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try, by making it barren and waste; nay, and demolished their City, in depriving it of Inhabitants. And he

was sensible that all this proceeded not 6 from any kind of Virtue or Absti

nence, but from a Looseness and Wan

tonness, which ought never to be en“couraged in any Civil Government."

There are no Particulars dwelt upon that let us into the Conduct of these

young Worthies, whom this great 'Emperor treated with so much Justice

and Indignation; but any one who 'observes what passes in this Town,

may very well frame to himself a Notion of their Riots and Debaucheries all Night, and their apparent Preparations for them all Day. It is not to be doubted but these Romans never passed any

of their Time innocently ' but when they were asleep, and never

slept but when they were weary and
heavy with Excesses, and slept only
to prepare themselves for the Repeti-
tion of them. If

you
did

your Duty as a SPECTATOR, you would care'fully examine into the Number of

Births, Marriages, and Burials; and
when you had deducted out of your
Deaths all such as went out of the
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6 World

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« World without marrying, then caft

up the number of both Sexes born ! within such a Term of Years last paft,

you might from the single People de parted make fome useful Inferences or Guesses how many there are left un married, and raise some useful Scheme for the Amendment of the Age in that Particular. I have not Patience

to proceed gravely on this abominable • Libertinism; for I cannot but reflect,

as I am writing to you, upon a certain lascivious manner which all our young Gentlemen use in publick, and examine our Eyes with a Petulency

in their own, which is a downright • Affront to Modesty. A disdainful į Look on such an Occasion is return'd ! with a Countenance rebuked, but by

averting their Eyes from the Woman of Honour and Decency to fome flippant Creature, who will, as the Phrase is, be kinder. I must set down things as they come into my Head, without standing upon Order. Ten thousand to one,

but the gay Gentleman who ftared, at the same time is an Housekeeper; for you must know they have got into a Humour of late of being very regular in their Sins, and a young

• Fel

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Fellow Thall keep his four Maids and three Foormen with the grcáteft"Gravity imaginable.

There are no less 6 than fix of these venerable House

keepers of my Acquaintance. This

Humour among young Men of Cong • 'dition is imitated by all the World below them, and a general Diffolution of Manners arises from the one Source of Libertinism, without Shame or Reprehension in the Male Youth.

It is from this one Fountain that so ( many beautiful helpless young Women

are facrific'd and given up to Lewdness,

Shame, Poverty, and Disease: It is to • this also that so many excellent young · Women, who might be Patterns of

conjugal Affection and Parents of a wora thy Race pine under unhappy Passions for such as have not Attention enough to observe, or Virtue enough to prefer ( them tô their common Wenches. « Now Mr. SPECTATOR, I must be

free to own to you, that I my self

suffer a tasteless insipid Being, from a • Confideration I have for a Man who (would not, as he has said in my hear

ing, resign his Liberty, as he calls it, " for all the Beauty and Wealth the whole Sex is possessed of. Such Calá

6 mities

mities as these would not happen, if • it could possibly be brought about,

that by fining Batchelors as Papists Convict, or the like, they were diftinguished to their Disadvantage from the reft of the World, who fall in with the Measures of Civil Society.

Left you should think I speak this as being, according to the senseless rude. Phrase, a malicious old Maid, I shall acquaint you I am a Woman of Condition not now three and twenty, and have had Proposals from at least ten different Men, and the greater Number of them have upon the Upshot refused me. Something or other is always amiss.

when the Lover takes to some new, Wench: A Settlement is easily excepted against; and there is very little Recourse to avoid the vicious Part of our Youth, but throwing one's self away upon some lifeless Blockhead, who tho' he is without Vice, is also without Virtue. Now-a-days we must be contented if we can get Crea-,

tures which are not bad, good are not to be expected. Mr. SPECTATOR,

I sat near you the other Day, and think I did not displease your Spectatorial Eye-sight; which I shall be a

bet

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better Judge of when I see whether you take notice of these Evils your

own way, or print this Memorial di• ctated from the disdainful heavy Heart

of,

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S IR,

this

: STO

Your moft Obedient Humble Servant,

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PON the hearing of several late Disputes concerning could not forbear amusing my

self with some Observations, which I have made upon the Learned World, as to this great Particular. By the Learned World I here mean at large, all those who are any way concerned in Works of Literature,

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