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dividing spoil; the way of my feet was Metz was the cherished home of over corpses of the slain.” This was, bigotry. They tortured their Jews to indeed, an active phase of his life. death; they slaughtered their beretics ; Dubbed a kniglit for his bravery in the they burned their witches. The first field, he was taken prisoner at Pavia, Protestant who tried to preach thereand hardly released through the inter- Jean le Clerc—was, by the order of cession of powerful friends. To diver. Nicolas Sarin, whipped through the sify the monotony of a camp-life, he streets on several successivo days. This attended the council of Pisa, and stoutly done, his nose was cut off, and his maintained the independence of tempo- rigbt hand; a red-hot iron crown was ral sovereigns against the pope, for placed on his head, and, thus arrayed, which doughty Popo Julius duly excom- he was burnt alive. A dangerous municated him. A lull occurring in the place, this, for a man who craved earwar, his friend, the marquis of Montser- nestly for “any, even the smallest rat, procured for him leave to lecture work of Martin Luther"-who honored at Pavia ; and, oven before so learned an Erasmus, and sympathized ardently in audience as that which filled the Italian the intellectual revolution just comlecture-room, he shone so preeminently mencing. The quarrel began upon a that, with one accord, the faculty con- singular issue. The monkish legend ferred upon him the degrees of doctor related that Anne, the mother of the of medicine and doctor of laws. Pope Virgin Mary, had had three husbands, Leo withdrew the bull of his predeces- and by each a daughter, who was sor, a chair was vacated for him in the called Mary. This harmless fancy was university, and, once more, his sky was fiercely attacked as indecent and unserene and fair. Monk Catilinet seemed warranted by the pious Faber D'Etato have lost his pains.
ples. On this, all the monkery of Metz This lasted, perhaps, six weeks. few at Faber; called him atheist, infi. Francis the First was already on the del; howled for his expulsion from the march. It was in summer that Agrippa church. Agrippa, with the courage of a received his appointment as professor generous man, stood forward in his doat Pavia. In September, he fought, on fense. The storm was diverted from Fathe German side, at Marignano, shared ber to him. Claudius Salini, the chief the defeat, and lost his post, his proper- spokesman of the priesthood, worried ty, his prospects, and his papers. How him with mad barkings and marvelous he lived for the next fifteen or eighteen gesticulations—with outstretched finmonths, is not clear. " By labor in gers--with hands cast forward, and either faculty” (law and medicine), suddenly snatched back again—with says he, “I earned all that wo ate.” grinding of the teeth, foaming, spitting; Little enough, doubtless, in such trou- stamping, leaping, cuffing up and blous times. But bis fame had reached down—with tearing at the scalp, and the notable city of Metz, and from thenco gnawing at the nails.” But this was he now received the reputable appoint- only a prefatory skirmish. inent of town-advocate and orator. His In a village near, and depending on duties were, as it seems, to defend the in Metz, there had lived an old woman, terests of the city with word of mouth whom Nicolas Savin had burnt for å before the sovereign, and to speak for witch. The poor creature had left a Metz when any august visitor honored daughter; and the peasants, reasoning her with a visit. But Cornelius Agrip- out this matter of witchcraft with what pa does not seem to have confined him. light they had, made up their minds self within these limits. We find him that the blot was boreditary, and that tending the sick, and prescribing for the daughter must be a witch, too. So, the plague; composing a treatise on one night, with much circumstance of original sin, and rewriting his com- brutality, they dragged the poor girl mentary on St. Paul to the Romans, from her bed, and locked her up in a which had been lost in the fatal retreat close room.
When she was brought from Marignano. But the chief of his before the judge at Metz, to be tried for duties was a contention, fierce and witchcraft, Nicolas Savin took a seat on deadly, with Nicolas Savin, chief the bench beside the judge being, at inquisitor at Metz, a pillar of the true the same time, in virtue of his office, Catholic church, and the terror of chief prosecutor. The poor woman's heretics.
caso was almost hopeless, when the
town advocato and orator, Cornelius He won his case. The girl was set Agrippa, suddenly took it up. With free, ber accusers fined, Nicolas Savin far more vigor and force than he had much laughed at. But when the victodisplayed on his own behalf when Cati. ry was won, the town-advocate of linet attacked him, he denied Savin's Metz, after due consultation with his right to sit upon the bench. Accused friends, resigned his office. This by Savin of " favoring heresy," he man," complacently say the Benedicwrote to the judge: • That rascally tine monks, in their history of Metz, inquisitor in fact condemns the simplo "this man was hunted from the town woman as a heretic, by these very in 1520.". Sad to learn, that his galwords, though the cause of action has laut fight had not even moderated the been hardly stated. I seek fair hearing fierce intolerance peculiar to Metz. A for her while she is untried and uncon- few months afterward, “ a poor decrepit demned, and the vile scoffer calls me old woman, suspected of witchcraft, favorer of heresy! Have you admitted being exposed by Savin to dire torthis man to sit on the bench with you? tures, confessed herself, under excruThe lie is, on his head, the infamous ciating pain, to be a witch, to have raised calumniator, and he thinks to quell me storms, etc., and was burnt to ashes." with his threats."
