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scientific worlds, that his name alone will the auspices of Dr. Baird. It is altogether be a sufficient warrant that his deductions the most elaborate treatise on the subject in both departments are orthodox. His that has yet been elicited. It is written, first discourse treats of the highest uses after careful research and in a philosophic of learning; the next, of the relation be- spirit, but with characteristic French vivatween the philosopher and the theologian; city of manner. The Count admits the the third, of special divine interpositions principal phenomena of what is called in nature; the fourth compares the won- spiritualism, having verified many of them ders of science with those of romance; by his own independent experiments; but the fifth tells of the religious bearings of he endeavors to account for them on natuman's creation; the sixth, of the catalytic ral and physical principles. We cannot powers of the gospel ; while others illus- say that we admire his style ; for it is trate the attractions of heaven and earth, very diffuse, and the author has spread the waste of mind, etc., etc. They are all over two large volumes what might have written with more or less power, and, been easily condensed into one. But he though not strikingly original either in meets bis problems with courage, and the train of the thought or in the imagery, handles them with the utmost frankness. are still pleasing and persuasive. We Conceiving that there are but two methods ought to except, perhaps, on the score of of investigating truth-that of the ancient originality, one address, which is entitled schoolmen, wbo announced certain princi“ Mineralogical Illustrations of Charac- ples a priori, to which the facts were made ter," wherein, taking up all the varieties to conform, and that of modern science, of mineral clearness or opacity, he uses dating from the time of Bacon, which first them as symbols of the moral and Chris- observes the facts and constructs its theory tian manifestations of life. Thus, he de- from them afterwards—he incontinently scribes the transparent, the hydrophanous, prefers the latter. The facts of this sothe translucent, the double-refracting, the called spiritualism are to be ascertained, phosphorescent, the dichroic, the chatoy. he remarks, at the outset, and the interant, the pavonine, and the opaque Chris- pretation follow thereupon. They come tian. His applications of the terms might on too uniformly and too persistently to be extended to the world in general, in wbich be poob-poohed out of the way, and they there are many double-refracting mediums, are not to be ridiculed or ignored, but to or mediums which give two images of every be explained. In the first part of his object seen through them, and not a few work, consequently, he proceeds to afirm dichroic fellows, who exbibit different col- to what extent the alleged phenomena are ors on different faces; and we hope, also, real occurrences, and in the second part, a considerable number of chatoyant indi. to account for them in an adequate and viduals, splendid in the display of prismatic satisfactory way. The academies and the colors, and yet sound to the beart. Dr. philosophers have satisfied themselves with Hitchcock's success in this use of miner- condemning these modern discoveries, but alogy suggests an infinite number of modes yet they bave not disposed of them. Unin which natural science might be turned fortunately, nothing can be less complaisto povel and striking illustrations of moral ant than facts. They are endowed with truth; but there is one difficulty that lit- the most injudicious obstinacy. In spite erary men find in the use of science, and of all the anathemas, the tables persist in that is, in the barbarous and pedantic ter. turning; in spite of disdainful and despotic minology which men of science will use, decisions ex cathedra, the old quarrel is perand which to all outsiders seems little bet- petually renewed. Count Gasparin details ter than a jargon. His terms, dichroic and his experiments at great length, going to chatoyant, are a specimen, which would not show that tables turn, dance, rise in the be understood in any promiscuous assem- air, knock responses, etc., without contact bly, and hardly with the help of a diction- with bands. His explanation of the reary.

