Lectures on History and General Policy: To which is Prefixed, An Essay on a Course of Liberal Education for Civil and Active Life

P. Byrne, 1788 - 471 頁

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第 332 頁 - No regulation of commerce can increase the quantity of industry in any society beyond what its capital can maintain. It can only divert a part of it into a direction into which it might not otherwise have gone...
第 444 頁 - Italian republics, and (its taxes being probably less judicious than theirs) it has, in proportion to its natural strength, been still more enfeebled. The debts of Spain are of very old standing.
第 392 頁 - Europe, they are continually running about the streets with the tools of their respective trades, offering their service, and as it were begging employment. The poverty of the lower ranks of people in China far surpasses that of the most beggarly nations in Europe.
第 110 頁 - The proportion, however, between the shilling and either the penny on the one hand, or the pound on the other, seems not to have been so constant and uniform as that between the penny and the pound. During the first race of the kings of France, the French sou or shilling appears upon different occasions to have contained five, twelve, twenty, and forty pennies. Among the...
第 392 頁 - The accounts of all travellers, inconsistent in many other respects, agree in the low wages of labour, and in the difficulty which a labourer finds in bringing up a family in China. If by digging the ground a whole day he can get what will purchase a small quantity of rice in the evening, he is contented.
第 443 頁 - Britain is at present as much encumbered in time of peace, their ability to accumulate is as much impaired as it would have been in the time of the most expensive war had the pernicious system of funding never been adopted.
第 95 頁 - It has been of fome confequence to chriftians to adjuft the days of the week to the days of the month, and of the year, in order to get a rule for finding Sunday. Had there been no biflextile, it is evident that, fince the year confifts of fifty-two weeks, and one day, all the varieties would have been comprized in fevcn years.
第 309 頁 - ... expense, either by sumptuary laws, or by prohibiting the importation of foreign luxuries. They are themselves always, and without any exception, the greatest spendthrifts in the society. Let them look well after their own expense, and they may safely trust private people with theirs. If their own extravagance does not ruin the state, that of their subjects never will.
第 313 頁 - It appears, accordingly, from the experience of all ages and nations, I believe, that the work done by freemen comes cheaper in the end than that performed by slaves.
第 118 頁 - ... they run of never receiving the principal, the frequent confifcation of all their effects, and the violent...