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appear in conversation. Before an au flew around the room rentre à terre, undience he was fluent and often power til an opportunity offered to bolt up ful; his outward appearance was trans- chimney. Overcoine by this last mani. formed even, as was that of Patrick festation, the deacon rose from his knees, Henry; but those who trembled before and, stumbling out of doors, rushed off his vehement declamation in the pulpit bareheaded toward the house of Elder were often tempted to laugh at hin in Noyse. Higginson he never thought the keeping-room. Rachel looked much of calling; for that good old man bad abashed, and a little indignant, too, at fallen low in public estimation, and, at his snucy imputation upon her courage the very best, was considered lukewarm, and intelligence. Parris was no longer or in his dotage. The deacon met bis polite to her; for Master More defi- brother-in-law in the street, but never nitely refused to join his congregation. recognized him, and trotted on in a She rose without speaking, courtesied sweating hurry. to the company, and walked off to the More, who was passing by mere acci. kitchen, followed by her aunt and Sarah dent, on his way home froin a raising, Carrier.

could not imagine what possessed his Some conversation ensued in the keep- stout friend to run in that insane fashion; ing-room, concerning various dangerous but, concluding that Bowson was going persons. who were still at large, and for the doctor, and that Sister Ann had then the visitors retired.

been taken suddenly ill, he walked into During this interval, sister Ann ques the house without knocking, and found tioned the child pretty sharply as to her Sarah in the midst of her tantrums. A confession, and told her that, if it were few whispers from Mrs. Bowson informnot true, she was a very wicked girl ed him of the incidents of the morning. thus to slander ber kind mother. These Without a word in reply, he twisted off remarks sat so unpleasantly on Sarah's a stout green withe from a fire-log on conscience that she found it convenient the hearth, and, taking Sarah by the to go off in a convulsion ; and thus, arm, proceeded to lay the slip of 'hickwhen the deacon returned to the kitchen, ory soundly across her back and chubby he had a most favorable opportunity for legs. Mrs. Bowson stood by, silently, observing the workings of Satan. One with clasped hands, while Rachel coverof the four platters, which adorned the ed her face with a sudden start of fright mantel-piece, lay in fragments on the and pity. The child shrieked, barked, Moor, shivered by the heel of Sarah's kicked, and tried to wallow on the floor; thick, hob-nailed shoe, which she bad but that strong left hand held her up kicked off, with amazing accuracy of firmly, and the cutting blows fell fast aim, at the brittle target. The child and furious. In half a minute she burst herself sat on the floor, barking at the into tears, and, turning up a piteous cat, who, inonstrously enlarged in the little fuce, begged that Master More tail, regarded her with open-mouthed would please stop whipping her. She disfavor from the top of a cupboard. would be good ; she wouldu't scream Bowson ran for the family Bible, and again; she wouldn't break any more began to read clamorously from the platters ; please not to whip her so first passage that he opened at, which hard. But More's temper was up; happened to be one of the genealogical this witchcraft had baited him into sachapters of Gonesis. Sarah stopped vagevess; and he fogged on pitilessly, her cars, shrieked, kicked, and barked, until Rachel caught his hand, and begged by turns, with uproarious energy and him to have mercy. He let go of Sarah volubility. Goody Bowson raised her then, and she sank on the floor sobbing : feeble voice in a psalm-tune from the “ Thank you, Mistress Rachel. Please chinney-corner, and Frisk responded don't let him whip ine any more. I'll with prolonged and miserable howlings. be good. I won't break any more platIn utter desperation the deacon fell on ters." his knees among the broken crockery, • You've got a longer story than that and commenced a prayer, which, from to tell, you little monkey,” said More. his confusion of mind, was nothing but "You've got to take back what you a jumble of incoherent ejaculations. said this morning about your mother. Sarah took advantage of his closed eyes Is she a witch? Tell me now. Is sho to fing her other shoe at pussy, who a witch ?" And he raised the hickory left her asylum with a scared spit, and threatevingly over her head.

