrated Italian physician, MellONI, has at length of“ basking in a cool sunbeam."
These bedew'd starry hours
The offspring of May,
Than the splendor of day. Then, most welcome, sweet Mar, With thy retinue gay,
Thrice welcome to me;
Each thought making free.
Delights ever gay.
To celebrate May.
Our feelings annoy ;
Enhances each joy.
And bids us rejoice.
Nor list to her voice?
Of its flow'rets gay;
Of beautiful May.
While aged and young
With music and song.
Are fill'd with delight;
Most fair to the sight.
What rapture 'twould be !
In sweet revery.
Unthought of before.
Would pass the long day;
Fair visions of Mar!
Through the evening air ;,
How bright they appear !
And fade from the sight.
And now, it is night.
HOPE . Illusive Hope, no more deceive,
Unless your spell is stronger!
In pity cheat me longer.
And keen despair confound us,
In glittering fragments round us. The heart that trusts thy syren smile,
Drinks copious draughts of pleasure; In dreams of innocence the while,
It grasps its soul-sought treasure: But let the mystic gleam depart,
Which caused our dreamy blindness! Too coldly sinks the breaking heart,
Amidst the world's unkindness.
If yon bright star, whose gentle smile,
Shines sweetly through the gloom on high, Were but some sunny and sea-girt isle,
Far in the light of a cloudless sky: Where spring's young buds and summer's flowers,
Are mingled with the changeless green Of fairy walks and sylvan bowers;
And dazzling founts, whose silvery sheen, Gives back the rainbow-tints, that play
When moon-beams kiss the ocean spray; Then would we seek its distant shore,
And joy to greet each other there;
Where all we trust is falsely fair;
Ere we have known the false one's guile,
not the most delightful material, especially for a waltz, ODDS AND ENDS:
In Italy dancing always takes place on some kind FROM A JOURNAL.
of carpet, on account of the floors being of brick or
marble. The apartments, of course, are sumptuously Rome, January 24th, 1833. furnished, and contain some fine works of art; amongst Visited the Collegio Romano. The building is im- others the famous group of Hercules and Lychas by mense, as may be inferred from the fact that sixteen Canova. The company was very numerous, but the hundred pupils are now under its roof. The library, quantity of space afforded them prevented any thing like though at present in some disorder, is very rich and a squeeze. I was surprized at the little beauty that extensive, and contains some rare and highly curious was to be seen. The prettiest young lady there was works. I was shown a number of books printed by an American. Aldo; amongst others a Theocritus, the third work I witnessed a great ceremony in St. Peter's, on the which issued from his press, the paper and typography 18th of January, the anniversary of the foundation of of which are of exquisite beauty, equal to any thing, the Church. The Pope was carried in procession to I should think, that can be produced at the present day. St. Peter's chair at the farther end of the building, in The University of the Sapienza, the first in Rome, is which he sat during the celebration of high mass by a shut on account of the prevalence of liberal principles Cardinal. The whole College of Cardinals was present, among the young men, there having been a serious all dressed in their red robes, besides the other various disturbance created by its students some time ago. ecclesiastical dignitaries. I went in company with my Politics, indeed, from what I can learn—which, to be fellow travellers, who have since proceeded to Naples, sure, is not much, as newspapers do not fourish here and we all obtained excellent seats by the roguery of as luxuriantly as they do in America, the only one being our valet-de-place, who had the impudence to tell an a paltry little sheet that gives nothing but information officer, apparently of high rank, that we were nephews respecting the health of the Pope, and the ceremonies to of the Prince of Denmark, in consequence of which, he, be performed on such and such a day—are still in so un- the officer, came up to us in the politest manner, and certain a state, that the government has not yet decided bowed us into places reserved for distinguished stranwhether a masked Carnival shall be allowed, fearing gers, where we had a persect view of what was going that advantage may be taken of the disguise to excite on. We could not conceive at the time by what encommotions. The strangers here are as much interested chantment the fellow had induced the officer to treat us in the decision as the conspirators, if there are any, can with such civility, but we had scarcely got out of the be, for without masks the Carnival is said to be a very church after the end of the ceremony, when he made us dull affair.
