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Students in certain courses and studies in public and private high schools and academics.

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The above synopsis shows the number and per cent of students, male and female, in college preparatory courses, as well as the number and per cent in the 16 leading high-school studies. It may be pointed out that a greater proportion of male students study Greek, algebra, geometry, and trigonometry, while a greater proportion of female students study Latin, French, astronomy, physiology, rhetoric, and history.

Tables 33 to 38, inclusive, show the number of students in each State in each of the 16 studies, and the number of schools in which the studies are taught. Thus, Latin was taught in 6,112 schools, while Greek was taught in only 1,938; French was taught in 1,869 schools and German in 2,492; algebra was taught in 7,055 schools, geometry in 6,282, and trigonometry in 1,551; astronomy was taught in 2,011 schools, physies in 5,778, chemistry in 2,757, physical geography in 5,616, geology in 1,817, plıysiology in 5,477, psychology in 1,535, rhetoric in 6,148, and history, other than that of the United States, in 6,063 schools.

If the number of students pursuing the more important high-school studies has increased from year to year, this would indicate that the schools are becoming stronger by insisting upon strict adherence to well-selected courses from which mere elementary studies have been eliminated. The following table serves to illustrate the growth of the schools in this regard since 1890:

Per cent of total number secondary students in public and private high schools and academies

in certain courses and studies, etc.

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The distribution of secondary students among eight classes of institutions is shown in the brief summary on the first page of this chapter. The total number of such students is given as 584,904, of which number the public and private high schools reviewed in this chapter had 517,066. The distribution of secondary students in the eight classes of institutions and by States is given in Tables 39 and 40. It is shown that there were 420,459 of these students in public institutions; 409,433 being in public high schools; 5,881 in the preparatory departments of public universities, and colleges, and 5,145 in public normal schools. Of the 164,445 secondary students in private institutions, 107,633 were in private high schools, academies, and seminaries; 45,809 in the preparatory departments of private universities and colleges; 7,585 in private normal schools, and 3,418 in manual training schools.

Table 41 shows the number of secondary students to each 1,000 of population in the United States and in each State. For the whole country there was an average of a little over 8 such students to 1,000 inhabitants. For the North Atlantic Division the average was 8.97; for the South Atlantic, 4.72; for the South Central, 4.92; for the North Central, 10.59, and for the Western Division, 8.35. The average for Maine was 17.77; for Iowa, 14.61; for Vermont, 14.59; for Massachusetts, 14.29; for New Hampshire, 14.14; for the District of Columbia, 13.39; for Michigan, 12.72; for Ohio 12.37, and for Nebraska, 12.58.

The number of students in higher education to each 1,000 inhabitants in each State is given in the last column of Table 41. The 140,133 students receiving higher instruction include all the college and resident graduate students in universities and colleges, and all professional students in theology, medicine, and law in all the institutions. The independent professional schools are included, as well as those classed as departments of universities. Students of normal schools and schools of dentistry, pharmacy, veterinary surgery, and nurse training are not here included.

Table 42 contains in detail the statistics of the 5,109 public high schools, and Table 43 gives similar statistics of the 2,100 private high schools and academies and other institutions for private secondary instruction.

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TABLE 1.-Public high schoolsNumber of schools, seeondary instructors, secondary

students, and elementary pupils in 1896–97.

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United States ... 5, 109 7, 658 9, 151 16, 809 173, 445 235, 988 149.433 1, 965 3, 512 5, 477 67, 981 70, 080 138, 061

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North Atlantic Di. vision

1, 227 1, 960 3, 194 5,151 51, 553 71, 846 126, 399 308 459 767 12, 316 13, 647 25, 963 Sonth Atlantic Divi. sion.

355

437 533 970 8, 620 11, 901 20,521 329 797 1, 1267, 976 7,755 15, 731 South Central Divi. sion.

530 717 660 1,377 12, 585 17, 067 29, 652 316 661 980 11, 953 11,527 23, 480 North Central Divi. sion.

