Four Pillars of Constitutionalism: The Organic Laws of the United States
The four primary documents that, since 1878, formed a type of "preamble" to the revised United States Code the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, the Northwest Ordinance, and the Constitution are brought together here for the first time in a single volume.
Political theorist Richard Cox introduces these founding "laws" of America, places them in historical context, examines the leaders who introduced them, and discusses how and why these documents were given such an important place in the U.S. Code. Cox explains the significance of the code's revision in the aftermath of the Civil War and Reconstruction.
Designed for students and general readers, Four Pillars of Constitutionalism explores how each of the four components of our nation's legal history was developed and their main features, including the full text of each document, and a bibliography of selected readings. This work is a handy, accessible, and very useful supplement to the study of constitutional law, history, and American political thought.
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Preface and Acknowledgments
The Organic Laws in the Nineteenth Century
Abraham Lincoln American appointed Articles of Confederation authority Bill Boutwell Brennan century citizens civil Colonies commissioners committee congress assembled Consent Consti constitutional law created equal debates December Declaration of Independence Delaware delegates district documents Dred Scott decision edition elected Electors enacted executive February February 24 federal Fourteenth Amendment fundamental governor historical House of Representatives Ibid inhabitants January January 19 Jefferson judges July June Justice land legislation legislatures liberty Lincoln March March 18 ment nature Northwest Ordinance Number of Votes oath official compilation official version Ordinance of 1787 Organic Laws section Pennsylvania person political preamble principles privileges and immunities prohibition proposed question ratified Reconstruction Reconstruction Amendment Republic Republican resolution respective Revised Statutes Senate slave slavery South Carolina speech statute laws Supreme Court Taney term territory thereof tion titled The Organic tution understanding United States Code unless Vice President Virginia whole number