網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

honor see that we are not the offenders. sentiment was fully aroused and interTo this England says, that she is greatly ested in the recent presidential election, interested in the transit and wishes to and will not again fall into political inbecome a party to the treaty. The difference. So long as a country of popclaim is perfectly just, and Mr. Dallas ular institutions has a conscience, repredid perfectly right in admitting it, and sented by a considerable body of voters, making it the basis of the joint treaty. that country is safe. Within the last And what is the objection ? Simply two years—as we believe-we, as a peothis : that England hus no right at all ple, have passed the greatest peril with in the matter, that she is always thrust- which we were ever threatened. The ing herself forward, and that she is a repeal of the Missouri Compromise, and universal cormorant of advantages and the Kansas-Nebraska bill, were the possessions. Now the famous Monroe high-water marks of a slave despotism. doctrine is nothing but the application Those waters were happily driven back, of this very British policy to American before the harvests of the future were affairs. It was simply taking the refu- totally submerged. The shock, which sal of this continent. England had the

the good sense and patriotism of the start in the East, and so America assert- country received, showed itself in the ed its claim to the West. On the vital excitement of the presidential elecground of principle, in the matter, both tion, and scored itself upon our hisnations stand precisely alike. Ameri- tory in that prodigious combined vote ca assumes the right, and, perhaps, only of the opposition, amounting to more bides her time, to treat Cuba and Cen- than two millions, against the eighteen tral America precisely as England treat

hundred thousand that elected Mr. Buod India.

chanan. The great battle is still to be In the present case, the claims of fought, day by day, but that shock will Great Britain to a practical interest in keep the public conscience alive. Men the question have already been allowed

who have hitherto scorned politics will by us in the Clayton-Bulwer treaty ;

now consent to mingle in them, conscious and even had they not been so, the in

that politics can be purified only by terest of the first commercial power in mingling principle with them. That the world, in any fresh facilities of com- process develops a patriotism of which mercial communication, is sufficiently

General” Walker is not a representaevident. Beside this general interest, tive; which loves its country as the the curious inquirer will learn, that great means of future civilization and England has long enjoyed distinctly human progress; and that patriotism conceded rights in Honduras, and that

would fight to the death rather than the chief commerce of all the neighbor- that country should, by a single meaning states of Central America is almost ness or crime, dishonor its divine intenmonopolized by her. By its situation, tion, and disappoint forever the secret and peculiar formation, Central Ameri- hope of humanity. ca is one of the most important points

We repeat, the great battle is still to in the world. Every commercial and be fought; and, if we thought so last enterprising nation on the globe is di

summer, how much more so now, after rectly interested in the impartial settle- our new President's inaugural and the ment of the right of way through the

decision of the Supreme Court of the country. England justly resists any ex

United States in the Dred Scott case. clusive claim of any foreign power upon

The maddest dogma of Mr. Calhoun that soil; and the treaty of Mr. Dallas, has now received the deliberate sanction so far as it is 'known, fairly expresses

of the highest official legal authority the ntiment of the intelligent and

in the land. That decision was the patriotic mass of the American peo- true inaugural of the first President ever ple.

elected by a sectional vote in the counThere is still, happily, a moral senti- try. The result of that decision is the ment in this country, which is distinct- loss of respect, in all manly minds, for a irely American, and honors that name republican tribunal which, in spirit, so much, that it would willingly fight decides against humanity, and, conse. rather than see it desecrated. That quently, against God.

EDITORIAL NOTES.

AMERICAN

LITERATURE

AND

REPRINTS.

-DR. KANE returned from bis last arctic at the pole, Kane took the torch from their voyage in the autumn of 1855; he died in hands, and threw a further light into the Cuba in February, 1857, and, in March, 1857, polar gloom. In doing this, he placed his upon the last day of the session, the House country among those powers that directly of Representatives of the United States aim to enlarge the limits of human knowconcurred in the joint resolution of the ledge; in doing it, he placed himself among Senate, decreeing medals to him and his the most eminent of that country's chilofficers. The same Senate had, previously, dren; and, in writing his account of it, of refused to purchase a pomber of copies of which we took proper notice at the time of his last work.

publication toward the close of last year, The Congress of the United States was be built bis best and most imperishable too late. The dead wear no medals. If monument. Longer experience has only Dr. Kane deserved an expression of nation- verified our views. His book will have the al gratitude, the nation knew his deserts perennial charm and interest of Robinson quite as well a year since as it did on the 4th Crusoe. of March. It is only the truth to say, that no But nature extorted the penalty of his other great country, through its accredited daring. He had said to her: “You shall Representatives, would have omitted ex- not freeze any secret so fast, that I will pressing, a long time ago, its sense of the not melt it from you to flow in a stream honor conferred upon it by the latest of daily knowledge by men's doors." achievement of a heroic life lost in its She made no answer, but sbe laid her cold service.

finger imperceptibly upon his life.

