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Here, again, is an instance of his correctly states, “ for a recompense Royal Highness's jealous keeping of from Government for the losses he the royal prerogative, as against his had experienced in Russia." But his minister :

Grace has repeated the old story, that

the murderer had committed this deed Another curious proof of the light in which in enmity with the minister for the Percival is held by the Prince occurs in the course which he had taken. We beconfidence which passed respecting the lieve it to be beyond question that Bishopric of Oxford. When the latter mentioned his intention of giving it away to

Bellingham mistook the premier for William Jackson, Mr. Percival immediately

Lord Granville, who had been sent

into the Baltic after the treaty of “On that point, sir, I am positively Tilsit, and to whose conduct in matpledged."

ters originating from that embassy, " Positively pledged, Mr. Percival ?" said Bellingham's grievances were, in his the Prince; “positively pledged to give own mind at least, to be ascribed. away one of my bishoprics ! I don't under- The Prime Minister, however, thus stand you."

suddenly lost to his country, Govern

ment fell into total confusion, The To this the embarrassed minister rising hopes of the Opposition were efreplies :

fectually damped by the extraordinary

animosity which the Prince had be“I mean that it was the King's positive gun to conceive forthem. Mr. Thomas and declared intention to give it to Dean Grenville tells us (vol., i., p. 300) Legge."

that, “Lord Carysfort quotes Lord • Mr, Percival," said the Prince, “if I

Grey for saying that the Prince, the had any direct intimation of what were really day before yesterday, in speaking of the King's wishes upon the subject, I would pot only make Dean Legge Bishop of Oxford,

the opposition, said his own friends but Archbishop of Canterbury, if it were in

had behaved to him like scoundrels, my power ; bat as this is not the caso, I

but that Lord Grenville he had no shall make my own Bishop. And further, I

complaint against." desire never to hear what were the King's

The story of the famous Liverpool wishes upon such subjects through a third

Administration is soon told. The imperson."

portant question now submitted to the

ministers was, whether on their agreeThe following sketch from the same ing to the premiership of any public source is well worthy of attention : man then in the cabinet, they could

carry on the Government without a Canning is in Wellesley's hands. He junction either with Lords Grey and builds upon that separation of the present Grenville, or with Lord Wellesley and cabinet in his favour, to which I have already Mr. Canning. So doubtful were the adverted. I do not observe that any inroad

answers returned individually to this upon opposition is meditated, save in the

question, which the Prince had inperson of Whitbread, whose objects are high office for himself, and a pecrage for his wife (!)

structed the Chancellor to propound, The Sidmouths the Prince never will employ,

that a negotiation with the latter was having the greatest personal dislike to their

resolved on. chief.-P. 192.

Lord Liverpool (says the Duke) made liis

first proposal to Mr. Canning on the 17th of Thus we find in another letter, May, the details of which have been recorded when the final separation between in a minute; for, in all these transactions, Wellesley and Percival had taken the parties treated with insisted that everyplace, that the latter recommended thing should be put into black and white. Lord Sidmouth to fill the Marquess's

This was taken down by them, and corrected, place :

and authenticated by the opposite negotiator.

The minute then proceeds to "Is it possible, Mr. Percival,” said the

state that it was understood that Lord CastlePrince, " that you are ignorant of my feel

reagh was to preserve the position in the ings and sentiments towards that person ?"

Government and in the House of Commons

he at present held ; that his colleagues were On the 11th of May, 1812, Mr.

desirous that Lori Liverpool should be at the Percival was shot in the lobby of

head of the Administration, which was known

to the Prince Regent; and that no change the House of Commons by Belling was anticipated in the policy of the Governham, "an applicant," as the Duke ment towards Roman Catholics.---p. 306.




While the Prince, under these dif. &c., were interchanged. ficulties, was once more relasping into It was first mooted that Canning should his normal lethargy, and was resolved return to his old situation at the Foreign rather to put on with the headless

Office, to which Castlereagh agreed, on its administration which now nominally being expressly stipulated in writing that he conducted the state, a motion was car

was to continue to manage the House of ried in the House of Commons at the in

Commons-a point which he would not,

holding himself successor of the great and stance of Mr. Stuart Wortley, calling good Ür. Perceral,' ever recede from. To on the Regent to establish “a strong this Mr. Canning objected (proposing a com. and efficient administration.” This


This proposition produced the immediate resignation Castlereagh positively rejected, repeating the of the headless Cabinet. The Prince same thing over and over again, of his pious now hoisted general signals of distress. regard to the memory of Mr. Perceral, &c.; He first sent for Lord Wellesley. The and the ineeting broke up re infecta.". Wellesley negotiation seems to have

Pp. 399-400. been based on the double principle of the inclusion of Roman Catholic Thus, then, the disseverance of claims, and the exclusion of petticoat Canning from the high Tory party government.

