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active alternate amount animals appear arches arranged associations attention auditory average called cards centre character color combination compared complex connection constant course curve direction distance edge effect electric elements equal errors evidence experimental experiments eyes fact factors favor feeling figure four give given greater hand important increase indicate individual influence inhibition intensity interest interval judgments kind later length less letters light lower marked mean measure ment method moved movement nature necessary negative noted objects observer philosophy position possible present processes psychology question reactions records reënforcement relation relative repeated repetition rhythm seems shown side similar simple sound space stimulus subjects suggested Table tactual taken tests tion tones touch turn unit variation vary visual whole
第 7 頁 - I'll not deny you make A very pretty squirrel track ; Talents differ ; all is well and wisely put ; If I cannot carry forests on my back, Neither can you crack a nut.
第 419 頁 - The sense of hearing apparently serves rather as a warning sense which modifies reactions to other simultaneous or succeeding stimuli than as a control for definite auditory motor reactions. 2. Experimental tests prove that sounds modify the frog's reactions to visual and tactual stimuli. When the sound accompanies the visual or tactual stimulus it serves to reinforce the visual or tactual reaction, but when given alone it never causes a motor reaction.
第 450 頁 - ... the cat, and in the complexity of the associations which it is able to form, it stands nearer the monkey. Cole has demonstrated the ability of the raccoon to learn by being put through an act, and he has obtained what appears to be excellent evidence of the presence of visual memory. In 1 Porter, JP A preliminary Study of the Psychology of the English Sparrow.