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in the course of which he furnishes - Count GASPARIN, of France, has un- many instructive pages on miracles, superdertaken a scientific exposition of modern natural actions, ballucination, etc., etc.spiritualism, which has been translated is the operation of a physical fluid, similar and is now published in this country under to animal magnetism. There is nothing

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new in this theory, but it is developed to her attendant in this strain : « • Nay, more elaborately than anywhere else. Per- girl, neither tales nor music suit me. Am song interested in such inquiries will find I not peevish, my faithful one ? caressing the book full of matter.

her. Methinks the fault is here,' laying - The Youth of the Old Dominion, by her band upon her heart. 'And yet what SAMUEL HOPKINS (Jobo P. Jewett & Co.), Borrow bave I? what want? Allah preis a kind of historical novel, which is par

Is this oriental tially spoiled by the constant fear of the style? author lest he should leave the line of -It is too late in the day, or, rather, the strict fact. Now, the idea of a bistorical year, to notice boliday books, but there novel is the presentation of the romantic are some books that are suitable for any aspects of facts, and if an author is nervous

The collection which has been to mention everything, whether romantio made for children, out of DICKENS's works, or not, he must needs fall. Partly from and containing all that he has to say of this reason, and partly from want of Little Folks is of this sort. No one has power of characterization, this novel is a written more agreeably of the young, and failure. How could a reader believe that for the young, than Dickens, and it is a he was to find the complexion of old Vir- happy idea to bring together, into a series ginian times, and the rough portraits of of neat little volumes, his various childish Smith and bis comrades, truly or even creations, from Little Paul to Tiny Tim. tolerably painted, when the book opens They are well printed, and inclosed in a with a Mohammedan maiden in Constan- small case, adapted to the use of tinople, Charalza Tragabigzanda, who talks juveniles.

season.

PUTNAM'S KALEIDOSCOPE.

“A particular arrangement of reflecting surfaces." -MOZTER'S SCULPTURES.—The Greek expresses : “You most solemnly and einmarble is grand and simple; it is only cerely swear to tell the truth, the wbole form, beauty, grace—the ordinary elements truth, and nothing but the truth; for, of nature, in barmonious proportion. It has if you don't, I shall certainly cut you down no inner life, no allegorical secret. It is in the flower of your mercantile youth." all that marble can be, and no more. It What we find fault with is, not the execudoes not pretend to do what language only tion of the conception, but the conception can do-to interpret abstract ideas. “An itself. The figurative Truth and Silence allegory on the banks of the Nile," or one might have been quite as well conveyed in at Greenwood, alike require a page or two the coarsest hieroglyphics. The really fine of description ; but Hercules, or the Venus, sculptures are only symbols, after all, and tell us all they bave to tell at a single must take rank accordingly. We rememglance, and need no further translation. ber some of Mr. Mozier's earlier efforts, a Now, insomuch as we love the Greek mar- bust of a little girl, full of life and thought ble, for its anaffected simplicity, we must —and that is saying a great deal for marfind a little faalt with Joseph Mozier, ble—and a pare, noble head of a woman, American sculptor at Rome, Italy, for his doubtless a portrait, and yet idealized, and statues of Truth and Silence, at the Mer- these we recall with peculiar pleasure. cantile Library Rooms. "Silence," with But we do not recall with equal satisfacthe inevitable fore-finger on her lip, does tion a bust of Hesper, or Aurora, or not convey any idea beyond the well-known Diana, or whatever it may have been, fiction represented so often by inferior simply because it expressed only by star actors at the theatres, who never fail to or crescent what the intention was. Mornsay “hush !" with the same gesture ; ing or evening are not expressible in haand “Truth," if the sword and the atti- man features. High art has not yet artude may be construed literally, only rived at such perfection as to “bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the heartily commend, also, “the girl pluck. bands of Orion.” “The breezy call of in- ing a flower," a charming little conception cense-bearing morn” is beyond the scope of artless grace and beauty ; and the Penof the callipers and chisel. Dawn and mender is full of thought and expression. twilight are proper subjects for landscape Altogether, we are very much pleased painter, or poet. Truth and Silence are with this photographic glimpse of Mozier's metaphysical abstractions, and rightfully studio at Rome, and sincerely trust the belong to the great race of Pensters. The statues themselves will soon find a place sculptor's vocation is broad and plain within some of the many mansions of this enough-the outward and visible world of great city. humanity, of men and women, on foot, or THE NOSES OF EMINENT MEN.-Of all the on horseback. Marble must keep within quadrupeds, the elephant is, unquestionproper limits. The statue “that enchants ably, the most eagacious. And, although the world” is only a graceful and beauti- some have fondly imagined that his saful woman; and wit such the world is gacity is wholly owing to his great bulkcontent to be enchanted, in spite of alle just as we are apt to think wisdom is pegorical Truths, and Fortitudes, Justices, culiar to the fat, or judgment to the thickMercys, and Charltys, with any quantity of set-yet, in justice to the elephantowe marble eleemosynary infants. As an illug- must not allow the world to repose upon tration of wbat we mean, let the reader look 60 absurd and preposterous an error. If at the exquisite arrangement of the drapery mere bulk were wisdom, what shall be said over the right breast of “Silence,” in the of the hippopotamus; of coroners, and alLibrary Rooms, and see if that be not better dermen; of justices of the peace, the rbi. worth admiration than the allegory itself. noceros, and the commissioners of the

