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NOTE ON ESKIMO BIBLIOGRAPHY.

By SHELDOX JACKSON,

United States General Agent of Education in Alaska.

A very complete “Bibliography of the Eskimo Language” has been compiled by Mr. James C. Pilling, and published by the Bureau of Ethnology, Washington, D. C. Whoever examines its pages must be impressed with the large number of persons who have unpublished manuscripts, containing from a score to a few hundred words; the large number of printed reports of Arctic explorations, which contain a partial list of words and phrases; and the fact that there is not a single comprehensive English-Eskimo vocabulary in print, and accessible to teachers and others, among the Alaskan Eskimos.

Among the most important in the past are

Dr. Benjamin S. Barton's Vocabulary of the Greenlanders (from Cranz). 8 vo; pages, 132. Pub. Philadelphia, 1798.

Eskimaux and English Vocabulary, compiled by Capt. John Washington, R. N., and published by order of the lords commissioners of the admiralty for the use of the Artic Expedition in Search of Sir John Franklin. Oblong 12 mo.

160 pages. London. 1850.

English-Aleutian Dictionary prepared by Stephen N. Buynitzky, and published by the Alaska Commercial Company. San Francisco, 1871. 8 vo.

Tho above are out of print.

The most recent vocabulary that is available is that of Lieut. P. H. Ray, in the Report of the International Polar Expedition to Point Barrow. 4°. Washington, D. C., 1885.

This volume gives 711 words and 307 phrases, as used by the Eskimo at Point Barrow.

Perhaps the most important contribution to tho Eskimo language is in process of preparation by L. M. Turner, in his observations made in 1882–1884, and will be published in connection with the Signal Service of the United States Army.

It will contain a vocabulary of the Koksoagmyut of over 7,000 words; the Unalit of Norton Sound, 3,000 words; the Malim yut, Norton Sound, 250 words; and the Unalaska-Alyut Dictionary of 1,900 words.

13 pp.

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ANGLO-ESKIMO VOCABULARY-Continned.

ANGLO-ES

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Nat taga

Arm
Around
Arrive
Arrived
Arrow
Ashamed
Ashamed
Ashes
Ashes
Asile

sleep
Assembly house
Assembly house
Assist
Astragal
At
Aunt
Aurora
Aurora
durora
Austero
Autumn
Autumn
Awaken
Away
Awhilo
Awl
Axo
Axe
Baby
Bachelor
Back
Back and forth
Back there
Backbone
Bad
Ball, very
Bad person
Badger
Bag
Bag of oil
Bald
Balcan
Ball
Ball, foot
Ball (to wind)
Band
Bank
laro
Baro
Bark of dog
Bark of tree
Bark of tree
Barnacle
Barrel
Bashful
Basket
Bass
Bathe
Batter
Battle
Battlo
Bay
Bayo1
Beach
Beau
Beak
Bean
Bear, whito
Bear, brown
Bear, black
Bear, cub
Beard
Beard
Beat
Beautiful
Beaver
Beat
Bee
Beetlo
Beetle, water
Beggar
Behind
Believe
Bell
Belt

Kat.cha
Ootkwea wk'to
Te ket py
To kik'took
Kokaroot
Kunuchook'to
Eyoslo'to
Ok'ave
Ok'erook
Kung'ea
Sinikto ka
Koz geet
Kozre'geet
Nuluhok'to
Po a lo'ra
Nesha'na
Nin'cha
Kel go'aro
Kel gak'aya
Koli look
Kollung a ro'a
Ookeok'tuk
Ookcok to
Mukletin
(otik too
Nan ak'amo
Kap ote'ok
Anow ok'loon
Kat'la pak
Il ilegah
Nuleet' gut chuk
Too loo a'ne
Alep'eta
Tah run'e
At tat'a
Ashoo'ruk
Ashoo'pi akto
Ilu'alok
Seek sreek'puk
Ok kah'zluk
Ot kok'to
Solin'rot
Sho'kok
Nnkpah
Okarok
Klu ga tok'tuk
Na pwe ha'ta
Kali re'a
Oo te mer'o
Oo ting'aroa
Mug'aru
Kus shel'look
Kot tel loo
Na koo'nok
Kottow'ruk
Tal uk'satuk
Kollu
She'oak
Im uk'tuk
Ah koo'to
Oongaye'o whik
Top a rek to it
In uk'a zrook
Toak kook
Kah ok tuk'too it
Shung ow'ro
Kob'a roon
Ko mor'ra
Nau'ook
Og'alok
E varok
Tollu
Mug'wa
Kog la oo'tin
Tig lu rok'toak
Al re'gay
Pal look ta
Oo'lcet
Ma loo gi'a sok
In'yok
Nah che'dok
Oo ma gib'o
Pe chu ru'ik
E che malo
Ah kook'a look
Tap'che