2, 781 4, 1174, 342 8, 459 89, 407 122, 131 210, 538 994 1,546 2, 540 34, 992 36, 346 71, 338 Western Division 213 427 422 810

9, 280 13, 043 22, 323 18

64 744 805 1,549 North Atlantic Di.

vision: Maine.

151 162 158 320 3, 642 4,535 8, 177 1 8 9 1, 205 1, 151 2,356 New Hampshiro .. 52 58 91 149 1, 499 1,959 3, 458 0 0

0

289 324 613 Vermont

50 46 79 125 1, 167 1, 585 2, 752 1 1 2 516 525 1,041 Massachusetts 225 456 801 1,260 13, 939 17,421 31, 360 61 93 157

497 970 Rhode Island

14
63

68 131 1, 266 1, 643 2, 909 13 14 27 109 119 228 Connecticut.

64 105

174
279 2, 699 3, 427 6, 126 5 16 21 284

336 New York

314 495 1,079 1,574) 17, 866 21, 091 38, 957 66 98 164 6, 856 8,073 14, 929New Jersey, 76 117 247 364 3, 427

5, 189

8, 016 38 54 92 670 059 1, 329 Pennsylvania 251 458 494 952 9, 048 14, 996 24, 044 120 175 295 1,914 1, 963 3,877 South Atlantic Divi

sion: Dela varo 15 33 48 485 766 1, 251 0 0

28

05 Maryland 57 69 126 1, 690 1,737 3, 427 0 0

693 581 1, 274 District of Colum

4

55 99 924 1, 489 2, 413 215 513 728 0 01 0 Virginia

64 69 105 174 1, 418 2,050 3, 468 34 105 139 1,843 1,664 3, 507 West Virginia 25 32 42 74 510 789

1, 299

5 20 25 290 352 642 North Carolina. 12 15 13 28 179 293

472 4

8 359 478 837 Soutl: Carolina. 67 71 69 140 1,068 1, 235 2, 303 29 50 79 1,704 1, 573 3, 277 Georgia

100 98 119 217 1,814 2, 838 4, 652 41 98 139 2, 363 2, 445 4, 808 Florida 28 36 28 64 532 704 1, 236 1 7 8 696

625

1, 321 South Central Divi.

sion: Kentucky 53 83 94 177 1, 625

2,174 3,799 56 190 246 766 734 1,500 Tennessee

97 122 89 211 2,061 2, 744 4, 805 95 196 291 2,561 2, 375 4,936 Alabama

52 50 67 126 1, 106 1, 441 2, 547 16 40 56 1,015 963 2, 008 Mississippi

81 90 81 171 1,411 1, 740 3, 151 75 125 2002, 160 2, 037 4,197 Louisiana 18 32 51 83 423 1,002 1, 425 20 35 55

312 214 526 Texas

181 260 228 489 4, 637 6, 468 11, 105 32 28 60 4,160 4, 472 8, 632 Arkansas 43 61 45 106 1, 127

2, 480
22 50 72

764 725 1, 489 Oklahoma

3
4 8 85

145

230 0 0 0 5 7 12 Indian Territory. 2 6 1 7 110

0
110 0 0 0 180 0

180 North Central Divi.

sion : Ohio

581 832 743 1,575 16, 408 21, 550 37, 958 212 330 542 9, 160 9, 399 18, 550 Indiana

345 569 359 928 9, 447 11, 897 21, 344 172 234 4065, 169 5, 315 10, 484 Illinois..

327 590 629 1,219 12, 545 19, 364 31, 909 188 276 464 3,543 3,701 7, 244 Michigan

285
397
585 982 10,952 14, 793 25, 745 36

49
85 3, 959 4, 110

8, 069 Wisconsin 181 260 337 597

6,830

8, 757 15,587 10 9 19 1,677 1,884 3, 561 Minnosota

102 172 288 460 4,500 6,050 10, 550 12 22 34 1, 158 1, 187 2, 345 Iowa.

