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Item, [reading. ] If any man be seen to talk with a woman within the term of three Years, he shall endure. such public shame as the rest of the Court can posibly devife.

This article, my liege, yourself must break;

For, well you know, here comes in embaffy
The French King's daughter with yourself to speak,

A maid of grace and compleat majesty,
About Surrender up of Aquitain

To her decrepit, fick, and bed-rid father :
Therefore this article is made in vain,

Or vainly comes th' admired Princess hither.
King, What say you, lords ? why, this was quite

Biron. So study evermore is overshot ;
While it doth study to have what it would,
It doth forget to do the thing it should :
And when it hath the thing it hunteth most,
*Tis won, as towns with Fire ; so won, so loft.

King. We must, of force, dispense with this decree,
She must lye here on mere necessity,
Biron. Necessity will make us all forsworn,

Three thousand times within this three years space:
For every man with his affects is born:
Not by might master'd, but by special grace".

If Line, it being evident, for two tility, here, it does not fignify Reasons, that it, by some Acci- that Rank of People called,

Gendent or other, slipt out of the try; but what the French express printed Books. In the first place, by, gentilele, i. e, elegantia, urLongueville confesses, he had de- banitas. And then the Meaning vis'd the Penalty : and why he is this. Such a law for banishing pould immediately arraign it as Women from the Court, is dana dangerous Law, seems to be gerous, or injurious, to Politevery inconsistent. In the next n:/s, Urbanity, and the more replace, it is much more natural fined Pleasures of Life. For Men for Biron to make this Reflexion, without Women would turn bruwho is cavilling at every thing; tal, and favage, in their Natures and then for him to pursue his and Behaviour.

THEOBALD. reading over the remaining Ar 9 Not by might master'd, but by acles. As to the Word Gen.

Special grace.] Biron amid


If I break faith, this word shall speak for me:
I am forsworn on mere necessity.-
So to the laws at large I write my name,

And he, that breaks them in the least degree, Stands in Attainder of eternal shame,

Suggestions' are to others, as to me; But, I believe, although I seem so loth, I am the last that will last keep his oath, But is there no quick recreation granted ? King. Ay, that there is; our Court, you know, is


With a refined traveller of Spain,
A man in all the world's new fashion planted,

That hath a mint of phrases in his brain:
One, whom the musick of his own vain tongue

Doth ravish, like inchanting harmony: 3 A man of compliments, whom right and wrong Have chose as umpire of their mutiny.



his extravagancies, speaks with wrong friends : and to persuade great justness against the folly of the one to recede from the ac, vows. They are made without customed stubbornness of her nafufficient regard to the variations ture, and wink at the liberties of life, and are therefore broken of her opposite, rather than he by fome unforeseen necellity. would incur the imputation of They proceed commonly from a ill-breeding in keeping up the presumptuous confidence, and a quarrel. And as our author, and false estimate of human power. Fobnfon his contemporary, are, Suggestions) Temptations. confeffedly, the two greatest wri

quick recreation] Lively "ters in the drama that our nasport, spritely diverfion. tion could ever boast of, this may 3 A man of compliments, whom be no improper occasion to take right and wrong

notice of one material difference Have chose as umpire of their between Shakespeare's worst plays,

mutiny) As very bad a Play and the other's. Our author as this is, it was certainly Shake- owed all to his prodigious natuSpeare's, as appears by many fine ral genius ; and Johnson most to master-strokes scattered up and his acquired parts and learning. down. An excessive complai. This, if attended to, will exsance is here admirably painted, plain the difference we speak of. in the person of one who was Which is this, that, in Fohnson's willing to make even righi and bad pieces, we do not discover


This child of fancy, that Armado hight,

For interim to our Studies, shall relate
In high-born words the worth of many a Knight

4 From tawny Spain, lost in the world's debate 5.
How you delight, my lords, I know not, I ;
But, I protest, I love to hear him lie;
And I will use him for my minstrelsie.

