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I scorned to seek an asylum at that mo- switch, having at the top a round leaden ment.

knob, covered with a sort of whip-cord. I am now going to describe phantasms I grasped this about half way down, but which, although they were the tricks of continued to walk steadily forward, turnmadness, I as vividly recall at this hour ing my face neither to the right nor to as though they were the realities of the left, to scrutinize the men who pressyesterday.

ed close to my sides, not quickening my At last we reached the Astor House. pace nor betraying the slightest alarm Only the old gentleman and the lady or anxiety, till I came upon a stream of I have mentioned were with me in the light that fell toward me from the streetstage. Then, for the first time, my lamps before the hotel entrance. As I fear became so great that, for a mo- turned composedly to enter there, as ment, my insane firmness failed me. I one accustomed to the place, one of my asked the gentleman, with an air of in- devils cried, “Now, boys, close up, differenco as good as I could command, quick!" Hardly were the words utterwhether he was going as far as Walled, when I flung myself upon the man street ? He replied no; that he was who was nearest me, and, with all my about to get out there. Accordingly, he force, dashed the heavy leaden head of stopped the omnibus, and descended the cano in his face, and struck bim with the lady. Fearing to be left alone squarely between the eyes. in the vehicle, lest I should be taken at No time to be lost. I rushed through a disadvantage, I also alighted, and the vestibule. Fairly leaping over men would have followed them. Immedi- seated at the door, over piles of bagately the other stage stopped, and my gage, over the office-counter, I ran blood-bounds, numbering about a dozen, through a small door and up some stairs, followed me.

crying, “Stop them! Save me!" and As usual, the space in front of the at last found myself on the floor of a Astor House was brilliantly illuminated servants' room at the very top of the by the lights of the hotel and those of house, with servants, clerks, and guests Barnum's Muscum. To avoid the shade around me, giving me water, bathing of St. Paul's church, I crossed Broad- my temples, and rendering me such asway diagonally; but my pursuers were sistance as they could, whilst blood close upon me, with hurried commands fowed copiously from my mouth and and ejaculations, such as : " keep close" nose, and stained my clothing and the

-" stand by"_" take care to head him floor. off"_" if he attempt to go into a house, This was Delirium Tremens. All that down with him." As I advanced, I have here related, of the pursuit and they became more compact, and all conflict, was but an accusing vision.

At length wo were My abused brain had conjured up that within two doors of a hotel. Its front horrid warning. And yet. that very was brightly, lighted, and knots of night, walking the filoor with my kind guests and other persons were seated or friends, I told them the story as circumstanding at the doors and windows. I re- stantially as I tell it now; as clearly solved to take refuge there. I braced my- aware, too, as I am at this moment, that self up with the intention of rushing in. my foes were spectres. My pursuers suspected my purpose; for Since that day, the doctrine of uniI heard them cry, " don't let him enter versal salvation has had arguments as there"-knock him down!" But I de. well as charms for me. So much of terminod to take that chance, and bring hell as was compressed into that stagedown upon my head, there and immedi- trip from Madison square to Barnum's ately, the worst that could happen. I Museum, bas saved me from believing carried in my hand a small whalebone in an eternity of it.

were near me.


CALCUTTA, EAST INDIES, Nov., 1856. in reading the passage as it now stands. IN

a recent work by Richard Grant But I wish to show that both the conWhite, esq., entitled “Shakespeare's text and the truth of the description to Scholar,” a copy of which fell into my the original require that we should behands a few days ago, I was surprised lieve “her gentlewomen" to have been to find that a passage in the second stationed in the bows of the vessel ; scene of the second act of "Antony and and my first proposition is, that the Cleopatra," which had always appeared barge was too small to accommodate intelligible to me, was considered by all them elsewhere. the editors and commentators, and by Plutarch tells us that "Antonius, going Mr. White also, as obscure, and in need to inake war with the Parthians, sent to of correction. The passage referred to command Cleopatra to appear personoccurs in the description given by Eno- ally before him, when he came into barbus of Cleopatra's barge, and stands Cilicia; and,” he continues, “so she thus in my copy :

furnished herself with a world of gifts,

store of gold and silver, and of riches, “Eno. The gentlewomen, like the Nereides, So many mermaids, tended her i' the eyes,

and other sumptuous ornaments ;" also, And made their bends adornings:

