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end Samuel Willard ; both of whom Mark stared a little at the justice's were known to be disgusted at the per- air of indifference and irresponsibility, sistence and atrocity of the delusion. and then resumed: “Well, sir, don't Saltonstall was very kind to the young you think it is high time to stop the man and gave him a letter to Justice commitments and the trials until we can Hawthorne, urging a merciful consider- get some grave decision from the Old ation of More's case upon that influen- Country ?" tial magistrate. Elder Willard lodged "That may be," was the reply. Mark in his own house, tried unavail. “Yes, it has a look of reason. Some. ingly to interest Cotton Mather in his thing of that sort is what Major Saltonobject, and promised that if it were pos stall hints at in his letter. Major Saltsible he would himself attend the court opstall is a weighty, judicious person, and conduct More's defense.

and I have a great respect for his opinAs soon as Mark reached home he ion. I am prone to believe, too, that called on Hawthorne, and presented the many other persons are in that way of letter. The justice read it attentively, thinking. I have myself, even, been spoke highly of Saltonstall, and was led to fear that we were going too fast exceedingly, polite; but he seemed and too far; and I am free to say that, perplexed how to offer anything but whenever the law no longef demands compliments, and presently fell into a commitments, I shall rejoice to cease brown study. Mark, therefore, took issuing them. I will not be behind the the talking upon himself, and went on public in moderation and clemency." stoutly, emphasizing his opinions by “Well, sir, now what can you do for slapping his slouch hat as it lay across Master More ?" said Mark, with earnhis knee. "I think, 'squire," said he, est directness. “I wish you could help " that it is high time we asked some him, sir." body else to tell us what we are doing. “I wish I could, Mark; that is, if he We have got into such a lunatic state, is innocent," declared Hawthorne. that the man in the moon could judge " Innocent!" exclaimed the youth. for us better than we can judge for our "I would call on heaven and earth to selves. The trials ought to be stopped, bear witness to his innocence.” until advice comes from England what “Well, Mark," retorted the justice is the king's opinion of them. It is with a pleasant humor, “if my belief, that he would say we have get heaven and earth into court to swear been pulling up the tares and wheat to that, I have no doubt he would be together. What do you suppose he cleared. But, as you cannot, we must would think, sir, of one of those sermons try to find some other testimony." of Parris on witchcraft? Wouldn't be “But can't you make some move to laugh at us roundly for being led about aid bim ?" urged the importunate youth. through tears and blood, by such a fus Can't you help me impeach the wittian bell-wether as that?"

nesses! Some of them are great ras"Very, likely, Mark; mayhap 'he cals. Can't you give me a hint that · would,” replied Hawthorne, with singu

would favor bim ?" lar coolness for a man who had been one "Why, my good young neighbor," of the leaders of the excitement. “Par said the wise, fair-minded justice, "we ris is not an amazing preacher." must be careful and not separate one

“And yet," continued the young man, man's case from the case of all his comwith an indignant bit at the broad brim, rades. What we do for one, we must " there are folk among us who take do for all in like condition. That is every word of Parris for gospel. Does particularly the duty of us magistrates. it bonor the gospel much, sir ? or does We are bound, you know, to act as it honor their brains ?"

public men, and not as private friends “Go on, Mark,” said the justice. "I of this or that accused person. We am not surprised nor scandalized at must be considerate and cautious, too, your talking against Parris. I am no we magistrates. Still, I will cast about; bigot, thank heaven. People think that I will try to devise something.' 'Squire Hawthorne has been one of the “Be in baste, then, I pray you, Masleaders in this business; but 'Squire ter Hawthorne ; for time presses," urgHawthorne has been acting at the com ed the youth. “I will do anything you mand of the laws. He is a citizen and point out to me, no matter how dangera magistrate ; not a fanatic."

ous; I would lose my life to save Mas

you could

can."

I am

I can

ter More's. I don't understand these The girl put her hand to her cheek to law matters; but you do, sir, and I hope wipe away a tear, which had started you will give me all the advice you downward. He absolutely shook with

emotion, he loved her so, and sympa. “I like your bold spirit, Mark," said thized so passionately with her speechthe justice. " You are a brave and

brave and less grief. He forgot all prudence and clever lad; and I look to see you one self-respect; and suffered those thoughts of our first men some of these days. I to burst forth which dwelt and raged hope you will be cautious, however, and like restless prisoners in the secret have à care of committing yourself so chambers of his soul. “Oh, Rachel," as to lose your stand among us.

he said, in hoarse gasps, “why can almost sorry, for your sake, that you you not love me?

