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to Gertrude.” “Has she any terra firma ?” “About once playsul Roberta. “Alighit, alight," said I, "bul a hundred acres," said I. “Whereabouts ?" said the it's a time of distress, friend Phil--for to-morrow Green. Angler. “On the east of the Ridge,” rejoined I; "about wood is to be sold.” He had the same old laugh that midway between this and where Gertrude is to live.” he used to have, and he drew a letter, of which the fol

We had now got across the river where Oscar, having lowing is a true copy: brought my pony, was in waiting. The Angler fas

To Phil Parker, of Mountain View. tened his boat, and with Oscar accompanied me to the “When you receive this, repair immediately to Greentop of the Ridge. My tears flowed fast at the prospect wood, and see whether Oliver Sully, Esq. has the proof parting with these children of nature, but it could perty of the palm tree to grow when weights are apnot be helped. Opening my purse—“Oscar,” said I, pended to him. Take off the weights and make him "you have rolled me about in my old chair; take care

as easy as n pin stuck in the centre of a circle. A bird of it and send it to Greenwood. You have brightened came here the other day and my dear Gertrude caught my spur and brushed my sandals; take these guineas. it, and under its purple wing was a paper containing a It's all the remuneration-_” “Muneration,” said Oscar; statement of his debts. This little favor is the more “Oscar want no muneration ; I loves de pure grit, but convenient to be done, as the ring has brought Gertrude wont dis minish Squire Sully; but hant you guine to some accession of fortune from across the water. come back and see Miss Gatty?” Just at this point

When shall we three meet again. the Angler remarked--"Squire Sully, will you take

Nep RINGGOLD." this box of fish hooks ?” “Thank you," said I, “and do you take this bugle, and tell friend Phil that my finished, when she came to me and with a sweet smile

I now told my wife that my Blue Ridge Letters were knighthood is over, and take this Blue Ridge flower to Roberta.” Then shaking each of them by the hand demanded the steel pen with which they had been

written, “Sully,” said she, “you must now take to we bade each other adieu. These were happy days. Then the affections were makes no difference," said I, “as long as Ned Ringgold

your hay carts, or you will soon be in debt again." "It springing like the buds of the wilderness. But since lives.” But that pen will be laid aside, after you, my then the realities of life have given the world a sombre

dear L. shall be raised to some conspicuity, by its copy. aspect. It is painful to send shadows across the light of these pictures. My life has been so far laid off in ing a work of mine called “Lorton." circles of thirty-eight years, and to the twenty-third circle my imagination is always on the return. With my difficulties you have had some acquaintance. Greenwood was embellished by the taste of my wife. We

INVITATION. had a few Spanish and Italian books. Some pebbles were sent me from the Ilyssus. A nautical friend Come from thy cold and cloudy clime, brought me some lava from Mount Vesuvius and a For softest airs are whispering here, piece of the rock of Gibraltar, and some spars from the And Winter now is past his prime, grotto of Antiparos. Another friend brought me a goat And Love's own leafy time is near. from Juan Fernandez and a lama from Peru, whilst an Come bask beneath our smiling sky, Eastern sultan sent me a Persian gazelle. But Green Come drink the balmy breath of Spring; wood got into the same predicament with Angler's Rest. And give thy cheek of damask dye It was not agreeable to live in daily expectation of be To Zephyr's fondly-fanning wing. ing turned out of house and home, and to see my chair and deer passing into other hands. Thomson might

Here hearts are warm, here hands are free, have written of the man who loved to be in difficulties,

Each eye shall cordial welcome beam; but he could not have meant me. During the pendency

And thou our Nymph and Grace shalt be, of these embarrassments, Gertrude Ringgold, my eldest

And Naiad of our silver stream. daughter, would sometimes pull my gown and say

And Love shall lead thy steps along, "Father, tell me one of your tales.” My heart was

And Pleasure follow in thy train; heavy and my mind began to muse on the west.

While Music pours her sweetest song, “What,” said I, “must Sully lay down his sylvan

To welcome Beauty back again. hatchet and take to the woodman's axe ? Shall he de.

Athens, Geo. molish prairee hives, after listening so long to the murmuring of the Hyblian bee, or lay down the stone of philosophy for the frock of the boatman ?” The prospect

MADRIGAL. was appalling, and the incongruity on a small scale appeared as great as when Rousseau wore his Arme

THE WREATH. nian dress, or when Byron went to fight the Turks.