We have received a few photographs Patent-office ; of prize-medal pigs, and —a sunlight view, as it were-of the inte- Gen. ? We see, at once, the fallacy rior of Mozier's studio at Rome_" a boy of the popular belief, when we consider making a pen," "a girl plucking a flower," the very opposite relations existing be

a woman carrying a water-jar," “music, tween bulk and wisdom, in the above er. vocal and instrumental, represented by a

amples. It is needless here to enter into an Dymph playing the accordion, and a slen

elaborate detail of the sympathetic attachder Italian greyhound in full concorda

ments of the brain and the pose, extending satire in stone;" “The Prodigal Son—a through an infinite ramification of nerves, sketch of two figures to be modeled life arteries, ganglions, and tissues, nor of the size hereafter ;” and “an Indian girl--a power of the organ itself to express emosuggestion of Bryant's lines :

tion; to scorn, to speer, to snivel, to affirm,

or deny; to put itself intrusively where it "'An Indian girl was sitting where

is not wanted ; to be arrogant, haughty, Her lover, slain in battle, slept ; Her maiden veil-her own black hair

conceited ; to suffer indignities; to be a Came down o'er eyes that wept ; sleeping-trumpet, and a moral, psalm-singAnd wildly, in her woodland tongue, ing instrument in the conventicle. The This sad and simple lay she sung.'

relations between the brain and this organ These are exceedingly simple and beau- are, therefore, nearly equivalent to those tiful, and, what is rarely the case, the between a ship and its rudder-with the most elaborate piece in the collection triling difference, that we are guided by is the best-namely, “ The Return of the one, and led by the other. These facts Prodigal”—a group of two figures. The being established, all that is required to be poor fugitive has cast himself upon the known further is, whether, the dimensions breast of his father—the flaccid muscles, of a nose being given, it is possible to arthe slender arms, the pinched loins, the rive at a fair estimate of the subsidiary projecting shoulders, the drooping head, all mental power, if not, indeed, at a regular indicate painfully and truly the story of scale, such as Kepler has laid down with the wanderer; and around this form is regard to the planetary system. To this thrown the strong; supporting arm of pa- we answer in the affirmative. Let us take rental tenderness, and happiness and com- the wisest of brutes as an instance. The miseration are expressed in every linea- height of the tallest elepbant in the junment of the face of the father. We can gles of Africa is ten feet and a half, and