I would save your have so joined your interests with Mas

father;

I would die to save him! Should ter More. There is a great dislike to I not earn your love then? Should I him in certain high quarters. Still, we

not? Tell me. Why don't you speak ? will do what we can for him; we will Oh, you are too bad to tease me so !" do what we can. Only, I say again, we Her face was ghastly pale, and her must not make a separation between his lips were wide apart as she listened to case and that of the others. He would him, agitated by an unutterable conflict. never ask such a thing, depend upon • Why don't you speak ?" he cofiit."

tinued. “Don't you wish to save your And so Mark finally had to leave the father? Are you willing to let him die courteous and politic magistrate, quite rather than take me? Give up this unable even to state to himself what had other. He can do nothing for you; but been promised, or what was to be I can. I can save your father; done.

save him be he ever so guilty. If I do During these unavailing efforts to aid not, I will ask nothing.' More, the sixth of September arrived ; Her head sank into her lap; her and six women, among whom was Mar hands quivered as they clutched her garet Cory, were put on trial for sor hair; she moaned and sobbed as if sho ,cery. How anxiously Rachel, sister wero stifling. As he looked at the loveAnn, and Mark watched the proceed ls neck which now lay bare, and saw ings of the court and awaited its decis the fevered blood which coursed through ion ! It would be to them a token by it, Aushing it with beauty, the temptawhich they could divine, with tolerable tion was too swift to be resisted, and, certainty, the fate of that other captive bending suddenly, he kissed it with who was so dear to them. And when passion. Perhaps she did not notice there appeared no merciful change in it; perhaps the interior struggle was either judge or jury; when the verdict still undecided : at all events, she stirof guilty fell on each and all who stood red no further than to tremble with inat the bar, it seemed as if the seal of creased violence. He tried to seize one their despair was set, and their father, of her hands; to place his arm about and brother, and friend, were already her waist; for he was 20 wild with a set apart for a shameful death.

surprised hope of victory that he neither It was just at this crisis, on the even thought nor cared who might see him. ing which closed the trials, that, for the But this insolence broko her spell, and first time since the arrest of More, Noyse she started up facing him with cheeks saw Rachel alone. Deacon Bowson was that were criinson, and with eyes that in the shop, and his wife was over at the cowed him by their extraordinary light. Stanton's, while Teague and Hannah At that moment Noyse heard the garwere at work in the garden. Rachel den gate creak, and saw Mark Stanton was sitting in front of the house, initiat approaching “ You will none of me, ing Sarah Carrier into the mystery of then ?” he muttered, scowling at the knitting

Sarah ran off as the elder girl. “But keep silence, or I will have entered the gate, for fear he would ask your father hanged a thousand times." her the catechism. He shook Rachel's He passed out of the yard and walkhand, giving it an affectionate pressure, ed rapidly away down the street. Mark, and took the chair which had been left of course, wanted to know the cause of by the escaped truant. “ These are Rachel's tears; but, mindful of the warnstormy days, Rachel," said he ; "black ing which had been given her, she kept and portentous to our feeble spirits." silence, and the young man contented

VOL. IX.-26

his

on it.

himself with supposing that she had Noyse's offer. He stared at her astonmade a useless appeal to Noyse in be ished, and then clenched his fist angrily. half of her father. “I have got a per “Little girl," he whispered, “never mic for you to visit the prison,” said be. speak to that man again. He is a sooti“I went to Master Curwin, but he er villain than Parris. He is the vilest wouldn't hear to it. He is tearing mad of tempters to give you such a motive now because he lost three teeth in tho for breaking your faith. Be true to arrest; and he thinks the zeal of the Mark, Rachel; for he is true to mo. Lord's house is eating him up. He said And don't fear too much for my safety. you would be taking in files and witch Heaven will protect me.

I feel sure of instruments to your father to help him it, now that I know what rascals all my break jail. Then he said Master More adversaries are." would use the occasion to teach you When they left the prison, Deacon some witchcraft or other, and 80 ruin Bowson, still crying at intervals, set off your soul. I wouldn't tell you such for the house of Justice Curwin, resolvhateful things, Rachel, only I want to ed to plead vigorously the cause of his warn you not to carry anything about oppressed relative. "Squire,” said be, you which they can take for puppets or “what's the use of trying innocent witch trinkets. Well, I finally left him, men? Guilty men—that's all well and went to see Justice Hawthorne, who enough; I say so too: try 'em; hang has just got back from Andover. He 'em. But innocent men, that's another said he would see to it that Justico Cur matter. There's my brother-in-law, win was satisfied, and he gave me a per good Master More_» mit on the spot.