" when she was sent unto by divers

letters, she disdained to set forward In his comments on the passage, Mr. Otherwise, but take her borge in the White says: "There is undeniable ob- river of Cydnus.” Now the barge, in scurity intended her i' the eyes, and which Cleopatra came up the said river, made their bends adornings ;' and no must have been a much smaller vessel attempt to dissipate it has been success. than the one which bore her from Egypt ful, to my apprehension; and," he adds, to Cilicia, with all her attendants, and “these two lines are, doubtless, cor- that “world of gifts and store of gold rupted and hopelessly."

and silver," etc., as is evident from The meaning of the passage has al. Plutarch's description of it, which Enoways been clear to me; and, therefore, barbus follows almost literally ; in fact, through the medium of your valuable he is describing her small pleasureand widely-circulated Monthly, I now bargo, perhaps redecorated for this oc. venture, modestly, to offer the following casion, with its “pavilion of cloth of explanation for Mr. White's considera- gold (of tissue)”—a style of canopy tion, observing that this solution con- which could hardly have afforded proper tinues to satisfy my own mind, unless protection on a long voyage from Egypt. it can be shown that the phrase, “in Let us now follow Enobarbus, as he the eyes," was not used when Shake- sketches, for Mecænas and Agrippa, speare wrote, in the sense in which I the gorgeous spectacle, and we shall believe it to be employed in this pas- see that the size and interior arrangesage.

ments of the barge were such as to If Mr. White will turn to Webster's allow no other space for "her gentleDictionary, he will find, under the article women” to occupy; and also that the “Eye," a phrase “ the eyes of a ship,” completeness of the picture requires and the definition that they " are the that they should be stationed in the parts which lie near the hawse-boles ;" bows. He commences with the general and any of his nautical friends will tell outward appearance of the barge: him that it is a phrase in common use, at present, among mariners, when speak

“The barge she sat in, like a burnished

throne, ing of the interior bows of a vessel. Burnt on the water : the poop was beaten Now, let us carefully read and examine gold; the entire description given of the barge

Purple the sails,

the oars were silver." by Enobarbus – bearing in mind the above definition, and also that “tended” Then follows a sketch of the interior may be an abbreviation of “attended” and of the occupants, so far as visible (the printer having carelessly dropped from the shore, and here he commences the apostrophe which originally marked with the principal object on the poop : the elision of the syllable " at ")--and I

She did lie think we shall experience no difficulty In her pavilion (cloth of gold, of tissue)."

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Within the pavilion,

which is an abortive attempt at the On ench side her

"antique," built up at the bow and Stood pretty, dimpled boys, like smiling

stern--but take, for the model of your Cupids,

hull, the lines of one of the Egyptian With divers color'd fans,

boats given in the illustrations to WilThe pavilion was too small, and the

kinson's “ Ancient Egyptians”-you air too warm, to admit of any more per

can safely be assured that they built sons within, and these are employed

on the same model in the days of Cleoin endeavoring to keep its fair owner

patra as when the pyramids were cool. Outside of the pavilion, Enobar- reared—or take the lines of one of the bus's attention is next, and naturally,

small passage-boats of the Ganges; add attracted forward, and he continues :

the "poop of beaten gold;" be sure you

carry the stern high in air, and, half way “Her gentlewomen, like the Nereides,

up its inclined plane, station the "seemSo many mermaids, tended her i' the eyes, And made their bends adornings ;

ing mermaid," who steers, not with til

ler in her gentle grasp, but with a Glancing 'aft, he adds :

long-handled, broad-bladed oar, such as At the helm

eastern boatmen use to-day ; on the A seeming mermaid steers :"

poop, and, occupying the greater part There can be no space for the ma

of its length, place the pavilion of

cloth of gold, of tissue;" fill it accordjority of the gentlewomen near the pavilion, as a sketch will readily show;

ing to your fancy, but no outsiders are while, stationed in the bows, or eyes of

allowed, save those “pretty, dimpled" the barge, their various and ever-chang- rowers, but you can sketch the “ silver

punkah-wallahs ; you cannot see tho ing attitudes and movements (either while waiting on Cleopatra's commands,

oars, which, to the tune of flutes, kept

stroke;" slightly 'aft of midships, place or when gazing on the crowd that lined the shore), added to and improved the

the mast, and set the “purple sails," with

their “ silken tackle ;' and now, I think general effect of the scene; or, as Shakespeare, in his clear, graphic man

