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schools of North Carolina, who, in his whom we have just quoted, is the superletter to school committees, dated April intendent of schools in North Carolina 14, 1856, remarking upon certain schools —that Professor Hedrick was banished
from a university in that state last "The houses which publish these works summer, for saying what might be have high national characters ; they are not construed into a condemnation of the connected with the sectional agitations that system of slavery ; and that, in general, are now having such pernicious influence, and they have manifcsted the most enlightenod a man speaks and writes there in favor of and liberal kind of enterprise, by trying to the natural freedom of man at his peril; promote their interests in a way to benefit us. and yet North Carolina is generally
I can, therefore, cheerfully considered as milder in its feeling upon recommend them to the patronage of our citi: the great question, than any other of the instance of the importance of carrying out, in slave states. Mr. Wiley says, that the selection of books, the suggestions of of the growing white population, it those who have given anxious attention to the will not be one in fifteen, perhaps, not whole subject, I may mention that I knew a inerchant of our state recently to purchase
one in twenty, who cannot read or readers which contain an article strongly re
write.” He allows that in 1840, "one flecting on the south, and are published by in every seven and a half of our adult bitter and bigoted abolitionists.. I am not population could not read and write, of blaming the merchant; he only knew the booke were need in his section, and, doubtless,
whom every two-thirds were women, boul little acquaintance with their contents, or tho mothers, guardians, and first teachwith the character of publishers-matters to ers of the citizens of the state." If it which I have given special attention." is remembered that the white population
What thoughtful tenderness is here! is only two-thirds of the inhabitants of The Hon. C. H. Wiley does not blame the state, the ratio of people who canthe merchant! Amiable Hon. C. H. not read and write is proportionably Wiley! He (the merchant) only knew changed. the books were used in his section! In Massachusetts, in the year 1850, They might have been bibles, not yet there was only one in every 446 of the purgated and prepared by the Hon.C. H. whole population who could not read Wileys. They might have been books and write; and the same number of tho which said God made man in his image; School Journal, which contains Mr. Love thy brother as thyself; Do as you Wiley's statement, also contains parts would be done by instead of, “God of a “ Fourth of July" speech at Ramade every man in his image-except leigh, in which the orator feelingly says: the black man; Love thy brother as “We may deplore the overthrow thyself—unless he be a negro; Do as of other systems; wo may shed tears you would be done by-and you know, of sorrow and of patriotic anguish over little dears, if you wero Africans, you the disastrous darkness which, even now, would wish to be sold as slaves, to enjoy seems to be settling on the star of MasChristian privileges.” Such “readers” sachusetts ; yet, happen what may, lot would not be connected with sectional us be true to ourselves." And he alludes agitations, and might supply a broad to the glorious “ right of free-speech," foundation of the proper sentiment on enjoyed by the citizens of the statewhich to rear a southern literature. But Professor Hedrick, for example-forunless the Hon. C. H. Wileys are suf- getful of the Revised Statutes of North fered to burn and banish books that are Carolina, which set forth, ch. 34, § 74, written out of “the south," they will p. 209, that a white man may be fined pertinaciously come in. . Among oth or imprisoned for attempting to teach ers, Putnam's Monthly will como in, be- any slave to read or write. cause there are plenty of readers at Further than this, which is unpro
the south” who are interested in the mising for the number of indigenous country and its development, and plen- readers—at least, for the new southern ty of writers at the south whose articles literature--let the Savannah Tupmans Maga is always glad to publish-if they and Snodgrasses look for a moment at are good—and liberally to pay for. the actual performance, in “ the south,"
The chances of a literature techni- of the “talent enough to do anything" cally southern, that is, uninspired by in tho way of a literature. Here is our any spirit of liberty, and directly advo- contemporary for December, 1856—the cating slavery, may be inferred from Southern Literary Messenger. Its edithe fact, that the Hon. C. H. Wiley, torial appeal, at the close of the year,
says: “The magazine has never been sorrow and patriotic anguish over the worthier of the hearty support of the disastrous darkness wbich, even now, southern public than at present," and seems to be settling upon the star of again: “ The editor asks, with a reason. Massachusetts." This is the literature able confidence, that an augmented which that eminent superintendent will share of southern patronage may be not “ blame” merchants for vending granted to a work which has, for twen- and reading. This effort of the “southty-two years vindicated the intellectual ern” genius, to which we invite the atreputation of the southem people, and tention of the reader, is entitled, “The upheld their social institutions under Hireling and the Slave : Chicora, and every species of assault."