A wreath of fair flowers the maid In the meantime my wife kept adding to my grief, by

Had gathered all wild on the lea, saying--"Don't mind it, Sully--don't mind it. We

And wove in a fanciful braid, shall soon, by hook or by crook, get a snug box some

She smiling presented to me. where else.” Such was my plight, when one evening my child Gertrude, came running to me. “Father,” O yes, whispered I in her ear, said she, “a gentleman and young lady are coming."

This chain I may venture to take; " “Oh," thinks, said I, “it's the sheriff;" when on going But that of your beauty, I fear, to the door who should it be but Phil Parker, and my

Will not be so easy to break.


Captain John Smith published his General History of Virginia THE TUCKAHOE

in a quarto volume. He writes like a soldier; his style is rough,

uncouth, confused; but as an authentic record of facts, this COLONY OF VIRGINIA.

quaint work is of very high value. Pity that so gallant a knight,

like Bayard, “ without fear and without reproach,” should have 1585. First settlement of Virginia, towards the close of Queen had so unchivalrous a name as John Smith. His history lias Elizabeth's reign.

been republished in Virginia, from a London copy of the old 1605. Captain Smith came over and remained three years. quarto, with plales; but as might have been foreseen from the 1613. John Rolfe married Pocahontas.

latitude, the publication was attended with considerable loss. A 1616. Pocahontas died at Gravesend, England.

modernized edition might meet with a more favorable reception; Note. Pocahontas was a titular name as princess, her private but few will be found willing to wade through the impracticable name being Macoax, or Macoaka ; but after her conversion to pages of the original. christianity, she was baptized Rebecca. She left one son,

John Stith, a Professor of William and Mary College, wrote a his. Rolfe, who was educated at Plymouth, England, and afterwards tory of Virginia. He reduced the chaos of Smith to some order, came over to the colony and married, and left an only daughter, and his style is sufficiently classical, but not the less prolix and who married a Bolling, from whom several respectable families papaverous on that account. It is for the most part a digest of in Virginia claim their descent.

Smith, with interminable details of the transactions of the Colo. INDIAN POPULATION.

nial Company, and of its dissolution by James the First, which Captain Smith, in bis General History of Virginia, estimates is as much labored as if it had been the decline and downfall of the number of Indians within a circle of sixty miles around an empire. It is now out of print, and a rare book. Jamestown, at five thousand, of whom fifteen hundred were Beverley also wrote a history of Virginia, and Jefferson ob. warriors, being to the aggregate population in the ratio of three serves that Beverley is as much too concise and unsatisfactory as to ten.

Stith is prolix and dull. In the expedition which effected a landing at Jamestown, a Another history is by Chalmers, and the most voluminous of mutiny broke out at sea, and Ratliffe proposed to tack right all by Burke, a young Irishman, who falling in a duel before about to England. However, as they proceeded along the coast the completion of the work, it was concluded by a Frenchman, chey encountered a storm, which drove them into Hampton Girardin. Roads. Thirty of them landed at Cape Henry, and were as. Burke's style is florid and verbose, making every thing little saulted by five Indians.

by an attempt to make every thing great. There are some That night a box containing sealed instructions was opened, abridgements, in better taste; but altogether, there is no good and the Council were found to be, President, Edward Maria history of the Ancient Dominion. Wingfield ; Councillors, Smith, Newport, Ratliffe, Martin, Hening's Statutes at Large, the Pandect of Virginia, is a mine Kendall.

of historical materials. The point selected for the colony was Jamestown, on the

SIR WALTER RALEIGH. north side of the James river. Or. landing, they first set them. The life of this great man is peculiarly interesting to Virgi. selves to erect a fort, in shape of a half moon; then all hands nians. The biography of him, prefixed to his History of the went busily to work, felling trees, clearing land, weaving fish. World, contains a number of curious details; but, according to ing-nets, laying out gardens, and the like.

the spirit of that age, it is immensely tedious. In a few days Newport, Smith and twenty others, ascended the The new life of him, by Mrs. Thomson, is as entertaining as river. In six days they came to Powhalan, a royal village of a romance. It appears, from a fac-simile of his autograph, that twelve wigwams, seated on a picturesque range of hills, not far he spelt his name Ralegh. below the falls, or what is now Richmond. Here resided King

PROPER NAMES. Powhatan. It is now the seat of a gentleman named Mayo, and Cape Herry is called after Prince Henry, son of James the is described by Mr. Wirt in the British Spy.

