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TABLE 2.--Statistics of manual and industrial training-Branches taughtContinued.

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Indian Industrial School, Phoenix, Ariz.- Sewing..
Continued.

Cooking.
Sloyd
Carpentry
Wood turning
Carving
Forging
Vigo work
Machine-shop work
Farın or garden work
Bricklaying

Painting
Fort Yuma Indian School, Yuma, Ariz... Sewing..

Cooking
Carpentry
Farin or garden work

Shoemaking Greonville Indian Industrial School, Groen. Sewing. ville, Cal.

Cooking.
Indian School, Perris, Cal..

Sewing
Cooking
Carpentry
Carving
Farm or garden work
Bricklaying

Painting
Fort Lewis Indian Industrial School, Free-land drawing.
Hesperus, Colo.

Mechanical drawing
Clay modeling.
Paper cutting and folding.
Sewing.
Cooking
Sloyd
Carpentry
Forging
Sheet-metal work
Molding.
Vise work
Machine-shop work
Farm or garden work
Printing

Painting
Fort Lapwai School, Lapwai, Idaho .... Sewing

Cooking
Farm or garden work

Blacksmithing
Chilocco Indian Training School, Arkansas Clay inodeling.
City, Kans.

Paper cutting and folding.
Sewing
Cooking
Carpentry.
Farm or garden work
Painting
Tailoring
Shoemaking.
Baking
Housekeeping
Nursery.

Engineer.
Haskell Institute, Lawrence, Kans....... Free-hand drawing.

Mechanical drawing
Clay modeling...
Paper cutting and folding
Sewing
Cooking.
Sloyd
Carpentry.
Farm or garden work

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SCHOOLS FOR MANUAL AND INDUSTRIAL TRAINING.

2293

TABLE 2.-Statistics of manual and industrial training-Branches taughtContinued.

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Iooking.
Soyd
Wood turning.
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Machine shop work

oe garden work

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Haskell Institute, Lawrence, Kan.-Cont'd. Printing

Painting
Mount Pleasant Indian School, Mount Sewing..
Pleasant, Mich.

Carpentry.
Farm or garden work
Cooking
Laundry

Housekeeping
Pipestone Indian Training School, Pipe- Sewing...
stone, Minn.

Cooking

Farm or garden work
Fort Shaw Indian Training School, Sun Free-hand drawing..
River, Mont.

Mechanical drawing
Paper cutting and folding
Sewing..
Cooking
Sloyd
Carpentry
Carving
Forging
Sheet metal work
Vise work...
Farm or garden work
Tailoring

Shoemaking
Carson Indian Industrial School, Carson Free-land drawing.
City, Nov.

Mechanical drawing
Clay modeling
Paper cutting and folding
Sewing...
Cooking
Carpentry.
Wood turning
Pattern making
Forging..
Molding
Vise work.

Farm or garden work
Indian School, Albuquerque, N. Mex... Paper cutting and folding

Sewing...
Cooking..
Carpentry.
Carving
Farm or garden work
Laundry
Tailoring
Shoemaking.

Harness making
United States Indian Industrial School, Sewing.
Santa Fe, N. Mex.

Cooking
Carpentry
Forging
Farm or garden work
Painting
Laundry
Baking
Nursing.
Leather work
Housekeeping

Engineering
Cherokee Training School, Cherokee, N.C.. Paper cutting and folding.

Sewing...
Cooking..
Carpentry
Vise work..

Farm or garden work
Indian Industrial School, Fort Totten, Clay modeling...
N. Dak.

Paper cutting and folding.

20 20 20 20 20 40 40

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TABLE 2.-Statistics of manual and industrial training-Branches taught_Continued.

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Indian Industrial School, Fort Totten, Sewing.
N. Dak.--Continued.

Cooking
Carpentry..
Farm or garden work
Leather work
Tailoring.
Plumbing
Laundry
Baking..

Housekeoping
Seger Colony School, Colony, Okla... Sewing.

Cooking
Carpentry..

Farm or garden work
United States Indian Industrial School, Freo-hand drawing..
Carlisle, Pa.