The Patriotic service is of many kinds. austere polar silence seemed to say, “ If you Soldiers, sailors, and statesmen may be probe my secret, you shall find it a fatal patriots ; so are artists, discoverers, me- Medusa beauty." chanics, and all citizens who, in any way, Those who were admitted to the inincrease the national glory. In our recent timacy of the discoverer, know how faithhistory we shall not find many men who fully he labored after his return, amid have more worthily earned that name pain and exhaustion, and uncertain but than Kane. Brave, accomplished, modest, not yet disastrous forebodings. With the fearless; of a singular sweetness and calm- conclusion of his work, the nervous tension ness of character and manner; showing the of his system relaxed, and the prints of the right to command, by his superior sagacity fatal finger became more evident. He and accurate science ; ardent, genial, and sailed to England, which offered him indevoted, his career was a rare union of stantly, but unavailingly, all the honors romantic circumstance and stern and valu- of its homage and hospitality. He was able achievement.

scarcely seen in public, 80 rapidly did he The great arctic problem was little in it- decline. He sailed toward the equator to self. . The discovery of a northwest pas find a balm for the icy venom of the pole; sage could be of very small practical ad- but he still languished in the arms of vantage to the commerce of the world; friendly and maternal care, and died, an but it was a question of knowledge only honored friend, among strangers. to be answered by heroic and perilous re- Every hero dies too sooh for the world ; search. It was one of the very few remain- but no man dies too soon for himself, who, ing great geographical problems, like that at the age of thirty-six, has made his name of the sources of the Nile. The enterprise and heroic memory dear to history. All of the leading civilized nations was simul- men naturally love the poets, and the taneously pressing forward to their solu- beroes, who are only poets in action. It tion, and, to the noble career of discovery, seems but yesterday that we marked that America contributed Kane. While Ger- springing tread, that erect form, that beam. mans and Englishmen were plucking out ing eye. It will seem but yesterday forever. the heart of the mystery of Africa, and -Ticknor & Fields have commenced brave Englishmen and Frenchmen perished the publication of the household edition"

[ocr errors][merged small]
[ocr errors]

of Scott, wbich is intended to be the best character and life, it is full of interest family edition. Waverley is already is- and significance. The selections from the sued, and the series certainly promises to writings of the subjects are copious and do wbat it is designed to do. The form characteristic, and the illustrations are by is convenient, the type is clear and legi- far the most living likenesses we have ble, and the whole book has the air of ever seen in engravings. elegance which characterizes the publica- - Examples from the Eighteenth and tions of that firm. Of the illustrations in Nindeenth Centuries-First Series (C. Scrib. the specimens we cannot speak favorably. ner, New York), is a little volume from The head of Scott is good; but the other one of the veterans of our literature, Mrs. cats are poor. The enterprise is an 28- SIGOURNEY. Of late years her pen flows sured success, for the fame of Scott is per- more readily into prose than was its old manent. He is one of the world's benefac- wont, and in all she writes there is such tors. He spoke ill of his own pursuits ; be evident goodness that the reader is inclined had no remarkable reverence for the liter- only to thank the kind baod that bas arary vocation; he was a conservative in life ranged the little feast. Mrs. Sigourney's and literature ; but he was a man of such success is the triumph of amiability in litgeoial and expansive soul, so bearty, and erature. In the present work she bas told healthy, and genuine, that we cannot won- the story of the life of several very differder at the witty sigh of a friend who, ent people who lived during the last censpeaking of the humanitarian and reform tury, who were distinguished for nothing novels, and the whole modern school which 80 much as Christian excellence of charache denounced, and which we defended, ter. There is scarcely a Dame of " exclaimed : “Ab! well, Walter Scott was genius” in the list, except it be that of the last literary man who believed in Franklin. The little volume is capital, and shoulders.” And, surely, if there were ever interesting reading for little people. Bat brawn in genius, it is in bis, and we are we could wish there had been less distincproud and glad of an American edition of tion made between what the author calls his novels worthy his fame and ourselves. " the people of God” and the rest of the

