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AN ACT for the relief of William Smith,administrator of superintend the sales of public lands within said district, John Taylor, deceased.

who shall give security in the same manner, in the same Be it cnacted, &c. That the Register of the Land of sums, and whose compensation, emoluments, duties, and fice at Cahawba be, and he is hereby authorized and di- authorities, shall, in every respect, be the same, in relalected to cancel the relinquishment made by the said tion to the lands which shall be disposed of at their ofWilliam Smith, as administrator of John Taylor, deceas. fice, as are or may be by law provide «l, in relation to the ed, on the thirty-first day of March, one thousand eight Registers and Receivers of Public Moneys in the several hundred and twenty five, of the west half of the south offices established for the sale of public lands. west quarter of lanıl, of section fifteen, in township ten, Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all the public of range fourteen, in Butler county, in the State of Ala lands lying cast of the Meridian line in the Territory baina, and which still remains unsold by the United aforesaid, which are not now embraced in the district of States; and that he be authorized and directed to deliver Detroit, be, and they are hereby, attached thereto ; and over the certificate therefor to the said William ; and the it shall be the duty of the Register and Receiver of the said William Smith is authorized and empowered to dis- Land Office in said district to deposit in the Land Office pose of the same by assignment or otherwise, in as full at Detroit all the records, books and papers, surveys, and ample manner, to all intents and purposes, which &c. which pertain to said Land Office at Monroe, which he might or could have done before the relinquishment shall be kept by the Register and Receiver of the Land thereof; and that all the benefits and privileges given by Office at Detroit, as a part of the records of said office. this act to the said William Smith shall be given and ex. Scc. 4. And be it further enacted, That all such public tended to his assignee or assignees; and that the said Wil lands as shall have been offered for sale to the highest liam Smith, or his assignee or assignees, be allowed to bidder at Monroe or Detroit, pursuant to any proclamahold the same, free from forfeiture for twelve months tion of the President of the United States, and which from the passage of this law: Provided, nevertheless, That are embraced within the provisions of this act, and which the said William Smith shall, before he be entitled to lands remain unsold at the taking effect of this act, shall the benefit of this act, pay over to the receiver of public be subject to be entered and sold at private sale, by the moneys at Cahawba, the sum of ninety-nine dollars and Registers of the Land Offices to which they are hereby ninety-eight and a quarter cents, that being the full attached ; and all provisions of law applicable to the amount of money which had been paid thereon previous public lands, to which this act applies, shall continue in to the relinquishment, and which has been transferred full force and effect. and credited on other lands purchased by his intestate in Sec. 5. And be it further enacled, That so much of the his lifetime.

Siate of Illinois as lies between the Illinois and MississipApproved, February 12, 1831.

pi rivers, bounded on the south by the base line, on the north by the northern boundary of that State, and on

the extreme east by the third principal Meridian, be AN ACT to provide hereafter for the payment of six formed into a separate land district, the offices for which thousand dollars annually to the Seneca Indians, and to be located where it will best accommodate purchasers for other purposes.

and others, by the President; and a Register and ReBe it enacted, &c. That the proceeds of the sum of one ceiver shall be appointed at such time as the President hundred thousand dollars, being the amount placed in the of the United States shall deem proper. hands of the President of the United States, in trust, for Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That another disthe Seneca tribe of Indians, situated in the State of New trict be also formed in that State, on the north of the York, be hereafter passed to the credit of the Indian ap- dividing line between townships sixteen and seventeen propriation fund : and that the Secretary of War be au- north of the base line, and east of the third principal thorized to receive and pay over to the Seneca tribe of Meridian, including all that par of the State to its Indians, the sum of six thousand dollars, annually, in the northern boundary, the offices for which to be located way and manner, as heretofore practised, to be paid out by the President, where the public interest and the conof any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated. venience of purchasers may require ; and a Register and

Séc. 2. Ånd be it further enacted, That the Secretary Receiver shall be appointed at such time as the Presiof War be authorized to receive and pay over to the Se- dent of the United States shall deem proper. neca tribe of Indians, the sum of two thousand six hun- - Sec. 7. And be il further enucled, That the Registers cred and fourteen dollars and forty cents, out of any mo- and Receivers shall reside, respectively, at the places ney in the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated, on ac where the Land Offices are located, give security in the count of the deficiency, by that amount, in the sum paid same manner, in the same sums, and whose compensa. over to said Indians the last year.

