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I can see no good reason why I the brave mastiff, the curious coachshould deny the immortality of dogs, dog, the queer old turnspit, and the or of my Snap, small as his soul may cross-grained cur— who loves somebe; nor can I see reason, why a man or body, even Bill Sykes-through all we woman, boy or brute, should kick, or find sagacity and fidelity. beat, or starve, or throw stones at a In those “good old times"--when dog; therefore, PUTNAM and I believe many men were more brutal than some that those who do so are not fit for the dogs—when mighty forests abounded, company of dogs here or hereafter. and men lived by hunting, the dog was And I regret to say that Turks, Arabs, of first consequenco, and he became Hindoos, iad negroes are kinder to dogs afterward a companion of the noble, than we Christians are.

and minister to his pleasures. A few From time to time, there has been kennels of hounds are yet kept in Engmuch speculation as to the origin of land, and a few men yearly break their the dog, and some naturalists have said Decks in riding after them (as they have that he is a domesticated wolf (canis a perfect right to do) when they chase lupus), and that, reverting to his wild the wily fox. But the expense of keepstate, he becomes the hyæna (canis ing sisty couples of hounds is exceedhyæna). Now, I wish to say that, in ing great, and men now mustafind some my opinion, a dog is a dog — canis sport equally manly, and more in harfamiliaris, not canis lupus, nor canis mony with our civilization. The dishyæna; canis familiaris our own fa- cipline to which a kennel of hounds is miliar friend whom we trust. But, subject, is surprising, and may be illuswhere he originated, or which, of all trated by stating that, in feeding Mr. the varieties, is the type, is entirely Meynett's pack, when the master says, unknown to history or tradition, and is “Come over, dogs"--they only come; and of no sort of consequence. We must when he says, “Come over, bitches," – take some steps to get the conceit out only they come. of our scientific pedants, or they will In this place I cannot help offering ruin us; and how to prove that ours is the reader a simple but beautiful ballad the canis familiaris, unless we set the about a favorite hound of Llewellyn, dogs on them, I know not. One of the Prince of Wales, son-in-law of King remarkable things about him—the dog, John, which I have taken pains to get not the pedant-is his singular capacity an antique, and jangled, and vagabond for domestication, so that he adapts him. old harper to translate. It is as follows, self to every climate and to all circum- and is worthy the gentle readers of the stances, and changes his form, and dear old PUTNAM: size, and color-everywhere the friend and protector of man. This is shown

BALLAD. in the great number of varieties which

The spearman heard the bugle sound, now exist-the result of external causes. And cheerly smiled the morn, Youatt describes some seventy of these

And many a brach and many a hound distinct varieties, which, of course, trans

Obeyed Llewellyn's born. mnit their peculiarities. They take a And still as blew a louder blast, wide range, and it is difficult to believe And 'gan a louder cheer,

“ Como, Gėlert! why art thou the last that the silky King Charles spaniol, six

Llewellyn's born to hear ? inches long, and the strong-jawed bull

“Oh, where does faithful Gelert roam ? dog, are first cousins in the same family:

The flower of all his race! yet so it is. Both the "black and tan"

So true, so brave: a lamb at home, and the Scotch (wiry") terriers are A lion in the chase ?" now favorites-the neatness and quick

'Twas only at Llewellyn's board ness of the one, and the sagacious, The faithful Gelert fed; though crisp and rough, look of the He watched, be served, he checred his lord, other, commend them to all lovers of

And sentinel'd bis bed. house-dogs.

In sooth, he was a peerless hound, The feats of a terrier, "Billy," are on

The gift of royal John ; record : how he killed a hundred rats in

But now no Gelert could be found,

And all the chase rode on. six minutes and thirteen seconds, and

And now, as over rocks and dells won a wager for his inaster. Through

The gallant chidings rise, the delicate Italian greyhound, the All Snowdon's craggy chaos yells stately staghound, the bold bull-dog, With many mingled cries.