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No, 110 ; she isn't, she isn't,” scream stantly, and gave the solid palm such a ed Sarah, holding up one little haud to gripe as evidently made its powerful ward off the expected blow, while, with owner finch with pain. “ Hawthorne," the other, she rubbed her smarting and said he, “ take care of yourself. If I writhing legs.

should scourge a few grown men as I · And she never baptized you? And have scourged that child I should only there is no book, nor dog, nor cat, do my duty." either ?” he continued, still holding the The two men eyed each other steadiwhip uplifted.

ly and ungrily, and a struggle would "No, no! It ain't true, it ain't any perhaps have taken place, but that of it true! Oh dear! Oh dear!" whim- Rachel sprang forward, and, catching pered Sarah.

her father's arın, burst into tears. · Then, what did you say your mo Glancing at his daughter, More let go ther was a witch for?" shouted More. of the magistrate's hand, and stepped

" Because they told me she was; and back a couple of paces. The other they kept a askin' me; and so I told 'em made no advance upon him; for he

knew hat Noyse and Bowson would bo "Oh heavens !" csclaimed More, al- of no assistance in a scufffe ; and that most sobbing himself with rage and he alone was no match for a nan who horror. If this is not too bad! Here could dance with a barrel of cider on is a child-a mere baby—bullied and his shoulder. He simply said : " Henry teased into damning its own mother by More, I counsel you to quit this dwellfalse witness. But you little vermin," ing, and moreover to quit your present he continued, turning fiercely upon ways. Stout as you are, you are not Sarah, “what did you let them per stout enough to fight both law and gossuade you for ? You know better. pel; and, if you try it, you will surely You haven't had half enough to make find yourself terribly worsted. Take you remeinber it."

care of your own neck, and be a little Sarah held up both hands, and gave less zealous about the necks of others." forth a piercing wail as sho saw the More gave a contemptuous laugh, and hickory tempest about to descend a sec replied: If that is all you have to say, ond time on her sore legs and shoul I will c'en go home to my dinner." ders.

But at that moment the door Shaking hands with his sister, and opened, and the deep voice of Justice motioning Rachel to follow, he walked Hawthorne was heard saying: “It by the justice and minister to the door. must truly be a fearful demonstra- The deacon grinned at him apologetiction."

ally, but More passed him without a There, on the threshold, staring into recognition; switching his stick be pausthe kitchen, towered the stalwart magis- ed and looked around for Sarah; but tratc, backed up by Noy:c and Bowson. that knowing child had found some safe "Oh, please, good gentlemen. don't let hiding-place; and so ho marched home, him whip me," cried Sarah, catching apparently quite cool, but in reality with her natural quickness at the chance speechless with wrath. of a rescue. " What is the meaning of After he was gone, Hawthorne, Noyse, this, Master More ?" asked Hawthorne, and the deacon bad Sarah into the advancing haughtily upon the hunter. keeping-room, away from Mrs. Bowson, Noyse followed him at a politic distance, and got the entire story, rather exwith his hands folded resignedly on his aggerated, perhaps, of her persecutions. breast; but the deacon, getting a fierce Their remarks on the subject may ho look from his brother-in-law, remained 60 easily iinagined that it is not worth fidgeting and grinning on the door-step. while to repeat them. Before the justice • Please, Master Hawthorne," said the and minister left the house, they charged lively-witted Sarah. " he won't let me Bowson to guard his spirit against that inake any more confessions. He says Sadducee of a brother-in-law, and to they are all lies, please, sir."

keep Sarah vigilantly from any more More turned to strike her, but the such stumbling-stones in the good way active child dodged away from him first of confession. behind the justice, and from thence into The unfortunate child, notwithstandthe yard. He was about to pursue her, ing that Elder Noyse hnd patted her when Hawthorne laid a heavy hand on on the head, and Master Hawthorne had his shoulder. The bunter toro it off in- given her sixpence, did not recover dur.