First of England. This Prince was a great friend of Sir Walter Shortly after the establishment of the colony at Jamestown, it Raleigh, and visited him in the tower of London, during his was assaulted by the natives. For their better security in future, long imprisonment there. He died a minor. the English protected the half-moon by a palisado, and mounted Cape Charles, called after Charles, brother of aforesaid some culverin guns.

Henry, Duke of York, afterwards Charles the First of England, HUGUENOTS.

James River, Jamestown, James City County, after James the In 1502 a settlement was effected in South Carolina by some First of England. James river, called by the aborigines Pow. French Protestants called Huguenots. They fled from France hatan. to escape persecution. This was the first attempt to colonize Powhatan was the title of the king; his private name was North America ; it was undertaken for the sake of freedom of Wahunsonacock. conscience, and like many similar enterprizes, failed. These The Appamallor Captain Smith calls the pleasant river of refugees, worn out by sufferings, and distracted by dissensions, Apamatuck. The Queen of A pamatuck was a special favorite at their own request, were taken back to Europe io an English of his royal highness, Powhatan. Her residence is set down on ship

Capt. Smith's map a few miles from the falls of the Appamallox, NEWFOUNDLAND.

in what is now the County of Chesterfield. 1553. Sir Humphrey Gilbert, brother-in-law to Sir Walter Parnunkey river Smith spells variously, but usually Pamaun. Raleigh, with five ships, set sail for America. He landed at kee. Dean Swift, in a letter to Hunter, a Governor of New Newfoundland, and claimed it for the British crown. On his York, rallies him on marrying the Queen of Pomunki." return voyage, Sir Humphrey was deplorably lost io a storm at The Indians had no writen language. Smith and the other

early historians spell words as they sounded to their ears. It is NORTH CAROLINA.

likely that the Indians of that day would not be able to recognize 1584. Sir Walter Raleigh, nothing daunted by the loss of his these words as we now pronounce them. brother-in-law, sent out two ships under Amidas and Barlow.

INDIAN WORDS. They landed on an island in Pamplico Sound, proceeded up Albe Aroughcun, Raccoon; Mussascus, Muskrat; Utchunquoyes, marle Sound, and there landed on Roanoke island. They found Wild-cat; Catta peuk, Spring; Popanow, Winter ; Cohonk, the salrages ignorant, simple and friendly. Amidas and Barlow Cry of Wild Geese ; Cohatlayough, Summer; Messinough, returned to England, with a cargo of furs, sassafras and cedar. Earing of Corn ; Taquitoek, Fall of Leaves; Toppohannock, They gave Queen Elizabeth a high-colored account of the Rappohannock; Patawomeke, Potomac; Sasquesahannocks, newly discovered country, and her majesty, charmed with the Susquehanna ; Suckahanna, Water ; Messamins, Muscadine picture, called it Virginia, either in honor of her own virginity, Grapes; Asspanick, Young Squirrels ; Opassom, Opossum; or because it was a virgin soil.

Mockasins, Shoes; Tomahack, Axe; Weanock, Weyanoke, a HISTORIES OF VIRGINIA.

place on James River; Wingina, Virginia ; Wingandacoa, Vir. The historian, Doctor Robertson, has left among his posthu. ginia; Pulchamins, Persimmons ; Pawcohiccora, Milk of Walmous works a succinci history of Virginia and of the Northern nuts ; Ponap, Meal Dumplins ; Chechinquamins, Chinquapins; Colonies, from the first settlement down to the Revolution of Matchacomoco, Grand Council; Werowance, a Captain ; Cock1776.

arouse, a Councillor; Pawcorance, an Altar-Stone ; Pericu, a

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King-Beaver; Ustatahamen, Hominy. Note. This is said to wards it was named after William the Third. It was laid off in be an African word. Lord Bacon calls it the cream of maize, the form of a capital W, in compliment to the Prince of Orange. and recommends it as an article of diet for the sick.