Bendl

Perik'a Bend

Na wing'a way Bend not

Na wing'ichuk Berries

As slie'it Berries

A se'ret Berries, dark

So'whot Betrotbed

We a kok'to Between

Woon a ye'ok Beyond

Attan'e Big

Ong a ru'rum Big, very

Ong a ruit Bind

Chimo ra Birch

Ush'uk Birch

Oo re ge'lik Bird

Ting mo'ak Bird

Kah'wa Birds

Ting me'ret Bird's nest

Chap poo'te Bird-sparo

Se uk setik Birth

On'e rook Bite

King mok'tit Bitter

Ah'kok Black

Tawk to'ak Black

Mun ok'to ak Black lead

Oo rok'sa kon
Black one

Tawk ta loo'ret
Black skin, whale Muk'tuk
Black skin, whale Kah'tuk
Black skin, whale

Nuk tung
Bladder

Nat kot'chu Black-tanned leather Se loung'ok Blade of steel

Chow we'ruk Blanket

Oo lig'a ra Bleed

(ukle to Blind

Tap pe'ko
Blindfold
Blister

Peo'wo
Blister

E ku kum'a Blizzard

E re luk'choak Block and tackle An o'ko luk Block and tackle Na luke'e gah Blood

Owk Blow breath

Chu blu ok'to Blow nose

Kok ik'cho Blow nose

Kok iktanga Blue

Tawk rek'to ak Blue bird

Oo ke uk tow'ruk Blush

Ka rek pul'uk to Boat, open

Oo melak Boat, closed

Ky'ak Boil

Kollek'to Boil over

Pe too whok'to Bolt

Ke ka okitit Bolt

Ke lu'ta Bone

Chal nok Bone, remore

Chal nok'cho Bonfire

Ek woil'aro Book

Mop po'gah Book

Kallo'ket Boot

Kuum'ma Boot, bottom of sole Che bo'a Boot, deer

Pin u'kuli Boot, deer

Nal lo'it Boot, long

Kom'mnk.ip pwoʻsluk Boot, long

A kooptik'ten Boot, short

Ni ho'set Boot heel

Kim me'a Boot instep

Allo'a Boot laces

Se ne'a Boot soles

At tunga Boot tap

Un'ye Boot upper

Koug'a Border

Ok koo'ra Border

Ale geet'ko tah Bother

Shu goon na ah gal'tin Bottlo

Toak a la youk'to Botulo

Tok a la you tow'ruk Bottle

Mish o ak'to Bottle, small

Mish o oaktow ro Bottom

Nat'kal Bottom

Nal tah'ga
Bow, to shoot

Pe shik'she
Bow, of a ship She'wa
Box

A upe'kot
Box, small

A upe'karook Box, very small Soo loo gowrook

Il yasa Vooka Komuna Kawek su ruls Ornga Ali zle ak Shun neok tuk Kolippe Kit tox rak Kotogah Koliqistik Koga cot Eot me yung In suka Koera Koo sin Rob Tor Otec Pe che kok to Shelute Puoliow to (o tuk 100 Ostet tin ate Eka ma To & Xip ter uk Etik se moc 111 Nowaroi hut Okpeek

To ty ra Mit ko alo Mirko a lo ret Toka luka al Chah ali lina Chuk a mikat ( ze ok Tatow'ruk Xoktoak-Feit Alkea (haka louk Cutk alone Sagot etung in Atin aloo Of buh Kao te Kah ko rah' al Anu wapeluk

H

Pukesty

Alitoa
tek ta ut korça

Sachos a tuk
Kebuit
Koloont
Flik amok
Esbaw estilo

ANGLO-ESKIMO VOCABULARY-Continued.

Boy Boys Boy, half grown Bracelet Bracelet Bracelet Bracelet Bracelet, bead Bracelet wire Brain Brain Brant Braut Brass Bread Bread Breai, liard Bread, hard Break Breakers Breast Breast of bird Breathio Bridgo Briglit Bring Brin Brittle Broken Broken, not Broom Broth Brother Broiler, elder Brother, younger Brow Brown Bruise Bruise Brush Bucket Bucket Bucket Bucket Bucklo Bad Bug Bullet Biulet-mold Bull-load fish Bump Bundlo Buoy Barn Burn Buruing earth Burrow Burnt Bush. edible Basics Butt Butto Buties Butterily Butterfly Buttertly Butterfly pupa Button Button-hole Buy Cache Cacho Calf of leg Calico Call Call a person Call a person Calm Cau Cancer Canvas-back duck Cap Cap, gun Cap, gun Cap, gun Cap, gun

