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CHAPTER XLVI

STATISTICS OF REFORM SCHOOLS.

Boys and girls are no longer sent to the reform schools for the purpose of receiving punishment, but to be educated and taught useful trades. The aim of the reform school is to protect the helpless, to train the incorrigible to obedience, and to reform those who have wandered from the right way by education, by wholesome restraint, by moral and religious influences, and by the formation of industrial habits.

In the 88 schools represented in the Annual Report for 1896–97 there were 485 instructors and 21,213 pupils in the school departments and 11,757 pupils in the industrial departments. The total number of inmates reported was 23,696. The value of grounds and buildings was $16,319,017. The total expenditures were $4,150, 761, of which amount $601,661 was for buildings and improvements and $3,546,100 for support. The number of assistants, not including instructors in the school departments, was 1,577. There were 18,096 white inmates and 2,639 colored inmates. Thero were reportod 8,732 inmates of native parents and 5,722 of foreign-born parents. When admitted 3,065 could only read and 2,008 could neither read nor write. The number committed to the institutions during the year was 9, 174, and the number discharged was 8,952. When discharged from the schools all could read and write, and a large number had received the equivalent of a common-school education. Of those released from the institutions moro than 75 per cent are self-supporting, leading useful lives, and aro honest and respected citizens of the communities in which they live.

The North Atlantic Division reports 35 schools, 208 instructors, 9,496 pupils in the school department, and 5,665 in the industrial department. The number of inmates reported was 9,552, of which number 7,663 were males and 1,889 females. The valuo of grounds and buildings was $8,050,151. The expenditures for the year amounted to $1,800,417; for buildings and improvements, $199,728, and for support, $1,600,689. The number of assistants, not including teachers in the school departments, was 603. Of the total number of inmates 6,970 were white and 676 were colored; 2,035 had native parents and 2,508 had foreign-born parents. When committed to the institutions 714 could only read and 978 could neither read nor write. The number committed during tho year was 4,109 and the number discharged was 4,300.

Tho South Atlantic Division reports 12 schools, 56 instructors, and 1,985 pupils in the school departments and 1,309 in the industrial departments. Of the 2,002 inmates reported in the institutions 1,749 were males and 253 females. The total valno of grounds and buildings was $1,416,000. The amount expended for buildings and improvements was $58,673, and for support $217,921, making a total expenditure of $276,594. The number of assistants, not including teachers in the school departments, was 118. Of the total number of inmates 1,289 were white and 713 colored; 1,568 had native parents and 175 had foreign-born parents. When committed to the institutions 341 could only read and 444 could neither read nor write. The number committed during the year was 782, and the number discharged or reloased was 722.

The South Central Division reports 5 schools, 24 teacbers, and 1,031 pupils in the school departments. The value of grounds and buildings was $77,000. The total

amount expended was $110,640; for buildings and improvements, $21,253, and for support, $89,387. The total number of assistants, not including the teachers in the school departments, was 27. Of the total number of inmates there were 941 males and 378 females; 980 were white and 239 colored; 808 had native parents and 36 hail foreign-born parents. When committed to the institutions 539 could only read, and 58 could neither real nor write. Tho number committed during the year was 487, aud the number dischargeil was 382.

The North Central Division reports 29 schools, 183 instructors, 7,939 pupils in the school departments, and 3,524 in the industrial departments. The total number of inmates reported was 9,618, of which number 6,913 were males and 2.705 females. The value of grounds and buildings was $5,891,894. The amount expendel was $1,658,180); for buildings and improvements, $305,953, and for support, $1,362,227. The total number of assistants, not including teachers in the school departments, was 670. The number of white inmates was 7,706, and the number of colored inmites was 951. Of the total number of inmates 3,890 had native parents and 2,683 had foreign born parents. Whon committed to the institutions 1,443 could only read and 508 could neither read nor write. The number committed during the year was 3,801, and tho number discharged was 3,389.

The Western Division reports 7 schools, 14 instructors, and 792 pupils in the scbool departments, and 560 in the industrial departmeuts. The total number of inmates was 1,205; mules, 1,093, and females, 112. The value of grounds and buildings was $880,969. The amount expended was $294,930; for buildings and improvements, $19,054, and for support, $275,876. The number of assistants, not including teachers in the school departments, was 159. Of the total number of inmates 1, 151 were whites and 60 colored; 431 had native parents and 320 had foreign-born parents. The number of inmates that could only read when committed was 28, wbile 20 conld neither read nor writo. The number committed during the year was 292, and the number discharged or released was 159.

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it metractors, and TS'popla a B. di departament. The total numbe?. 1:2 i be vaire of mounds and a * *4.4; fur buridags als rasmber of as-istants, bot.*

of the total number of inase .se parents and so bad foreign iny trad wben committed was awe. 10:m. (ted during the year and 3.