Mechanical drawing
Clay modeling...,
Paper cutting and folding-
Sewing..
Cooking and baking
Sloyd
Carpentry.
Forging and viso work.
Sheot-metal work
Farm or garden work
Bricklaying and plastering
Printing
Painting
Dairying.
Tailoring
Steam titting..
Harness making
Shoemaking

Laundry
Flanırcan Indian Industrial School, Flan. Free-hand drawing.
dreau, S. Dak.

Paper cutting and folding.
Sewing.
Ccoking.
Baking..

Farm or garden work
Pierre Indian Industrial School, Pierre, Free-hand drawing..
S. Dak.

Mechanical drawing
Clay modeling....
Paper cutting and folding.
Sewing.
Cooking.
Sloyd
C:rpentry
Wood turning
Pattern making
Machine-shop work
Farın or gartlen work
Painting

Engineering.
Tomah Indian Industrial School, Tomah, Clay modeling..
Wis.

Paper cutting and folding.
Sewing
Cooking
Carpentry
Farmı or garden work.

Painting
United States Indian School, Wittenberg, Free-hand drawing.
Wis.

Paper cutting and folling.
Sewing..
Cooking
Carpentry.
Farm or garden work.
Painting

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References to preceding Reports of the United States Burean of Education, in which

this subject has been treated: In Annual Reports—1870, pp. 61, 337-339; 1871, pr. 6, 7, 61-70; 1872, pp. xvii, xviii; 1873, p. lxvi; 1875, p. xxiii; 1876, p. xvi; 1877, pp. xxxiii-xxxviii; 1878, pp. xxviii-xxxiv; 1879, pp. xxxix-xlv; 1880, p. lviii; 1881, p. lxxxii; 1882–83, pp. liv, xlviii-lvi, xlix, 85; 1883–84, p. liv; 1881-83, p. lxvii; 1885–86, pp. 596, 650–656; 1886–87, pp. 790, 874-881; 1887–88, pp. 20, 21, 167, 169, 988–998; 1888–89, pp. 768, 1412–1439; 1889–90, pp. 620, 621, 624, 631, 1073-1102, 1388–1392, 1395–1485; 1890-91, pp. 620, 624, 792, 808, 915, 961-980,, 1169; 1891–92, pp. 8, 686, 688, 713, 861-867, 1002, 1234–1237; 1892–93, pp. 15, 442, 1554-1572, 1976; 1893-91, pp. 1019-1061; 1894–95, pp. 1331–1424; 1895–96, pp. 2081-2115; also in Circulars of Information-No. 3, 1883, p. 63; No. 2, 1886, pp. 125-133; No. 3, 1888, p. 122; No. 5, 1888, pp. 53, 54, 59, 60, 80–86; No. 1, 1892, p. 71. Special Report on District of Columbia for 1869, pp. 193, 300,

301-400. Special report, New Orleans Exposition, 1881-85, pp. 468–470, 775–781. The total enrollment in the public schools of tho 16 Southern States and tho District of Columbia for the year 1896-97 was 5,398,076, the number of colored children being 1,460,084 and the number of white children 3,937,992. The estimated number of children in the South from 5 to 18 years of age was 8,625,770. Of this number 2,816,310, or 32.65 per cent, were children of the negro race, and 5,809,430, or 67.35 per cent, were white children. By reference to Table 1 on page 2297 it will be seen that the number of colored children enrolled was 51,84 per cent of the colored school population, and the number of white children enrolled was 67.79 per cent of the white school population. The average daily attendance in the public schools of the Southern States was 3,565,611, the number in the colored schools being 901,505, or 61.95 per cent of the colored school enrollment, and the number in average attendance in the white schools boing 2,661,106, or 67.58 per cent, of the white school enrollment.

It may be noted that in Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina the colored school population exceeds the white school population. In Kentucky the number of colored children enrolled was 65.52 per cent of the colored school population, a percentage of enrollment for the coloreil schools greater than in any other State, and larger than the percentage of white enrollment in at least six of the Southern States. In the colored schools of Alabama, Arkansas, Lonisiana, and South Carolina the average daily attendance was a greater percentage of their enrollment than was credited to the white schools of the same States upon their enrollment. Of the 119,893 public school teachers in the Southern States, 27,435 belong to the colored

There was one colored teacher to every 33 colored children in average attendance, and one white teacher to every 29 white children in average attendance.