INDIANS. Beverley spells wigwam, wigwang.

By the treaty of 1677 each Indian town was to pay three InIndians had no salt but what they obtained from asbes. They dian arrows for their land, and twenty beaver skins for protection. were fond of roasting ears, and had them dried. Their spoons

INDIAN POPULATION. held hall a pint, and they laughed at the small spoons of the The Indians in 1707 had only five hundred fighting men left, English, that had to be carried so often lo the mouth.

so that the whole Indian population was at that time less than One month they called the Moon of Slags.

two thousand within the limits of the colony. Their money was made of conk.shell, and was called either

BREAD. peak, or wampum-peak, or runtee, (which last was a drilled The Indians made bread of suntlower seed. bead,) or finally roenoke, made of cockle-shell.

RAPPAHANNOCK. For knives they made use of sharpened reeds or shells. The Indian name for this river was Toppohannock; there is

For skinning deer, flat stones sharpened, and semicircular, of a town in Hanover county by that name. the shape of a saddler's knife.

BOTANY. For axes and hatchets, stones sharpened and fastened to a Beverley mentions the following species as met with in Vir. stick, and glued with turpentine.

ginia : Their bows were made of locust; their arrows were plumed Cherries; Plums; Persimmons; Mulberries; Hurts, or Hucwith feathers of the wild turkey, fastened with the glue of the kleberries; Wild Raspberries, probably Blackberries ; Wild velvet horns of the deer, and headed wiih a while stone, or the Strawberry; Chesnuts ; Chinquapins; Hazelnuts ; Hickories; spur of a wild turkey.

Walnuts; Puccoon and Mosquaspen, roots with which the na. Beverley had seen one of their canoes thirty feet long. tives painted their bodies ; Cushaw or Cymlings, called by the UTTAMUSSACK.

northern Indians Squash; Sumach; Sassafras; Jamestowa Twelve miles above Richmond, near the James river, there Weed, a great cooler ; Tuckahoe, a tuberous root, growing in were three houses for their idols, and a solid crystal, three or marshes. There is a place in New York of this name, and a four feet solid cube, called a Pawcorance, or altar-stone, so clear creek in Virginia, and those living east of it are called Tucka. and translucent, that the grain of a man's hand mighi be seen hoes-those west Cohees, perhaps corrupted from the Scotch through it, and it contained silver ore. This the Indians called expression “quoth he.” Curranis ; Cranberries, probably the their altar-stone, and on it they offered their sacrifices.

same with Captain Smith's Rawcomens ; six species of Grape; NECKS.

Honey Tree; Sugar Tree, maple, the Indians had made maple The colony of Virginia was divided into necks, the northern sugar time out of mind; Maycocks, Maracocks; Lupines; neck between the Potomac and the Rappahannock, and the Myrtle, from which was made a wax, out of which were made other necks between the other rivers.

candles without grease, never melting, and exbaling a fragrant MOUNTAINS.


the Crown Imperial ; Cardinal Flower; Indian Corn. The Alleghanies Beverley calls the Apalachian mountains.

PRICES CURRENT IN VIRGINIA, 1703. Henry Ball and a party were seat out by Governor Berkeley on Beef and Pork, 1d. to 2d.; Pullets, 6d.; Capons, sd. 10 9d.; an exploration among these mountains.

Chickens, 3s. a dozen; Ducks, 9d. a piece ; Geese, 1s.; Turkey Governor Sports wood was the first man that crossed the Blue Hens, 18d.; Deer, 103, a head; Oysters and Wild Fowl, cheap. Ridge. In consideration of this, the King of England gave him a golden horse-shoe, with a Latin inscription. This horse-shoe

JAMESTOWN IN 1616. has, within a few years, been sold to a jeweller for old gold ! MARRIAGE.

Two hundred and eighteen years ago this liule colony was the 1609. John Laydon married Anna Burrows, and this was the germ of a future empire, destined to spread from the Atlantic to first marriage in Virginia.

the Pacific. The first birth was that of Virginia, daughter of Ananias Dare, A pinnace from England lay off at anchor, rocking on the wa. born August 18th, 1587.

ters of the James. Men were at work upon a palisado, and the COLONIES.

clink of the anvil was heard. A mocking bird warbled to the 1609. Jamestown sent out two colonies, one to Nansemond, strangers, and occasionally was heard the plunge of the slur. on James river, thirty miles below Jamestown-the other to geon. Powhatan, six miles below the falls of James river, now the city With the fatigues, sufferings and perils of a colonial life is of Richmond. This last land was purchased from Powhatan mingled a tincture of romance, the curious thirst or adventure, for copper. Each colony was settled with one hundred and the fresh glow of new images, and the dignity of danger. twenty men.

