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Laws of the

AN ACT for the relief of John Culbertson, and to provide an intepreter for the District Court of the United States for the Eastern District of Louisiana.

Be it enacted, &c. That the sum of three hundred and thirty-three dollars and thirty-three and one-third cents be paid by the Marshal of the United States for the eastern District of Louisiana to John Culbertson, for his services rendered as interpreter to the United States Court for said District under the provisional appointment of the Judge, for each regular term of said Court, from the December term of one thousand eight hundred and twentyfive, inclusively, up to the time of the passage of this act.

Sec. 2...And be it further enacted, That the Judge of the District Court of the United States for the eastern District of Louisiana, be and is hereby, authorized to appoint an interpreter to said Court, and to allow him a compensation not exceeding three hundred and thirty-three dollars and thirty-three and one-third cents, for his services at each regular term of said Court, to be hold. en subsequently to the passage of this act; and the Marshal is authorized to pay the same upon the order of the Judge : Provided always, That it shall i. the duty of the said interpreter, during his continuance in office, to attend all and every of the called or irregular sessions of the said Court, without any additional compensation therefor: Provided, also, That the said interpreter shall not receive, ander this act, more than one thousand dollars for each year.

Approved, March 3, 1831.

AN ACT concerning vessels employed in the Whale Fishery. Be it enacted, &c. That all the provisions of the act entitled “An act to authorize the register or enrolment, and license, to be issued in the name of the President or Secretary of any incorporated company owning a steamboat or vessel,” passed the third day of March, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five,shall extend and be applicable to every ship or vessel owned by any incorporated company, and employed wholly in the whale fishery, so long as such ship or vessel shall be wholly employed in the whale fishery. Approved, March 3, 1831.

AN ACT to create the office of Surveyor of the Public Lands for the State of Louisiana. Be it enacted, &c. That a Surveyor General of the State of Louisiana shall be appointed, who shall have the same authority, and perform the same duties, respecting ublic lands and private land claims in the State of Lou. isiana, as are now vested in, and required of the Survey. or of the lands of the United States, south of the State of Tennessee, or the principal deputy Surveyors in the said State ; and that from and after the first day of May next, the office of principal deputy Surveyors, as crea. ted by the ninth section of the act of Congress of the twenty-first day of April, eighteen hundred and six, entitled “An act supplementary to an act entitled “An act for ascertaining and adjusting the titles and claims to lands within the territory of Orleans and district of Louisiana,” be and the same are hereby, abolished ; and it shall be the duty of said principal deputy Surveyors to surrender to the Surveyor General of Louisiana, or to such person or persons as he may appoint to receive the same, all the maps, books, records, field notes, documents and articles of every description, appertaining or in any wise belonging to their offices respectively. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the principal 3. Surveyor of the district east of the island of New Orleans be and he hereby is required to separate and ar.

range the papers in his office; and all the maps, records, of

United States. [21st Cong. 2d Sess. papers and documents of every description which refer to lands in the State of Louisiana, shall be delivered to the order of the Surveyor General for that State; and such of them as refer to lands in the State of Alabama shall be delivered to the Surveyor for the State of Alabama i and such of them as refer to lands in the State of Mississippi, together with such maps, papers, records and documents in the office of said principal deputy Surveyor, as are not hereby required to be delivered to the Surveyor General of the State of Louisiana or to the Surveyor for the State of Alabama shall be delivered to the order of the Surveyor of the lands of the United States south of the State of Tennessee; and the office of said principal deputy shall be, and the same is hereby abolished from and after the first day of May next ; and the powers and duties now exercised and performed by the said principal deputy Surveyor shall be vested in and performed by the aforesaid Surveyors, within their respective States. Sec. 3...And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the Surveyor south of the State of Tennessee to deliver to the Surveyor General of the State of Louisiana all the maps, papers, records, and documents relating to the public lands, and private claims in Louisiana, which may be in his office; and in every case where it shall be impracticable to make a separation of such maps, papers, records, and documents, without injury to the portion of them relating to lands in Mississippi, it shall be his quty to cause copies thereof certified by him to be furnished to the Surveyor General of Louisiana, and which copies shall be of the same validity as the originals. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the Surveyor