ing the whole day from the demoralizing Bowson, Hannah, and Sarah. “ Child," effects of her forced abjuration. Her said he, “where is the person who arm, where her inquisitor had held it, wants me?" was black and blue; as also were vari . There she is," replied the imp, ous tender places on her back and pointing to his wife. • Mistress Bowson shoulders. She sat for hours at the is always glad to see you.". window, as if watching for More ; and A good deal miffed at this disrespecton the wholo kept herself wonderfully ful joke, tho deacon got back to the quiet for a person tormented of the de- shop just in time to see a lean dog vil. Once, it is true, toward the middle vanishing out of the front door with one of the afternoon, she stole cantiously of his fattest turkeys. This same trick into the sbop through the back door, was repeated over and over before night, und told deacon Bowson that somebody and alternated with others equally irroin the kitchen would be glad to see him. verent and annoying. “ Yea," said the He was very busy hanging up poultry deacon, relating these manifestations to at the time; but innagining that the visit his minister, “and her whole carriago or might be some elder on witch affairs, to me is with a sauciness which I am he put on his coat, washed his hands, not used anywhere to be treated and hurried into the house. No one withal." was to be seen but Mrs. Bowson, Goody Imposing deacon, John Bowson !

SOUTHERN LITERATURE.

SINC
INCE tho Pickwick Papers, there the Pickwick Club might have learned

has been no such delightful reading many a valuable lesson from its Savanas the Journal of the late Southern nah ‘rival. It was a matter of regret Convention at Savannah. The world that a distinguished amateur clown is greatly indebted to the gentlemen from Virginia, whose ground and lofty who engaged with such alacrity in this tumblings, during the summer season, seasonable direriissement, and whoso elo- had won him such merited consideration, quent naïveté equaled that of Snodgrass, should have been unavoidably prevented Tupman, and Winkle in their palmiest from appearing, by a littlo job of cabiinoments. After the grave excitement net-work which he had undertaken. of a presidential election, the conven But the country was reconciled to the tion carne in as naturally as a farce af absence of the South Carolina pet, ter a drama-Raising the Wind, for knowing how exhausted he had been by instance, after Old Heads and Young his recent striking performance in that LIcarts. The whole affair sprang out of absurd old farce, My Uncle, in which the charity of generous souls who wish- he was so appropriately supported by ed to give the country a laugh, to treat a collection of sticks from his native us all to a good Christmas burlesque, and state. The Georgia bragger, although atone, by their impromptu perform- a good deal hackneyed in his part, ance, for the lamentable absence, in came in, toward the end of the performAmerican amusements, of clown, har. ance, with a tolerable joke, which served, lequin, and pantaloon.

A chivalric pa

at least, to show his capacity. But, per, with even more perception than the in general, the whole spectacle was of Futansuill Gazette, entered fully into the freshest character, scarcely any of the sly humor of the performance, and the uctors having over before boen announced that the convention passed heard of. resolutions which would be recorded Of all the good jokes perpetrated by and filed as the basis of future resolu- the Savannah Pickwickians, none seeins tions nt future conventions.

to us more purely humorous than tho The success of the exhibition was debate upon a “southern literature." signul. We congratulate all the per. Resolved, say theso lovely wags, that formers upon having given the country there is no southern literature. Resolva heartier laugh than it has enjoyed for ed, that there ought to be a southern many months. We are quite sure that literature. Resolved, that there shall be the spectacle was more ludicrous tban a southern literature. Resolved-this the actors themselves conceived, and time the delighted reader is sure

they are going to nuthorize W. Gil built up. A thousand commercial conventions more Simms, LL. D., to construct a

would not do as inuch towards making the southern literature. Not at all. The

south independent of New England as one

good college or manufacturing establishment.” very best of the joke is, that his naine

is omitted altogether, and “Iler principles and her rights," which sundry other gentlemen are requested the southern literature is to be establishto take the matter in hand. Dr. Simms ed to illustrate and defend, are, the prinis destined, this year, to be a victim. ciple that a man is a thing, and the right He went away from New York some of selling him and his children into piertime since, and was announced as a petual slavery. And with au elaboramartyr in some sympathetic newspaper.