tion, emoluments, and duties, and authority, in every reApproved, February 19, 1831.

spect, be the same, in relation to the lands which shall be (lisposed of at their oflices, as may be by law provided

in relation to :he Registers and Receivers of public mo. AN ACT to establish a Land Office in the Territory of neys in the several offices established for the disposal of Michigan, and for other purposes.

the lands of the Uniied States north-West of the river Be it enacted, &c. That all the public lands to which Ohio. the Indian title has been extinguished, lying west of the Sec. 8. Und ve it further enacted, that the said lands meridian line, in the Territory of Michigan, shall consti- shall be disposed of in the same manner, and on the same fute a new land district ; and, for the sale of the public terms and conditions, as are or may be provided by law lands within the said clistrict, there shall be a Land Of for the sale of other lands of the United States : Provi. lice established at such place within the district, as the ded, that no tracts of land excepted from sales by virtue President of the United States may designate, who is of any former acts, shall be sold by virtue of this act. hereby authorized to change the location of such office, Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That all the lands whenever, in luis opinion, the public interest may require to which the Iulian title is extinguished, lying in that it.

part of the State of Indiana which is cast of the Lake Sec. 2. And be il further enacted, that the Land Office Michigan, bordering upon the northern line of said State, now established ai Monroe, shall be removed to the and not attached to any land district, shall be, and the place designated for the location of this office, and the same are hereby, attached to the Fort Wayne District. Register and Receiver of the Monroe Land Office, shalll Approveil, February 19, 1831.

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AN ACT respecting the jurisdiction of certain District AN ACT making appropriations for the completion and Courts.

support of the Penitentiary in the District of Colum

bia, and for other purposes. Be it enacted, &c. That the District Courts of the United States for the northern Listrict of New York, the Be it enacted, &c. That, in addition to the unexpend. western District of Pennsylvania, the District of Indiana, ed balance of the appropriation of eighteen hundred and the District of Illinois, the District of Missouri, the Dis. twentynine, now subject to the order of the Inspectors, trict of Mississippi, the western District of Louisiana, there shall be, and hereby is, appropriated for the sup. the eastern District of Louisiana, the northern District of port of the said penitentiary, for the pay of its officers

, Alabama, and the southern District of Alabama, in addi. the erection of additional buildings and improvements; tion to the ordinary jurisdiction and powers of a District for a wharf and sea wall, the purchase of materials

, tools Court shall within the limits of their respective Districts, and implements of trade; the purchase of additional have jurisdiction of all causes, except appeals and writs ground for the institution ; the draining of the marsh of error, which now are,or hereafter may by law be made, east of the penitentiary, and other contingent expenses, cognizable in a Circuit Court, and shall proceed therein the sum of thirty-six thousand three hundred and sixty in the same manner as a Circuit Court.

dollars, to be paid out of any money in the Treasury not Approved, February 19, 1831.

otherwise appropriated, and to be expended under the direction of the Board of Inspectors . Provided, That no

more than two thousand dollars shall be drawn from the AN ACT for the relief of William Burris, of Mississippi. Treasury at any one time ; and that no subsequent draft Be it enacted, &c. That William Burris be allowed to be duly accounted for by proper vouchers, regularly

shall be made, until the amount previously drawn shall relinquish to the United States the east half of the quar- numbered, and an abstract of which shall accompany ter of section twenty.one, township three, range six,east, the same. containing eighty acres entered by mistake, and to locate

Sec. 2. And be it further enacled, That a majority of in lieu thereof, another half quarter section of land on the inspectors shall certify upon said abstract, that the any of the public lands of the United States, in the State amount of moneys, as stated therein, have been actually of Mississippi, which has been offered at public sale and and necessarily expended, and further, the affidavits of is now subject to entry at private sale.

the warden and clerk, taken before a judge or justice of Approved, February 19, 1831.

the peace, shall be endorsed on said abstract, stating

that the moneys mentioned therein, and vouchers acAN ACT tu alter and amend "An act to set apart and persons, and for the purposes stated in said abstracts

companying the same, have been actually paid to the dispose of certain public lands for the encouragement and vouchers. of the cultivation of the vine and olive.

