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that depended merely upon his being an Eye-Witness, and therefore was
fully satisfied he could give me no Inç formation, for the very same reason he
believed he could, for he was there.
However, I heard him with the same • Greediness as Shakespear describes in
the following Lines: • I saw a Smith stand on his Hammer, thus, *With open Mouth swallowing a Taylor's News.
6 I confess of late I have not been fo 6 much amazed at the Declaimers in . Coffee-houses as I formerly was, be<ing satisfied that they expect to be re$warded for their Vociferations. Of
these Lyars there are two sorts. The < Genius of the first confifts in much 6 Impudence and a strong Memory ; 6 the others have added to these QuaClifications a good Understanding and $ smooth Language. These therefore • have only certain Heads, which they 6 are as eloquent upon as they can, and may
be called Embellishers; the Others repeat only what they hear from
others as literally as their Parts or 6 Zeal will permit, and are called Re
citers. Here was a Fellow in Town t some Years ago, who used to divert
himself by telling a Lye at CharingCross in the Morning at eight of the Clock, and then following it through all parts of the Town till eight at
Night; at which time he came to a Club of his Friends, and diverted
them with an Account what Censure it had at Will's in Govent-Garden, how dangerous it was believed to be at
Child's, and what Inference they drew "- from it with relation to Stocks at 70
nathan's. I have had the Honour to
travel with this Gentleman I speak 6 of in search of one of his Falfhoods;
and have been present when they have described the very Man they have spoken to, as him who first reported it, tall or short, black or fair, a Gentleman or a Raggamuffin, according as they liked the Intelligence. I have heard one of our ingenious Writers of News say, that when he has had a Customer come with an Advertisement of an Apprentice or a Wife run away, he has desired the Adver
tiser to compose himself a little, be<fore he dictated the Description of the ' Offender: For when a Person is put
into a publick Paper by a Man who * is angry with him, the real DescripD 2
6tion of such Person is hid in the De
formity with which the angry Man
described him; therefore this Fellow "always made his Customers describe
him as he would the Day before he offended, or else he was fure he would never find him out.
These and many other Hints I could suggest to
you for the Elucidation of all FictiCons; But I leave it to your own Sa
gacity to improve or neglect this Speculation. I am, SIR, Your moft Obedient,
Poftfcript to the Spectator, Number soz.
N. B. There are in the Play of the Self-Tormentor of Terence, which is allowed a most excellent Comedy, several Incidents which would draw Tears from any Man of Sense, and not one which would move his Laughter.
Adjuro nunquam eam me deferturum,
valeant Qui inter nos disidium volunt; hanc, nisi mors Mi adirnet nemo.
Should esteem my self a ve
ry happy Man, if my SpeI 1 culations could in the least
contribute to the rectifying
the Conduct of my Readers in one of the most important Affairs of Life, to wit, their Choice in Marriage. This State is the Foundation of Community, and the chief Band of Society; and I do not think I can be too frequent on Subjects which may give Light to my unmarried Readers, in a Particular which is fo effential to their following Happiness or Misery. A virtuous Difpofition, a good Understanding, an agreeable Person, and an easy D 3
Fortune, are the things which should be chiefly regarded on this Occasion. Because my present View is to direct a young Lady, who, I think, is now in doubt whom to take of many Lovers, I shall talk at this time to my female Reader. The Advantages, as I was going to say, of Sense, Beauty and Riches, are what are certainly the chief Motives to a prudent young Woman of Fortune for changing her Condition; but as she is to have her Eye upon each of these, she is to ask herself whether the Man who has most of these Recommendations in the Lump is not the most desirable. He that has excellent Talents, with a moderate Estate, and an agreeable Person, is preferable to him who is only rich, if it were only that good Faculties may purchase Riches, but Riches cannot purchase worthy En
dowments. I do not mean that Wit, :- and a Capacity to entertain, is what
should be highly valued, except it is founded upon Good-nature and Humanity. There are many ingenious Men, whose Abilities do little else but make themselves and those about them unea-fy: Such are those who are far gone in the Pleasures of the Town, who