tion of humor which Grimaldi, not to But here there was a grave question— say Sam Weller, would have envied, whether the martyrdom on that occasion this good Tupman continues was in the pulpit or in the pews. At “He did not know in what part of Europe homo, however, there can be no doubt they could expect to get text books that would that he was deliberately sacrificed. It fuii the southern country. Certainly not in is now many years since Dr. Simms England where their own language was spoken

and written." and his writings have done duty-and well, toomas the southern author and a So far Tupman was certainly corroct. southern literature. If an unwary crit. But if he be determined to look abroad ic ever chanced to suggest that, haply, for the foundation of the “ southern lite“the spirit of the free states seemed to be rature," notwithstanding that the counmore conducive to literary affluence and try is to take notice that the south bas excellence than that of the slave states," talent enough to do anything that needs the outraged press of the latter scoffed to be done,” why should he not look into at him bitterly, and soon silenced him Russian or Turkish letters ? Certainly with Simms. And yet, at the very mu

a judicious selection of works might be ment when there is question of creating made from those literatures, which, una southern literature upon the great der the careful supervision and excision scale, by a vote of the Savannah Pick of the American Tract Society, and wickians, the name of W. Gilmore protected by the laws of South CaroliSimms, LL. D., is ruthlessly omitted ! na, Louisiana, Virginia, Georgia, etc.,

It appears, according to the Savannah against education, might be cautiously club, that neither English nor American introduced as the nucleus of the enterauthors are capable of producing this prise. We commend this suggestion to " southern literature," and for once the the attention of the numerous gentlemen, gentlemen who want it must turn to and whom, as scholars and literary men, wo help themselves. One of the practical congratulate upon their appointment, by humorists of the club, a very Tracy

men who find the literature of Shake. Tupman, remarked plaintively—“They speare and Milton not fit for their purhad at one time a literary publication in poses, to South Carolina, but where was it now?" “prepare such a series of books in every de and, having thus exposed the probable partment of study, from the carliest primer to success of the effort to establish a

ihe highest grades of literature and science, “southern literature,” the delightful and purify the education of the South."

as may seem to them best qualified to elevate Tupman proceeds with the most brilliant non sequitur upon record :

These are the gentlemen—but why did

not the facetious Tupman, who remem“It was important that the South should have a literature of her own, to defend her

bered that there “had been" a literary principles and her rights. He thought they publication in South Carolina, recall could get text books at home, without going that there is a literary man there, and either to Old England or to New England for do justice to the martyr Simms ?them. These resolutions would do no harm, but he thought that, instead of passing re “Profs. Bledsoe, McGuffey, of Va., President solves, it would be better for each man to de. Smith, of Randolph and Weaver College, Va.; termine hereafter to encourage no northern llon. Geo. E. Badger, and D. L. Swain, of books or papers. [Applause. Let the coun. N. C.; Dt. Rer. Bishop Elliott, and J. Humiltry understand, thai the South had talent ton Cooper, of Ga.; Prof. John Lecompte, Rev. enough to do anything that needs to be done, J. H. Thornwell, Rev. J. W. Milos, and Rov, and independence enough to do it. Let south Dr. Curtis, of S.C.: President Tallman, of Ga.; ern children be kept from northern educa. Dr. Lacey, of N. C.; Ashbel Smith, of Texas : tional institutions, and northern instructors bo President Longstreet, of Miss.; Dr. Garland, excluded from the south. Let southern col. of Ala.; Charles Gayarre, of La; Dr. Richard leges and manufacturing establishments bo Fuller, of Ind.; and Dr. Alonzo Church, or Ga.'.