325 428 578 1,006 10, 268 14,358 24, 626 31 47 78 3, 760 3,994 7, 754 Missouri

189 317 320 637 6, 790 10, 030 16, 820 193 300 493 1, 508 1, 446 2, 954 North Dakota 21 21 30 51 372

909 1 0

269 272

541 South Dakota

29
28
38 66 603 817 1, 420 1 2 3

173 346 Nebraska 219 256 226 482

4,985

7, 126 12, 111 15 25 40 3,734 3,896 7, 630 Kansas.

174 247 209 456 4,707 6, 852 11, 559 123 252 375 882 969 1, 851 Western Division: Montana 14 13 29 42 404 539 943 1 0

0
0

0 Wyoming

2 2 6
8 103 117 220 1 0 1 0 0

0 Colorado 41 107 89 196 1,884

4,635
8 28 36 126 174

300 New Mexico

7 3
10
131 206

21 17 38 Arizona 6 2 8 59 68 127

0
0
0

0 Utah 14 11 25 261 389 650

1 3

0
0

0 Nevada.

6
12 16 147 228 375

1 1

3
2

5 Idaho 7 9 4 13 108 184 292 0 3 3

193

426 Washington. 31 51 42 93 1, 068 1, 493 2, 561 2 7

247 283 530 Oregon 12 22 26 48 632 889 1,521 2

77 147 California,

86 192
198 390 4,539 6, 254 10, 793 2

59 103

1, 353

537

173

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TABLE 2.-Public high schoolsNumber of secondary students in college preparatory

cour868; number of graduates and college preparatory students in graduating class in 1896-97.

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246

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United States.... 13, 546 13, 562 27, 115 12, 461 10, 274 22, 735 18, 261 31, 781 50, 042 6, 695 7, 946 14, 641 8, 661 North Atlantic Divi. sion

6, 374 4,983 11, 357 4, 437 2, 252 6, 689 S, 084 10, 155 16, 239 2, 116 1, 860 3, 976 4, 920 South Atlantic Divi. sion

999 1,017 2,016 274 95 359 561 1, 454 2,018 213 281 494 953 South Central Divi. sion.

1, 308 1,527 2, 835 666 623 1,289 871 1, 703 2, 574 371 533 901 321 North Central Divi.

4, 273 5, 2709, 543 6,114 6,365 12, 479 9,697 16, 693 26, 390 3, 472 4, 600 8,072 1, 454 Western Division.... 592 772 1,361 970 939 1, 909 1,015 1,776 2, 821 523 672 1, 195 1,011 North Atlantic Divi.

sion : Maine

584 552 1, 136 236 107 343 379 654 1,033 132 129 261 236 New Hampshire 191 191 382 172 117 289 175 308 483 61

72

133 220 Vermont 112 93 205 140 189 329 131

227 358 74 77 151 250 Massachusetts 2, 316 2,003 4, 319 1, 172 334 1, 506 1, 841 2, 792 4,633 605 574 1,179 3,783 Rhode Island.

396 274 670 97 67 164 177 221 398 109 49 158 0 Connecticut.

398 320 718
389 54 443

374

567 941 137 78 215 75 New York

1,500

890 2,390 1,366 842 2, 208 1,269 1, 962 3,231 543 516 1,059 279 New Jersey 296 210 500 330

576

480 855) 1, 335 115 125 240 50 Pennsylvania

581 450 1,031 535 2961 831 1,258 2,569 3, 827 340 240 580 27 South Atlantic Divi.

sion: Delaware

31 47 78 15 0 15 54 129 183 16 16 32 0 Maryland

18 62 6 0 0 82 232 314 26 5 31 0 District of Columbia 78 41 119 75 5 80 63 183 246 16 11

27 588 Virginia 195 153 348 33 11

91 289 380 20 20 40 0 West Virginia

54 49 103 14 4 18 52 111 163 22 19 41 0 North Carolina.. 37 37 74 8 11 19 20

776 13 31 44 0 South Carolina. 204 224 428 52 30 82 82 135 217 45 62 107 187 Georgia

341 424 765 53 29 82 92 274 366 51 107 158 50 Florida. 15 24 39 18 5 23 28 45 73

10 14 130 South Central Divi.

sion:
Kentucky

156
194 350 80 59 139 127 244 371

90 129 0 Tennessee.

