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We may say of Pitt that we admiré nation, all were seen fluttering about like birds and respect but do not love him, in an eclipse or a thunderstorin ; no man could though no one now can hate him. Of tell whom he might trust--nay, worse still, Fox again we must say that we respect

no man could tell of whom he could ask anyhim not at all, but we admire the ver

thing. It was hard to say, not who were in satility of his capacious intellect, and

office, but who were likely to remain in office.

Our countrymen were in dismay and destrucfind it impossible not to love his ge

tion. It miglit truly be said they knew not nial, erring, and we must add unprin

which way to look or whither to turn. But cipled nature. The former had most

such a crisis was too sharp to last, it passed of the qualities which conduce to po- away, and then was to be seen a proof of Mr. litical power, but wanted conciliation; Dundas's power amongst us, which transcend. with which, however, he could dis- ed all expectation and almost surpassed belief, pense, inheriting as he did much of if, indeed, it is not rather to be viewed as an the natural right to command, so evidence of the acute foresight, the political largely possessed by his father. Fox second sight of the Scottishi nation. The had what Pitt wanted; no one made

trusty band in both houses actually were friends so easily, but he had one defect

found adhering to liiin against the existing which was fatal to his success as an

government-nay, he held the proxies of many

Scottish peers in open opposition ! Weil ambitious man-he could not be

might his colleagne excluiin to the hapless trusted,

Addington, in such unheard of troubles, Brougham's sketch of Lord Melville

“ Doctor, thc Thanes fly from us.” When the is too racy to be omitted, though the

very Scotch peers wavered, and when the Scoteh statesman is hardly entitled to Grampian bills might next be expected to rank with those whose portraits we move about, it was time to think that the end have been examining. The secret of of all things was at hand, and the return of his power, says Brougham, was-- Pitt and security and patronage and Dundas

speedily ensued, to bless old Scotland, and reNo doubt owing, partly to the unhesitating

ward her providence or her fidelity, her st.

tachment at once to her patron and to herself, and unqualified determination which regulated his conduct of devoting his whole patronage

If we had to the support of his party, and to the extent

space, we would extract of that patronage, from his being so long ini.

Broughan's sketch of Lord Eldon, a Dister of India, as well as having the wbole man in all respects equipped with Scotch preferment at his absolute disposal ; those qualities essential to political bat it was also in part owing to the engaging success. qualities of the man—a steady, determined friend, who only stood the faster by those who The Judge, so prone to doubt that he could wanted him the more ; nay, who even in hardly bring his mind to decide, was, in all their errors or their faults would not give up that practically concerned his party or himself, his adherents. An agreeable companion, from as ready to take a line and to follow it with the joyous hilarity of his manners, void of all deterinination of purpose as the least ingenious affectation, all pride, all pretension ; a kind of ordinary statesmen. He, whose fears very and affectionate man in “ the relations of pri- much resembled his conscientious scruples, of rate life.” That such a man should, for so which no man spoke more or felt less; he was many sears, have disposed of the votes of about as often the slave of them as the Indian nearly all the Scotch commoners and peers, is of liis deformed little gods, of which lie was the less to be wondered at when it is kept makes much and then breaks them to picces in view that at that time there was no doubt or casts them into the fire. Who, be the act of the ministry's stability; the political sky mild or harsh, moderate or violent, sanctioned was clear and settled to the very verge of the by the law and constitution or an open outhorizon; there was nothing to disturb the rage upon both, was heard, indeed, to wail hearts of anxious inortals. The wary and and to groan much of painful necessity—often pensive Scot felt sure of his election, if he liad vowed to God-spoke largely of consciencebut kept by the true faith, and his path lay complained bitterly of a hard lot; but the pa. straight before him.

ramount sense of duty overcame all other feel

ings ; and with wailing and with tears, beat“The path of righteous devotion, leal- ing his breast and only not tearing his hair, ing unto a blessed preferment.” But lie did, in the twinkling of an eye, the act suddenly the government changed and which unexpectedly discomfited his adversaPitt went out.

ries and secured his own power for ever. It was, in truth, a crisis to try men's souls. We have given ample specimens of For a while all was uncertainty and conster- the style of Lord Brougham, chieflyon