And here the
poor man lifted

up Mark produced a specimen of cramp voice and wept strenuously. Justice od chirography, and the two spent an Curwin was struck perfectly dumb at hour in reading it over and commenting this unexpected attack, and stared at

the deacon with huge eyes of orthodox Early in the morning, Rachel, sister indignation. “Master More innocent!" Ann and Deacon Bowson were at the he finally gasped. “What d'ye moan, door of Salem jail. Daunton stammered deacon! Have you had a revelation to through the permit aloud, and then con tell you that? It must have been from ducted them into the cell of tho hunter. Beelzebub, then. What, will you enterHow is it possible to describe the tears tain revelations of such a demoniac purand smiles with which Rachel clung to her father! the manner in which she No," shouted Bowson, “I won't looked him in the eyes, patted his face, entertain them. I haven't had a revelaand smootbed his hair with her hand! tion." What shall we say, too, of sister Ann? “ What d'ye mean, thon, by saying It is better to imagine it all than to 80 positively that Master More is innospoil such scones by awkward, helpless cent?" asked the justice sharply: words. We will just observe John “He said so himself, and he looked Bowson, however, forgetful apparently 80," replied the deacon, beginning to of his faith in witchcraft, sitting on the cry again. wretched straw bed, bis knuckles in his “Oh, brother Bowson," retorted Cureyes, and blubbering aloud. Giles Cory win," you never would do for a judge listens in deep but tearless sympathy: in Israel if you believed all that every

No moisture rose to More's eyelids. fair-spoken Canaanite told you. Are He felt bound to hold to the very last we not warned of those who come nigh an unflinching aspect before his fellow to deceive even the very elect? Look captives and his persecutors.

" Cheer at this Master More, and see how he is up, sister Ann," he said. “Be a brave the cause of sin in others. When I girl, Rachel

Brother Bowson, don't laid bands on him there, in the name of ory in the straw; if you moisten it the law, and sought to arrest him, I much more, I shall catch cold to-night." grieve to say that he provoked me to

He was gay and confident apparent swear like a dragoon. "You know that ly; so much so that the women were I have already confessed it and bemoaninspirited rather than saddened by the ed it before the church; yea, at the interview. At last Rachel said she had last looture day, I confessed it. And something to tell him; and, putting her now, with the rowels of that sin in my mouth close to his ear, so repeated conscience, I feel doubly spurred up to

port ?"

diligence in my magisterial duties. I country ablaze at his wickedness. I tell must redeem that shame, in so far as I you, to your face, he has. I tell you, to can, by the good works of a merciful your face, he is a venomous adder of the severity."

tribe of the old serpent.”. I will not detail the whole of this in " Elder Parris, it is a lie !" cried Mark, teresting conversation ; it is sufficient beside himself with wrath, and advancto know that it entirely altered the per ing with clenched hands straight upon suasion of John Bowson, and sent him the bawling villain. The elder gave a away perfectly convinced of More's shriek of terror, more counterfeit than guilt in respect to sorcery:

real, and took to flight, calling on his Another incident of this day was, & friends to save him. Several persons dispute between Mark and that inde stepped forward and faced the young fatigable conspirator, the pastor of man, who stood perfectly still, looking Salem Village. They were both can after the clerical fugitive in amazement. vassing the neighborhood for witnesses ; "I would not have touched him," said for the one was not much more anxious he, and turned about to resume bis to save More than the other to procure dialogue with Putnam. But that worthy his condemnation. Parris bad gathered had taken himself off, and was now i & squad of believers in the yard of a the circle which again gathered abqut leading parishioner, and was ranting the minister. That ovening, Mark was against the imprisoned hunter, with all arrested and sentenced to twenty shilthe fervor that personal hate could add lings fine and ten days of confinement, to the secret motives of his ferocious for an assault upon Elder Parris. policy. Mark came up, unobserved, and The fifth day after this, that is, the beckoned away a respectable landbolder, seventeenth of September, had been docalled Nathaniel Putnam. “ Master Put- signated for the trial of More and eight Dam,” said be, “you know Thomas Bib of his fellow-captives. Giles Cory was ber. He is going to witness against my one of these eight; but the heroic farmfriend More. He is a drunkard and a er still refused to plead; and, accordliar, ali Salem is aware. But you told ingly, on the sixteenth, Herrick camo me once that he was a perjurer. I into the cell, snarling : “Now, Giles, want you to swear to that in court. I you've wasted time enough for the court. want to impeach his testimony. Such We are going to ask you, for the last fellows ought not to be suffered in our time, to speak. If you hold mum, as courts, especially on cases of life and you have done, you go under the

weights." He had got thus far, when Parris ** Master Herrick,” replied Cory, turned round, and perceived him. “Ay," “ what I want is, to have you put 'em he shouted," and there is another of all on at once, so as not to keep me in those profane Sadducees, who will not misery." believe the being of a devil lest they “The court doesn't really mean to must thence infer the being of a God. press any one, I hope," said More. There he is, doubtless engaged in his . That is a barbarous punishment, nearmacbinations to succor his comrade in ly out of date. There have been very prison. Come bither and speak up loudly few cases of it for a long time. The last before us all. Let us hear what Beelze one happened in the half-savage country bub 'ath to say for himself. What, is he of Wales, twenty-one years ago.” ashamed to speak? Then it is the first “ Master More," responded Horrick, time Satan was ever modest."