Savin, boastful of his achievement, inThe judge had been bought. He cited the whole population to a search thrust the letter into his pocket, and for witches, " whereby," says the naff handed over the girl to her accusers,
chronicler, “there is a murmuring of who, beating and insulting her shame the rough mob against poor little wofully on the way, dragged her to a men." filthy place of durance, and thrust her As for the triumphant orator, he in to live or die. There, during Agrip- made the best of his way to bis native pa's absence, " by the advice of that town of Cologne, where his beloved great bloated and fat brute, the inquisi. Louisa fell ill and died. Thence, in tor, more cruel than the very execution- poverty and despair, with his boy, to er, the poor little woman was exposed Geneva, where he made common cause to the question under torture. After with the church reformers, and tried the civil magistrate, the questioners, and to support himself by the practice of censors had gone away, smitten with medicine-s0 unsuccessfully, it is to horror at the savage spectacle, the be feared, that he was unable to bear woman was left in the hands of the exo- the expense of a short journey from cationer and that inquisitor (no friend Geneva to Chambery-a short stay at being present), and there racked with Friburg, where his medical science atrocious torments. Carried back to gave him scanty food, then, an invitaher prison, she was iniquitously depriv- tion to enter the bousehold of the ed of her appointed food and water." queen-mother of France, Louisa of
Thus wrote Cornelius Agrippa, now of Savoy, which, in an evil hour, be aoreturned to Metz, and grappling more cepted. In a very evil hour; for Louisa strenuously than beforo with the op- of Savoy was a miracle of avarice and pressors. Providence, seeing the strug- meanness. She stole the soldiers' pay gle, interposed; the corrupt judge died, out of the military chest, and cheated leaving Nicolas Savin alone, with the her own servants out of their scanty monks at his back. Against these salaries. After a few months of bei Agrippa turned all the force of his elo- service, Cornelius, again a husband, quence. They demanded that the wo- dolefully punning on his sorrows, deman be delivered up to them to be burnt. clares that if help come not soon, he Agrippa called them dogs, and demand- will be not only medicus, a physician, ed that they should be stoned. As a but mendicus, a beggar. Her majesty theologian, he denied that there was was prolific in promises. Week after evidence of heresy. As a lawyer, he week, letters came to Cornelius to say impugned the competence of the court. that his salary would be paid, but As a man, he appealed to the manhood money there came none.
He wrote, of the new judge, and of all the people begged, entreated, in person, and by of Metz, not to abandon this poor tor. his friends; but he might as well have tured, broken girl to the blood-thirsti- appealed to a stone. Two years the ness of the inquisitor and his monkish brave man_battled with hunger and confederates.
hope. “ Think of me," he writes,
“ fought against on every side by sor. care that Agrippa should never receive rows-by griefs, indeed, greater and a sous. Agrippa was not sbaken. The more incessant than I care to write. treasurer then offered to pay, provided There is no friend here to help me ; Agrippa would sign a certain receipt, all comfort me with vain words, and which probably indicated that the the court title, which sbould have payment was a loan. Agrippa firmly brought me honor and profit, aggra- declined. Then, but not till then, did vates my heart, by adding against me this dishonest treasurer pay this small envy to contempt.” * * * Through item of his salary, which was all he royal promises, I am turned like Ixion ever received from Queen Louisa of on a wheel, haunted by all the furies. Savoy. I am almost losing human senses, and During this long and wearing struggle, become good for nothing." At last be Agrippa had employed his time in the learnt that the queen's treasurer, one construction of a machine to propel fireBullion, had been instructed to pay balls swiftly, and in the composition of him. In high hopes, he runs to bis a work which he entitled “The Vanity office; Bullion admits the order, but of Sciences and Arts and the Excellence postpones payment. To entreaties, be of the Word of God." This last a conopposes mockery; to angry demands, genial occupation for a man weigted quirks and quibbles. Such was the down with care and slowly realizing the fate of many a high-minded scholar in blight of his hopes, but no great help the sixteenth century:
to Agrippa's fame. One day, walking the street, during "All science," says he, “is vain. Letthis anxious time, he met a man who tors are a delusion. Grammarians have drew him aside, and, under a promiso never been able to decide whether gerunds of secrecy, confided to him that the are nouns or verbs; how many pronouns queen-mother, having heard of his there are; or whether H is a letter. Poets affiliations with the reformers, had have pickled the bestialities of the gods struck bis dame off the pension list. in neat verse, communicating the samo Agrippa was righteously indignant to posterity, as mad dogs venom. His"Had I been servant to a merchant or torians are at such variance, one with a draper," says he, “or even to some another, that it is impossible but most of peasant of the meanest class, no such them must be the greatest liars in the master or mistress would have turned world. Sophists are so stupidly employme off without a warning, even if I ed that their whole business seems to had been guilty of offense. But from
be to err.
