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thence in 1821. Entering upon the study of law, he was admitted to the bar in 1824. In 1827 he went to Europe for recreation, visiting the cities of London and Paris. Returning home he resumed the practice of his profession. The French Revolution of 1830 enkindled the patriotism of the citizens of Richmond to highly enthusiastic demonstrations in civic procession, with flags and banners flying, the parade of the military with salute of musketry and cannon, and a mass meeting. Mr. Robertson was the chosen orator on the occasion, to voice the public sentiment, an office which he discharged so eloquently and acceptably that the common sympathy then established carried with it a regard and confidence which was enduring and found expression in many positions of honorable trust conferred on him. In 1833 Mr. Robertson was elected a member of the Council of State. In 1834, at the first meeting of the James River and Kapawha Company, the successors to the franchises of the old James River Company, Mr. Robertson proposed, in lieu of the projected canal, a measure that looked to a railroad connection with Lynchburg, to progress alternately westward, on the one hand, to the Mississippi, and on the other to the Kanawha. Although his proposition was defeated, it had the favor of sagacious and able minds, Dr. John Brockenbrough, Judge Philip Norborne Nicholas, Moncure Robinson, and Hon. John Robertson being among its supporters. After nearly half a century the wisdom of the measure proposed has been vindicated in the displacing of the canal by the Richmond & Alleghany Railroad erected on its banks, and which we may hope, may yet grasp the consummations so long ago ardently outlined by Mr. Robertson. On the 31st of March, 1836, Mr. Robertson became senior member of the Council, and as such, Lieutenant-Governor, and on the same day, by the resignation of Governor Tazewell, succeeded him for the remaining year of his term as Governor of Virginia. The period is somewhat memorable. Then began the initiatory movements of the undisguised and fateful crusade by the Northern section of our Union against slavery. We can now calmly survey its turbulent course in thankful acceptation of an issue which is destined to progressively redound in blessings to the South. A different sentiment then prevailed in Virginia. In his first message to the Legislature, Governor Robertson called attention to the abolition movement, designating it as “a mad fanaticism, the march of which, if unchecked, could well be over violated faith, the rights of the slave-holding States, chartered liberty, and the cause of humanity itself,” and recommended that measures should be taken for a convention of all the States to take measures to avert such dire consequences. The Democracy being largely in the majority in the Legislature of 1836-7, one of that party-David Campbell-was chosen to succeed Governor Robertson on the expiration of his term, March 31, 1837, and he retired to private life. In 1841, his health be
ing impaired, he removed to the country and engaged in agricultural pursuits. In 1858 he returned to Richmond, and in 1860 acquiesced in the wishes of his old constituents to serve them in the House of Delegates. A friend to peace and the Union, Mr. Robertson actively opposed secession, and the overtures of South Carolina for a Southern Convention as endangering both, and hastening the loss of what they were designed to save. After South Carolina and other Southern States had seceded, he still urged a refusal on the part of Virginia to follow them, and brought, as the organ of a committee, into the House of Delegates, January 7, 1861, the resolution known as the Anti-Coercion Resolution, denying the existence of present cause for secession, but declaring her purpose, if a war of coercion was undertaken by the Federal Government on the seceded States, to fight with the South. The resolution was adopted. The State now addressed itself to measures of reconciliation, some of which were proposed, and all were advocated by Mr. Robertson. They were, however, all futile, and the proclamation of President Lincoln calling for troops from Virginia, speedily determined her lot with her Southern sisters, peopled by her own offspring, and Mr. Robertson, ever a dutiful son, was henceforth zealously active in all measures of sustenance and defense, in the lamentable fraticidal strife which ensued. The painful struggle over, he removed to the native place of his wife (Mary T., daughter of Francis Smith, Esq.), Abingdon, Virginia, where he has since resided. Mr. Robertson has been an ardent student of history for many years, naturally with as pecial regard for that of his native State. He has frequently contributed the results of his research to periodicals, and at the annual meeting of the Virginia Historical Society, December 15, 1859, he read an exhaustive paper on the “Marriage of Pocahontas with John Rolfe,” which was published by the Society. He has had in preparation for a number of years past, a genealogical account of his kindred, “The Descendants of Pocahontas," which, it is believed, is now ready for publication. There is an excellent portrait of Governor Robertson in the State Library at Richmond, Virginia.