" there's going to be a fresh case toThe assembly moved towards Mark, day, if this wrong-bead don't come out who stood bis ground and flushed up to of his sulks. And the thing may como the forehead. · Collecting testimony into high fashion again. Who knows? for that infamous wizard, Henry More," I should like to see it, for my part, if continued Parris. “I know your ways. people won't speak when they're spokI have heard of your whisperings, and your peepings, and your mutterings. “ What's the odds ?" asked Cory: Young man, while it is yet time, I coun " I've got to die some way; only, if I sel you to repent. Let go of that fire won't plead, I'm pressed to death; and brand of perdition, and suffer it to drop if I will plead, I'm hanged to death, and into the pit. Is he not a firebrand of damned into the bargain. No, Herperdition? Hath he not set the whole rick, you offer a sight too little for

death."

en to."

lying; though I wouldn't take your of- door opened, and Daunton entered, fer any way.”

ghastly to his forehead. “Oh, Lord! " Then you two others, you must go Oh Lord !" be repeated, and crouching out," said the sheriff, turning to More down on a bed. covered his face with and a third prisoner who had lately his bands. “What is the matter, you shared the narrow room. “Get up, and villain ?" shouted More, in fierce indigcome along:

I'll loose
yer irons.

nation. “Don't you like your own They're going to put him to it right work ?off."

“Oh, Lord !" repeated the shudderA terrible pallor, and a dampness ing jailor. “Oh, that Herrick is a like death, came over Cory's face, as mighty hard man. When the poor felbis fellow-captives approached to bid low's tongue was pressed out of bis him a last farewell; but he showed no mouth he forced it in again with his signs of flinching, and shook their hands cane when he was a dying." with a firm grasp.

“Hadn't you bet O simple, yet awful words, chosen ter plead, Cory?" said the new prison- from the page of history in perpetuation er. *“ It's easier than to be hung. Then, of an incident of offensive horror! there's a chance they might clear you." “But stop,” says the seventeenth cen

"No," replied the farmer. “They tury, “stop, my conceited nineteenth, ha'n't cleared Margaret. She's a going before you fing your stones at me. to Gallows Hill; and I don't care to Have you no brutes of your own, who live arter that."

have helped now and then to roast a “God grant you an easy deliverance, live negro ? Have you no dunces of Giles," said More, shaking hands with your own who have gone to midnight him."

churcb-yards, in white robes, to be in at “ Thankee, Master More,” replied the resurrection ? Every century, my the simple, brave-hearted fellow. " If vain-glorious nineteenth, has its own I could speak as you can, I would plead glass house ; and yours may yet be and defend myself. But as it is, I spacious enough to merit the name of a think I do about right, don't I ? I sball crystal Palace." never wrong the truth. Good-by." Well, perhaps the seventeenth cen

They walked out and passed into the tury is not so far out of the way; and, main dungeon, hurried along by that perhaps, too, we ought not to be hard iron-hearted Herrick. A dozen prison- on an earnest, sincere age, which was ers crowded the room to which they willing to write out its convictions in its were conducted; but, so terrible was own blood. Is humanity to be allowed the expectation which filled them all, no faith, no wonders ?' Witchcraft is that there was a perfect, an awful si- gone; the devil and bis angels are golence. They knew what was going to ing; and animal magnetism is a poor happen; knew that they should over substitute. Is the imagination to be hear something of the tragedy; and spoiled utterly, annexed and sequestratthey felt, to the full, how tremendous was ed, province after province, liké Mexico this method of impressing upon them and Hindostan? Is it to have illusion the poril of refusing a confession. At after illusion, and credence after cremoments, in their impatience, they whis- dence, extracted by this dreadful dentpered together, but hushed again when ist whom we call philosophy? Are the any noise reached them from the cham chambers of tho supernatural to be ber of torture. After wbat seemed a scoured forever, and all their fanciful long time, the patience of the judges cobwebs brushed down, by these terrible appeared to be exhausted: for the pri- housemaids, the Sciences ? Forbid it soners distinctly heard a dull sound like Jupiter, forbid it Isis and Tammuz, and the dragging of beavy objects ovor the and all yo helpless gods of the decayed adjoining floor. Then passed away an- past! other dreary interval, and then stole

CHAPTER XVIII. upon their ears groans of prolonged and dismaying anguish ; after which, there On the seventeenth of September, Rarose, three times, a voice of stifled ago. chel saw her father walk, in manacles, ny, crying: “More weight! more between Sherriff Herrick and Justice weight ! more weight !"

Curwin, to the First Church of Salem. Another silenco fell, and bad grown That building had lately become very intolerable in its oppression, when the dreadful to all eyes : first, as a templo

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