you will find that, to perfect your pic

ture, you must, in sailor parlance, trim ner says, they

your boat, not for safety nor for speed, made their bends adornings ;" but for pictorial effect. But how? By It must be remembered that Enobarbus adding" in the eyes(on a slightly raised is only sketching a picture, and he deck, if you choose), “ her gentlewospeaks of her gentlewomen in the ag. in accordance with the scene, but in

men," clothed to suit your fancy, and gregate ; undoubtedly there may have been one more near the pavilion, but various and picturesque attitudes; and the greater number were stationed “in

then, I think you will read the text

with me: the eyes," and it was this collection that made a point in the scene, and, conse- “Her gentlewomen, like the Nereides, quently, attracted his attention.

So many merinaids, 'tended her i’ the eyes,

And made their bends, adornings ;" But there is yet another method of showing this solution to be in accord- And now, my dear Editor, having ance with the whole context of the de- trespassed so long on your space and

pascription. Let any of my readers sit tience, permit me to make my“ salaam,” down to make a finished sketch, with merely pausing to remark, that I hope pencil or brush, after Shakespeare's this explanation has been entirely superfect word-picture. Do not make perfluous to yourself and to many of such a monstrosity in the way of “il- your readers, as explaining that which lustration" as disgraces the last page in was already clear. And, this act, in Mr. °C. Knight's pictorial I remain, dear sir, edition-where the barge she sat in"

Your obliged servant, is a modern whale-boat, with something.

C. F. B.


ABOUT DOGS. HAVING spent much time in ethical So much for philosophy -- rather

and religious studies—having made prosy, as philosophy is apt to be—and a full and curious harmony of the Gos- now for dogs. pels for my own use-I am reluctantly I am told that good men have lived obliged to say, that I cannot explain why who hated them; but I am glad to say I the Apostle Paul should have written, never knew one, and shall, therefore, 80 dogmatically, to the Corinthians, deny the statement. On the contrary, “ BEWARE OF Dogs!"

good dogs always like good men, and

good men like good dogs. I meau by a Nor do I remember ever to have seen good man a genial man-one who loves in Neander, or Fichte, or Strauss, or -one who has instincts and sympathies; Barnes, any allusion to it whatever, and any man who has lost these in metanor have I ever heard a sermon preached physics, or science, or money-getting, from the text—"Beware of Dogs." It is on the high road to perdition. He is certainly inexplicable so far; and I, should stop at once, buy a well-bred therefore, presuming upon my venerable dog, be friends with him, and learn the years, do respectfully commend this lesson he teaches.

Whoever appretext to my beloved pastor, as well as to ciates a dog's character, will better all other reverends, having full and im- understand himnself and other men; and, plicit faith that the illumination of their when he walks abroad in the evening minds will flood even this dark saying sky, and enjoys the tender lights and with light. Do not let me, in my old delicious shadows, he will be accomage, be misunderstood. I do not pre- panied by a friend, whose healthy ani. sent them as a sort of patent ecclesias- mal nature will help to quicken and tical Bude lights, made up of a concave restore his own. and plated surface, small bits of lime, Why say that dogs havo no souls? and a stream of oxygen gas-far, very What is instinct? What is it, but the far, are they from that concavo illumin- very first element of soul—the essence ator; but, having eaten and digested which underlies all the rest—thought words from their youth up, and their and reason ? minds having grown light and lovely, Why, because reason in them is imthey are the ones to whom we look in perfect, say they have none ? James overy difficulty—they can resolve our Hogg, the Ettrick Shepherd, had a dog doubts.

which always went about with him, and, It is surely an evidence of goodness of course, was always attacked by now, if not of civilization, that men are strange dogs, and was in a continual fond of animals, considerate of them, The Shepherd said to his wife companionable with them. We love to one eveningsee children and dogs playing together " To-morrow I am going to Blank," -We wish the cat's sleep on the rug to (a familiar town), “and Jack mustn't be undisturbed -we love to see well. go." fed, gentle cattle-we love to know of Jack heard him, and the next mornArab horses, who are as brothers (not ing was not to be found; but when slave's) to their riders-of the elephant Hogg reached the town, there sat Jack, who stands all day and fans away the on a rising ground, with his tongue flies from the baby, forgetting bis own hanging out, and his mouth drooling stings. On all hands we see a thousand with satisfaction, tempered with doubt, evidences, that animal life is from God, for he had got there first, and now, full of uses and full of beauty; that what was to come ? some of it, having answered its ends, Hogg laughed outright, sayinghas vanished; that some of it must be- Why, Jack, you rascal dog ?"-and come the helper, the friend, the com- Jack came creeping along a littlo panion, or defender of man. Indeed, ashamed. we see how man is the crowning crea- Did Hogg whip him? Not heture in the animal world, and that all his name was bad, but his nature was the rest is truly in relation with, and a good. part of, him.