an humble salutation, and with meek solemnity asked the In the evening I went to an immense ball given by the commands of our "royal highnesses," and then related great banker Torlonia, lo whom my letter of credit front what he had done. It was well for us that the credHottinguer in Paris was directed. That personage ulous personage whom he deceived, did not discover the gives a series of balls during the “season,” for the trick, or we might have been stripped of our “regality" entertainment of those who draw upon him. Few in- and our seats, sooner than would have been desirable. habitants are invited, so that one gets no idea of Italian I was greatly disappointed in the music upon the society at his routs, though an excellent one of the fo- occasion, although the Pope's choir was in requisition. reigners sojourning in Rome. I accompanied Mr. They never sing with instrumental accompaniment in his carriage. It was not with marvellous ease that before His Holiness, nor are female voices allowed in we reached the “Palazzo Torlonia,” as when we had his hearing; and the tones of those unfortunate men arrived within about three squares of it, we were obliged who are employed as substitutes for the latter, are to to proceed at a funeral pace in consequence of the mul- my ears, with the exception of two or three perfect titude of carriages. Ai different stations were posted notes, really disagreeable, being shrill, dry, and at times soldiers on horseback to preserve order and prevent any almost unearthly. My expectations indeed, with regard carriage from leaving its place and attempting to get to music, generally, in Italy, have been as yet any thing before another, so that not the slightest confusion oc- but realized. I went once to the opera in Florence, and curred. We drove, in our turn, into the spacious court- have been once to each of the two principal opera yard, and ascending a splendid marble stair-way which houses in Rome, and I am sure that the troupe now in cost twenty-four thousand dollars—"ever mindful America must be better on the whole than any one of what it cost” is our American motto-we proceeded the three I have heard, though it may not have a prima through rows of servants to the room where "the lady donna equal to the lady who bears that title at the “Teaof the house” stood to receive her guests. This lady tre d Apollo” here. She, however, is a German, with is the mother of the banker, or rather the Duke, his a name which, for the safety of my jaws, I hope I may father, now dead, having purchased the title. She is never attempt to pronounce; but she is by far the most said to be eighty years old, and if such be the fact, she delightful cantatrice I have met with in Italy, both as to is the most wonderful woman I have ever seen. Her science and voice. I wonder she does not go to Paris, appearance does not indicate more than sixty at the where she would sing to much more purpose in the way farthest, and during the whole evening she was moving of making money, as her salary must be comparatively about with all the activity of youth. There were eight inconsiderable here, if it be in proportion to the prices rooms open, forming a magnificent suit, in iwo of which of admission; the part I heard her in, was that of Juliet in were bands of music for the dancers, among whom Bellini's last opera, “I Capuleti ed in Montecchi,” some of I enrolled myself, though the species of waxed' sail the music of which is beautiful, though, on the whole, cloth on which we were obliged to move our feet, was it is not equal to either the "Pirata" or the "Stranicra,"
by the same composer. The best musical performances | day for the expenses of his table, a circumstance which in Rome are said to be those of the “Academia Filo- greatly annoyed that personage at first, accustomed harmonica,” an amateur company who execute an opera as he had been to the profusion of the late King, by every Friday evening in complete style.
which he increased his salary twofold; but on his repThe weather has been generally fine since my arrival, resenting to his present master that he could not with but so cold that mount Soracte is "silver'd o'er” with so small a sum provide a sufficient number of dishes snow, quite as much as when its whiteness attracted the for a royal dinner, he received a jocose answer, advising “bleared" eye of the poet by whom it has been immor. him to put them far apart from each other and fill up talized. There has been a singular scarcity of rain with ornaments, by which an adequate display would during the whole winter, and in consequence of it old be made. His object, it is supposed, in laying aside so father Tiber has entirely lost the flavus hue for which he much money as he does, is to accomplish a plan for the is celebrated, and possesses scarcely vitality enough to improvement and embellishment of the city, which drag his slow length along. For those who wish to will render it beautiful in the extreme. He has one economize, the lowness of the water is a sad affair, hobby, however, for which he spares no expense-his as it has greatly increased the price of wood, which is army. He is constantly reviewing it, and certainly it mostly brought in boats.