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the warden of Be it enacted, &c. That all persons entitled to lands, the said penitentiary shall be appointed by the Presiunder a contract entered into on the eighth of January; dent, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate ; eighteen hundred and nineteen, by the Secretary of the and said warden shall appoint, and may remove, at his Treasury on the part of the United States, and Charles pleasure, all its subordinate officers, excepting the clerk, Villar, agent of the l'ombecbee Association, in pursuance who shall be appointed and removed by the inspectors, of “ An act to set apart and dispose of certain public or a majority of them. lands for the encouragement of the cultivation of the vine Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the number of and olive" approved on the third of March, eighteen inspectors shall hereafter be reduced to three, a majority hundred and seventeen, their heirs, devisees or assigns, of whom shall constitute a board for the transaction of who appear by the report of William L. Adams, special business, and shall receive an annual salary, payable qaaragent of the treasury, appointed in compliance with a ter-yearly, of two hundred and fifty dollars each. resolution of the Senate, passed the twentieth of May,

Sec. 5. And be il further enacted, That, from and after eighteen hundred and twenty-six, to have complied with the passage of this act, the salary of the warden of the the conditions of settlement and cultivation, as stipula- said penitentiary shall be fifteen hundred dollars per anted for in said contract or who shall hereafter made it appear to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Treasury, Approved : February 25, 1831. that they have so complied, shall on paying into the Treasury one dollar and twenty five cents the acre pre. AN ACT to authorize the appointment of a sub-agent vious to the third of March, eighteen hundred and thirtythree receive a patent for the same.

to the Winnebago Indians, on Rock river. Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all persons who lowed to the Winnebago tribe of Indians, to reside on

Be it enacted, &c. That an additional sub-agent be al. became entitled to an allotment of land under said con. the waters of Rock river ; and that the said agent shall tract, their heirs,devisees, or assigns, who have failed to comply with the conditions of settlement and cultivation be appointed as like officers are appointed, and receive within the period required thereby, who at the time

the same amount of compensation. of the passage of this act shall be in the aetual occupan

Approved : February 25, 1831. cy and cultivation of the same, shall, on paying into the Treasury one dollar and twenty five cents the acre, pre- AN ACT to authorize the Secretary of the Navy lo vious to the third of March, eighteen hundred and thirty make compensation to the heirs of Taliaferro Living three, receive a patent for the same.

ston and Francis W. Armstrong, for the inaintenance Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the widow and of fifteen Africans illegally imported into the United children of any person who became entitled to an allot. States. ment of land under said contract, and died without

per. Be it enacted, &c. That the Secretary of the Navy be forming the conditions required, shall, on paying the Treasury, one dollar and twenty five cents per acre, suppression of the slave trade, the claim of the heirs of

nto authorized to pay, out of the sum appropriated for the previous to the third of Marchi, eighteen hundred and Taliaferro Livingston, late Marshal of the United States birty-threc, receive a patent for the same.

for the district of Alabama, for the maintenance of tif. Approved: February 19, 1831.

leen Africans, illegally imported into the United States

num.

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in the schooners Louisa and Marino, in one thousand AN ACT to incorporate Saint Vincent's Orphan Asylum, eight hundred and eighteen : Provided, That satisfactory

in the District of Columbia. evidence of the reasonableness of the charges for said

Be it enacled, &c. That William Matthews, Matthew maintenance shall be furnished, and that the sums re: Deagle, Peter S. Shreiber, Thomas Carbery, and William ceived by the said Livingston for the fire of said afri. Hickey, and their successors in office, are hereby made, cans, and for the labor performed for hiin, by them, if declareil, and constituted a corporation and boily' politic, any, be accounted for and deducted.

in law and in fact, to have continuance forever, under Sec. 2. And be il further enucled, That the same al; the name, style, and title of Saint Vincent's Orphan lowance shall be made to Francis W. Armstrong, Marshal

Asylum. of the United States for the district of Alabama, for the

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all and singutime that the aforesaid fifteen Africans were kept by lar the lands, tenements, rents, legacies, annuities, rights, him, subject, in the settlement, 10 the same restrictions privileges, goods, and chattels, that may t.ereafter be provided for in the first section of this act.