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There was no especial time mentioned ally struggling for existence, for want of ma. in which the southern literature must be

terinl aid. But these journals were as well completed by these gentlemen; and that

supported at the south as northern periodicals

were. It was not the south that built up is a little defect in the humor of the joke. northern literature; they did it themselves. Why not have resolved, for instance, There was talent, and mind, and poetic genius that the article must be delivered at the

enough in the south to build up a litera.

ture of a high order; but southern publishnext meeting of the Pickwickians at

ers could not get money to assist them in Knoxville ? But, meanwhile, Winkle, their enterprises, and, therefore, the south had of Georgia, submitted the following

no literature. Ho regarded these resolutions additional resolution :

as mere child's play." Resolved. That it is recommended to the Snodgrass agrecs with Tupman's legislatures of the southern states to with theory of “talent enough to do any. hold, from all schools and academics that use northern text books or employ northern teach talent, and inind, and poetic genius

thing," by declaring that there “is ers, any portion of the school fund.

“This, he thought, would be striking at the enough in the south to build up a literaroot of the evil; but so long as they permitted ture of a high order," if it were only northern school-marms' and school tcachers encouraged. The wag never asks why to come here, they could, of course, select in. it is not encouraged. The droll Snodjurious books for their scholars. He was for excluding such people and their books alto grass never hints that there is a choice gether. (Applause."

of mental as well as other food, and that Winkle, of Georgia, is evidently stern

a man or woman, even in the south, but sagacious. Sagacious, because, while

will read what seems most interesting northern hooks and“ school-marms"

and able. The Pickwickian jokers at come in, the chances of the southern

Savannah must, of course, have their literature may languish ; but stern, be

little biennial joke, but the great laws cause his method would restrict the

of nature will perversely continue to reading public of the south” to that operate. Calhoun's works, and Jefferliterature which, by the terms of the

son's works, and Benton's works are joke, does not yet exist. Does Winkle published in the free states. The works inockingly mean to recommend to south of W. Gilmore Simms, LL. D., are also ern readers the " literary publication” published there; and we invite Tupwhich they had at one time" in South

man's attention, and that of the whole Carolina? He insisted that the state

club, to this curious fact, that Mr. Delegislatures should exclude the north- Bow, who moved the names of the genern literary publications," which would

tlemen who were to prepare a southern consequently force into the field - the

literature, is himself the editor of a retalent enough to do anything," to which

view which is printed in New York,* and Tupman gracefully alluded.

that the first gentleman upon his list, But Augustus 'Snodgrass, of South Professor Bledsoe, is also the author of Carolinn, took a bolder sweep, and by a work designed to show the great and implication called Winkle and Tupman end that this book is published in Phila

glorious character of human slavery, spoons. Augustus Snodgrass said:

delphia. The fact is-whatever tho “He was opposed to this child's pluy, joke may be—that where there is a these resolves pot to subscribe to northern large reading public, there will be auperiodicals, or buy northorn goods. It was nothing but a miserable subterfuge, and thors and publishers. The Pickwickwould amount to nothing practical. What. ians might as well have appointed a ever resolves this convention might adopt, committee to secure summer in January, fouthern ladies would continue to read Go. dey's Lady's Book and Arthur's Home Maga.

as to creato a literatare. They can, insinc, no mintter whnt sentiments they might deed, make police regulations. They can navance; the ladies wanted the fashion and institute a vast censorship, as in Rome, their hoops, and they would have them.

and publicly condemn and burn books. Laughter.) They could get these things at ihe north, but not at tbc south. Northern

And we recommend to tho jokors, as publishers employed the talent of the south a suitable candidato for grand inquisiand of the whole country to write for them, tor of this holy office for the condemnaand poured out thousands annually for it, but tion of any book which tended to dispouthern inen cxpocted to get talont without paying for it. The Southern Quarterly Re

seminate the heresy of human brotherview and the Literary Messenger were liter. hood, the superintendent of common

• We wish to do no injustice. No namos, either of printer or publisher, appoar upon the Magazine, but we have the statement upon good authority.

VOL. IX.-14

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