That day Llewellyn little loved

Here, never could the spearmen pass,
The chase of hart or hare ;

Or forester, unmoved;
And scant and small the booty proved, Here, oft the tear-besprinkled grass
For Gelert was not there.

Llewellyn's sorrow proved.
Unpleased Llewellyn homeward hied-

And here he hung his horn and spearWhen, 'neath the portal seat,

And oft, as evening fell, His truant Gelert he espied,

In fancy's piercing sounds would bear Bounding his lord to greet.

Poor Gelert's dying yell. But when he gained the castle-door,

A strange habit they have, those Aghast the chieftain stood;

dogs, of running about the world nosing The hound was smeared with gouts of gore,

and seeking for their king. Naturalists His lips and fangs ran blood.

are at a loss about it, but the “spirits” Llewellyn gazed with wild surprise- say, that Jupiter one day placed a very Unused such looks to meet ;

fine nutmeg in the one he liked best; His favorite checked bis joyful guise, and, since that day, a natural anxiety And crouched and licked his feet.

to discover this, has possessed the whole

canine race. Onward in haste Llewellyn pass'd,

Whether this explanation And on went Gelert too ;

will suffice it is not for me to say ; but, And still, where'er his eyes he cast,

it is strange, if true. Fresh blood-gouts shocked his view.

Dogs hold a curious position. They

aro the most loved and the most de. O'erturned his infant's bed be found, The blood-stained covert rent;

spised of all animals; yet, why are they And all around. the walls and ground despised ? Like some men, they seem With recent blood besprent.

to think they “must live," and so they

will steal; but it is, I am sure, only to He called his child-no voice replied ! He searched with terror wild ;

satisfy hunger-not from innate and Blood-blood! he found on every side,

total depravity. But the term “ dog" But nowhere found his child.

has come to be one of reproach (and

yet not altogether so), while “ the son “Hell-bound! by thee my child's devour'd!" of a dog's mother” is exceedingly disThe frantic father cried ;

graceful. And, to the bilt, his vengeful sword He plunged in Gelert's side.

“Is thy servant a dog, that he should

do this thing ?” asked the prophet, very His suppliant, as to earth he fell,

reproachfully. Now, what did he No pity could impart; But still, his Gêlert's dying yell

mean ?--for dogs never do anythingPassed heavy o'er his heart.

at least, they never did, till the coal.

pickers harnessed them into carts, Aroused by Gelert's dying yell,

where they pull honestly and generous. Some slumberer wakened nigh;

ly—and I do not think they had used What words the parent's joy can tell, To hear his infant's cry!

them in that way in India.

It is also very common, out of the Concealed beneath a mangled heap,

pulpit, to say of some one, whose conHis hurried search had missed

duct we don't approve of, " he is goAll glowing from his rosy sleep,

ing to the bow-wows,” or “the bowHis cherub boy he kissed.

wows are certain to get him”-meaning, Nor scratch bad he, nor barm, nor dread

thereby, that he is going to the dogs or But the same couch beneath,

to hell, which is very bad. Now, why Lay a great wolf, all torn and dead

did the Jews so bate dogs, that they Tremendous still in death.

spared no pains to blast their characAh, what was then Lllewellyn's pain !

ters? Why was it ? Other nations, For now the truth was clear:

not more brutal than they, have made The gallant hound the wolf had slain, them an article of luxury, and " stewed To save Llewellyn's heir.

dog," in the Spice islands of the Indian

seas, ranks, at their feasts, with * cold Vain, vain way all Llewellyn's woe: boiled missionary” and potted parrots.

“Best of thy kind, adieu ! The frantic deed which laid thee low, Why, not? So this generous, affectionThis heart shall ever rue."

ate, sagacious creature has come to ex

press contempt. But the term is apAnd now a gallant tomb they raise, plied in other and better ways.