given, granted, soll, devised, or bequeathed to Saint Approved : February 25, 1831

Vincent's Orplan Asylum, be, and they are hereby, vest.

ed in, and confirmed to, the said corporation ; and that AN ACT supplemental to an act, passed on the thirty. they may purchase, take, receive, and enjoy any lands, first March, one thousand eight hundred and thirty, en. tenements, rents, annuities, rights, or privileges, or any titled “ An act for the relief of purchasers of public goods, chattels, or other effects, of what kind or nature lands, and for the suppression of fraudulent practices soever, which shall, or may hereafter be given, granted, at the public sales of lands of the United States."

sold, bequeathed, or devised unto them, or either of them, Be il enacted, &c. That all purchasers, their heirs or as Trustees of the said Asylum, by any person or persons, assignees, of such of the public lands as were sold on : bodies politic or corporate, capable of making such grant, credit for a less price than fourteen dollars per acre, and and to dispose of the same : Provided, The clear annual on which a further credit has been taken under any of income of property to be acquired by said corporation the laws passed for the relief of purchasers of public shall, at no time, exceed the sum of five thousand dollars, lands, and which lands have reverted to the United Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said corpo. States on account of the balance due thereon not having ration, by the name and style aforesai.l, be, and shall be been paid or discharged, agreeably to said relief laws, hereafter, capable, in law and equity, to sue and be sued, shall be entitled to patents, without further payment, in to plead and be impleaded, within the District of Colum. all instances where one dollar and twenty-five cents, or a bia and elsewhere, in as effectual a manner as other pergreater sum, per acre, shall have been paid; or where sons or corporations can sue or be sued ; and that they payment to that amount shall not have been heretofore shall adopt and use a coinmon seal, and the same to use, made, such purchasers, their heirs or assignees, shall alter, or exchange at pleasure ; that they may appoint have the right of pre-emption til the fourth day of Ju. such officers as they shall deem necessary and proper, to ly, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, by paying assign thein their duties, and regulate their compensation, into the proper land office such sum, in addition to the and to remove any or all of them, and appoint others, as amount heretofore paid, as will, together, amount to the often as they shall think fit; and the said corporation minimum price of the lands of the United States at the shall make sucli laws as may be useful for the government time of such payment.

and support, and for the general accomplishment of the Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all such occu. objects of the sail Asylum, as hereinafter mentioned, and pants of relinquisheil land as are contemplated and de- not inconsistent with the laws of the United States, or the scribed in the second section of the above recited act, to laws in force in the District of Columbia, for the time which tinis is a supplement, as are in possession of land being, and the same to alter, amend, or abrogate at pleawhich was sold on credit, for a less sum than fourteen sure. dollars per acre, shall have the right of pre-emption of the Sec. 4. And be il further enacted, that there shall be same lands, according to the legal subdivisions of sec. a meeting of the regular annual contributors to the suptions, not exceeding the quantity of two quarter sections port of Saint Vincent's Orphan Asylum, in the month of in contiguous tracts or contiguous to other lands held by June, in each year, the hour, and day, and manner of such occupants respectively, until the fourtii day of July, giving notice for which, to be regulated by the by-laws ; one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one, upon their at which meeting, by those who from the by laws may paying into a proper office, for all land originally sold for : be qualified to vote, nine female managers shall be electprice not exceeding five dollars per acre, one collar anderl, who shall appoint a first and second Directress, and twenty five cents per acre; and for all lands which origi. may fill all vacancies in ther own Boarıl, until the next nally sold for more than five dollars, and not exceeding annual election; and the present managers may continue fourteen dollars per acre, the wount of the first instal- in office until the election in June next. ment heretofore paid; such occupants first proving their Sec. 5. And be il further enacted, That, with the consent possession, respectively in conformity to the provisions of and approbation of the parent, guardian, or friends, who ibe said act, to which this is a supplement, in the manner may have the care of any male or female child, or where a which has been prescribed by the Commissioner of the child may be destitute of any friend or protector, the General Land Otice, pursuant to the provisions thereof : same may be received into Saint Vincent's Orphan Provided, however, That in all cases where proof of posses: Asylum, under such regulations as may be made by the sion has been already made under said recited act, proof by-laws, and there protectel, instructed, and supported : shall not again be required, unless the applicant choose to and they shall not thereafter he withdrawn, or be at litake other land than that to which such proof applies. berty themselves to withdraw from the Asylum, without