| General of Louisiana shall appoint a sufficient number of

skilful and experienced Surveyors as his deputies, who, with one or more good and sufficient sureties, to be approved by said Surveyor General, shall enter into bond for the faithful performance of all surveying contracts confided to them in the penalty of double the amount of money accruing under the said contracts at the rate per mile stipulated to be paid therein, and who, before entering on the performance of their duties, shall take an oath, or make affirmation, truly, faithfully, and impartially, to the utmost of their skill and ability, to execute the trust confided to them ; and, in the event of the failure of a deputy to comply with the terms of his contract, unless such failure shall be satisfactorily shown by him to have arisen from causes beyond his control, he shall forfeit the penalty of his bond on due process of law, and ever afterwards be debarred from receiving a contract for surveying public lands in Louisiana or elsewhere. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the Surveyor General to be appointed in pursuance of this act shall establish his office at such place as the President of the United States may deem most expedient for the public service ; and that he shall be allowed an annual salary of two thousand dollars, and that he be authorized to employ one skilful draughtsman and recording clerk, whose aggregate compensation shall not exceed one thousand five hundred dollars per annum ; and that the fees heretofore authorized by law for examining and recording surveys be, and the same are hereby, abolished ; and any copy of a plat of survey, or transcript from the records of the office of the said Surveyor General, shall be admitted as evidence in any of the courts of the United States or Territories thereof; and for every copy of a plat of survey there shall be paid twenty five cents, and for any transcript from the records of said office, there shall be paid at the rate of twenty-five cents for every hundred words by the individuals requiring the same. Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That, in relation to all such confirmed claims as may conflict, or in any manner interfere with each other, the Register of the Land Office and Receiver of Public Moneys for the proper

INDEX to THE DEBATES IN THE SENATE.

Adams, Mr. of Mississippi, death of announced, and re-
solutions adopted to honor his memory, 1.

Adjournment, joint committee appointed to notify the
President, committee reported, and the Senate
adjourned, 344,

Africans, resolution to inquire into the expediency of
making further provision for the support of cap-
tured, introduced, and agreed to, 40.

Appropriation bill, general, taken up, 213; motion to
strike out amendments reported by Committee
on Finance relative to Turkish mission, 213;
further amendments proposed, 214; again taken
up, and debate thereon, 215 to 285, 292 to 309;

uestions taken on the amendments, 310, 311;

urther amended, and ordered to a third reading,
317 to 320; amendment of House of Represen-
tatives disagreed to, ai.d committee of confer-
ence appointed, 328, 330; report of the com-
mittee concurred in, 3.34.

Appropriations for internal improvements, surveys, &c.
bill making, twice read, and referred, 312.

again taken up, 333; amended and passed, 334.

Appropriations for the military service, bill making, ta-

ken up, 325.

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District of Columbia, leave given to introduce a bill to
establish a system of penal law for the, 344.

Duelling, resolution introduced to prevent and punish the
practice of, in the District of Columbia, 293,

Duties on cinnamon and spices, (see Passports and Clear-
arzees.

Duties, oth. introduced, in relation to the power of
Congress to lay and collect, 285; laid on the ta-
ble, 312.

Geyer, Henry S. a witness on the trial of Judge Peck, 22.

Hempstead, Charles S. a witness on the trial of Judge
Peck, 23.
Horrell, Thomas, a witness on the trial of Judge Peck, 22.

Impeachment, (see Peck, James H.)
Indiana, resolution calling for information in relation to
the location of lands in the State of, introduced
and adopted, 31.
Indians, bill to provide for the payment of an annuity to
the Seneca tribe of, taken up, 29; laid on the
table, 30; again taken up, 78; ordered to a third
reading, 85.
Indian intercourse act, resolution submitted in relation to
the enforcement of the provisions of 204; de-
bate thereon, and resolution adopted, 205 to 208.
Indian treaties, bill to carry into effect certain, taken up,
amended, and ordered to a third reading, 328.
Indians, Executive proceedings in relation to the treaty
with the Choctaw, 345 to 348.
Johns, Rev. H. Van Dyke, elected chaplain, 4.
Iron, memorial of mechanics and others of Philadelphia,
praying a reduction of the duties upon, present-
ed and referred, 41; committee report, and de-
bate thereon, 313 to 317, 321 to 323. (See Ap-
pendix, 105.)
memorial of inhabitants of New Jersey, praying a
drawback of the duties on, presented, 41; debate
on its reference, 42, 43; laid on the table, 44.
memorials of citizens of Philadelphia adverse to re-
ducing the duties on foreign, communicated, 214.
Insolvent debtors of the United States, bill for the relief
of, taken up, and ordered to a third reading,
323 to 325.
Internal improvements, surveys, &c. (see Appropriations.)
Internal improvements, views of the committee to whom
was referred the President's message on the sub-
ject of, 214.