With costly sculpture decked;
And marbles, storied with his praise,

JOLLY-DOG, is he who has a good Poor Gelert's bones protect.

time, laughs, takes the world easy,


never tries to reform it or himself, and as a dog," " Cold as a dog," “ Hot as a lives as long as he can.

dog," "Faithful as a dog,"

" " Mean as SAD-DOG, is he who loves pleasant a dog,” “ Honest as a dog." things, but wrong ones, and doesn't So, as the crow is completest of care if they are wrong, if they seem to birds—the type of all birds—may not him pleasant. Sad-dogs often come to the dog claim the central place of all bad ends.

the groups, as the most animal of all FUNNY-DOG, is he who sees the animals ? world and the things of the world I cannot close my short sermon, without with a sparkling eye; he has wit as saying that Bacon, and Newton, and well as humor. It was a funny-dog

Hallam, and Bentham, and I, all agree wbo, when the doctor told him to take in the belief of the immortal nature of “ wine and bark," drank his bottle, animals, and especially of dogs; we, with a gentle little bow-wow-wow" therefore, hold meanness, and cruelty, between the glasses, and “ thought he and neglect to them, as a sin against felt better."

God, not to be repented of. EXPENSIVE-DOG, is he who indulges Those who have come thus far with freely in shirt-bosoms, breast-pins, and me, will read the following as Mrs. patent-leather-who looks forward to Jamieson has so charmingly told it: Fifth-avenue houses and Louis Quatorze “Jesus," says the Persian story, " arrived mirrors. He wants these things very one evening at the gates of a certain city; and much, and thinks he must have them.

be sent his disciples forward to prepare supper, He, too, often comes to a very bad end.

while he himself, intent on doing good, walked

through the streets into the market place. LUCKY-DOG, is be who is born well,

" And he saw, at the corner of the market, and is about to be married well-eh? some people gathered together, looking at an And this brings to mind Lafayette, the

object on the ground, and he drew near to

see what it might be. It was a dead dog with most French of Frenchmen. When he

& halter round his neck, by which he appeared stopped, on bis royal progress, in 1824, to bave been dragged through the dirt; and a at our town, we all went to shake hands viler, a more abject, a more unclean thing, with him, of course ; and first be would never met the eye of man.

And those who stood by looked on with absay

borrence. “ How do you do? Married man, “. Faugb,' said one, stopping bis nose, it sir ?"—(delicately).

pollutes the air.' 'How long,' said another, " Yes, sir"-(modestly).

shall this foul beast offend our sight?' 'Look

at his torn bide!' said a third ; . one could not Ab, happy man, happy man!"- even cut a shoe out of it.' 'And his ears', said (with unction). Then to the next he a fourth, all draggled and bleeding !'' No would say, delicately

doubt,' said a fifth, he hath been hanged for “ How do you do? Married man,


"And Jesus heard them, and, looking down sir ?"

on the dead creature, he said: “ No, sir"-(with a little blush). “ Pearls are not equal to the whiteness of “ Ah, lucky dog (with unction),

his teeth!' lucky dog, lucky dog!"

"Then the people turned towards him with

amazement, and said, among themselvesBut it is not necessary to continue Who is this? This must be Jesus of Naza. the list, because the thirty thousand reth; for only he could find something to pity readers of PUTNAM know these dogs

and approve, even in a dead dog;' and, being themselves, in all variety; though I

ashamed, they bowed their heads before him,

and went each his way.” hope no dirty dogs" are among them. Now, it has struck me that there

MORAL CONCLUSION. might have been some of these “sad” Those who have a good dog, should or "expensive” fellows among the seek a good master for him. Corinthians, and thus the apostle had Those who have, should give to those reason to say, "beware of dogs." who have not.