66

the length of bis proboscis, from the lower length! the average Dose of the Century
suture of the coronal bone (os frontis), to Club is 2 9-16; Thackeray's nose is 2 5-8—
the tip, is exactly seven feet and an inch. precisely the length of the “Father of
Now, if we add to the height of the ele- this country's ;" Bancroft's is 2 9-16; Irv-
phant his weight and circumference, we ing's, 2 7-12; Bryant's, 2 6-11 ; Dickens's,
find the proportion of the organ to the sum 2 3-8; Durand's, 27-13; General Scott's,
total to be exactly 19 11-60 per centam., 2 5-10; Longfellow's, 2 6-11; Curtis's, 2 1-2;
If we take, as an offset to this, the com- Macaulay's, 2 5-9 ; Hicks’e, 2 3-4 ; Commo-
monest and most familiar zoological ex- dore Stockton's, 2 7-12 ; Tennyson's, 2 4-7 ;
ample, viz., the proportions existing be- Benton's, 2 7-13; the average magazine
the weight, height, and bulk of the bippo- Dose of this city is 2 5-8; in Philadelphia,
potamus, and the length of his nose, we 1 7-8; Marcy's is 2 8-12; Verplanck's,
find them expressed in round numbers by 25-9; Bayard Taylor's, 2 6-11; we shall
the fractions 132.33900. And it is a curi- have Fredrika Bremer's by next steamer ;
ous scientific fact, that the mental capaci- the nose of the Academy of Design, 2 5-9;
ties of the two animals, when carefully Paulding's, same as Hicks's ; Parke God-
measured, exhibit nearly the same figures. win's, ditto ; Hawthorne's, 27-12; Field's,
If, then, guided by these astonisbiog re- 2 5-9; General Walker's, 2 3-8, and James
salts, we take up any plethoric body of Bucbanac's, 2 4-7.
men-say the board of aldermen, for in- In making our measurements, we have
stance it is very easy to determine pre- had the greatest difficulties to encounter,
cisely their value, in a psychological point by reason of the foolish desire of many to
of view. The average of the board of be represented as measuring more than
aldermen, reduced to the scale of balf an they are entitled to. But, as we know by
inch to the foot, exbibits so near an ap- experience how often scientific data are
proximation to the proportions of the put aside as worthy of no credit, be
lesser animal, that we might call tbem the cause of a few trifling defects or errors,
"city hippopotami," and be accurate we have been guided only by our instru.
enough for ordinary purposes. On the ments. We know it is very hard to refuse
other band, if we attend a meeting of a sixteenth of an inch, when it is asked by
strong-minded women, we find a prodigi- a friend, as a particular favor, but, never-
ous development of this feature. Strong. theless, our “reflections" must be accurate
minded women have immense noses. Jews, und reliable, or else they will be justly
also, are singularly gifted; but we make condemned. In pursuance of our theory,
allowance of at least one-third for organs we have engaged Mr. Pike, the eminent
of this pattern, on account of the natural mathematical instrument-maker, to con-
book, from the eyebrows to the tip. We struct for us a doseometer, of the greatest
once had the honor of being intimate with capacity, and will, from time to time, fur.
one of the most profound scholars and nish our readers with the results of the ob
thinkers in Holland, who was so long-nosed Bervations taken therewith.
and near-sighted that he wiped out with

- ALAS, POOR SHEPHERD!— This very bis nose half of what he wrote with his pen

old ballad is not in any printed collec-thereby showing a memorable instance

tion, that we are aware of, but it is still of wisdom. The average length of a fully

sung by country people in England. It, developed, intellectual, male nose, is pre

no doubt, belongs to the Elizabethan age, cisely two inches and a half from the in

and smacks strongly of the style of the dention between the eyes to the extreme

madrigals, and other love-lorn ditties of end of the cartilage. Washington's Dose

the period. It has also been imitated by was 2 5-8 inches ; but the presidential Gay, in the Beggars' Opera, and the title average bas, so far, been what we have

quoted as “the air." stated above-Jefferson, for example, representing the longs, and Pierce the shorts. "I am a poor Shepherd undone

I cannot be cured by art; Wellington and Napoleon differ only the

A nympb as bright as the sun sixteenth of an inch, both being above the

Has stolen away my heart; average ; Lord Brougham, who is an en

And how to get it again,

How dearly herself could tell, cyclopædia of general information, fol

By giving to me a kiss lows a feature nearly three inches in

And saying she loves me well.