other poems. By William J. Grayson. Nos, let us see in what manner this Charleston, 1856." The argument of nuinber vindicates the intellectual repu- the poem is thus stated. The human tation of the southern people. It has mind attends with delight: six prose articles, one of which is mere
Slavery is that system of labor which ex. ly an account of the circumstances at
changes subsistence for work, which socures tending the painting of a copy of “The a life-maintenance from the master to the School of Athens," for the Virginia slave, and gives a lifo-labor from the slavo to University, three of the others are stories of the most ordinary lady infest and owes his labor to his master the
master owes support, during life, to the slave. magazine character; and the two pa Slavery is the negro system of labor. He is pers in the number which have any lazy, and improvident. Slavery makes all value at all, are both selected from
work, and it insures homes, food, and clothing
for all. It permits no idleness, and it provides English publications. There are seven for sickness, infancy, and old age. It ailows poems, and, excepting one little song, no tramping or skulking, and it knows no pau with a French refrain, they are such perism.
as is easily written and read Who makes the slave "an apprentice with difficulty. This is distinctively for life,” and by wbat claim, and in the southern magazine. Does the most what manner, " he owes his labor,” the credulous Pickwickian believe that, if gentle Grayson does not say or sing. the northem books and periodicals and But he continues: **school-marms" are banished, the de
"Al Christians believe that the affairs of the lights of life in slave regions will be world are directed by Providence for wiso and come more patent?
good purposes. The coming of the negro to We say such things in no possible North America makes no exception to the
rule. His transportation was a rude mode of spirit of unkindness to
emigration--the only practicable one in his temporary, but that contemporary, case-not attended with more wretchedness in appealing so entirely to a • south than the emigrant ship often exhibits evon ern," rather than a national or Ameri now, notwithstanding the passenger law.
What the purpose of his coming is we may can support, directly challenges scru
not prosume to judge. But we can see much tiny into its claims and character. good already resulting from it-good to the
But we have still another specimen negro in his improved condition; to the counof the “talent enough to do whatever try whose rich fields he has cleared of the is wanted,” in the way of southern
forest, and made productivo in climates unfit
for the labor of the white man; to the conti literature," and this is purely “ south nent of Africa in furnishing, as it may ulti ern,” in the most technical sense. It mately, the only means for civilizing its peo is a sigual example of that kind of litera- ple." ture for which Tupman need not “go Very “ultimately," we should say. to Old or New England." It is the sort The implication of this statement is, which may be freely had when“ north- that slavery is good for the soul of the ern books or papers", are definitively African, by opening to it a chance for excluded, and is of the kind, in tho the glorious liberty wherewith Christ words of the resolution, best quali- hath made us free. It is a great Chrisfied to elevate and purify tho education tion scheme. Every native African, of the south."