Sec. 3. And be it further enacted that the provisions the consent or dismissal of the corporation aforesaid, unof this act shall extend 10 all town property of which the til, if a male, he shall have attained the age of twentyGovernment has been proprietors, and not subsequently one years, or, if a female, the age of eighteen years ; sold, when full payment has not been made : Provided, but, up to the ages aforesaid respectively, they shall reThe original purchasers, or their assignecs, pay into the main subject to the direction of the said corporation, unproper land office, on or before the fourth of July, one less they may, by the same, be exonerated from service thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, one half of the previous to attaining those ages respectively; and the original purchase money, without interest.

said corporation shall have the power tu bind any child Approved : February 25, 1831.

under their care, for the purpose of acquiring a kuowVOL. VII-B

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ledge of some useful trade, occupation or profession, un in the City of Washington, with all convenient despatch, der such conditions as may be determined by the by- to arrange and docket the several claims, and to consider laws, a copy of which conditions shall be delivered to, the evidence which shall have been, or which may be of and they shall be binding on every person to whom any fered by the respective claimants, allowing such further child may be so bound ; that there may also be estab. time for the production of such further evidence as may lished, in connexion with Saint Vincent's Orphan's Asy- be required, and as they shall think reasonable ard just; lum, schools for the daily attendance of children whose and they shall thereupon proceed to determine the said parents or guardians are or may be unable to pay for claims, and to award distribution of the sums to be retheir instruction, or whose parents or guardians may ceived by the United States from the King of Denmark, contribute towards the support of the Asylum, under under the stipulations of the Convention aforesaid, among such regulations as may be made in the by-laws. the several claimants, according to their respective rights

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That any vacancy Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, that the said comwhich, from death, resignation, or otherwise, may hap missioners shall be, and they are hereby, authorized and pen in the Board of Trustees, shall be filled according to empowered to make all needful rules and regulations, ihe mode to be prescribed in the by-laws ; that they not contravening the laws of the land, tlie provisions of may hold such meetings as they shall think proper, and, this act, or the provisions of the said Convention, for carto give form to their proceedings, may appoint such off. rying their said commission into full and complete effect. cers as they may deem necessary, and provide proper Sec. 6. And be it further enacleil, That the President checks and responsibilities for the security of the pro- of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized, by perty and funds of the corporation aforesaid ; that they and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to apshall keep a journal of their proceedings, upon which point a Secretary to the said commission. the by-laws shall be recorded ; and that they shall make Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That the said comreport, at the annual meeting to be held in June, of the missioners and Secretary sball severally take an oath for affairs and condition of the institution for the preceding the faithful performance of the duties of their respective year.

offices. Sec 7. And be it further enacted, That it may be law. Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, that the compensaful for Congress hereafter to alter, amend, modify, or re- tion of the respective officers for whose appointment propeal the foregoing act.

vision is made by this act shall not exceed the following Approved : February 25, 1831.

suins : to each of the said commissioners at the rate of

three thousand dollars per annum, and to the Secretary AN ACT to provide for the adjustment of claims of per- of the Board at the rate of two thousand dollars per an

sons entitled to indemnification under the convention num; and the President of the United States shall be, between the United States and his Majesty the King and he is hereby, authorized to make such provision for of Denmark, of the twenty-eighth Marchi, eighteen the contingent 'expenses of the said commission as shall hundred and thirty, and for the distribution among such appear to him reasonable and proper; and the said salaclaimants, of the sums to be paid by the Danish Gories and expenses shall be paid out of any money in the vernment to that of the United States, according to the Treasury, not otherwise appropriated. stipulation of the said convention.