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"And alas, poor shepherd !

out to any degree of thinness. It is almost Alack, and a well-a-day! Until I was in love,

marvelous to see the thin sheets—80 light Oh every month was May!

they will almost float, and may readily be “ If to love she wasn't inclined,

blown up in the air with a puff of breathI told her I'd die in an hour;

and yet know there are three leaves in one "To die,' says she, 'is in vain,

there, the two outer of tin, the inner of lead,
And to love you is out of my power:' and that the latter, in its new position, is
I asked her the reason why
My passion she couldn't approve:

entirely obedient to the outer metal. The Said she, “ 'Tis a task too hard

inventor is Mr. J. J. Crooke, of this city. To give any reason in love!'

The discovery has been patented and the "And alas, poor shepherd!

manufacture is now in full operation.
Alack and a well-a-day!

OUR PRIVATE LIBRARIES. — Few per-
Until I was in love,
Oh every month was May!"

8008 are aware of the great bibliothecal

opulence of New York, for the simple reaMOTLEYISMS.—The three great questions son that heretofore nothing has been said Dow distressing the scientific world are- about it. With the exception of a chance

Whether two messages, delivered simul- allusion, now and then, to the “ Historictaneously at each end of the oceanic tele- al," the “Astor," the “Society," or some graph, would meet and annihilate each of the many other public libraries, the other, or would dodge each other, or re- press has been scrupulously silent in rebound and return each to its own office ? gard to the vast collections of books gar

It is a well-established fact, that when nered up in the midst of our state by its we travel eastwardly to the antipodes, we citizens. It has generally been admitted lose twelve bours, and when westwardly, heretofore, we believe, that New England we gain twelve hours; therefore, if two was the treasury of our literary wealth; messages were sent at 6 o'clock A, M. from but a writer in the Evening Post, in a the Merchants’ Exchange, New York, to the series of very clever papers, begins to Merchants’ Exchange, Kongtcheou, China, show that this is a mistake ; that our priby opposition lines, one running east and vate libraries not only rival, but absolutely the other west, whether the one by the transcend, those of New England. This is western line would not reach Kongtcheou a very startling revelation ; “but facts," twenty-four hours before the eastern one? as the Duke of Wellington once observed,

If a merchant in Kongtcheou should “are stubborn things." The writer of the telegraph to a stock-broker in New York, articles in question is a gentleman of for“Buy me 1000 shares Nicaragua to-mor- tune, leisure, and scholarship, and enters row," what would “to-morrow” mean, if into this new field with the most perfect the dispatch reached this city the day be- sang-froid. He speaks of a private library fore it was sent ?

of ten or fifteen thousand volumes, of the - There are two words in use, very ex- rarest and choicest editions extant, with pressive of the difference between men and imperturbable coolness; and in a few days women, namely, persuasion and convic- brings down another little paper with an tion. You may convince a man, but a account of another collection of equal woman must be persuaded.

richness and variety, and yet totally dis-One of the most interesting and vala- tinct in character, as if such things were able discoveries made within a few years so simple and frequent, that it was not past, is a new method of making tin-foil worth while to give them particular menwith a lining of lead. The lead is first tion, further than as a part of the great cast in a mould about the size of an ordi- whole. But, nevertheless, these quiet reDary brick, with several small square pro- cords, with here and there a touch, indijections, about a quarter of an inch thick cating the writer's intimate acquaintance and balf an inch long, on every side. The with his subject, are not a little fascinating lead, when cold, is placed in a larger to the student. It is curious, too, to observe mould, into which melted tin is poured so the distinctive features of each library : in as to completely surround the lead. The one, costly missals, illuminated bibles, rare projections on the latter hold it in its manuscripts-vellum, vermilion, and black place, within the tin. The whole is then letter ; in another, the original editions of passed between iron cylinders and rolled familiar authors, doubled and sometimes

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