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Silsbee, Mr. reducing the duties on iron, 43.
Smith, Mr. on abolishing the charge for passports and
clearances, 25.
on annuity to Seneca Indians, 30, 78, 84, 85.
impeachment expenses, 34.
repealing the duty on alum salt, 148.
adjusting claim of James Monroe, 148.
the Turkish mission, 213, 214, 304, 311.
duties on iron, 317, 322.
military appropriations, 325.
subscription to Congressional documents, 326.
on his election as President of the Senate, 328.
Spencer, Mr. (of House of Representatives) on the trial
of Judge Peck, 33.
Sprague, Mr. on inquiring into the condition of the Post
Office, 194.
Storrs, Mr. (of House of Representatives) on the trial of
Judge Peck, 33, 39, 40.

Tazewell, Mr. on bill for relief of vessels in distress, 32.
trial of Judge Peck, 45.
the Turkish mission, 213, 215, 274.
on his election as President of the Senate, 328.
internal improvements, 333, 334.
Tyler, Mr. on punishment of crimes in the District of Co-
lumbia, 212.
internal improvements, 214.
the Turkish mission, 260.
duties on iron, 315.
on Mr. Tazewell's election to the chair of the Sen-
ate, 328.

Webster, Mr. on reducing the duties on iron, 44, 314,
315, 317, 321, 322.
code of law for the District of Columbia, 209.
the Turkish mission, 310.
insolvent debtors of the United States, 323.
subscription to Congressional documents, 326.
on Mr. Tazewell's . to the chair of the Sen-
ate, 328.
Wickliffe, Mr. (of House of Representatives) on the trial
of Judge Peck, 33.
Wirt, Mr. (counsel) on the trial of Judge Peck, 22, 34, 39.
letter from his physician communicated, 29.
White, Mr. on inquiring into the condition of the Post
Office, 4, 5, 7.
on annuity to Seneca Indians, 29, 82, 84.
Choctaw treaty, 346, 947.

Ruggles, Mr. on law of Ohio for repairing national road,
291.

Sanford, Mr. introduces a resolution on the subject of the
current coins, 2.
on annuity to Seneca Indians, 30, 80, 85.
the Turkish mission, 213.
Silsbee, Mr. on bill for relief of vessels in distress, 32, 33.

Woodbury, Mr. on reducing the duties on iron, 41, 42.
inquiring into the condition of the Post office, 93,
182, 194.
punishment of crimes in the District of Columbia,

the Turkish mission, 239, 311.
subscription to Congressional documents, 326, 327.

INDEX TO THE DEBATES IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

Acts passed at second session twenty-first Congress, (see
.äppendix.)
Adjournment of the House sine die, 852.
Alexandria Canal Company, bill authorizing a subscrip-
tion to stock in, introduced, twice read, and re-
ferred, 544.
Amendments to the constitution, (see Constitution.)
Appropriations for carrying into effect certain Indian trea-
ties, bill making, taken up, and ordered to a
third reading, 404.
Appropriations for arrearages in the Indian Department,

bill making, taken up, and ordered to third read-
ing, 404.
Appropriations for the support of Government, bill mak-
ing, taken up, and debate on proposed amend-
ments, 467 to 484; proposition to strike out the
salary of the minister to Russia, 484; debate
thereon, 486 to 507, 575 to 608, 621 to 658, 671
to 677; main question put, and bill passed, 678;
debate on Senate’s amendments, 830 to 839;
committee of conference on, 845; report of
agreed to, 846. -

Appropriations for the naval service, bill making, taken
up and amended, 745, 747.
Appropriations for military service, taken up and amend-
ed, 745, 845.
Appropriations for internal improvements, bill making,
taken up and amended, 745, 746, 747, 750; or-
dered to a third reading, 755; debate on its pas-
sage, 755 to 758; passed, 759.
Appropriations for fortifications, taken up, 747; amend-
ment proposed, and debate thereon, 747, 748,
749; amendment negatived,750, Senate's amend-
ment disagreed to, 846.
Appropriations for roads and surveys, bill making, taken
up, 787; ordered to a third reading, 789.
Appropriations for the Indian Department, bill making,
taken up, 822; ordered to a third reading, 827.
Appropriations for Indian treaties, bill making, taken up,
and debate thereon, 790 to 793; ordered to a
third reading, 822.
Appropriations for certain harbors and surveys, bill mak-
ing, taken up, 793, 837; third read, and passed,
824

Appropriations for light-houses, bill making, taken up,
793; ordered to a third reading, 822; Senate’s
amelidments concurred in, 849.
Appropriations for custom-house at New York, bill mak-
ing, taken up, 793; third read, and passed, 827.
Armory on the Western waters, bill to establish an, taken
up, and debate thereon, 450 to 454; ordered to
a third reading, 776 to 778; again taken up, and
ordered to lie on the table, 783 to 786.
Army, report of the Major General of, at the opening of
Congress. (see .jppendia, 24.)
Ashley, General, letter from, in relation to a military
force at Columbia river, (see .dppendia, 92.)
Assay office, (see Vorth Carolina )
Austria, treaty with, communicated, 850.