Here some of the English, oppressed by the heat of an unacShortly after another colony was planted at Kiquotan, near customed sun, lay reposing in the shade of a tree ; while others, what is now the borvugh of Norfolk, at the mouth of James with shouts and laughter, played the favorite game of bowls. river, and a fort was there built and called Algernon, since that Among the lookers-on were some of the Powhatan Indians, timo made more illustrious by being the cognomen of the pat. naked, with keen eyes and raven hair, gazing at the game with riotic Sidney.

a sort of stoical attention. Ah, little did they foresce that from Mulberry island, in the James river, eighteen miles below this speck of cloud a storm would gather to sweep them from the Jamestown.


In the group of the bowling green might be seen "younger 1699. Eight hundred Huguenot refugees came to Virginia, sons of younger brothers, poor gentlemen, starveling gallants, and settled at Monacan lown, south side of James river, twenty ostlers trade-fallen, decayed tapsters-the cankers of a calm miles below Richmond. They made an attempt to tame buffa. world and a long peace." loes, by catching them young. They made a strong-bodied cla Perhaps a party of Captain Smith's men might be seen firing ret wine of wild grapes. They found a patron and benefactor at a target, to the consternation of the salrages; or on the way in Colonel Byrd.

to a neighboring forest to fell trees. CAVALIERS AND ROUNDHEADS.

Perhaps Captain Smith was employed in punishing profanity, During the great rebellion in England, several good Cavalier by pouring a bucket of water down the coal-sleeve for each families came over to Virginia ; and at the restoration of Charles oath, or landing a boat load of corn just arrived from Pamaunkee. the Second, some families of the Roundheads came over and Were Captain Smith to revisit Virginia, he would find James. settled in the colony, but not many, they being for the most part town in rvins, and no Phenix arisen from the ashes. He would pre-possessed in favor of the New England colonies.

be startled to see the Pocahontas or the Patrick Henry como MALEFACTORS.

foaming by with the speed of a race horse. He would find, too, It has been often repeated that the first settlers of Virginia rail-roads running through woods that he first explored, and were convicts. This is a mistake ; very few of this description over rivers that he first navigated. And as the train of coulon were transported to Virginia at any time.

bales and hogsheads of tobacco came sweeping by, he would WILLIAMSBURG.

naturally bo reininded of his old friends, "the sofisucating This place was at tire called the Middle Plantation ; after. I tobacco.mongers in London.”


who in vain endeavored to stop them, riding among them on

horseback. The Tennessee is formed by the junction of the Clinch and

The Cherokees advancing towards the Creeks, Holston, which rivers find their source in the mountains of south fired at the distance of eighty yards; the Creeks war-whooped -

Cherokees were silent. west Virginia; it flows southwest through eastern Tennessee,

My informant said, that for the first half hour of the engagewest through north Alabama, and then suddenly wheeling north, runs through the western part of Tennessee and Kentucky, I ment he was in great alarm, especially from the yelling of the emptying finally into the Ohio, not far above its mouth ; so that

Creeks and whistling of the bullets. After that, however, he the mouth of the Tennessee is almost exactly on the same paral- relt quite cool and calm throughout the day, the action having lel of latitude with its source.

lasted from ten o'clock to sundown. That part of the river which flows among the mountains is

He fought in this style : firing his rifle several times-then remarkably picturesque.

lying down, wiped her out-rose and fired, and so on all day. I was not fortunate enough to pass the painted rocks in the It was all bush fighting, the Indians preserving no line. Although day time; they are described as a remarkable curiosity, being he aimed at a particular Creek every shot, yet impossible to tell perhaps a quarter of a mile long and three hundred feet high.

whether he killed or not, so many firing. The banks are crowned with forests of luxuriant growth, un