Il il'e gali Il il e yar guk Nugat pe girlo Tah e chet'ka Ta'yuk Tali e ah'ret Ta vak'ret Tah yat chate Tal e gow'ro Kok'e chuk Kah ek tok Neg'a leh Luk luik Cha wil'rok Chn blu'ta Poon'ik Kok'o Kok'e lah Na wshik to Kiluk tuk Me'look Kot ka An uk ter ra luk Im u op kwo tah Kep lak to Kok'ito I'ro Che gok a luk'to ak Na wnikto it Na wling'e cho Tila hut'che Im'akok Il yug'a Niigat chea Nook'a Kowiuga Ka wek su ruk Owng'a Ah zlie'ak Shun neok'tuk Ko lip'se Kot tow ruk Kot'ogah Kolip'setik Kog'a oot Kot me yung'oit In'yuk Kok rii'a Koo'rin Kob row ote rok Pe che kok'to She lute Pooltov'to Oo tuk'too Oo tet tin ato E ka ma ro'it Nip ter’uk E lik se mer uk Nowayoihut Ok'peek Toy' ya Mit ko' a lo Mit ko a lo'ret Tok a luk'a sal Chal al lin' a tuk Chuk a miksatok Ow zre'ok Too atow'ruk Nokto'ak-we'it Ah ke a Chnk a lo'uk Chek a lo'ne Nagot sliung'nok Atig'aloo Otkuh Ka o'to Kal ko rah' al Anu'wa-peluk Poke'sry Alyo'a Un ut koo'ya Naslı ow'a tuk Koblu'it kobiloont E tik' a rook E shaw osti look

Capsize, boat Capsize, sled Capsize, kyak Capsize, kyak Captain Carbino Carcass Cards Cards, to pass Cards. to play Cards, diamonds Cards, hearts Carils, clubs Cards, clubs Cards, spades Carils, aco Cards, king Cards, queen Cards,jack Caris, tens, etc Careful Carry Carry together Cartridge Cask Catarrh Catch Catol: fish Сате Celery, wild Chate Chain Chain Chalk Changing Charcoal Charm, talisman Clastise Cheek Chew Chew of tobacco Children Chinbey Chimney Chin Chin tattoo Chin labrets' Chisel Choke Chum Chute Circle Clam Clan Clam Claw Clay Clean Clift Climb Cloak, spotted Cloak, outer Cloak, inner Cloak, open Cloak, long Cloak. short Cloak, heary Cloak, put on Cloak, put on Clock Close Closo Closet Cloth Cloud Cloudless Cloudless Coal Codesh Cotlin Colabit Coil Coll Cold, intense Colic Collar bong

(o me ret Keet me ret Ki ah'rook keen nil'ru Oo malik Nah cliuh'uk Se lu Kartok l'all chok'to kel Too ne Eiig aruk Al re gay luk Se klokt Kop poon Choo'cha Kiililleruk Okan'ok Ililegak Same as numerals E race Irrarup kah Tasseoak'took kok'a rek Me'chuh Nuwbuh Koliyat Now yo'ok Eren'ik Saz re'gail Po wit to Ko lix'ora Kalim'na ret Ka te Tak semur'uk Ow'malı Ông ta! Oo powtook'too Oo loo raken Tam o kot chea O ko me a Kon neek'toik E shuuh' awik E che'a Tablo' a Tab lao'tit Too toks Kera'ek Se lan'a Ah win'muto Tallu yet Tuk kowrume Kal: relatok E ralo um mung'me Kook ke'a O'rak-imnu'ok Oo tum'o Imp'ni Mi uketo'it Koo neag-altig'a Altig'a Il u park Shahi'nkc-altig'a Tool wah Ali koo er'took Chum o rekto Atilago 00 e rug'ava Toak tukio'ak Mahtooret l'eriktok totin Anok'awik Ook wilauk Kalluk Kal lo'a chak Killa luck Alo'a Kaloog'a ra Soo loon K00 ra coc tin Og a la now'ra Ala pal' Ala pak'took Nok'a-elun Ko too'ka

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ANGLO-ESKIMO VOCABULARY-Continued.