That Jack know the name of the


town, there is not much question, whe- gether destroyed by cruelty—it is ther he knew anything more or not. ready in joy and in sorrow-it is ready

Marryatt, among various interesting by day and by night; a dog will suffer stories, tells one of some elephants, which and die to defend his friend; and will more clearly brings out the fact of rea- die of grief and a broken heart when son in animals than anything I now re- his friend dies. It is a singular fact member. It was in India, that some that, in these fast days, we can't find English officers and soldiers were try- time to love people very much. Now, ing, through all one morning, to load my friend Paul loves me, because bo heavy timbers into trucks, without suc- used to when he was younger, and we cess; they and the elephants, their both had time to do it fairly and generbeasts of burden, were tired out at noon, ously, rather than to gratify and satisfy when the elephants were turned loose to any craving of his nature now; and my browse.

When the men came back dear old wife, she loves me, but it is at from dinner, they found the elephants intervals-it rather fills up the interat work loading the timbers, having stices of her many cares, and plans, themselves, laid slides over the wheels, and works-and so compacts life surely. upon which, pushing with their heads, But my dog, now, my Snap, I can they slid up, what before they could not rely upon him; he has plenty of time lift. Now, they may have done this to love me, and he does it-and I love before, under the direction of others; him. Snap is not one of your Gen'l'. but, even if memory told the way, there man's dogs"-not at all. So far as I was some exercise of reason, too. can judge, he is of no breed, and I

There is also no fact better established doubt if he had ever a father; and, certhan that the educated habits of point- tainly, he was abandoned by his mother ers, setters, Newfoundlands, and shep- early in life ; for one stormy night the herds' dogs, are transmitted to their off- shivering little baby-dog lay down at spring—the children of well-trained my door, and yelped as though his heart parents being born nearly.“ broke," or would break; so I let him in, and he trained, for hunting. Yonatt, in his sat between my legs and enjoyed the treatise on the dog, gives instances of fire, and lolled out his tongue, and the surprising education of which dogs warmed it, and then went to sleep. are capable-in reading letters, playing And he has been my dog, and done just cards, dominoes, etc.—and Liebnitz so, night after night, ever since. He is testified, before the French Academy, not a handsome dog, and he is not inof a dog in Saxony, which he had heard telligent, and he is, so far as I know, pronounce many words.

This seems

entirely useless-not good for a thing incredible, and rests entirely upon the —but he loves me and I love him, and word of a philosopher. Some St. Ber- he growls for me, and I growl for him, nard dogs (used by the monks to dis- and wherever I go he goes, and I am cover travelers in the snow) were sent never desolate or forsaken. Now, that to England as presents to the queen, is a great thing for an old man, who has and were put with the other animals in bad losses, to say. Is it not, “gentle the Tower, where they had pups. A pair reader ?" as the literary men call you. of these pups were given to a Scotch I often wonder what Snap thinks of nobleman, who took them bome. But, me-whether he looks upon me as anwhen the snow came, they at once other ill-favored, useless cur like himshowed the educated habit transmitted self-as in fact I am, for now I don't from their parents, and tracked people do anything but enjoy my life, and the in the snow, as they had not done good blessings of God, and that's all before it came.

Snap does; so I think that he and I, Nor does the word " instinct,” with. and Dorothy and Paul must somehow out “reason,” explain the doings of get to heaven together; because, you bees, and ants, und beavers, or dogs know, gentle reader, that heaven is and elephants.

within us, even at our doors, if we I find that dogs are social, and that, in would only seek for it there. Cairo and Constantinople, they organize Notwithstanding all this. Dorothy themselves with certain laws; but they sometimes says to me, very quietly to are peculiarly social with man, and this is be sure : “Mr. Wallys, when are you their charming charm. Their affection going to sell Snap?" and, I only say, is constant, quick, profound, not alto- “Good heavens, my dear, sell Snap?"

VOL. IX.-19

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