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account of the merit of the extracts ters; and to have made this accident and their suitability to our object, but anything else than a mere clothing to also because his style is eminently the substance, would have been inconsuggestive of the man. It is quite a

gruous. But by not being led astray natural style, the offspring of his own in this way by literary ambition, it sagacious, direct, and powerful mind, has so happened he has achieved a liDeficient in ornament, and even indi- terary success. His style is a firstcating a want of imagination, it is by class style of its kind, the style of the no means bald, being impregnated man of business and ambition, the fit throughout by close cogent reasoning, organ for those who attempt to compel which often, in its concentration, rises fortune to their service, who feel that to Demosthenic eloquence. The soli- they have a right to be heard and tary object it aims at is to make an obeyed. As a master, therefore, of a impression, to carry the object in hand, real genuine style, fitted for peculiar to hit the nail right on the head. That purposes, we prophecy that Lord done, there is no finishing or polish- Brougham will be popular as an author, ing, the argument is clenched, and it long after the works of those who, at is no slight logical force which will un- present, enjoy a greater literary refastenit. But his merits asan authorare putation shall have been laid aside as not to be estimated by particular pas- unnatural and affected. sages, but by the method of treatment For a similar reason we expect that of his subject as a whole. He might, the reputation of Lord Broughanı, as had he so chosen, have given more a statesman, will increase with time, finish and ornament to his sentences, and that posterity will assign him a but he might thereby have sacrificed higher rank among his contemporaries force to elegance--he might have se- than that which he at present occupies; cured the admiration of the critic and for we hold him to be a real genuine failed to convince the reader. In our man, acting and speaking from the humbleopinion, we think he was right' dictates of a strong, plain, practical to avoid such risks. Brougham was mind, without fear, without adulation, substantially a man of action, and only and, as the greatest of all merits in the by accident, as it were, a man of let- present day, without affectation,

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The Editor of The DUBLIN UNIVERSITY MAGAZINE begs to notify that he will not undertake to return, or to be accountable for, any manuscripts forwarded to him for perusal.

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House of Correction, to be there educated and detained fror suici a number of rears as shall be determined by sie jnilginent, but which s'i:Al ia no case os cred the period at which lie shall have completed his twentieth year.

ABOUT five miles from the city of Tours, in the far-famed valley of the Loire, there stands a structure of modern date and of unobtrusive aspect, towards which many a tourist, impelled by mere curiosity, and many an enlightened philanthropist, actuated by a loftier motive, have of late been seen to direct their footsteps

:-we allude to the well-known school of Mettray, established for the reception and treatment of male juvenile delinquents.

It is our design in this article to give a brief account of the origin and progress of this institution, and of its results; to notice such establishments of the same kind as have been founded in this kingdom, in other parts of the continent of Europe, and in America; to set forth the peculiar character and necessities of those for whom such institutions are believed to be adapted ; and to state such objections as have, from time to time, and more especially of late, been urged against them.

In 1810 the following enactment became a part of the Penal Code of France, of which it constitutes the C6th Article :

Various attempts were made to carry the provisions of this Article into effect; but with no other result than this—that, as regarded the principal place of confinement for young persons in the metropolitan department, out of every hundred discharged prisoners no fewerthan seventy-five were again in the hands of justice in three months! This was a startling discovery. At length, in 1837, the Government appointed a commission to make a personal examination of the transatlantic system of prison discipline ; and Frederic Auguste De Metz, a judge of the court of Appeal at Paris, a gentleman well qua'ified for the task assigned to him, was despatched to the United States. But though he witnessed there a mode of dealing with convicts in general which appeared to be attended with unparalleled success, he felt that the grand problem of effecting a sensible diminution in the floating m ss of criminality had yet to be solved, and that the solution could be looked for only in the mode of treating juvenile offenders. It was by mere accident that, about this time, his attention was

Wlien a person accused shall be under sis. teeti years of age, if he be deemed to have acird sans rliscertie nent," he shall learquitreil; brut lip shall. according to «ircunstances, le either restored to his family, or taken to a

* It is remarkable that though this plea is indulgently urged by the State in tehalf of the young offender, the young offender hinself never alleges it as an excuse. Besides, if want of discernment has exeinpred him froin the discomforts of a prison, why should it not also suvo him from the penalties he is made to undergo at Mettray, for the more venial offence of violating the segulations of ibat institution? VOL. XLVIII.-X0. CCLXXXIV.


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