And, is it not singular how we use Therefore, any person, having read our friend and companion as an illus- and digested this paper, and having a tration, and in what ways we do it? very nice terrier-English, Scotch, or We say, “ Tired as a dog," " Lazy as Skye-will send it to Putnam, for his a dog, ” “ Quick as a dog," “Hungry very sincere friend and bumble servant.



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Tadeubtless, farger than in any other
HE mass of readers in America is, which was greater than any magazine

had ever achieved, is to be explained in country in the world, but the quality several ways. Harper's Magazine has of the reading, we apprehend, is not always been managed with a marvelous proportionably better. The universal skill to hit the average taste of the pubreading is chiefly of daily newspapers and lic. This is clearly its fundamental of flash literature—such as is copiously theory. The object was, to make a supplied by Sylvanus Cobb, Jr., to the salable periodical-and, manifestly, this columns of the New York' Ledger—in can best be done, by just keeping pace combined strains of exuberant romance, with the popular mind. Consequently, comedy, crime, and sentiment. “Sensa- Harper had no opinions, no politics, no tion books"—the haps and hazards of religion, no strong expression, except of the gorgeous Julia Bowen”-anything pathos or humor, because, as it wanted which satisfies a craving for immediate to sell itself to everybody, it was neceseffect, receives the popular approbation. sary that nobody's prejudices should be We observe that our state superintend- hurt. The same good sense and shrewd ent of public schools notices a decline perception which managed that, also saw in the use of the school libraries, and that the unprecedented success of the attributes it, among other causes, to the Nlustrated London Nerts showed conample supply of reading offered by clusively that the public liked pictures, newspapers and magazines.

and that careful illustrations gave an It will be worth while, therefore, to increased value to every descriptive arlook a little at the character and posi- ticle. It was bringing the eyes to help tion of some of the most popular and the imagination. Instead, therefore, of well-known American periodicals; and the old fashion-plates, and “Rosalie,” we naturally select, as the representa- and "Sweet Seventeen," and the “ Belle tives of two great classes, Harper's of the Ball-room,” Harper contained in Magazine, and Harper's Weeklythe cach number two or three elaboratelymost widely-circulated of the monthlies, written and capitally-illustrated papers. and the most promising of the weeklies. The best wood-engraving in the country

When Harper's Magazine was com- has appeared in its pages, and the artimenced, it was in pursuance of a shrewd cles to be illustrated were selected with perception that the time and the coun- great skill. Thus, the American public try demanded and would readily sup- has always taken the anti-British view port a periodical of higber character of Napoleon-and the most illustrious than what were termed the “Philadel- contribution to Harper has been the phia magazines," which were, to speak literary apotheosis of Napoleon, wherein, generally, simply repositories of silly for scores of successive numbers of the love-stories, rhymes, and fashion-plates, magazine, that eminent saint was dewith occasional poems from our best lineatėd in all the details of his humilipoets, which served as corks to float ty, piety, and unswerving devotion to the rest of the freight to market. the welfare of mankind, by the Reverend Harpor, as it was immediately and fa- Mr. Abbott-every particular scene bemiliarly called, was the rod that con- ing brought to the eye by the ingenious sumed all these creeping things. It was fancy and hand of the designer. This compiled with such tact from the stores combination of piety and military glory of current literature, furnished monthly coinciding with the prevailing partiality by the English periodicals, it was so co- of American readers, confirmed the tripious, so various, and so entertaining umph that was already achieved. and took the field with such an air of Harper's Magazine gradually reached confident triumph, that a much inferior a fabulous circulation. Its readers were, magazine would have succeeded. Har- and are, to be counted, doubtless, by

per looked like a success before it was millions. Probably no periodical in the an institution. The very first num- world was over so popular or so profitbers were so clean, and handsome, and able. And there was justice in this prompt, and bright, that the rivals re- result, for it had ably done what it tired, and the “ Philadelphia magazines" proposed to do. It was a result to be lost their exclusive prominence.

regarded, in some degree, with national The secret of this popular success, complacency and pride, because it was