The loss of the Cherokees was nineteen killed, fifty wounded. touched as yet by the civilized axe ; the oak, ash, walnut, alder; Early in the action, a Cherokee, shot in the head, fell against the sycamore, whose white limbs have been compared to a lady's him, and a bullet passed through his hair. arm, with her sleeve rolled up; the maple, whose leaves, yield

He told me that he was far more alarmed at night, when all was ing to the blast, has been likened to a troop of girls in a gale of over, and he came to recollect the scenes he had passed through wind.

that day, that while fighting. These trees are some of them overgrown with the clematis and

The Cherokees fired over the breast works of the enemy, turn other parasites, which at times embroider the entire trunk, aspire ing the muzzles of their rifles down upon them. to the topmost boughs, and hang in pendant festoons, adorned

General Jackson was not in the heat of the action, but stood with crimson flowers.

behind a little rising ground. The river is winding, and its frequent turns serve to slowly

The Cherokees, when they met in camp after the baule was unfold the curtain of the scenery. The various combinations of over, shook hands and embraced one another. river, and mountain, and woods, will well repay the traveller

Next, a party of whites and Cherokees visited the battle ground. for a trip along this stream. Much of the country on the banks

He saw Sam Houston next morning; he was badly wounded. is the land of the Cherokees, and there is a stillness, a natural The leader of the Cherokees was shot in the head, but survived. grace, a primitive wildness here, that reminds you that the foot

He mentioned that he was one of a deputation of four Cheroof the white man has seldom trod this soil.

kees, that went a year or two ago to Washington City, and had There is a curious place on this river known by the inelegant an interview with General Jackson on the subject of their remoname of the Suck. The river here is narrow and very rapid ; val. The President cut their remonstrances short, by saying 80 much so, that it took us a day or more, with twenty hands at

that it was not within his power to prevent their removal-that the windlass, to warp up. Green and well-wooded mountains it was demanded by the States, and any interference on his part arise on both sides here ; on the brow of these mountains a naked would cause more blood to be shed than all the wars that have

occurred. ledge of rocks, extending in a line, look like the lofty ramparts of a fort.

The Cherokees, he says, think they have some reason to The river hereabouts is so crooked, that where it is twenty complain of General Jackson's course towards them; and they miles around, it is only seven across. The other rapids in the say that now, in the day of his power, he ought to remember neighborhood of the Suck are known by the culinary names of the Cherokees, who stood by him at the Horse Shoe, where, but Pot, Pan, and Skillet, and a place not far above, is called the for them, he would have been beaten. Tumbling Shoals.

He was, however, reconciled to a removal, on the ground that Just above these Shoals the view is very fine; the river parts the Cherokees, being for the most part illiterate and ignorant, into two streams at an island called Tuskegee; the water tran.

are incapable of understanding the laws of the whites. The quil as the surface of a mirror, in which the banks are reflected, nation were to remove to the territory west of Arkansas in two with their lofty trees and rich foliage, and mountains rising on

years. It was his intention to go too, and as long as he lived, to each hand; looking up one branch of the river, and you behold

share the fortunes of the nation of his mother and his wife. the Lookout Mountain, reposing in silent beauty. On the other hand, the river looks like a sequestered lake,

NOTES. ernbosomed with trees. In the morning a thick veil of mist lay asleep on the mountain

The fragment of a wall of the old church, standing solitary in tops, until, dispersed by the beams of morning, glancing aslant a ploughed field, is all that remains of Jamestown. the declivities, and unmasking rocks and cliffs, that frown down

The water hereabouts is gaining on the land, and the time upon the beholder like the gloomy castles of another age and may not be far distant, when the ground on which it stood shall country.

be submerged. There are scarcely any houses along this part of the river;

As we rode along the strand of the river, I thought perhaps occasionally a log house is to be seen, or a canoe, or a group of this sand has been imprinted by the foot of Pocahontas. children at play on the banks--but for the most part mountains

The main street of Williamsburg is bounded at one end by tho and woods.

College, and at the other by the ruins of the Capitol. I have seen the Hudson, and read of the Rhine; and I doubt The College of William and Mary is an antiquated structure, whether either of these rivers can present a picture better worth which Mr. Jefferson compared to a brick-kiln with a roof on it. seeing than the Lookout Mountain, burnished in the golden In front of the College stands a statue of Norborne Berkley, colors of descending day, and towering above the Tennessee.