Of all the family names of Scotland, there is hardly another so invested with lustre in the varied manifestations of human greatness, so renowned for valorous deeds, or so proudly enshrined in the national affection, as that of Campbell: and the race transplanted in America has flourished alike, and in its distinguished representatives, by numerously attested examples, has lost naught of that which constitutes true nobility; for in every department of learning and of useful service, and in heroism by sea and land, has the name lent honor to our national annals
It is believed that a majority of those in this country, of the name, who claim Scottish origin, are descended from Duncan Campbell, of the noble branch of Breadalbane.* Duncan Campbell, born in Inverary, Scotland, accompanied, it is thought, the English army sent by Queen Elizabeth, in March, 1579, under the Earl of Essex (who was succeeded by Mountjoy), to suppress the rebellion in Ireland, headed by Hugh O'Neale, Earl of Tyrone. After the forfeiture of lands in Ulster was declared in the reign of James I., in 1612, Duncan Campbell, who had married Mary McCoy, bought a lease from one of the English officers, and remained there. His son Patrick bought the lease and the estate in remainder, thus acquiring the estate in fee simple. Another son, John Campbell, born in 1621; married, in 1655, Grace, daughter of Peter Hay, f and had issue:
i. Dugald, whose descendants settled in Rockbridge County, Virginia.
ii. Robert, born in 1665; married in 1696. His descendants settled in Orange (now Augusta County, Virginia, in 1740.
iii. John, born in 1666; died in 1734; emigrated to America in 1726, and settled in Donegal, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, but soon removed with several of his family to that part of Orange County, Virginia, which in 1738 was formed into Augusta County. Had issue: i. Patrick, born in 1690; "a strong churchman;" removed to Virginia in 1738, and was the father of General William Campbell, the hero of King's Mountain (after whom the county of Campbell, formed in 1784 from Bedford, was named), born in 1745, and was killed in September, 1781; married Elizabeth, the sister of the orator Patrick Henry, and she married, secondly, General William Russell, of the Revolution, born in Culpeper County, Virginia, in 1758, and died in Fayette County, Kentucky, July 3, 1825. ii. John, born in 1692; a minister of the Protestant Episcopal Church at York, Pennsylvania ; died in 1764; married, and had issue: James, born in 1731 ; removed to Vir
* The Breadalbane branch are of the same lineage as the House of Argyll and Lorne. The arms of Duncan Campbell, as preserved in the hands of his descendants, are identical in their quarterings with the Marquis of Breadalbane, as follows: Quarterly, first and fourth, gyronny of eight or. and sa. for Campbell; second or. a fesse chequey ar. and az. for Stewart; third, ar. a lymphad, her sails and oars in action, all sa. for Lorne. The Breadalbane arms agree with those of Argyll save in the addition of those of Stewart. The crest of the Marquis of Breadalbane is a boar's head, erased ppr., and his motto is, Follow Me. The crest of the Duke of Argyll is a boar's head couped or., and over the crest the motto, Ve Obliviscaris.
† The name of Hay is a most worthy one. A Dr. Peter Hay died at Williamsburg, Virginia, in 1767, and his library was advertised that year for sale at auction. The Rev. Robert Rose, of fragrant memories for piety, worth, and usefulness, and whose remains lie in the church-yard of the venerable St. John's, at Richmond, Virginia, was of this connection.
ginia in 1760; Ellen Frances, and John, born in 1740; died in 1797; one of the most eminent lawyers of Pennsylvania ; married Ellen Parker, and their descendants in the names of Lyon, Chambers, and others, are quite numerous. The late Parker Campbell, banker of Richmond, Virginia, was a son. iii. Robert, migrated to Virginia; had issue five children, of whom four daughters survived. iv. William, died in youth. v. James, died in England. vi. David, married, in 1735, Mary Hamilton (who came to America in the same ship with him), and, about the year 1772, settled at the “ Royal Oak,” in the Valley of the Holstein (now rendered Holston), about one mile west of Marion, the county seat of Smyth County. He left issue seven sons: i. John, born April 20, 1741. ii. Colonel Arthur, born in 1742; hero of Indian wars ; married a sister of General William Campbell; removed in 1804 to Yellow Creek, Knox County, Kentucky, where he died in 1815. He had two sons, who died in the war of 1812—Colonel James Campbell, at Mobile, and Colonel John B. Campbell, who fell at Chippewa, where he commanded the right wing of the army under General Winfield Scott. iii. James; iv. William; v. David, first clerk of Washington County, which office he held until March 17, 1779, when he was succeeded by his brother John. Removing to Tennessee, he became distinguished in its annals. vi. Robert, Colonel, and Indian fighter, born in 1755; displayed great bravery in many conflicts with the Cherokees, and subsequently at the battle of King's Mountain; nearly forty years a magistrate of Washington County, and in 1825 removed to Tennessee; died near Knoxville in February, 1832. vii. Patrick.