-So deeply embittered is theological world. A formal profession of religion ink with gall, that it is not easy to treat does not constitute a person one of "the any subject connected with theology with people of God,” and, to imply that it does out a trace of bitterness. The ecclesiastic- so, is to injure the heart of the child and al journals and reviews present a bris- the cause of good morals. We do not tling array of opposing articles from which accuse our author of any such intention. the political press might almost learn ma- It is merely a fashion of speech—but it is a lignity. But in The American Pulpit, by very bad fashion. HENRY FOWLER, Professor of Political - We cannot but yeara toward our own Economy in the University of Rochester bantlings, and we greet with pride and (J. M. Fairchild & Co., New York), the pleasure the rollicking Scampadias of Lieut. author has written a series of biograpbical WISE-Harry Gringa(C. Scribner), wbich and descriptive sketches in iok as pure as has lighted up many of our pages during that which traced the “Sketch-book" or the the last year. It has a sparkling naval “Spectator.” It is a book of theological dash, a boisterous bonhommie, a continual portraits, but it is as friendly, and sympa vivacity, which remind us of certain strains thetic, and catholic, as if it treated of of Willis, although the resemblance ends streams and trees. It would be very diffi- with the suggestion. Lieut. Wise has alcult to ascertain, from its pages, to what ready a name in our literature of travel. particular sect the author bimself belongs. Los Gringos and Tales for the Marines bave The criticisms of Dr. Dewey and Dr. Wil- made their mark, and we do not think liams, for instance, are equally thoughtful Scampavias falls behind. It reads like the and perspicacious. The notice of Mr. journal of a clever middy, with clear eyes Beecher is elaborate, evidently a labor of and a quick mind; and whoever would love, and an admirable analysis of his dance over the Mediterranean, and land on peculiar genius. In truth, the volume is a pleasant and famous shores, and see a valuable addition to our current history; grotesque variety of life, will embark in and, to the curious student of American this jolly-boat with Harry Gringo.

Doubts concerning the Battle of Bunker remains a marvel to us why the name of Hill (James Monroe & Co., Boston) is a the distinguished novelist was omitted in little volume in the vein of Whately's the list of gentlemen appointed by the Doubts about Napoleon. It is done with Savannah convention to engender and skill and spirit.

foster a peculiarly local literature for the - Poems by W. W, CALDWELL, from the south. same house, are pleasing, but the book is - The Minnesola Hand-book, for 1856-7. By mainly valuable for containing copious Nathan H. PARKER. Boston: Jewett & Co. translations from Geibel, one of the most The Iowa Hand-book for 1856. (The same.) popular of contemporary German poets, of Minnesota and Dacotah. By C. C. ANwhom very little is known in this country. DREWS, counselor-at-law, editor of the Many of them are in the less sardonic style Official Opinions of the Attorney-General of Heine's little songs.

of the U. S. Washington : published by -Vaux's Villas and Cottages (Harpers,

R. Farnham. New York). Mr. Vaux is a young Eng- These books are all useful and interestlishman, now for some years resident in ing, but will disappoint those who expect this country, whither be accompanied Mr. to find in them careful descriptions and Downing, of whom he was a partner in judicious 'estimates of the qualities and business, and in accomplishment and taste. promises to emigrants of different parts of His book is of the most valuable kind: the vast region they relate to, or even full full of admirable hints and suggestions, and exact data by which they may form a and abundantly and intelligently illus satisfactory judgment, without laborious trated. We have constant need of such personal examination for themselves; they works as this, for nowhere else in the world have all the quality, and produce the imis there such constant building and so loud pression of advertisements, and the reader a call for the union of cheapness and beau- is prepared find, at the conclusion of ty in domestic architecture. Mr. Vaux each of Mr. Parker's, an offer of his servbrings great common sense to the support ices as a general real-estate broker. Mr. of his science and skill, and has produced Audrews's is scarcely less profuse in the one of the most valuable contributions to application of superlative adjectives, inits department we have yet bad. We hope, discriminately to the soil, scenery, townat an early date, to recur to this volume as sites, editors, and tavern and sbop-keepers, the text of some general observations upon

with which be either came into personal the subject which it treats.