United States.... 88 485 21,243 11, 757 '18, 359 5,337 23, 696 $16, 319, 017 $604, 661 $3,546, 100 North Atlantic Division. 35 208 9, 4965, 665 7, 662 1, 889 9, 552 8,050, 154 199, 728 1, 600, 689 South Atlantic Division. 12 50 1,985 1, 309 1, 749 253 2, 002 1, 416, 000 58. 673 217,521 South Central Division.. 5 21 1, 031 699 941 378 1, 319 77, 000 21, 253

89, 387 North Central Division. 29 183 7,939 3, 524 6.93 2, 705 9, 618 5, 894, 894 305, 953 | 1, 362, 2:27 Western Division ...

792 560 1, 093 112 1, 205 880, 969 19, 054 275, 876 North Atlantic Division: Maine 2 7 215 155 159 314 160, 000

46, 740 New Hampshire

1

110 125 115 25 140 100,000 10,000 16, 800 Vermont..

1
126
110 16

126 80, 000 16, 000 16, 947
Massachusetts. all 30 1, 143 288 997 146 1, 143 643, 691 30, 516 184, 012
Rhode Island..
2 6 339 101 300 39 339 223, 700

55, 112 Connecticut

2 15
705 255
450 255 705

600, 000 10.000 118, 864 New York

19 109 1, 654 3, 188 3, 846 765 4, 611 3,972, 311 106, 328 777, 268 New Jersey 3 11 834 416 673 181 854

462, 811 6, 934 111, 174 Pennsylvania a 4 20 1,320 | 1, 251 1,017 303 1,320

1, 807, 641 19, 950 South Atlantic Division:

273, 772 Dola ware.

3 2 143 113 120 23 113 150,000 6,000 13. 141 Maryland.

5 36 1, 277
1

913 1,064 230 1, 294 945, (00 35, 173 128, 313 District of Columbia. 1 8 2:24 130 224 0 224 250,000 2,500 41, 825 Virginia.

1 5 157

0 157 0 157 24, 000 10,000 15, 042 West Virginia.

1
!

153 153 153 0 153 35,000 5,000 16,500 Georgia...

1

31
0

0 31 12, 000
South Central Division:

3, 100
Kentucky
Q2

0 200 200
Tennessee
1 16 675 675 497 178 675

21, 253

51, 247 Louisiana.

1 272
0 272 0 272 47, 000

8, 140
Texas
1 2 84 24 172 0 172

30, 000 North Central Division:

30,000 Ohio 3 33 1, 525 334

1,039

486 1,525 1,069, 552 79, 667 190, 791 Indiana

2 3

203 541 261 802 375, 100 8, 150 92, 350 Illinois

5 51 1, 790 416 1, 626 321 1, 947 1, 206, 497 95,000 225, 059 Michigan

4 20 1, 004 724 1, 210 816 2, 056 90+, 531 17, 697 402, 932 Wisconsin.

2 18 603 263 412 238 650 343, 300 13, 474 193, 099 Minnesota.

a 3 19 507 282 469 48 517 621, 014 20, 840 87,579 Iowa..

2 14 617 647 495 152 647 325, 000 18,000 67, 972 Missouri 3 10 438 206 644 149

793 520, 000 45, 800 South Dakota.

81, 700 1 3 108 108 80 28 108 60, 000 Nebraska.

17, 500 6 238 238 165 73 238 235, 000 500 K11929

54, 355
2 6 335 103 232 103 335 235, 000 5, 325 48, 890
Western Division :
Montana.

1 2 61
0 49 12 61 50,000

2,500 16, 875 Colorado.

1
119 60 119 0 119 111, 700

68, 108 Utah

(c)
(c) (c) (c) (c)

(c)
(c)

(c) Washington

112 34

146
37,000

5,000 10,000 Oregon

133

133 200,000 6,500 18,000 California

10 612 500 680 66 746 482, 269 5,054 162, 893

31

1,500

a 1 school not reporting.

02 schools not reporting.

cNo report.

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North Atlantic Division:

Maine.....
New Hampshire
Vermont
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York
New Jersey

Pennsylvania ..
Sonth Atlantic Division:

Delaware
Maryland
District of Columbia..
Virginia
West Virginia

Georgia .
South Central Division :

Kentucky..
Tennessee.
Louisiana.

Texas
North Central Division:

Ohio
Indiana
Illinois.
Michigan
Wisconsin
Minnesota
Iowa...
Missouri
South Dakota
Nebraska

Kansas...
Western Division:

Montana
Colorado
Utah c..
Washington.
Oregon..
Calffornia

0 50 98 91

20 283 184

180 314 45

200 172

6

81

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