Arithmetio is such idle and this court I am thrust out secretly, and, uncertain labor that among arithmein the meantime, nursed with a vain ticians bas arisen that irreconcilable hope.” And he had not, up to this disputo-whether an odd or an even moment, received one sous of salary! number is most to be preferred. Musio That such can have been the situation is a vagrant, wandering up and down of one of the finest minds, and most after its bire. Dancing is a part of learned men of the day, speaks volumes wantonness, geometry is so uncertain of degradation for the society of the that no man can square the circle. sixteenth century. He did receive & Optics is a rain and useless science, insmall sum at last, and that by a curious vented for ostentation and full of im. accident. A female friend, calling on postures. Geography is an endless the treasurer, Bullion, tempted him to series of contentions. Architecture is finger bis instructions in bor presence : the home of vanity." Cornelius handles swift as thought, the bold woman snatch. astrology, magic, and the cabala more ed the paper out rof his band, and ran tenderly, as one who has been a disciple ; with it to Agrippa. The instructions still he admits that they may be turned directed Bullion to pay over directly a to bad vses, and recents somewhat of certain sum to the late physician. his earlier work. Agrippa had just ascertained the fact, Turning to man, he shows how rain wben in camo Bullion himself, hot and are the best opinions about the soul. angry, demanding the paper, and prom- No two philosophers can agree where it ising payment
few days.” resides, or what it is. Equally uncertain Agrippa knew him well enough to re- are men's opinions on politics and reli. fuse. Bu!lion threatened that if the gion. What vanity in the “greedy 88paper were not restored, he would take cerdotal race hungry for gain, which, not
" in a
only out of wood and stone, but out of solace of my life, the sweetest consolathe bones of the saints, make instruments tion in my labors—my most loved wife." of rapine and extortion !" How vain He exchanged his independent position church holidays; priestly despotism, as physician for another court officemonkish depravity As to the court, it that of historiographer to the emperor. is “a college of giants ; a convent of One is amazed to find, as in the former noble and famous knaves; a theatre of case, he could not get any money from the worst satellites; a school of the most his royal employer. After many months' corrupt morals; an asylum for execra- patient endurance, the privy council, to ble sins. There none prosper but flat- which he had sent petition upon petiterers, whisperers, detractors, slander- tion, referred him to the emperor. He ers, sycophants, liars, authors of dis- set out accordingly. “While I follow cord and outrago among the people, the court,” said he, "absent from whatever there is worst in every beast home, my family hungers, my little seems to be brought together in the ones weep, my creditors beset me, my single flock of the court-fold ; there is liberty is insecure.” Nor did he gain the ferocity of the lion, the cruelty of anything by "following the court." the tiger, the roughness of the bear, the The emperor cared no more for his rashness of the boar, the pride of the supplications than for the crđákings of horse, the greed of the wolf, the obsti- a thirsty frog. So, one fine day, in the nacy of the mule, the fraud of the fox, town of Brussels, constables seized the the changefulness of the chameleon, the poor scholar, and hustled him to jail for dog's bite, the camels vengefulness, the debt. His plea, when brought up for cowardice of the hare, the petulance of trial, was bold and unanswerable. the goat, the filthiness of the hog, the “ Either the emperor owes me money fatuity of the ox, the stupidness of the or he does not. If he does, take him as ass, and the ape's jabber." As to mer- my bondsman and release me; if he chants, Agrippa agrees with St. Chry- does not, free me from my oath of sersostom and St. Augustine, who say that vice to him, and I will quickly find no merchant can possibly be saved. means to pay you.” They tossed him Agriculture is a direct produce of the out of jail. sin of Adam. War is nothing but The rest is mournful. Monks of murder and robbery by mutual consent. Louvain, fresh from onslaughts on ErasNobility springs out of treason, perfidy, mus, pounced on Agrippa, whose works cruelty, massacre, and other crimes, and
were now first being published, deis maintained by worse. Physic is the nounced him as a magician, and, worse art of mechanical homicide. Law, ori- than that, a heretic, and stopped the ginating in sin, is infirm and subject to sale of the Vanity of Sciences and Arts. change. The calling of advocates is to He married again ; this time a wretched pervert equity.