contact, or of which or whom he bas oc-By the Wigwam and the Cabin, Red- casion to speak from rumor. We regret field continues the publication of Mr. that he should not have given a more comSimms's novels. Mr. Simms promises to prehensive and far-reaching judgment upon rival Cooper in the number of his works, the character and destiny of even the small at least. They have attained a distinct portion of Minnesota and Dacotab which place in our literary history, but they can came under his personal observation. One hardly be called popular or familiar. In letter, of seventeen pages, is devoted to spite the stirring scenes in which they the bar of Minnesota, and commences as are laid, and the often wild and striking follows :-"I have not yet been inside, a adventure with which they abound, they court of justice, nor seen a case tried, since have an undeniable tendency to prosiness, I have been in the territory. But it has and the interest of description in them, been my pleasure to meet one of the judges which necessarily soon tires, is superior to of the Supreme Court, and several promithat of characterization. In respect, how- nent members of the bar." Hence the ever, of constructive talent and afiluence propriety of a legal essay, of which six of production, Mr. Simms takes precedence pages are quoted from Justice Talfourd. of any other of our distinctive southern A critical study of our new settlements authors. Mr. Wirt and Mr. Legaré, who of the Northwest, if made by a competent are usually quoted as the Pillars of Her- person, not completely magnetized by the cules of our southern literature, were both universal speculating and puffing disposipolisbed, and graceful, and accomplished tion of the inbabitants, would afford maessayists; but they displayed none of the terials for a very valuable and interesting nerve or continuity of Simms. It still addition to our libraries.

[ocr errors][merged small]

PUTNAM'S KALEIDOSCOPE.
“A particular arrangement of reflecting surfaces."

-we,

A Town ECLOGUE.—The Home Journal Orpheus breathing " in his shell," is a published, a short time since, a delicate bit hit. Then Poet III. utters his lugubrious of satire, in the form of a dialogue be plaint. tween three poets of the modern school,

THIRD POET. who are bewailing the decline of taste “I would not curse the planets of my day:" (i. e. the rejection of their manuscripts), in

Bless his stars, for not cursing the plafront of Ticknor & Fields's book store.

nets. The writer, with most exquisite irony, has put the current forms of expression-half

"I would not weep, my little life away,

Hanging myself in melancholy lines : cento, half fluent nonsense-in the mouths

Your moan's the moan of Lilliputian minde." of the speakers, so as to make the absurd

Think what a small moan a Lilliputian ity still more willful, as for instance, the

mind must moan. balf-cento style

"The myths have flown. But O, thank God, FIRST POET.

the winds “No more shall Corydon in Arcady

Break with as grand a music on the pines, Pipe to bis Phyllis with the pastoral reeds." As in Arcadian hours—the nightingalo, TENNYSON.

Sends silver shivers through the midnight

air." “No more shall Commerce be all in all, and Peace

What a " silver shiver” is being left to Pipe on her pastoral hillock a languid note."

the imagination. An emigrant nightingale FIRST Poet.

in America, sending any kind of a shiver “Sweeter than peach-blooms in untrodden lanes.”

through the midnight air, should be arrest. TENNYSON.

ed at once, and pụt in quarantine. “ Blacker than bloe-buds in the front of “The wild rose reddens, and the lily pales." March.” FIRST POET.

This is too commonplace; we would

suggest, Two ragged and starved knights of poesy."

“The lily reddens and the wild rose pales." STODDARD. (To Bayard Taylor) “wo are 'squires

as more striking. Of poesy, and swell her shining train.”

"And spring comes to us beautiful and fair." Ragged and starvèd” being a delici

The spring comes to us in place of our ous transposition ; starved and ragged are

going to it. only ordinary forms of language, and, of course, below the standard of transcendent

“The brooklet sings; the yellow hauberked

bee al writing.

Flies with the robins through the summer Now the half nonsense :

leaves." “The rare old gods are tumbled from their A bauberked bee iying with a robio bas thrones !

probably never been seen by any living The hamadryads and the roguish fauns Have left the moonlight lonely in the larons,

person. The adjective “bauberked" is There is a dearth of romance in the zones!" peculiarly good ; "corsleted” having been Rare old gods !'' is capital ; "dearth"

done by earlier poets, “hauberked" has an

air of originality. is & felicitous substitute for .. scarcity;" " zones'' rhymes with “ thrones," and is pur- “The autumn's golden fingers gild the grain." posely inlaid so as to show the new-school

Sweet and albuminous image ; and method in its broadest light," the moonlight autumn's gilding the grain of spring, exlonely in the lawns” heightens the absurd

cellent! ity, being real poetry, and tberefore the

“Nothing seems old and wrinkled but the sea, more incongruous.

Which o'er some strange and awful secret SECOND Poet.

grieves." “There's my last poem— The Lamentation ! The idea of a submarine secret bidden Well,

in the bosom of the ocean-very Richard Orpbeus ne'er breathed such music in his shell ;

the Thirdish! But here come the big But even Ticknor couldn't make it sell !" lines

« 上一頁繼續 »