For the year 1896–97 the total expenditure for the public schools of the 16 Southern States and the District of Columbia was $31,144,801. The cost of the schools for the colored race can not be accurately stated, but a fair estimate would place the cost of the colored schools at about $6,575,000. This is sometbing over 20 per cent of the aggregate expenditure for the Southern States, while the average attendance of colored children was about 26 per cent of the entire average attendance of white and colored pupils. Since 1870 the amount of money expended for public schools in

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the South has reached $514,922,268. It is believed that about $100,000,000 of this Bum must have been expended for the education of the colored children. The total expenditure for each year, and the aggregate for the twenty-seven years, as well as the common school enrollment of white and of colored children for each year since 1876 are shown in Table 2 on the next page.

SECONDARY AND HIGHER EDUCATION.

There are at least 178 schools in the United States for the secondary and higher education of colored youth exclusively. For the year 1896-97 only 169 of tirese schools reported to this office. Of this number 1 was in Illinois, 2 in Indiana, 1 in New Jersey, 2 iu Ohio, and 3 in Pennsylvania, the remaining 160 being in the Southcrii States. These schools are all to be found classified according to their grades in the lists of universities and colleges, normal schools, and public and private secondary schools in other chapters of this annual report, but more coinplete statistics are given for each of these schools in detail in Tables 9 and 10 of this chapter, and summarized in Tables 3 to 8.

Table 3 shows that in the 169 schools there were employed 1,795 professors and teachiers, 787 males and 1,008 females. There was a total enroliment in these schools of 15,402 students, 20,243 males and 25,159 females, an increase of 5,275 over the enrollment of the previous year. In collegiate grades there were 2,108 students, 1,526 males and 582 fowales, an increase of 653 over the previous year. In the secondary grates there were 15,203 students, 6,944 males and 8,259 females, an increase of 1,640 over the year before. In the elementary grades of these secondary and collegiate institutions there were 28,091 pupils, 11,773 males and 16,318 females, an increase of 2,993 over the year 1895-96.

The classification of students according to courses of study is given in Table 4 and part of Table 3. In all the colored schools there were 2,410 students pursuing the classical course, 1,312 males and 1,098 females. There were 974 students in scientific corses, 447 males and 527 females. In English courses there were 11,340 students, 4,667 males and 6,673 females. The business courses had 295 students, 179 males and 116 females. Table 5 shows that there were 5,081 students in normal or teachers' training courses, 2,382 males and 2,699 females.

Table 5 shows that there were 117 graduates from college courses, 103 males and 14 females. There were 1,256 graduates from normal courses, 537 males and 719 females. The high school courses had 846 graduates, 333 males and 513 females,

The number of students pursuing professional courses and the number of graduates from such courses are given in Table 6. Iu all there were 1,311 professional students, 1,137 males and 174 females. There were 611 students and 68 graduates in theology, 104 students and 30 graduates in law, 315 students and 71 gradnates in medicine, 38 students and 10 graduates in dentistry, 39 students and 20 graduates in pharmacy, and 174 students and 35 graduates in nurse training.

Table 7 shows that in the 169 schools for the colored race there were 13,581 pupils and students receiving industrial training, 4,970 males and 8,611 females. The number in indlistrial training was almost 40 por cent of the total enrollinent iu these schools. There were 1,027 of these pupils being trained in farm and garden work, 1,496 in carpentry, 166 in bricklaying, 144 in plastering, 149 in painting, 85 in tin and sheet metal work, 227 iu forging, 248 in machine-shop work, 185 iu shoemaking, 68:' in printing, 6,728 in sewing, 2,349 in cooking, and 2,753 in other trades.

The financial summary of the 169 colored schools is given in Table 8. In the libraries of these schools there were 224,794 volumes, valued at $203,731. The aygregato value of grounds, buildings, furniture, and scientific apparatus was $7,714,958. The value of benefactions or lequests received during the year 1896-97 was $303,050. The scloole received froin public funds for support for the year $271,839, from tuition fees $141,262, from productive funds $92,080, and from sources not name $510,097, making an aggregate income of $1,045,278 for the year.

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