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himself into the Business of his own Profession. What will all this end

in? We are afraid it portends no . Good to the Publick. Unless you

very speedily fix à Day for the Election of new Members, we are under Apprehensions of losing the British Spektator. I hear of a Party of Ladies who intend to address you on this Subject, and question not, if you do not give us the Slip very suddenly, that you

will receive Addresses from all Parts of the Kingdom to continue so useful a Work. Pray deliver us out of this Perplexity, and among the Multitude of your Readers you will particularly oblige

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Your most Sincere Friend and Servant,

Philo-Spec.

Satur

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N° 543. Saturday, November 22.

y and

te bez - Facies non omnibus una Nec diversa tamen

Ovid.

a Fr

: UI HOSE who were skilful in

in Anatomy among the An- :B T

tients, concluded from the
outward and inward Make

Cho of a Human Body, that it

teft was the work of a Being transcendently Wise and Powerful. As the World grew more enlightened in this Art, their Discoveries gave them fresh Opportunities of admiring the Conduct of Providence in the Formation of a Human Body. Galen was converted by his Difsections, and could not but own a Supreme Being upon a Survey of this his Handywork. There were, indeed, many Parts of which the old Anatomists did not know the certain use; but as they saw that most of those which they examined were adapted with admirable Art to their several Functions, they did not question but those, whose 'Uses

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they could not determine, were contrived with the same Wisdom for refpespective Ends and Purposes. Since the Circulation of the Blood has been found out, and many other great Discoveries have been made by our modern Anatomists, we see new Wonders in the human Frame, and discern several important Uses for those Parts, which Uses the Antients knew nothing of. In short, the Body of Man is such a Subject as stands the utmost Test of Examination. Tho' it appears formed with the niceft Wisdom, upon the moft superficial Survey of it, it still mends upon the Search, and produces our Surprize and Amazement in proportion as we pry into it. What I have here faid of a Human Body, may be applied to the Body of every Animal which has been the Subject of Anatomical Observations.

THE Body of an Animal is an Object adequate to our Senses. It is a particular System of Providence, that lies in a narrow Compass. The Eye is able to command it, and by successive Enquiries can search into all its Parts. Could the Body of the whole Earth, or indeed the whole Universe, be thus subVoL, XIV, L

mitted

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mitted to the Examination of our Senses, were it not too big and dispropor- ? tioned for our Enquiries, too unwieldykit for the Management of the Eye and Hand, there is no question but it would appear to us as curious and well-contrived a Frame as that of a Human Body. We should see the same Concatenation and Subserviency, the fame Ne i cefsity and Usefulness, the fame Beauty and Harmony in all and every of its Parts, as what we discover in the Body of every single Animal.

THE more extended our Reason is, and the more able to grapple with immense Objects, the greater still are those is Discoveries which it makes of Wisdom the and Providence in the Work of the Creation. A Sir Isaac Newton, who stands up as the Miracle of the present Age, can look through a whole Planetary System; consider it in its Weight, Number, and Measure; and draw from of it as many Demonstrations of infinite Power and Wisdom, as a more confi- lily ned Understanding is able to deduce from the System of a Human Body.

BUT to return to our Speculations on Anatomy. I shall here consider the len Fabrick and Texture of the Bodies of

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Animals

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Animals in one particular View; which, in my Opinion, shews the Hand of a thinking and all-wise Being in their Formation, with the Evidence of a thoufand Demonstrations. I think we may lay this down as an incontested Principle, that Chance never acts in a perpetual Uniformity and Consistence with it felf. If one should always fling the famne Number with ten thousand Dice, or see every throw just five times less, or five times more in Number than the throw which immediately preceded it; who would not imagine there is some invisible Power which directs the Caft? This is the. Proceeding which we find in the Operations of Nature. Every kind of Animal is diversified by different Magnitudes, each of which gives rise to a different Species. Let a Man trace the Dog or Lion-kind, and he will observe how inany of the Works of Nature are published, if I may use the Expression, in a variety of Editions. If we look into the Reptile World, or into those different Kinds of Animals that fill the Element of Water, we meet with the same Repetitions among several Species, that differ very little from one another, but in Size and Bulk. L 2

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