The Duke tells us, took place from 1812 to 1822-a pequoting from Mr. Grenville

riod of ten years at the close of

which he succeeded, on the catas" It is reported that the Prince, in conver

trophe which occurred to Castlereagh sation with Wellesley, said he knew Wel

(then Lord Londonderry), to the Folesley inust be shocked at the grossness of female connexions being adverted to in poli

reign Office and the lead in the tical controversies : and that Wellesley an.

House of Commons. He had, indeed, swered that he had female connexions enougli,

at an intervening period accepted the and that he did not care who knew of them :

subordinate position of President of but he took ample care that no

the Board of Control-a policy which should have anything to say to him on the

must imply that he had lived to resubject of politics."-P. 309.

gret his refusal of the offer of the Fo.

reign Office in 1812. Indeed, if CanThe Catholic question, however, ning had foreseen the glorious period presented an effectual barrier to a

which was about to open upon EuConservative reunion. After some

rope in that juncture, in which a negotiation between Canning and British minister could do more by Lord Liverpool, and again between

diplomacy than by his position upon him and Lord Grenville, everything the treasury bench, there can be no again fell through. The formation of

doubt he would have cheerfully sura Government seemed as hopeless a rendered the leadership to Lord Castask as the dethronement of Napo- tlereagh ; and would have main. leon. Wellesley finally resigned the

tained, titularly as a subordinate mi. commission.

nister, the primacy in parliament. Lord Liverpool appears to have This, we think, was not only the been now charged to concert a Go

most unfortunate step in Mr. Canvernment at all risks and hazards,

ning's career, but it was a blunder The only interesting feature in the

upon his part; for he ought to have commission which devolved on this

seen that his splendid oratorical and minister is to be found in the endea

debating abilities would have cast vours by which it was sought to into the shade the nominal leaderestablish a concert between Lord

ship of his rival, whatever had been Castlereagh and Mr. Canning. The

the prominence which events might interview here brought about be- have given to his departmental functween the two rivals is thus vividly tions. In truth, the only means of described by the anonymous corres- attaining a practical equality between pondent of Lord Buckingham

Canning and Castlereagh, was by “ In two days after this, Canning and

conceding to the latter, as he perCastlereagh bad the proposed meeting, which

haps himself foresaw, a titular suapparently was a very cordial one ; shaking periority. lands, mutual acknowledgments of heat

The second volume of the Memoirs happiness at meeting-professions of regard of the Regency has far less merit wish for renewal of connexion, and great

than the first. His Grace of Buckadmiration of çaclı other's talents, integiity, ingham gives a long and not uuin.

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teresting narrative of Queen Caroline, informs his master that an applicathen Princess of Wales ; but there is tion has been made on behalf of Shevery little of a novel character to be ridan, who is represented to be dying gleaned from this dissertation ; nor in circumstances of destitution. The are any illustrative letters annexed Prince immediately advances £500. of any considerable value. The sub- Mr. Sheridan's friend is “with diffiject, indeed, of the Regency was culty induced to accept so much as scarcely one which naturally admit- £200.” This, however, he does take ted of two such bulky volumes as to expend on the comforts of the those which have been devoted to it. dying orator. Three days afterwards There is also a long discussion on the he returns to the Prince's secretary, subject of the Holy Alliance, with- asserting that Mrs. Sheridan's friends out the merit of a communication of had taken care that “ he should want further knowledge on the designs by for nothing," and restores the £200. which its originators are generally The Prince hears no more till he supposed to have been actuated. learns that Sheridan is dead.