Of the above sons of David Campbell, the eldest-born, John, was one of the justices (commissioned by Governor Patrick Henry) who, after the county of Washington (embracing portions of Wythe, Tazewell and Grayson, and all of Smyth, Russell, Buchanan, Dickinson, Wise, Scott and Lee, and its own present limits) had been formed in 1776, met at Abingdon and organized and held the first county court, January 28, 1777. He succeeded, March 17, 1779, his brother David Campbell as clerk of the county, and continued to hold the office by successive re-election until 1814. In 1778 he married Elizabeth, daughter of Edward and Mary Robinson) McDonald, I of the section of what is now Botetourt County, Virginia, and, it is said, built the first dwelling in Abingdon (a log-house), on the lot on which the Arlington Hotel now stands. In 1788 he purchased of Thomas Madison, attorney of James Buchanan, a farm of eleven hundred acres in the south-western portion of Washington County, to which he gave the name of "Hall's Bottom," and shortly
His grandfather, Bryan McDonald, the son of a IIighland chief of Glencoe, Scotland, migrated to America near the close of the 17th or the beginning of the 18th century and settled in Newcastle, now in the State of Delaware, whence Edward McDonald removed to Virginia.
after removed to and continued to reside there until his death, on the 20th of April, 1825. David Campbell, his eldest son, and the subject of this sketch, was born August 20, 1779, at "Royal Oak," and was about eight years of age when his father removed to “Hall's Bottom.” There he grew up, receiving such education as the frontier settlements could provide. In the way of books it was necessarily limited, but this great disadvantage was largely compensated for by the character of the people among whom he was reared; by their recitals of the scenes and deeds of the Revolution, in which they bore so conspicuous and important a part, and which were then but as the acts of yesterday; and by the lessons of self-reliance which were taught by all his surroundings. In 1794, being then in his fifteenth year, David Campbell was appointed an Ensign in “old” Captain John Davis' company of militia in the 20 Battalion of the 70th Regiment, which position he held until he removed to Abingdon as an assistant in the clerk's office there. In the spring of 1799 the 70th Regiment was divided and the 105th Regiment formed. In the 2d Battalion of this regiment David Campbell was commissioned as Captain of a company of Light Infantry assigned to it, and wbich he raised and organized. In the fall of the same year Captain Campbell married his cousin Mary Hamilton, by whom he had no issue. He now studied law, and obtained a license, but never practiced his profession. He was fond of reading (history and the English classics being his special favorites), and thus enriched his mind and acquired his style of written composition. In 1802 he was appointed deputy clerk of the county court of Washington County, and chiefly discharged the duties of the office to the year 1812, on the 6th of July of which he was commissioned a Major in the 12th Infantry, United States Army. He assisted Colonel Parker in collecting recruits, organizing and drilling them at Winchester, and marched with his command for the Lakes of Canada on the 29th of August, and efficiently served there under the command successively of Generals Smyth and Van Rensellaer. On the 12th of March, 1813, he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel of the 20th United States Regiment and participated in the arduous campaigns of that regiment on the St. Lawrence and towards Lake Champlain. The troops on the Northern frontier were greatly exposed during the campaigns of 1812 and 1813, and the constitution of Colonel Campbell, naturally delicate, gave way under the hardships to which he was exposed. He was so severely attacked with rheumatism as to incapacitate him for duty, and in consequence applied to the Secretary of War for a transfer to the Southern Division of the Army. His application was recommended by his superior officers, Colonel Randolph and General Parker, but from some cause was disapproved by the Secretary of War, and Colonel Campbell was necessitated to resign his commission January 28th, 1814. Upon