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serted in his
Master has laid down; yet, without confining my self wholly to his Thoughts or Words: and to adapt this Essay the more to the Purpose for which lintend it, instead of the Examples he has inent Tragedies, I shall make use of
parallel Passages out of the most celebrated of our own.
THE Design of Art is to assist A&tion as much as possible in the Representation of Nature; for the Appearance of Reality is that which moves us in all Representations, and these have always the greater Force, the nearer they approach to Nature, and the less they show of Imitation.
NATURE herself has assigned, to every Emotion of the Soul, its peculiar Cast of the Countenance, Tone of Voice, and Manner of Gesture, thro' the whole Person: all the Features of the Face and Tones of the Voice answer, like Strings upon musical Instruments, to the Impressions made on them by the Mind. Thus the Sounds of the Voice, according to the various Touches which raise them, form themselves into an Acute or Grave, Quick or Slow, Loud or Soft Tone. These too may be sub
divided into various kinds of Tones, as the Gentle, the Rough, the Contracted, the Diffuse, the Continued, the Intermitted, the Broken, Abrupt, Winding, Softned, or Elevated. Every one of these may be employed with Art and Judgment; and all supply the A&or, as Colours do the Painter, with an expresfive Variety.
ANGER exerts its peculiar Voice in an acute, raised, and hurrying Sound. The passionate Character of King Lear, as it is admirably drawn by Shakespear, abounds with the strongest Instances of this kind.
SORROW and Complaint demand a Voice quite different, flexible, flow, interrupted, and modulated in a mournful Tone; as in that patheti
cal Soliloquy of Cardinal Wolfey on his Fall.
Farewel! a long Farewel to all .
WE have likewise a fine Example of this in the whole Part of Andromache in the Distref-Mother, particularly in these Lines.
I'A go, and in the Angnisk of my Heart,
my Child - If he must die, my Life
FEAR expreffes it self in a low, hefitating and abject Sound. If the Reader considers the following Speech of Lady Mackbeth, while her Husband is about the Murder of Duncan and his
Grooms, he will imagine her even affrighted with the Sound of her own Voice while fhe is speaking
Alas! I am afraid they have awak’d,
ready, He could not mifs them. Had he nat resembled My Father as he slept, I had done it.
COURAGE affumes à louder Tone, as in that Speech of Don Sebaftian.
Here satiate all your Fury;
PLEASURE diffolves into a luxurjous, mild, tender and joyous Modu. dulation; as in the following Lines in Caius Marius.
Lavinia ! O there's Mufick in the Name,
i Life. br.
AND Perplexity is different from all these; grave, but not bemoaning, with an earnest uniform Sound of Voice; as in that celebrated Speech of Hamlet.
To be, or not to be? —- that is the Question: