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33. “ Studium sine calamo et somnium."


"nil sine magno




Vita labore dedit mortalibus."

(Hor. Sat., lib. i.; Sat. 9, 59.) “Video meliora proboque,

Deteriora sequor." (Ovid, Met. 7, 20.) 36. “Maxima debetur pueris reverentia.” (Juvenal.)

37. “He who is ignorant of foreign languages, is ignorant of his own.” (Goethe.)

38. Though the ass may make a pilgrimage to Mecca, yet an ass he will come back. (Arabic Proverb.)

39. King James I., in his “A COUNTERBLAST TO ToBACCO," compares the smoke of tobacco to the smoke of the bottomless pit; and says it is only proper to regale the devil after dinner.

40. “Go and see with your own eyes,” “Quam parva sapientia regitur mundus?” said Oxenstiern to his son, etc.

41. “The very worst use to which you can put a man is to hang him.” (John Wilkes.)

42. There is nothing that succeeds with the world like a success. (French proverb.)

43. “As I take my shoes from the shoemaker, and my coat from the tailor, so I take my religion from the priest.” (Goldsmith.)

44. “Fas est et ab hoste doceri."

45. “I have met with mechanics in the first societies in Europe, from which idlers of high rank are excluded; and was once introduced by a coppersmith to the intimacy of a duke.” (Gouverneur Morris, by Sparks.)

46. Burns, Bloomfield, Clare, Hogg, and Allan Cunningham.—“These all fall spontaneously into one bright cluster, which we may call the Constellation of the Plough.” (Gilfillan, p. 390.)

47. All is fair in politics. Which means that men may lie, cheat, etc., to compass any political end.

48. “There is a courageous wisdom: there is also a false reptile prudence, the result not of caution but of fear.” (Burke, vol. 4, p. 337.)

49. The end sanctifies or justifies the means. Not peculiar to the Jesuits. All sects, cliques, and parties practice in accordance with it.

50. Faith is not to be kept with heretics, nor with any who differ from us in the slightest degree.

51. Slavery is unjust— therefore to be immediately abolished—without regard to consequences. This is the ultraism of the abolitionists.

52. Slavery authorized by Scripture and by the practice of all ages; and therefore a righteous institution, and ought to be maintained and perpetuated in our country, as both a constitutional right and a national blessing.– This is the ultraism of the pro-slavery party.

53. The majority govern. “Vox populi, vox Dei.” In what sense true, in what false.

54. Preachers and college professors apt to be dogmatical, as well as some lawyers, politicians, and lecturers upon all sorts of themes and things.

55. Trial by jury. Bad in theory, good in practice. Works better than it promises.

56. Legislative assemblies ought never to be made electing, and therefore electioneering bodies. Judges, sheriffs, attorneys, county clerks, etc., had better be chosen by the people than by any State Legislature. The British Parliament, American Congress, French House of Deputies, do not elect-except their own servants and officers. The American Senate merely confirms certain executive nominations. Every State Legislature elects United States Senators. Some of them choose the governors. All exercise the elective function to a greater or less extent. Instead of being a purely law-making, grave, deliberative council of sages, each legislature becomes a venal, corrupt, intriguing, logrolling, political caucus, etc.

57. Results, ends or objects, often agreed upon, or recognized as desirable, by all men—while they differ and dispute about the ways and means of attaining them. Thus, (1.) all our people advocate the cause of universal education, of common schools, etc.—but disagree as to the system or plan, mode of support, religious instruction, sectarian control, Catholic, Protestant, infidel, etc. (2.) Same of internal improvements-roads, canals, etc.--whether by State or National governmentor by private companies, etc. (3.) Do, about banks, currency, money, usury, etc. (4.) About home industrydomestic manufactures——tariff—taxes, etc.

58. History of the New England system of education -of schools and colleges. Curious and worthy of special study. At the outset, the support of both schools and religion was voluntary. The first colonies of New England had no government but what was voluntary. Religion and education formed an essential part of their political system. Is their system adapted to States which have grown up without the habit of self-taxation for such purposes ? Connecticut School Fund. Whence obtained—how managed. Whether beneficial or notactual condition of schools, before and since, etc.

59. A national debt, a national blessing, [benefit.] A national debt, a national curse, [burden or evil.] When the one, and when the other?

60. Ad valorem duties or taxes, etc.

61. Free trade. A capital theory. Never attempted in practice. What is free trade? Freedom from all taxation, or hindrance or burden of any sort. Very desirable, no doubt. But can a government be sustained without a revenue from taxes of some kind ? If not, whý exempt the commodities of international commerce from their share of the burden rather than the other descriptions of property?

62. Tariff. The nearest approximation to free trade practicable, would be identity of charges, duties or imposts among the nations trading with each other. Thus, between this country and Great Britain, the duties on all manufactured articles—as of iron, cotton, wool, flax, hemp, wood, glass, leather, paper, tobacco, silk, books, etc.,—ought to be precisely the same, when imported into either from the other. Is such the fact? England may admit the raw material without duty; but does she admit the manufacture? She may welcome our cottonbales; but will she take our muslins and calicoes? If not, then there is no reciprocity or fairness in the arrangement. Then about our tobacco.- What are the facts, and the questions fairly at issue ?

63. Banks so associated with all moneyed transactions, that people fancy they (the banks) create money, furnish exchanges, make good prices, etc., at pleasure.

64. Privileges taxable in Tennessee and some other States. What are privileges ?

65. Brokers. Why tax them as if they were a ņuisance ?

66. Whisky dealers. Horse-racing. Lotteries. Gambling. Legislation thereupon.

67 Summum jus est summa injuria.

68. Usury or interest of money loaned. How far and in what circumstances to be regulated by law.

69. Judicial oaths.
70. Militia system.
71. Penitentiaries—lunatic asylums.

72. Children of persons imprisoned for crimes are educated in Prussia by the Government. (See Stowe.)

73. Charitable institutions. For the blind—the deaf and dumb—for orphans

abandoned females—houses of industry, refuge, etc.

74. Motives for self-education; how to be accomplished.

75. All healthy, industrious, sober, frugal, honest parents in our country, could or can educate their own children. And they would do so, were public opinion or the State to furnish an adequate motive. For example—suffer no man to vote, to practise a trade, or to marry, who cannot read and write. How soon would every man (of twenty-one) be duly qualified ? etc.

76. Religious toleration-what? Equal rights to all

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