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, bill authorizing the con-
struction of a lateral branch of to the city of
Washington, taken up, and amendment propos-
ed, 400; motion to refer the bill to the Commit-
tee for the District of Columbia, debate thereon,
and motion agreed to, 418 to 422.
bill to authorize the construction of, taken up, 679;
Senate’s amendment to, concurred in, 830.
Basmarien and Rambaux, merchants of France, memorial
of, presented and referred, 560.
Beaumarchais, Caron de, bill to settle the claim of the
heirs of, taken up, 759.
Blind, memorial of the New England Asylum for the,
presented and referred, 392.
Bounties, (see Fish.)
Browning, Samuel, bill to extend the patent of, taken up,
and laid on the table, 679, 680.
Business of the House, resolution for expediting the, in-
troduced, and laid on the table, 392.

Casting vote, 786.
Census, bill in relation to the fifth, introduced, amended,
and ordered to a third reading, 398, 399.
Cherokee Indians, petitions of, presented, in relation to In-
dian reserves. 543; referred, 544.
memorial of, (see .dppendia, 52.)
Coins, report upon foreign silver, 775, (see Appendix,
137.
bill in relation to, introduced and committed, 775.
gold, of the United States, report and bill concern-
ing, committed, 775, (see Appendix, 148.)
report of Director of the Mint on assays of foreign,
(see .4, pendia, 98.)
Colonization Society, memorial of inhabitants of Virginia,
praying aid from Congress for the, presented,
619, 626.
Colonial trade with Great Britain, (see Jppendia, 166.)

Commerce on the Lakes, bill to regulate, taken up, and
ordered to be engrossed, 775; Senate's amend-
ment adopted, 848.
Committee appointed to notify the President of the or-
ganization of the two Houses, 349.
motion to appoint the standing, 349.
on the various subjects embraced in the President's
message, and debate thereon, 350 to 354.
of conference, 845.
joint, to wait upon the President of the United
States, and notify him that the two Houses were
about to adjourn, 851.
Commissary General of Subsistence, annual report of,
(see .ippendia, 32.)
Congress, list of members of the twenty-first, (see .4p-
pendia, 1.)
Congressional documents, bill to authorize a subscription
to a compilation of, introduced, and ordered to
lie on the table, 786; taken up, and ordered to
a third reading, 790; third read, and passed, 815
to 820.
Constitution, amendment proposed, (see President and
Vice President.)
amendment proposed so as that the judges of the
supreme and inferior courts shall hold their offi-
ces for a term of years, 540; question of con-
sideration decided in the negative, 540.
Copyrights, report of Judiciary Committee on, 364, (see
.Appendia, 119.)
bill to amend the several acts respecting, taken
up, 422; amended, and ordered to be engross-
ed, 424.

. Cumberland road, bill giving the assent of Congress to an

act of the State of Ohio, in relation to the, taken
up, and ordered to a third reading, 821, 828,
829.

bill for the continuation of, taken up, 839; amend-
ment proposed and negatived, 839, 844; third
read, and passed, 845.

Debates in the State conventions, on adopting the federal
constitution, and copies of reports in Congress,
resolution introduced to purchase copies of, 617;
referred to Library Committee, 618. -
Decatur, Susan, motion to take up the bill to compensate,
refused, 615; taken up, debate thereon, and bill
rejected, 680 to 682; motion to reconsider, 717;
agreed to, 718; various motions to amend, and
bill rejected, 718.
Defaulters, resolution introduced calling for information
in relation to, 670.
Denmark, report upon the trade between the United
States and the colonies of, 846, (see .dppendix,
159,
District of Columbia, bill to provide a code of law for,
taken up, and ordered to a third reading, 786;
rejected, 786.
Duponceau, Peter S, letter from, presenting a flag manu-
factured of American silk, communicated, 356;
report of committee upon, 378.
Duties on foreign merchandise, bill allowing, to be secur-
ed at inland ports of entry, introduced, 747; or-
dered to a third reading, 821.

Education, resolution to appoint a select committee on,
introduced, 362; laid on the table, 364.

Edwards, Amos, bill for the relief of, third read, 776.

Engineers, report of the chief of, (see Appendia, 25.)

Fish, bill to reduce the bounty on pickled, introduced,
424 to 426.

Fontaniellere, Count, acknowledgments of the House to,
for his letter and treatise on the art of cultivat-
ing the mulberry, 849.

Fuel, for the relief of the poor of Washington, resolu-

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