who absents himself from the slave barThis is the literature to cling to, while racoon, and refuses to undergo tho the weeping state of North Carolina, “rudo mode of emigration " to America with the Hon. C. H. Wiley at its head, and heaven, deliberately declines salholding a cambric .handkerchief to his vation, and must, therefore, be saved eyes, “may deplore the overthrow of against bis wicked will. If it is true other systems, and may shed tears of of one African, it is true of all. The
slave-trade is a great missionary insti- . picture of African candidates who bave tution; and the genius of Christianity, survived “the rude mode of emihaving saved the rest of the world, gration." finally invited Africa to sit down with "And yet the life, so unassailed by care, the redeemed. Now we wish to call So blessed with moderate work, with ample Tupman's attention, and that of the
With all the good the starving pauper gentle Grayson, to the fact, that there
noods, is a most reprebensible partiality in this The bappior slavo on each plantation loads ; selection of candidates for salvation. Safo from harassing doubts and annual
The present writer, "& northern He droado no famino in unfruitful years ; school-marm” of an uncertain age, and it harvests fail, from inauspicious skies the gentle Grayson, the bard of slavery The master's providence his food supplies; and salvation, have an equal right No paupers perish here for want of broad, to Christian privileges—although the Or lingering live, by foreign bounty fod;
No exiled trains of homeless peasants go, school-inarm may be deeply dun in her In distant climes to toll their tales of woe: color, and the son of song of that lovely Far other fortune, free from care and strife, pallor peculiar to the unmixed races. For work, or bread, attends the negro's
life, In the samo way ought not the African,
And Christian Blaves may challenge as whether young or old, siok or well, to
their own, be admitted to the chances of Christian. The blessings claimed in fubled states ization ? Now, we protest it is not so.
The cabin home, not comfortless though That eminent missionary, Captain Ca
rude, not, originally sent out by some West Light daily labor, and abundant food, Indian saints to catch bodies and savo The sturdy health that temperate habits souls in Africa, in his work, describing the cheerful song that rings in every field, bis experience in furthering the designs The long, loud laugh, that freemen seldom of Providence upon the slave-coast, re sbare, marks:
HIcaven's boon to bosome unapproached by
care, " Upon one occasion, to my great astonish.
And boisterous jost and humor unrefined, ment, I saw a stout and apparently powerful
That loave, though rough, no painful sting man, discarded by Ormond as utterly worth. less. His full muscles and sleek skin, to my
Whilo, nestling near, to bless their humble unpracticed cye, denoted the height of robust
lot, bcalth. Still,' I was told that he had been
Warı social joys surround the pogro's cot, medicated for the market with bloating drugs, The evening dance its merriment iinparts, and sweated with powder and lomon juico to
Lovo, with its rapture, fills their youthful impart a gloss to his skin. Ormond remarked
hearts, that these jockey tricks are as common in
And placid age, the task of labor done, Africa as amoug horse-dealers in Christian
Enjoys the summer shade, the winter sun, lands; and, desiring me to feel the negro's
And, as through life no pauper want be puisc, I immediately detocted disonse, or oxSessive excitement. In a few days I found the Laments no poor-house penance at its close."
knows, poor wretch, abandoned by his owner, a par. alyzed wreck in the hut of a villager at Ban. We invite the attention of robust galang. When a slave becomos useiess to bis carpenters, and masons, and farmers, failing constitution, hic is soon disposed of to and laborers of every kind, whose mar. poddler or broker. These men call to their aid ket-value cannot be less than $1,500, a quack, fumiliar with drugs, who, for å if they are only black enough (the sinall compensation, undertakes to refit an state of Virginia, we believe, allows a impaired body for the temptation of green. biorns. Sometimes the choat is successfully
sixteenth part black blood to qualify effected : but experiencod slavers detoct it for slavery), to the superior advantages readily by the yellow eye, swollon tongue, and of this aspect of the Christian scheme. feverish skin."
We cite, now, some toothsome bits of We put it to all Christians, including the gentle Grayson's milder and even the gentle Grayson, whether a man more Christian strain. He is speaking should loso his candidacy for Christian of the wicked revilers of slavery-but salvation merely because of bloating mark how tenderly be entreats them: drugs and sweating unto sleekness with lemon-juice and gunpowder, which can
“There, chief and teacher, Gerrit Smith ap
pears, but affect the perishable body?