Sec. 9. And be it further enacled, That all moneys to Be it enacled, &c. That the commissioners who are or be received from the Danish Government under the con. may be appointed by the President of the United States, vention aforesaid, shall be paid into the Treasury of the by and with the alvice and consent of the Senate, in United States, and shall constitute a fund for satisfying pursuance of the third article of the convention between the awards of the commission provided for by this act. ihe United States of America and his Majesty the King Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That all communi. of Denmark, signed at Copenhagen the twenty-eighth cations to or from the Secretary of the Board of Commisday of March, one thousand eight hundred and thirty, sioners on the business of the commission, shall pass by shall meet at Washington City, in the District of Coluin- mail free of postage. bia, and, within the space of two years froin the time of Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That as soon as the their first meeting, shall receive, examine, and decide said commission shall be executed and completed, the upon the amount and validity of all such claims as may records, documents, and all other papers in the posses, be presented to them, and are provided for by the con- sion of the commission or its officers shall be deposited vention referred to, according to the merits of the seve in the office of the Secretary of State. ral cases, and to justice, equity, and the law of nations, Approved: February 25, 1831. and according to the provisions of said convention.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That all records, do- AN ACT for the Punishment of Crimes in the District of cuments, or other papers, which now are in, or hereaf

Columbia. ter, during the continuance of this commission, may Sec. 1. Be it enacted, &c. That, from and after the come into the possession of the Department of State, in passage of this act, every person who shall be convicted, relation to such claims, shall be delivered to the com: in any court in the District of Columbia, of any of the inission aforesaid.

following offences, lo wit : manslaughter, assault and Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the said com- battery with intent to kill, arson, rape, assault and batmissioners, or a majority of them, with their Secretary, tery with intent to commit a rape, burglary, robbery, whose appointment is bereinafter provided for, shall con- horse stealing, mayhem, bigamy, perjury, or subornation vene in this city on the first Monday of April next, and of perjury, larceny, if the property stolen is of the value shall proceed to execute the duties of their commission; of five dollars or upwards, forgery, obtaining by false and the Secretary of State shall be, and he is hereby, pretences any goods or chattels, inoney, bank note, proauthorized and required forth withi after the passing of missory note, or any other instrument in writing for the this act, to give notice of the said intended meeting, to payment or delivery of money or other valuable thing, or be published in one or more public gazettes ir: the city of keeping a faro bank or other common gaming table, pel. of Washington, and in such other public papers, pub. ty larceny upon a second conviction, committed after the lished elsewhere in the United States, as he may de passage of this act, shall be sentenced to suffer punish. signate.

ment by imprisonment and labor, for the time and times Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, I hat the said com. hereinafter prescribed, in the penitentiary for the Dis. missioners shall proceed immediately after their meeting / trict of Columbia.

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Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That every person stealing of which is made punishable by this act, to the duly convicted of manslaughter, or of any assault and value of five dollars or upwards, knowing them to have batiery with intent to kill, shall be sentenced to suffer been stolen, or of being an accessary after the fact in imprisonment and labor, for the first offence for a period any felony, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment not less than two hor more than eight years, for the se- and labor, for the first offence for a period not less than cond offence for a period not less than six nor more than one nor more than five years, and for the second offence fifteen years.

for a period not less than two nor more than ten years. Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That every person Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That every person duly convicted of the crime of maliciously, wilfully, or duly convicted of having falsely forged and counterfeitfraudulently burning any dwelling house, or any other ed any gold or silver coin, which now is, or shall hereafhouse, barn or stable adjoining thereto, or any store, barn ter be, passing or in circulation within the District of Co. or out.house, having goods, tobacco, hay or grain there. lumbia ; or of having falsely uttered, paid, or tendered in in, although the same shall not be adjoining to any payment, any such counterfeit or forged coin, knowing dwelling house ; or of maliciously and wilfully burning the same to be forged and counterfeit ; or of having aid. any of the public buildings in the cities, towns, or coun.ed, abetted or commanded the perpetration of either of ties of the District of Columbia, belonging to the United the said offences; or of having falsely made, altered, forgStates, or the said cities, towns or counties; or any ed, or counterfeited, or caused or procured to be falsely church, meeting-house, or other building for public made, altered, forged, or counterfeited, or having willingworship, belonging to any voluntary society, or body ly aided or assisted in falsely making, altering, forging, or corporate ; or any college, academy, school-house, or counterfeiting, any paper, writing, or printed paper, to the library ; or any ship or vessel, afloat or building; or as prejudice of the right of any other person, body politic, being accessary thereto, shall be sentenced to suffer or corporate, or voluntary association, with intent to deimprisonment and labor, for a period of not less than one, fraud such person, body politic or corporate, or voluntafor more than ten years for the first offence, and not ry association, or of having passed, li!tered, or publishless than five nor more than twenty years for the second ed, or attempted to paşs, utter or publish, as true, any offence.

