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Jaq. And how oft did you say that his beard was not well cut?

Clo. I durft go no further than the Lye circumstantial; nor he durft not give me the Lye direct, and fo we measur'd swords and parted.

Jaq. Can you nominate in order now the degrees of the Lye?

Clo. · O Sir, we quarrel in print, by the book ; as you have books for good manners.

I will name you


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2. O Sir, we guarrel in print, conditional lies, or the lye circum, by the book;] The Poet has, in ftantial. v. Of the lye in genethis scene, rallied the mode of ral. VI. Of ihe lye in particuformal duelling, then so preva- lar. VII. Of foolish lies. VIII. lent, with the highest humour A conclusion touching the wresting and address; nor could he have or returning back of the lye, or treated it with a happier con- the countercheck quarrelsome. tempt, than by making his Clown in the chapter of conditional lies, fo knowing in the forms and pre- speaking of the particle if, he liminaries of it. The particular fays-Conditional lies be such as book here alluded to is a very are given conditionally tbas-1 ridiculous treatise of one Vincen- thou haft said fo or so, then ihou tio Savidlo, intitled, Of honour lieft. Of these kind of lies, given and honourable quarrels, in Quare in this manner, often arise much to, printed by Wolf, 1994: The contention, "whereof no jure confirst part of this tract he intitles, clusion can arise. By which he A discourse most necessary for all means, they cannot proceed to gentlemen that have in regard cut one another's throats, while obeir boncurs, touching the giving there is an is between. Which is and receiving the lye, whereupon the reason of Shakespeare's makó the Duello and the Combat in di- ing the Clown say, I knew when vers forms doth ensue; and many seven justices could not make up a orber inconveniences, for' lack only quarrel: ' but when the partie's of true knovledge of bonor, and were met themselves, one of them "ibe RIGHT UNDERSTANDING thought but of an ip, 'as if

you OF WORDS, which here is set faid so, then I said so, and i bey -down. The contents of the se- fhook hands, and favore brothers. veral chapters are as follow. I. Your it is the only peace-maker; Wbat i be' reason is that ibe party much virtue in ip. Caranza was into whom the lye is given ought another of these authentick Au: to become challenger, and of the thors upon the Duello.' Fletcher nature of lies. II. Of the man- in his last Act of Love's Pilgriner and diverfiry of lies. Ill. Of mage ridicules him with much the lye certain, or direct. IV. Of humour. WARBURTON.


the degrees. The first, the Retort courteous; the fecond, the Quip modest ; the third, the Reply churlish; the fourth, the Reproof valiant; the fifth, the Countercheck quarrelsome; the sixth, the Lye with circumstance; the seventh, the Lye direct. All these you may avoid, but the Lye direct ; and you may avoid that too, with an If. I knew, when seven Juftices could not make up a quarrel ; but when the parties were met themselves, one of them thought but of an If ; as, if you said so, then I said fo; and they shook hands, and swore brothers. Your if is the only peace-maker ; much virtue in if.

Jaq. Is not this a rare fellow, my Lord ? he's good at any thing, and yet a fool.

Duke Sen. He uses his folly like a stalking horse, and under the presentation of that he lhoots his wit.

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3 Enter Hymen, Rosalind in woman's cloaths,

and Celia.

Hym. Then is there mirth in heav'n,
When earthly things made even

Atone together.
Good Duke, receive thy daughter,
Hymen from beaven brought her,

Yea, brought ber bitber :
That thou mightft join ber band with his,

Whose heart within bis bojom is,
Roj. To you I give myself; for I am yours.

[To the Duke. To you I give myself.; for I am yours. [To Orlando.

3 Enter Hymen.] Rosalind is ment, and is therefore introduced imagined by the rest of the com- by a supposed aerial being in pany to be brought by enchant- the character of Hymen.



Duke Sen. If there be truth in fight, you are my

daughter. Orla. "If there be truth in fight *, you are my Ro

Pbe. 'If sight and shape be true,
Why, then my love adieu !
Rof. I'll have no father if you be not he.

(To the Duke. I'll have no husband, if you be not he. (To Orlando, Nor ne'er wed woman, if you be not she. [To Phebe.

Hym. Peace, hoa! I bar confusion : 'Tis I must make conclusion

Of these moft ftrange events : Here's eight that must take hands To join in Hymen's bands,

If truth holds true contents 4. You and you no cross shall part ;

[To Orlando and Rosalind. You and you are heart in heart ;

(To Oliver and Celia. You to his love must accord, Or have a woman to your lord.

[To Phebe. You and you are sure together, As the winter to foul weather:

[To the Clown and Audrey. Whiles a wedlock-hymn we fing, Feed yourselves with questioning : That reason wonder may diminish, How thụs we meet, and these things finish,


* If there be truth in fight.) cannot usurp the form of another. The answer of Phebe makes it If truth holds true contents.] probable that Orlando says, if That is, 'if there be truth in there be truih in shape: that is, truth, unless truth fails of if a form may be trusted; if onc city.

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Wedding is great Juno's Crown,

O blesed bond of board and bed!
?Tis Hymen peoples every town,

High wedlock then be honoured :
Honour, bigb bonour and renown

To Hymen, God of every town!
Duke Sen. O my dear niece, welcome thou art to me,
Ev'n daughter-welcome, in no less degree.

Pbe. I will not eat my word-now thou art mine, Thy faith my fancy to thee doth combine.

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Enter Jaques de Boys. Jaq. de B. Let me have audience for a word or


I am the second son of old Sir Rowland,
That bring these tidings to this fair assembly.
Duke Frederick, hearing how that every day
Men of great worth resorted to this forest,
Address'd a mighty power, which were on foot
In his own conduct purposely to take
His brother here, and put him to the sword:
And to the skirts of this wild wood he came,
Where meeting with an old religious man,
After some question with him, was converted
Both from his enterprize, and from the world;
His Crown bequeathing to his banish'd brother,
And all their lands restor'd to them again,
That were with him exil'd. This to be true,
I do engage my life.

Duke Sen. Welcome, young man :
Thou 'offer’st fairly to thy brothers' wedding;
To one, his lands with-held; and to the other,

A land

A land itself at large, a potent Dukedom.
First, in this forest, let us do those ends
That here were well begun, and well begot:
And, after, every of this happy number,
That have endur'd shrewd days and nights with us,
Shall share the good of our returned fortune,
According to the measure of their states.
Mean time, forget this new fall’n dignity,
And fall into our rustick revelry:
Play, mufick; and you brides and bridegrooms all,
With measure heap'd in joy, to th' measures fall.

Jaq. Sir, by your patience: if I heard you rightly,
The Duke hath put on a religious life,
And thrown into neglect the pompous Court.

Jaq. de B. He hath.

Yaq. To him will I: out of these convertites There is much matter to be heard and learn'd. You to your former Honour I bequeath. [To the Duke, Your patience and your virtue well deserve it.

. You to a love, that your true faith doth merit;

[To Orla, You to your land, and love, and great allies;

[To Oli. You to a long and well-deserved bed ; [To Silv, And you to wrangling; for thy loving voyage

[To the Clown. Is but for two months victual'd-fo to your pleasures; I am for other than for dancing measures.

Duke Sen. Stay, Jaques, stay.

Jaq. To see no paftime, what you would have, I'll stay to know at your abandon'd Cave.

[Exit. Duke Sen. Proceed, proceed; we will begin these As, we do trust, they'll end, in true delights.



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