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undoubtedly, much superior to the class hesitating. Every month it made its of periodicals it supplanted.

courtly bow; and, with bent head and. But there was a remarkable other side unimpeachable toilet, whispered smoothof the phenomenon. In the very reasons ly, “ No offense, I hope." of its success lay the impossibility of But it paid the inevitable penalty its becoming an intellectual power in the which mere polished complaisance must country. It sought to be universally always pay in a society of strong convicacceptable, and its complaisance inevita- tions. Like a beau or a belle, it was inbly destroyed its force. It was known vited everywhere; but its coming kindled to be largely compiled from foreign lit- no eye, and warmed no heart. Nobody crature, and, consequently, it was con- looked to it for anything but the merest sidered to be no representative of amusement, and the ambition of no auAmerican talent. It was, therefore, no thor was stimulated to write for it. It leader, no friend, no critic, no censor. It had the greatest circulation in the world, was good-humoredly called the “ Bucca- but it could not make the smallest literneer's Bag,

,” “ Abbott's Magazine,” the ary reputation. It was managed with “ Beatified Napoleon," the “Monthly profuse generosity-probably literary Corn-plaster," the “ Occasional Picture- labor of the kind was never better paid book," the Universal Shin-saver,” the than it has been by Harper—but when "Monthly Nurse.” But every body the author had pocketed his money, he bought it and read it, or, at least, looked might as well have pocketed his article, at the pictures, and everybody was sure for any advantage that it was to his that nothing impolitic, or decided, no reputation. There have been capital spring-guns to shoot opinions, no snares original contributions to its pages, but to catch prejudices, no laugh at anything they never awoke any echo-they were that everybody did not laugh at, would never heard of again, and yet elsewhere be concealed anywhere between its fair, they would have made a literary mark. yellow covers. As in sweet things there Harper still flourishes, and, we beis sometimes what is called a sub-acid, lieve, with unabated vigor. It still bows so in this easy, smiling, pleasing maga- and avoids. It has still good things that zine there was a decided sub-conserra- are writ in water; and its illustrations tism-a kind of partial impartiality, a still command a favor which they unsort of toast-and-water morality. It questionably merit. We have never represented the literature that was most shared the prejudice against the pictures. generally read, but it risked no popu- We conceive that, in a popular monthly larity by trying to step ahead, and to magazine, or in a book, well-executed furnish something a little more mar- illustrations are desirable and approprirowy. It was in no proper sense an ate. We all certainly owe a great debt American magazine, except that it was to the pictures in the old Robinson universally read by Americans; and it Crusoe ; and the Arctic story of Dr. was still felt that the intellectual inde- Kane is doubly interesting from the propendence and movement of the coun- fusion and excellence of the engravings. try had no organ; that there was a Illustration is the demand of the time. character, and talent, and literary re- The best novels and travels are enriched quirement in the American mind, of by them, and, as the art of woodwhich there was, as yet, no expression; engraving so wonderfully advances and and, from that conviction, in due season perfects itself, the cuts are a separate sprang Putnam's Monthly-which did pleasure. That Harper has always not necessarily clash with Harper, more availed itself of this advantage, is but than the Weekly Tribune with the New one of the many proofs of the tact with York Ledger.

which the magazine is conducted. In a retrospective view of our litera- It is natural that the same manageture of the last three or four years, we ment which has given such circulation may certainly say, what seems to us and popularity to the Monthly should be very evident, that the first immediate applied to the Weekly; and we accordeffect of the success of Putnam was to ingly find that the most noted of all the nationalize Harper. That magazine periodicals that began with the year is ceased to be a second table of the Eng- this weekly sheet. Will it probably lish periodicals, and became gradually affect the other weeklies as the magamore and more American. But it was zine did the monthlies? Will it graAmerican in subject rather than in treat- dually reduce the illustrated and unilment. Its spirit was still timid and lustrated papers to insignificance in

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