There Tappan mourns, like Niobe, all tears, We can merely give an idea of the Carnage and fire mad Garrison invokes, rare beauty and character of this work, And Halo, with better temper, sinirks and which is entirely worthy of its inspira. There Giddings, with the negro mania bit, tion. Consider the truthfulness of this Mouths and mistakes his ribaldry for wit,
His fustian speeches into market brings, Ready each furious impulso to obey,
To bloody outrage stimulates his friends,
“ There, Seward smiles the sweet perennial But crawls, contented, to his seat again,
smile, Wallows with joy in blander's slough once
Skilled in the tricks of subtlety and guilo ; more,
The elyest schemer that the world e'er saw; And plays Thersites happier than before ; Peddler of sentiment and patent law; Prompt from his seal-when distant riots Ready for fee or fuction to display need
His skill in eitber, if the practice pay, The Senate's aid-he flies with railway But void of all that makes the frank and speed,
brave, Ilarangues, brage, bullies, then resumes his And smooth, and soft, and crafty like the chair,
Blave; And wears his trophies with a hero's air ; Soft as Couthon when, verred in civil strife, His coileagues scourge him; but be shrewdly He sent bis daily victions to the knife, shows
Women proscribed with calin and gentle A profitable use for whips and blows,
grace, His friends and voters mark the increasing
And murdered mildly, with a smiling faco: score,
Parental rule in youth he bravely spurned, Count every lash, and honor him the more. And higher law with boyish wit discerno;
A village teacher then, his style belrays “There supple Sumnor, with the negro
The pedant practice of those Icarned days, cause, Plays the sly game for office and applause ;
When boys, not deinagogues, obeyed his
nod, What boots it if the negro sink or swim? Ho wins the Senate-'tis enough for him.
His higher law the tear-compelling rod; What though he blast the fortunes of the
While Georgia's guest, a pleasant life he
led, state With fierce dissension and enduring hate ?
And slavery fed him with her savory bread, He makes his speech, his rhetoric displays,
Ae now it helps him, in an ampler way,
With spells and charms that factious hordos Trims the neat trope, and points the spark. ling phrase
obey. With well-turned period, fosters civil strife, “There Stowe, with prostituted pon, as. And barters for a phrase a nation's life;
sails Sworn into office, his nice feelings loathem One half her country in malignant tales; Tho dog-like faithfulness that keeps an oath; For rules of right the silly crowd may bawl,
Careless, like Trollope, whether truth she
tells, His loftier spirit scorns and spurns them all;
And anxious only how the libel sells, He becds nor court's decree nor Gospel To slander's mart she furnishes supplies, light,
And feeds its morbid appetite for lies What Sumner thinks is right alone is right. On fictions fashioned with malicious art, On this bound marim sires and sons pro The venal pencil, and malignant heart, ceed,
With fact distorted, inferenco unsound, Changed in all else, but still in this agreed :
Creatures in fancy, not in nature foundThe sires all slavers, the humanor son
Chusto quadroon virgins, saints of sable bue, Curses the trade, and mourns the mischief Martyrs, than zcalous Paul more tried and done.
true, For gold they made the negroes slaves, and Demoniac masters, sentimental slaves, he,
Mulatto cavaliers, and Creole knavesFor fame and office, seeks to set them free;
Monsters each portrait drawn, each story told ! Self still the end in wbich their creeds unite, What then? The book may bring its weight And that which serves the end is alwaye in gold; right.
Enough! upon the crafty rule sbe leans, “There Greeley, grieving at a brother's That makes the purpose justify the means, woe,
Concocts the venoni, and, with eager gaze, Spits with impartial spite on friend and foe; To Glasgow flies for patron, pence, and praise, His negro griefs and sympathies produce
And for a slandered country finds rewards No nobler fruits than malice and abuse;
In emiles or sneers of duchesses and lords. To each fanatical delusion prone,
“ For profits and applauses poor as these, He dumns all creeds and parties but bis
To the fulse tale she adds its falser Keys own,
Of gatliered slauders-ber ignoble aim, Brawls, with hot zeal, for every fool and With foes to truflic in her country's shame.
knave, The foreign felon and the skulkiog slave ; Even Chaplin, sneaking from his jail, re A moral scavenger, with greedy cye, ceives
In social ills her coarser labors lie; The Tribune's sympathy for punished thieves, On fields where vico clades the light of day, And factiou's fiercest rabble always find Sho hunts up crimes us beagles hunt their A kindred nature in the Tribune's mind;
* “Is thy servant a dog that he should do this thing?"- Mr. Sumner's answer, when asked whether he would obey the Coustitution as interpreted by the authorities of the country.GRAYSOs.