exhibits a highly imposing aspect, doubly striking to
one just arrived from Rome, where the church militant is Naples, February 20th, 1833. by no means very formidable or handsome in appearance. Started from Rome on the 13th, with two companions, It is a pity that he does not possess as much of the and arrived here on the third evening. We passed spirit of chivalry, as of fondness for military display, over the road and through several of the places cele in which case he would treat his wife better than report brated in Horace's journey to Brundusium, besides says he does. It is currently related that a short time ago, Capua, Gaeta, and other spots immortalized in history being displeased with something she had done, he gave and poetry, but the weather was not of a character to her a box upon the ear, which so roused her Sardinian allow any stopping to "classicalize” on the way, even blood as to cause her to say to him that she had thought, if we had not been anxious to arrive as soon as possible in wedding him, that she married a king and not a at Naples in order to see the Carnival. We found the lazzarone. city so erowded with strangers that we were obliged to Nothing can be greater than the contrast between employ several hours in hunting for a place to lay our Naples and Rome. It is almost the difference between heads for the first night, and the greater part of the next life and death. If one be emphatically called the city day was spent in a search after lodgings, which at length of the soul, the other, if I may so speak, may as emwe met with in a good situation, and for a moderate phatically, be styled the "city of the body." What a price, but not very attractive or splendid in themselves. mass of vitality there is here! The majority of the One thing I certainly have learnt since my arrival here, inhabitants seem absolutely to live in the streets ; and and that is the fact, which the Swedish chancellor sent if you escape being run over by horses, or trampled his son abroad to be convinced of—with how "little wis- under foot by the crowd, you incur equal danger of dom the world is governed.” The grand amusement of breaking your legs, or otherwise injuring yourself the Carnival was a procession of the King and his court, among the endless articles and implements of business dressed as Chinese mandarins, and masked. His wise that "stop the way.” The appearance of the city, majesty, the Queen and a numerous suite, were drawn in however, is any thing but prepossessing. Few of the a fantastically constructed car, by eight horses, preceded houses are remarkable for aught save ugliness, dilapiand followed by a large cavalcade; and in their progress dation and filth, although many are dubbed “ palazzi ;" up and down the Toledo, the principal street, they pleased and all the streets, except two, are mere lanes. These themselves with throwing sugar plumbs at their loving two are the Toledo, running entirely through the city subjects and receiving volleys of them in return. If and the Chiaja, occupying the greater part of the shore there be any truth in the sentiments that Shakspeare of the Mediterranean. The former is chiefly a business puts into the mouth of Bolingbroke, with regard to the street; in the latter are the principal residences; at preservation of the respect of the populace by rare least the foreigners always live there, most of the buildexhibitions of the royal person, this King cannot be an ings, as far as I can see, being either hotels or lodgingobject of great veneration to those over whom he rules. houses. It is certainly one of the most delightful places Such a spectacle as I have just described was well cal- of residence imaginable, affording views of the bay, culated to remove all feeling of a we from the Neapolitans; the islands, the neighboring mountains, including and besides, he is constantly driving about the streets Vesuvius himself, and the surrounding country, which in a little vehicle of no magnificent appearance, with can scarcely be surpassed. The situation of the city nothing to indicate that he is more than a private in. is one of the few things in respect to which “expecdividual, except a couple of outriders. In fact he is tation” does not "fail." Its beauty more than equals not very popular, from what I have learnt, though he is all that I had imagined, and would excuse almost any by no means so much disliked as his father; and in hyperboles in reference to it, that a poet's eye, rolling some respects his conduct is said to be deserving of every in fine frenzy, might prompt him to utter. Between eulogy. He has introduced the strictest economy into the atmosphere here and that of Rome, there is as both the public and his private expenditure, and already much difference as between the aspect of the cities. he has saved as much money as the prodigality of his one is as bracing as the other is relaxing. I could father had wasted. All the latter's innumerable dogs wish that the objects of interest and curiosity which and horses have been sold, and various sinecures abol- crowd the Eternal city were here; but the Studio is ished. He allows his cook, it is said, but five dollars a almost the only lion of any very considerable con.