Biron. Armado is a most illustrious wight,
A man of fire-new words, fashion's own Knight.


the least traces of the author of nal meaning, the trappings, or the Fox and Alchemi,4; but, in ornamental appendages of achathe wildest and most extravagant racter, in the fame manner, and notes of Shakespeare, you every on the same principles, of speech now and then encounter strains with accomplishment. Compliment that recognize their divine com- is, as Armado well expresses it, pofer. And the reason is this, the varnish of a complete man. that Johnson owing his chief ex 4 From tawny Spain, &c.]i.e. cellence to art, by which he some- he shall relate to us the celebrated times strain'd kimself to an un- Stories recorded in the old rocommon pitch, when he unbent mances, and in their very

file. himself, had nothing to support Why he says from tawny Spaia him; but fell below all likeness is, because thefe romances being of himself: while Shakespeare, in- cf Spanish original, the Heroes debted more largely to nature and the Scene were generally of than the other to his acquired that country. Why he says, loft talents, could never, in his most in the world's debaie is, because negligent hours, so totally divest the subject of those romances himself of his Genius, but that were the crusades of the Euroit would frequently break out pean Christians against the Sarawith amazing force and fplen- cens of Apa and Africa. . So dour.

WARBURTON, that we fee here is meaning in This passage, I believe, means the words. WARBURTON. no more than that Don Armado

in the world's debate.] was a man nicely versed in ce. The world seems to be used in remonial distinctions, one who the monaftick sense by the king, could distinguish in the most de now devoted for a time to a mo. licate questions of honour the naftick life. In the world, in feexact boundaries of right and culo, in the bustle of human af. wrong. Compliment, in Shake- fairs, from which we are now speare's time, did not fignify, happily fequeftred, in the world, át least did not only signify, ver to which the votaries of solitude bal civility, or phrases of cour- have no relation. tely, but according to its origi




Long. Costard the swain, and he, shall be our sport;
And, so to study, three years are but short.



Enter Dull and Coftard with a letter,

Dull. Which is the King's own person o ?
Biron. This, fellow; what would'st?

Dull. I myself reprehend his own person, for I am
his Grace's Tharborough: but I would see his own
person in Aesh and blood.

Biron. This is he.

Dull. Signior Arme, - Arme-commends you,
There's villainy abroad ; this letter will tell you more,

Coft. Sir, the Contempts thereof are as touching me,
King. A letter from the magnificent Armado.

Biron. How low soever the matter, I hope in God
for high words.

Long. A high hope for a low having?; God grant us patience!

Biron. To hear, or forbear hearing?

Lorg. To hear meekly, Sir, to laugh moderately, or to forbear both.

Biron. Well, Sir, be it as the Stile shall give us cause to climb in the merriness.

6 In former editions ; for a low heaven;] A low hea-
Dull. Which is the Duke's own ven, sure, is a very intricate Mat,

Perfon?] The King of ter to conceive. I dare warrant,
Navarre is in several Passages, I have retrieved the Poet's true
thro' all the Copies, called the Reading; and the Meaning is
Duke : but as this must have this. “ Tho' you hope for high
sprung rather from the Inadver “ Words, and should have them,
tence of the Editors, than a For. • it will be but a low Acquifi-
getfulness in the Poet, I have “ tion at best." This our Poet
every where, to avoid Confusion, calls a low Having : and it is a
restored King to the Text. Substantive, which he uses in fe.

THEOBALD. veral other Passages.
In old editions, A bigh hope



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Coft. The matter is to me, Sir, as concerning Ja-
The manner of it is, I was taken in the manner

Biron. In what manner?

Cost. In manner and form, following, Sir ; all those three. I was seen with her in the Manor-house, sitting with her upon the Form, and taken following her into the Park; which, put together, is, in manner and form following. Now, Sir, for the manner : it is the manner of a man to speak to a woman; for the form, in some form.

Biron. For the following, Sir ?

Caft. As it shall follow in my correction; and God
defend the right!

King. Will you hear the letter with attention ?
Biron. As we would hear an oracle.

Cost. Such is the simplicity of man to hearken after
the flesh.

earth's God, and body's fiftring patron-

Cost. Not a word of Costard yet,
King. So it is
Coft. It may be so; but if he say it is so, he is, in
telling true, but so, fo.

King. Peace-
Coft. Be to me, and every man that dares not fight!
King. No words-
Cost. Of other men's secrets, I beseech you.

King. So it is, Besieged with sable-coloured melanchos
ly, I did commend the black opprefing humour to the most
wholesome physick of thy health-giving air ; and as I am

taken witĦ the manner.] Donne in his letters, But if I melt The following question arising into melancholy while I write, from these words thews we should I shall be taken in the manner; read-taken in the manner. And and I fit by one, too tender to these this was the phrase in use to fig- imprellons. WARBURTON. pify, taken in the fact. Co Dre

a gentle

King reads. Gandfole dominator of Navarre, ms foul's

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