such falsely made, altered, forged, or counterfeited pa. Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That every free per, writing or printed paper, to the prejudice of the right person duly convicted of rape, or as being accessary of any other person, body politic or corporate, or volun. thereto betore the fact, shall be sentenced to suffer im- tary association, knowing the same to be falsely made, prisonment and labor, for the first offence for a period altered, forged, or counterfeiteil, with intent to defraud not less than ten nor more than thirty y cars, and for the such person, body politic or corporate, or voluntary as. second offence for and during the period of his natural sociation, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and life.

labor, for the first offence for a period not less than one Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That every frec per- year nor more than seven years, for the second offence, son duly convicted of an assault and battery, with intent for a period not less than three nor more than ten years, to commit a rape, shall be punished for the first offence Sec. 12. And be it further enacted, That every person by undergoing confinement in the Penitentiary for a pe. duly convicted of obtaining by false pretences any goods riod not less than one nor more than five years, and for or chattels, money, bank note, promissory note, or any the second for a period not less than five nor more than other instrument in writing, for the payment or delivery

of money or other valuable thing, or of keeping a faro Sec. 6. And be il furlher cnacted, That every person bank or gaming table, shall be sentenced to suffer impriduly convicted of burglary, or as accessary thereto before sonment and labor, for a period not less than one year, the fact, or of robbery, or as accessary thereto before the por more than five years : and every person, so offend. fact, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labor ing, shall be a competent witness against every other for the first offence for a period not less than three nor person offending in the same transaction, and may be more than seven years, and for the second offence for a compelled to appear and give evidence in the same manperiod not less than five nor more than fifteen years. ner as other persons ; but the testimony so given shall

Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That every person not be used in any prosecution or proceeding, civil or Convicted of horse stealing, nayhem, bigamy, or as be- criminal, against the person so testifying. ing accessary to any of said crimes before the fact, shall Sec. 13. And be it further enacted, That every person, be sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labor, for the upon a second conviction of larceny, where the properfirst offence for a period not less than two nor more than ty stulen is under the value of five collars, or upon a seseven years, and for the second offence for a period not cond conviction of receiving stolen gouds, knowing them less than five nor more than twelve years.

to be stolen, where the property stolen is under the vaSec. 8. And be il further enacted, That every person lue of five dollars, shall be sentenced to suffer imprisonconvicted of perjury, or subornation of perjury, shall be ment and labor, for a period not less than one nor more sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labor, for the first than three years. offence for a period not less than two mor more than ten Sec. 14. And be it further enucled, That all capital years, and for the second offence for a period not less felonies and crimes in the District of Columbia, not here. than five nor more than fifteen years.

in specially provided for, except murder, treason, and Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That every person piracy, shall hereafter be punished by imprisonment and convicted of feloniously stealing, taking, and carrying labor in the Penitentiary of said District, for a period not away, any goods or chattels, or other personal property, less than seven por more than twenty years. of the value of five dollars or upwards, or any bank note, Sec. 15. And be it further enacted, That every other promissory note, or any other instrument of writing, for friony, misdemeanor, or offence not provided for by this the payment or delivery of money or other valuable act, may and shall be punished as heretofore, except that, thing, to the amount of five dollars or upwards, shall be in all cases where whipping is part or the whole of the sentenced to suffer imprisonment and labor, for the first punishment, except, in the cases of slaves, the court offence for a period not less than one por more than three shall substitute therefor imprisonment in the county years, and for the second offence for a period not less jail, for a period not exceeding six months. iban three nor more than ten years.

Sec. 16. And be it further enacted, That all definitions Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That every person and descriptions of crimes; all fines, forfeitures, and in. convicted of receiving stolen goods or any article the capacities, the restitution of property, or the payment of

fifteen years,

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