Im og

1

Comb

E la u'te Come

Kyle Como

Kiwa Come not

Kine'tuk Como in

E cliuck a' tin Como in, may I

E chuck a lum'a
Coming

Kyro
Coming, is not An nun neak'to
Coming, they are Kyle ang'a
Coming after

Ki'ret-tum ah'rah Coming home

Ki me akto Companion

Apg'yow Compasy, may Oo'muh Compass, may Tok to cho Compasses, dividers Ko ka re'tik Completed

00 gin tık-tuk Comrado

Ong-y0Y Concert

Sow yok'to it Contirm

Kan uk'ra Congratulate Ko ya'rook Consumed

Nu woot'ka Consumed

Numero Continuo

Oglan'i tuk Cook

Egal ro'a Cooking

Oot koo'cho Cooked

Oot'kal Copper

Ko noo'yok Coril

Ok lunok Cormorant

Kong a yo'kok Corn. bunion

Unt'moke Corral

Kong'o vok Correct

Ong ek'to Correct

Nuo gal lo'a Cotton grass

Pod la rok Cotton grass

Pola'ra Cotton stalk

Naka-n ro'it Cotton wood

Nin'ook Conghi

Koo ik'chu Cough

Noowu Count

Ke peet'ke ge Courageous

Kuina ro'a Cousin

Unakitea Cover

Met to'a Crab

Poju'ba ak Cral)

Kok'kook Crab

Mig a rok'puk Crab

E la hoyhayet Crack

Lon'neh Cranc

Tah tiz'a rok Crane tripod Nogía ruk Cranky person Kig look to ak Craw

Poo yo'ga C'raw

Poo ey'ak Crazy

ke nung'a ro a Crazy

Til ki yok Creek

Koog r’u'rok Crisp

Elek'se mer uk ('rook

Pal ret'a Crookeal

Al o'ra Crooked, very Xal loret Cross, upriglit piece Nuk por'uk Cross-bar

Oon na shed'ner uk Cross-bowy

Sat koo'lik Crossing

Nok tol leti'choa Crossing

Nok tok to a Croil'n

Kob ro'a Crush

(o wok to Crush

Oo luga Cry

Kc a'rook Cub

Al a ro tallik Cuft

Shuk a nitka Cup

Kalo gow'ro Cup

Im i pow'roa Curler

Shoo oop'took Curse

Tow'yok-sing oon'a Curve

Mung e chuk Cint (nt with woman's knito

(o loo rame Cut with knifo Chow we'tuk Cut with scissors Chal'e gal Cut up, I

E rok se lwg a

E rok se lu'tin Datiodil

Ma lu kut'tow ro Dam

Pal uk tit Damp

Mok luk

Dance

Po ala rah Dance

Po a'la ra Dance of exhaustion It kile ah'ro Dark

Tawk to'ak Dark, very

Tawk to ak puk Darken

Tawk too'tin Darken

Tal nok Darling

Na koo slie ak'to Dart

Na le'gah Daughter

Pun'a Daughter

Pun e'a Day

Oo blu'puk Daylight

Oo bluko Dead

Toak'o ro Dead

Noou'a-sin'ik Deaf

Tos luktuk Deal

Ovitin Deep

E tik til avg'a Deep

E shoo'to Deer

Too too Deer, winter

Oo ko ulik Deer, summer Oo pun ralı' me Deer, white

Koo ne'ag Deer, young

Nowhok Deer lions

Nog'ar uk Deer, buck

Pingnek Deer, running

Pun elik to Deer fat

Kown'ok Deerexcrement Ou'nito Delicacy

Too ping'a Departed

Ah wik to'ak Depopulated

Noou a ro'a Depth

E tip chug'a Desert

Okok cho xe choa Desist

At'a Deril

Toon rok Did

Tuz'ra Difficult

Shung'e rook Dig

Kalı veok to a Dig with pick Se klokt o'a Dipper

Kolla
Dipper

Kyruita
Dipper
Dipper

Kol let
Dirty

Walak Dirty, not

Wan'o cho Disappeared

Pc vi tin Dislike

0010 shook'too Distant Distemper

Mula kul': ro Divide

Al roo ga'wal Divorco

Claro' a Dizzy

I ring'ru rok
Do

Pola'ruk
Do it
Down

Nakob'a lik
Down here

Ta kuna
Do you know? Il il weet so'a
Dock (vegetable) Allure kut
Dock (vegetable) Korit'le rok
Dock (vegetable) Kaw kut
Dock, small

Eat pik
Dock small

Su'rel Doctor

Unut koot Doctor house

l'n uit koo a Doctor-house T'pgah uluk'it Dog

King' mok Dog pup

King meab'rook

Kemoo good Doll

In une' wok Donc

Tnz'ra vah Don't know

Atchu Don't know

Kan o'me Door

Mopto'rok Door-mat

Alo kle'on Dorsal fin

Clong lo Doublo

Ta pete'tok Down

Nat koh'alik Down hero

Ta kun'a Down there

Kal vun'a Down in

Shuun mu'a Drag

Oo no ah'ah Drar or writo Og a lato Drawers

Alikisok Dream

Senatoaktoo na Dress

0o ye go a ya

Alipi

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Dog pup

In'yo

Cut you

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