186 198 384 90 101 197 198 325 523 58 84 142 0 Alabama 88 101 189

25 69 49 130 179 17 20 37 0 Mississippi

195 247 442 120 102 2:22 85 156 211 40 58 98 28 Louisiana

19 34 53 25 37 62 63 172 235 55 37 92 0 Texas 478 581 1, 059 198 234 432 276 532 808 134

194

328 58 Arkansas 176 167 343 63 65 128 65 132

197

28 44 72 28 Oklahoma

10 5
15 0 0
0 2 12 14 0 6

6 Indian Territory.

0 0

40
40 6 0 6

0 160 North Central Divi.

sion : Ohio

815 784 1, 599 650 577 1,227 1,830 3, 189 5, 019 567 604 1,171 127 Indiana

295 283 578 353 225 578 978 1,597 2, 575 278 309 587 167 Illinois...

602 731 1, 333 870 955 1,825 1,400 2,767 4, 167 443 630 1,073 149 Michigan

415 449 864 1, 217 1, 1262, 313 1, 138 1,792 2, 930 412 506 918 62 Wisconsin

258 307
565

854 752 1, 116 1, 868 252 295 517 0 Minnesota

99 186 285 948 1,203 2, 151 494 785 1,279 311 411 722 94 Iowa..

604 950 1,554 623 615 1, 238 1,322 2,064 3, 386 495 702 1, 197 343 Missouri 394 495 889 378

819 577 1,269 846

201

578 North Dakota..

37
81 18 18 36 34 50 84 16

16 32 0 South Dakota

16
35 41 36
70 129 199 20 15

35

0 Nebraska

287 409 096 291 377 668 505 1,047 1,642 225 307 532 296 Kansas..

451 613 1,064 281 379 603 507 888 1, 395 252 423 680 96 Western Division: Montana.

21 36 60 34 23 57 37 56 93 15 31 46 274 Wyoming 20 21 41 1

3 15 25 40 12 20 32 0 Colorado

144 188 332 305 376 681 186 347 533 67 129 196 617 New Mexico.

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Arizona.
3 9 12

0
4 8 3

5
Utah
60 60 120 30 10 40 10 27 37 5

13 Nevada 1 1 2 19 25

15 48 63 5 4 9 0 Idaho

5 11 16 4 8 12 12 24 36 4 9 13 0 Washington.

48 61 109 50 67 117 123 217 340 35 491 84 40 Oregon.

8
8 16 1 3
81 147 228 2

9 0 California

279 377

636
524 425 919 559 869 1,428 374

412 786 80

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TABLE 3.-Public high schools-Number of secondary students pursuing ancient languages

in 1896-97.

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North Atlantic Division:

Maino
New Hampshire.
Vermont.
Massachusetts.
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York.
New Jersey...

Pennsylvania.
South Atlantic Division:

Delaware
Maryland.
District of Columbia
Virginia ..
West Virginia.
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia.

Florida
South Central Division:

Kentucky
Tennessee
Alabama.
Mississippi
Louisiana..
Texas.
Arkansas..
Oklahoma

Indian Territory
North Central Division:

Ohio
Indi:ına.
Illinois
Michigan.
Wisconsin.
Minnesota
Iowa...
Missouri.
North Dakota
South Dakota..
Nebraska..

Kangas
Western Division:

Montana.
Wyoming
Colorado.
New Mexico.
Arizona
Utah
Nevada
Idaho..
Washington
Oregon
California

50 72 47 71 14 166 40 2 2

934 967 601 635

368 1, 995 458 42 67

1,587 1, 576 895 900

823 3, 380 629 62 0

2,521
2,543
1, 496
1,535
1, 191
5, 375
1, 087
104
67

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6 12

1 16 9

156
26
78
41

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52
23

186
48
82
69

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109
37

57
14

389

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22 18 148 39 53 471

242 2,561

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149 2,819

65 47 321 148

142 1, 106

492 5, 929

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43 29 173 109

89 635

250 3, 368

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