Lord Botetourt, one of the colonial governors. He appears in

the court dress of that day, with a short sword at his side. InTHE HALF-BREED.

scriptions on each side celebrate the virtues of his Lordship.

The marble is moulded by age, and the Governor's nose hag On board the steamboat I found a half-breed Cherokee Indian, been knocked off. who had with him a liule daughter, copper-colored and shy. The College Library contains somewhat less than four thou. He told me that he had another daughter at home, who wore sand volumes, of which many are theological. her hair a yard and a quarter long.

Some of the books were presented by Robert Dinwiddie, and In the course of our chat together, I learned from him that he have his court of arms at xed, the crest, an eagle, and the had served in the Creek war under General Jackson, and was moilo,Ubi libertas, ibi patria.in the battle of the Horse-Shoe. The Cherokees in that action In others was inscribed the name of Major General Alexander were six hundred and fifty in number. They were stationed on Spotswood, another Governor of Virginia. the bank of the Talapoosa, and ordered to guard it; but some Some were the gift of the former Presidents of the College, of them, swimming the river, took possession of the canoes of and others of the Assembly of Virginia. the Creeks, and no sooner had the Creeks raised the war-whoop, Catesby's Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Ba. than the Cherokees crossed the river in spite of their officers, 1 hama Islands, were given (as appears from a note on the first

page, in the hand-writing of Thomas Jefferson) on condition I saw the General's entry into the city in a long triumphal that it should never go out of the College. This work was procession--several thousand troops, at the head of which, on printed London, 1754, with colored plates, in two vols. folio, in horseback, a great number of officers, all the city trades, &c. English and French.

The streets along which he was to pass were crowded--theatres The Capitol was burnt only a few years since; the walls are were put up--the windows were filled with spectators--the troops still standing, which once resounded with the accents of the glittered by-the bands played martial music. At length appear. “ forest-born Demosthenes, whose thunder shook the Philip of ed an open barouche, drawn by four cream-colored horses ; in the seas."

it sat La Fayette, with his small French cocked-hat in his hand, The Old Raleigh is the name of a tavern, one room of which and Judge Peters with his hat on. The General continually is styled the Apollo, and in it the Assembly at one time met. waved his hat, and bowed to the people on all sides, who receive

In the Old Church a few years ago was to be seen the guber. ed him with thrilling cheers, and waving of handkerchiefs, natorial pew of Sir Alexander Spotswood. It was raised from smiles of beauty, and every token of gratitude, and triumph, the floor, covered with a canopy, around the interior of which and joy. his name was written in gilt letters.

Another day I saw a naval procession. The Governor's wife Two offices, appendages of Lord Dunmore's palace, are still with La Fayette, entered the navy yard which was quite noisy, extant, as also the powder magazine, the contents of which as six forty-four pounders were firing not ten steps from them. were seized by Henry and his company at the dawn of the Re Here was drawn up a company of marines, whose discipline volution. It is a small round brick edifice, with a conical roof, was the most exact I have ever seen. and now converted into a Baptist meeting house.

The corvette John Adams fired a salute or twenty-two guns, Leaving Williamsburg, I passed over a level country, which and manned her yards. afforded no evidence of being inhabited, except occasionally an old-fashioned farm-house, with its roof picturesquely velveted in


The country appears to be in a state of decay; every thing, I attended the debates of this body a fortnight. The Capitol, like the ponds, appears to stagnant. The country gentlemen in which the Convention sat, is a fine building, nobly situatedhave eaten up their estates ; their property has gone down their more so than any other I have seen in this country. gullets.

Richmond is a picturesque place; the James looks beautiful The hospitality which wastes its substance in riotous living, there in a spring morning ; the rocks, and islands, and foaming which is generous before it is just--which squanders thousands rapids, and murmuring falls, and floating mists, all light and on strangers, and leaves a legacy of debts to its heir--this it is glorious, under a clear blue sky. which has lent its aid to impoverish and depopulate the country. The Convention boasted several men of distinction--Madison, “Fools make feasts, and wise men come to eat them.”

