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14. B 85/2:S. ARG. 105-338
S. HRG. 105-338
EDUCATION, INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET
ONE HUNDRED FIFTH CONGRESS
October 28, 1997-THE STATE OF AMERICAN EDUCATION
November 6, 1997-FEDERAL PRE-KINDERGARTEN THROUGH
October 30, 1997-INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS FUNDING—150
November 20, 1997-FINANCING SOCIAL SECURITY IN THE 21ST
Printed for the use of the Committee on the Budget
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
For sale by the U.S. Government Printing Office
Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, Washington, DC 20402
MAY 01 1998
October 28, 1997-The State of American Education
November 6, 1997-Federal Pre-Kindergarten Through Twelfth Grade Edu-
October 30, 1997-150 Account
November 20, 1997-Financing Social Security in the 21st Century
Bennett, William J., Co-Director, Empower America and Former Secretary
Bovbjerg, Barbara D., Associate Director, Income Security Issues, HEHS Divi-
Forgione, Pascal D., Jr., PH.D., U.S. Commissioner of Education Statistics,
Greenspan, Hon. Alan, Chairman, Federal Reserve Board of Governors
Joyner, Carlotta C., PH.D., Director Education and Employment Issues,
Health, Education, and Human Services Division, United States General
Accounting Office; accompanied by Eleanor L. Johnson, Assistant Director,
Education and Employment Issues, United States General Accounting Of-
Lew, Hon. Jack, Deputy Director, Office of Management and Budget
Ochoa, Carley, Former Director of Special Projects, Riverside Unified School
Nelson, Benjamin F., Director of International Relations and Trade Issues,
National Security and International Affairs Division, General Accounting
Will, Madeleine, Former Assistant Sceretary of Education for Special Edu-
Federal Education Funding: Multiple Programs and Lack of Data Raise
Efficiency and Effectiveness Concerns (Supplemental Information to Tes-
The Development and Effectiveness of Compensatory Education Programs:
THE STATE OF AMERICAN EDUCATION
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1997
COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET,
The Task Force met, pursuant to notice, at 2:02 p.m., in room SD-608, Dirksen Senate Office Building, Hon. Bill Frist (chairman of the Task Force) presiding.
Present: Senators Frist, Domenici, Grassley, Smith, Coverdell, Boxer, and Wyden.
OPENING STATEMENT OF SENATOR FRIST
Senator FRIST. Good afternoon. I would like to take this opportunity to welcome everyone to the first of what is a series of hearings of the Senate Budget Committee's Task Force on Education. This is the first of a series of hearings that are and will be conducted by the Task Force on Education that was appointed by the Chairman of the Senate Budget Committee and ranking member. There are several task forces, the purpose of which is to provide oversight of the budgetary issues which we spend so much time on. Our objective in this specific task force, the Task Force on Education, is very, very simple, and that is to determine how well the Federal dollar is spent on pre-K through 12 education. What is the return on our investment?
The members on this committee, for the record, are myself as chairman, Senator Boxer as ranking member, and then Senators Grassley, Snowe, Gordon Smith and Slade Gorton, and Senators Patty Murray, Tim Johnson, Ron Wyden, and, as I mentioned before, Senator Boxer.
America's colleges and universities are the finest in the world. However, they rest on a foundation of quicksand. That foundation, our elementary and secondary education system, is, according to a recent OECD report, "mediocre at best."
The United States is spending a lot on education. In 1994–95, the United States spent $284 billion on elementary and secondary education.
The result of all this spending, however, is essentially flat student performance. And while we are flat, the rest of the world seems to be doing better. If we are to remain competitive, our "foundation" of elementary and secondary schools must also do bet
During a time when there is a willingness on both the Congress' part and on the part of the public to spend more tax dollars on edu