We feel called upon, however, to This is the simple statement of advert to the chapter relating to the George IV. made impromptu, on death of Sheridan ; because his Grace learning the calumny circulated by has republished without comment Moore, and taken down at the time the story which until lately received of its delivery. Now is it possible to general credit, and which ascribed to believe that the Prince could have the Prince of Wales a total neglect of betrayed the impudence requisite for that great man in his distress. The the spontaneous fabrication of a story duke has further quoted the insolent so circumstantial ? And, even suplines applied to the Prince by Tom posing that such a story could Moore, as a characterisation of his have been thus concocted, it is obbehaviour to Sheridan.

vious that no man would have venNow it happens that the publica- tured thus to put on record a delibetion of Moore's Memoirs by Lord rate and monstrous lie, while there John Russell, elicited, from another were those living who would have quarter, the publication of a state- been as able as they would have been ment made by the Prince himself, on willing emphatically to contradict it. the first appearance of this charge We certainly think, therefore, that shortly after the orator's death, being it is high time that such a stigma, an unequivocal and also a very cir- upon the Regent should be removed; cumstantial contradiction of the accu- inasmuch as there is a vast preponsation. According to this counter- derance of evidence and of probability statement [See a recent number of in favour of the statement communithe Quarterly Reriew, containing a cated by the Prince. review of Moore's Memoirs, evi- It is difficult to surmise, amid as dently from a very old and recognis- well the variety as the splendour of able hand), it appears that Sheridan, the intellectual development which after being defeated in his election in adorned the period of the Regency 1812, received a generous offer of the and of the reign of George III., what Prince's assistance to ensure his elec- will be the ultimate character which tion by some other constituency; on history will impart to it. If we reterms, indeed, somewhat controlling member the complaint of Cicero his independence, yet such as Sheri. against Rome, in the age of its tran. dan would generally not have hesi- scendant glory, that it had produced tated to have accepted in haste and many illustrious generals, but very eraded at leisure. Sheridan, while few even tolerable orators, we may rejecting this offer, writes to a friend look back with peculiar pride on this proposing to raise an intrigue” splendid passage in English history, which should induce the Prince to as representing an epoch which filled advance £4,000, in order to enable all the theatres of political life with him “ to buy a borongh.” He obtains the grandest and most capacious inthe money; and the Prince finally tellect that the world has seen. There discovers the imposition. From that we find at once statesmen, orators, time all communications cease be- and generals, such as no other countween Sheridan and the Court. At try ever before excelled, and such as length, in 1816, the Prince's secretary few other countries ever before pro


duced. There were the elder and the the rivalry which literature main, younger Pitt standing unequalled in tained against statesmanship and foresight, in ability, and in power ; arms---will hereafter arrogate the until it seemed as though that poli foreground in the history of these tical supremacy which the Medicis

sixty years. usurped in their own free state, But one prediction may be safely through the descent of their private entertained, that on whichever side wealth, was destined to be transniit- the weight of genius and originality ted to the house of Pitt, as an intel, may incline, IRELAND will at least lectual birthright. There, too, were contribute the largest share to the such orators as Fox, and Sheridan, intellectual splendour of Great Briand Burke, and Canning, and Grat- tain in that age. Wellington was tan. There arose a great military

hers :

Sheridan was her's: Burke commander such as Bonaparte alone hers: Canning and Grattan could rival, and who finally oversha- and Moore, and many another illus dowed the romantic fame of Bona- trious name, were also hers. Amid parte himself. And if we turn from the differences of nationality, the hence to the peaceful ornaments of the complaints of misgoverumeut, life, we find no less splendid a con- and the clamours for a legislative disstellation of poetical originality. It severance, there will ever remain this is thus hard to predict whether the bond of union between the two coun. splendour of the oratorical develop- tries ; that the sons of Ireland fought ment--the gigantic magnitude of the the battles, and created the intelleccontinental struggle, which brought tual renown, by which either nation to view the great naval and military was at once delivered from the perils commanders of these isles, as though of war, and maintained in the the heroes of antiquity were honours, the arts, and advantages of more produced upon the earth--or peace,


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In this age of the world, when every,
body has been everywhere, seen every-
thing, and talked with everybody, it
may savour of an impertinence if we
ask of our reader if he has ever
been at Massa. It may so chance
that he has not, and if so, as assured-
ly has he yet an untasted pleasure be-
fore him.
Now, to be sure, Massa is not as it

The little Duchy, whose capital it formed, has been united to a larger state. The distinctive features of a metropolis, and the residence of a sovereign Prince, are gone. The life, and stir, and animation which surround a Court have subsided ; grass-grown streets and deserted squares replace the busy movement of former days; a dreamy weariness seems to have fallen over every one, as though life offered no more prizes for exertion, and that the day of her ambition was set for ever.