Monroe, Giles, Marshall, Randolph, Leigh, Tazewell, &c. The water scenery at Yorktown is very fine--the waves of the Mr. Madison sat on the left of the Speaker-Mr. Monroe on wide river rippling clear and blue in the splendor of the morning the right. sun. On the opposite side is seen Gloucester point, to which Mr. Madison spoke once for half an hour; but although a pin Cornwallis attempted to cross over with his army in boats, and might have been heard to drop, so low was his tone, that from was prevented by the winds.

the gallery I could distinguish only one word, and that was, The beach of the river is smooth and wide for miles--a charm. Constitution. He stood not more than six feet from the Speaker. ing place for a ride or a walk.

When he rose, a great part of the members left their seats, and There is a cave in the solid mass of stone marl on the river. clustered around the aged statesman, thick as a swarm of bees. side, called Cornwallis's cave, in which they say, but I do not Mr. Madison was a small man, of ample forehead, and some obbelieve it, that his Lordship took shelter from the American can. liquity of vision, (I thought the effect probably of age,) his eyes non. I entered this wonderful cavern; but alas ! there is but appearing to be slightly introverted. His dress was plain; his one step from the sublime to the ridiculous--Cornwallis's cave is overcoat a faded brown surtout. converted to a hog.pen!

Mr. Monroe was very wrinkled and weather-beaten--ungraceI picked up a fragment of a bombshell within the British en. ful in attitude and gesture, and his speeches only common-place. trenchments.

Mr. Giles wore a crutch-was then Governor of the State. The house of Governor Nelson stood just within the British His style of delivery was perfectly conversational-no gesture, lines; it was riddled by the American shot. Nothing remains of no effort; but in ease, fluency and tact, surely he had not there it but some scattered brickbats.

his equal; his words were like honey pouring from an eastern Not more than a stone's throw from the present stage road, I rock. was pointed to a stake, erected on a rising ground in the next Judge Marshall, whenever he spoke, which was seldom, and field; at that spot the British General surrendered his sword. only for a short time, attracted great attention. His appearance

was revolutionary and patriarchal. Tall, in a long surtout of LA FAYETTE.

blue, with a face of genius, and an eye of fire, his mind possess

ed the rare faculty of condensation ; he distilled an argument While I was at College, La Fayette arrived at New York. I down to its essence. remember with what an electric thrill I heard the first note of There were two parties in the house ; the western, or radi. the bugle that announced his arrival in the village where our cal--the eastern, or conservative. Judge Marshall proposed College was situated. He came escorted by three hundred horse. something in the nature of a compromise. For several days we saw a succession of troops, artillery, bag. John Randolph was remarkably deliberate, distinct and em. gage-wagons, &c. passing through the village.

phatic. He articulated excellently, and gave the happiest effect La Fayette breakfasted in the refectory of the College; he was to all he said. His person was frail and uncommon-his face surrounded by officers, divines, and other distinguished persons. pale and withered, but his eye radiant as a diamond. He owed, He ate little, and conversed mostly with the President of the perhaps, more to his manner than to his matter; and his mind College, who stood near him. La Fayette gave a toast, recalling was rather poetical than logical. Yet in his own peculiar vein, the recollections which his return to the village inspired. His he was superior to any of his cotemporaries. English was ungrammatical.

Benjamin Watkins Leigh cut a distinguished figure in the La Fayette departed in Joseph Bonaparte's elegant barouche, Convention as the leader of the lowland party. His diction is drawn by four greys. He was accompanied by the Governor of clear, correct, elegant, and might be safely commited to print the State.

just as spoken. Yet high as he stands, he is not perhaps in the Soon after, I had the honor to shake hands with the General, highest rank of speakers. He never lightens, never thunders; and to have a look at him in a private house. I shook hands he can charm, he can convince, but he can hardly overw belm. with him in the State House, in the room where the Declaration Mr. Tazewell I never saw up but once, for a moment, on a of Independence was signed. The person admitted at the front point of order ; a tall, fine looking man. door passed around this room, along a cordon of officers, com. P. P. Barbour presided over the body with great dignity and ease. millee, &c. 10 where the General stood, and moving on round, of these seven extraordinary men, four have since died, to went out at the back door. Just as I came to where La Fayette wit: Monroe, Giles, Randolph, and Marshall. Mr. Leigh is stood, an old Revolutionary soldier kissed his hand.

now an U. S. Senator, and Mr. Tazewell Governor of Virginia.

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