creature who made him the talk of vul. The work ends with a learned and gar minds, till he was forced, in defense claborate dissertation in praise of the of his children, to divorce ber. Dire ass. How the brave man's spirit had poverty ground him down. No money been broken!
ever came from the emperor, and often From Lyons he journeyed with his bis little family tried to sleep to drown family to Paris, on his way to Antwerp; their hunger. He wandered from town but his means failing him, he grounded to town, persecuted by his creditors, in the French capital. There he and harassed by his sorrows, till at last, his family (now large) absolutely en- no one knows precisely how or whydured hunger from poverty--bis wife he was exiled from Germany. In all lay at the point of death. It was not probability, the monks, with whom he till next spring that some charitable had been carrying on a fierce warfriend lent the poor scholar sixty crowns, fare, attacked him as a magician, and with which he paid for the journey to aroused public superstition against Antwerp.
him. There was a flicker of happiness at He went to France. A priest of note Antwerp, where Agrippa had gathered records this story of his last end: "At his family around him, and began to last, having betaken himself to Lyons, practice medicine. But it was short. very wretched and deprived of his His wife died. “I am lost," he writes ; faculties, he tried all the means that he • for I have lost her who was the only could to live, waving, as dexterously as
he could, the end of his stick, and yet been composed over his tomb this opigained so little that be died in a miser. taph: able inn, disgraced and abhorred before
• This Tomb scarcely the Graces koep, but all the world, which detested him as an
the black Daughters of Hell; not the Musos, execrable and accursed magician, be- but the Furies with outstretched wings. Alec cause he always carried about with to collects the Ashes, mixes them with Acohim, as his companion, a devil in the
nite, and gives the welcome offering to be
devoured by the Stygian Dog, who now cruelly figure of a dog, from whose neck, when
pursues through the Paths of Orcus, and he felt death approaching, he removed snatches at him whose companion he was in
And he salutes the the collar figured all over with magic cha- life, leaping up at him.
Furies because be bad known them all, and racters; and afterwards, being in a half.
he addresses each by her own name. O, mad state, he drove it from hence with
wretched Arts, which have only served to these words: 'Go, vile beast, by whom introduce hiin as an Acquaintance to the I am utterly brought to perdition ! Stygian Waters !” And afterwards, this dog, which had “So,” says Mr. Morley, “like a been so familiar with him, and been his pagan, spat the priest upon the Chrisassiduous companion in his travels, was tian's grave !". no inore seen; because, after the com- Cornelius Agrippa, doctor, knight, mand Agrippa gave him, he began to and magician, is one more name to run toward the Seine, where he leapt be added to the list of martyrs who in, and never came out thence; for died contending for free thought and which reason it is supposed he was free speech against the papal hierarchy drowned there. In perpetual testimony and the darkness of the times in whicb of his base and depraved life, there has he lived.
WILL not begin at the beginning
and describe how, in my boyish days, I sported with Miss Cilly Busse. I will not describe tow we used to romp together, go to dancing-school together, and reciprocato all those little innocept endearments usual between children of nearly the same age and opposite sexes.
Nor will I pause to depict my feelings, when, in a game of forfeits and with
much difficulty, I succeeded in kissing Miss Cilly Busse. I will not, furthermore, take up the time of the reader by showing that, from the age of eleven up to nineteen having been at school and college, I saw nothing at all of Miss Cilly Busse. Nor, lastly, will it be necessary to show how, at the age of nineteen and a-balf, coming bome proud of my college honors and youthful dandyism, I met Miss Cilly, domiciled in my native town of Lilyville. Having now givon the public soine insight into the preliminary situation of affairs, by the usual auctorial method of saying that I would not, I will go on with the narrative, as well as an unpracticed pen, and a naturally digressive habit of mind, will per
not yet recovered my pitying dismay at tho small regard which the world in general paid to classics, moral philosophy, and metapbysics ; when the first faint visions of a moustache came over my mind, and I daily examined with solicitude the soft down of my upper lip; when I enjoyed the novel excitement, and knew not of the agonies of shaving; when my watch-chain did not hang in sublimo independence far in front of my legs; in those happy days I renewed my intimacy with Miss Cilly Busse.
Her mother and elder sisters kept a small girls' school, in which Miss Cilly was a sort of supernumerary, that is, she attended to the wardrobes, general deportment, and occasionally, the moral principles of the pupils, and took any class which happened to be without regular instruction.
Miss Cilly was not one of your foolish, rattling, laughing girls, who fasci. nate gentlemen by being amused with everything said or done. She had a proper idea of the majesty of human nature, and, though not above an occasional joke, regarded life with poetical earnestness and romantic gravity. She had ideas on the subject of moral
When I had just left collega, and