Yet are there features about the spot which all the chances and changes of political fortune cannot touch. Dy. nasties may fall, and thrones crum. ble, but the eternal Appenines will still rear their snow-clad summits to. wards the sky. Along the vast plain of ancient olives, the perfumed wind will still steal at evening, and the blue waters of the Mediterranean plash lazily among the rocks, over which the myrtle and the arbutus are hanging. There, amidst them all, half hid in clustering vines, bathed in soft odors from orange groves, with plashing fountains glit. tering in the sun, and foaming streams gushing from the sides of marble mountains, there stands Massa---ruined, decayed, and deserted ; but beautiful in all its desolation, and fairer to gaze on than many a scene where the tide of human fortune is at the flood.

gone." !

As you wander there now, passing was, by imagining the very opposite the deep arch over which, hundreds to what he then was. Extremes were of feet above you, the ancient fort- his delight, and he undulated beress frowns, and enter the silent tween Austrian tyranny and demostreets, you would find it somewhat cratic licentiousness in politics ; just difficult to believe how, a very few as he vacillated between the darkest years back, this was the brilliant re- bigotry of his church and open infisidence of a Court, the gay resort of delity. strangers from every land of Europe, At the time when we desire to prethat showy equipages traversed these sent him to our readers, (the exact weel-grown squares, and high-born year is not material,) he was fast dames swept proudly beneath these beginning to weary of an interregnum leafy alleys. Hard indeed to fancy of asceticism and severity. He had the glittering throng of courtiers, the closed theatres and suppressed all merry laughter of light-hearted beau- public rejoicings; and for an entire ty, beneath these trellised shades, winter he had sentenced his foithful where, moodily and slow, some soli- subjects to the unbroken sway of tary figure now steals along, "pon- the Priest and the Friar,--a species dering sad thoughts over the bye- of rule which had banished all

strangers from the Duchy; and But a few-a very few years ago, threatened, by the injury to trade, and Massa was in the plenitude of its the direst consequences to the capiprosperity. The revenues of the tal. To have brought the question state were large, more than sufficient formally before him in all its details, to have maintained all that such a would have ensured the downfall of city could require, and nearly enough any minister rash enough for such to gratify every caprice of a Prince daring. There was, indeed, but one whose costly tastes ranged over every

man about the court who had courage theme, and found in each a pretext for the enterprize ; and to him we for reckless expenditure. He was would devote a few lines as we pass. one of those men whom nature, hav- He was an Englishman, named Stub ing gifted largely, takes out the com- ber; he had originally come out to pensation by a disposition of instabi- Italy with horses for his Highness ; lity and fickleness that renders every and been induced, by good offers of acquirement valueless. He could employment, to renain. He was not have been anything-orator, poet, exactly stable-groom, nor trainer, nor artist, soldier, statesman; and yet, was he of the dignity of master of in the very diversity of his abilities, the stables ; but he was something there was that want of fixity of pur- whose attributes included a little of pose, that left him ever short of Buc- all and something more. One thing cess, till he himself, wearied by re- he assuredly was : a consummately peated failures, distrusted his own clever fellow, who could apply all his powers, and ceased to exert them. native Yorkshire shrewdness to a

Such a man, under the hard pres- new sphere; and make of his homesure of a necessity, might have done spun faculties the keen intelligence great things; as it was, born to a by which he could guide himself in princely station, and with a vast for- novel and difficult circumstances. tune, he became a reckless spend. A certain freedom of speech, with thrift-a dreary visionary at one a bold hardihood of character, based, time, an enthusiastic dilletante at it is true, upon a conscious sense of another. There was not a scheme of go- honor, had brought him more than -vernment he had not eagerly embraced once under the notice of the Prince. and abandoned in turn. He had attract- His Highness felt such pleasure in the ed to his little capital all that Europe outspoken frankness of the man, that could boast of artistic excellence, and he frequently took opportunities of as suddenly he had thrown himself conversing with him, and even askinto the most intolerant zeal of Papal ing his advice. Never deterred by persecution-denouncing, every spe- the subject, whatever it was, Stubber eies of pleasure, and ordaining a more spoke out his mind, and by the very than monastic self-denial and strict- force of strong native sense, and an ness. There was only one mode of unswerving power of determination, calculating what he might do, which soon impressed his master that his

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