Gleans every dirty pook--the folon's jail, mont, and announces that his pen has
But, if that were so, it is high time for Witb hatred's ardor gathers Newgate's spoils, Professor Bledsoe & Co. to go to work ; And trades for gold the garbage of her toils. for there can be no doubt in the mind
.“ In sink and sewer tuus, with searching eye, of every intelligent southern reader Through mud and slime unhappy wretches that the literature of this country cares
pry; In fetid puddles dabble with delight,
no longer to duck, and compliment, and Search every filthy gathering of the night;
omit, but will speak louder and louder Fish froin its depths, and to the spacious bag every day, directly and indirectly, Convoy with care the black, pollated rag; against human slavery. The first With recking waifs secure the nightly bed, And turn their noisome stores to daily bread."
proper novel in American literature,
1. Uncle Tom's Cabin," is the greatest With this chivalric burst of the gentle literary protest against it. That novel Grayson, we leave that pleasing bard. is scarcely six years old, and it strikes
This is a fair specimen of the ** south. the key-note of a strain that will not ern literature” that is intended in the cease. The whole spirit of modern elaborate joke of the Pickwickians at literature is directly humane. There Savannah. The simple truth was stated are, therefore, but threo ways open to by Snodgrass. Publishers at the north Tupman & Co.--first, to give up readpay liberally, and therefore, the books ing altogether; second, to read a humano that are written at “the south” are literature, which is, in its very essence, not published there. The reason is, anti-slavery; or, third, to insist that the that the free spirit of the north en “ talent enough to do what is wanted" courages and fosters every kind of shall bogin to do it. mental development; and, as one of the Wo speak for the literature of the instinctive convictions of the human country when we say it no longer inmind is, that men are born free, wherever tends to shiver and turn pale when it it is a crime to say so there will speaks of the south” or southern innever be any literature, and publishers stitutions. It will treat them as it treats and authors will be few, poor, and “the north” and northern institutions. unknown. Those Savannah wags knew That is to say, it will bonor the honor. it as well as anybody. It is litera- able, and scorn and satirize what is ture itself they oppose.
mean. It will treat slavery as a great dear “south," of which tho club take moral, social, and political blight. It such care, is full of readers. Those will point to “southern literature," and readers may deplore what they call the laws, and education, as illustrations of eternal agitation of the great question; the truth of what it says. Tupman but they must also seo that, as it will says, “Southern men ought to stop be agitated until it is settled, they must their subscriptions” to our pea-green make up their minds to it, and, in their Maga. Tupman is a droll Pickwick. magazine reading, omit such articles as ian. Does he suppose that our readers, this, and enjoy such as procede and who live in slave states, necessarily confollow it. They must dine, although sider slavery sacred, and will content there be a skull on the table. They themselves with reading the gen:le must read what the authors of our time Grayson? They must have the best and of all time write, and they know very in the market for their money. Men well that all the greatest men bave been in slave states send us valuable articles. lovers and laureates of liberty. If the They write well, and like to read what condition of the perpetuity of slavery is well written. Go to, Tupman! you were that “the south" should feed are speaking in a purely Pickwickian upon such literature as may be called, sense when you say we traduce " the in Tupman's sense, “ southern"-the south." Is “the south,” slavery ? harpings of the gentle Grayson, for We do speak ill of slavery, and we example-slavery would be abolished shall often do so. We shoot folly as it to-morrow. Wo observe that some flies, and wherevor it flies, and whersouthern newspaper shakes the whip over it perches. And if folly bloats over the head of Willis, becauso that into crimo or fuddles into fury, we shall gentleman said he should vote for Fré. still shoot away.