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absolute absolute monarchy according ambiguity ancient appears argument aristo aristocracy Aristotle Athenian authority Bampton Lectures belong Bentham Blackstone called Cicero civil commonwealth considered constitution cracy definition democracy derived despotism distinction division of governments doctrine duties Edinburgh Review election elective monarchy electors England English Essay established evil exercise existence expression fallacies following passage forms of government hereditary implies influence interest King King of England labour language lative legislature likewise limited monarchy Lord magistrate manner means ment middle class middle rank mixed government Montesquieu moral munity nation natural liberty oligarchy opinion opposed oppression Parliament party persons Polybius possess prince principle question reason reign remarks representative rich and poor Rousseau rule says sense signify society sometimes sove sovereign body sovereign power sovereignty speak supreme term theory thing tical tion treatise tyranny uncon usage vested rights wealth whole community word wrong
第 9 頁 - The pretended rights of these theorists are all extremes : and in proportion as they are metaphysically true, they are morally and politically false.
第 177 頁 - If the balance of our lives had not one scale of reason to poise another of sensuality, the blood and baseness of our natures would conduct us to most preposterous conclusions...
第 49 頁 - It hath sovereign and uncontrollable authority in the making, confirming, enlarging, restraining, abrogating, repealing, reviving, and expounding of laws, concerning matters of all possible denominations, ecclesiastical, or temporal, civil, military, maritime, or criminal ; this being the place where that absolute despotic power, which must in all governments reside somewhere, is intrusted by the constitution of these kingdoms.
第 199 頁 - Political, therefore, or civil liberty, which is that of a member of society, is no other than natural liberty so far restrained by human laws (and no farther) as is necessary and expedient for the general advantage of the public.
第 204 頁 - By the absolute rights of individuals, we mean those which are so In their primary and strictest sense; such as would belong to their persons merely In a state of nature, and which every man is entitled to enjoy, whether out of society or In it.
第 219 頁 - It is a mistake to think this fault is proper only to monarchies. Other forms of government are liable to it as well as that; for wherever the power that is put in any hands for the government of the people and the preservation of their properties is applied to other ends, and made use of to impoverish, harass, or subdue them to the arbitrary and irregular commands of those that have it, diere it presently becomes tyranny, whether those that thus use it are one or many.
第 186 頁 - Ah ! how unlike the man of times to come ! Of half that live the butcher and the tomb ! Who, foe to nature, hears the general groan, Murders their species, and betrays his own. But just disease to luxury succeeds, And every death its own avenger breeds; The fury-passions from that blood began, And turn'd on man a fiercer savage, man.
第 122 頁 - It is very evident that this reasoning extends to every modification of the smaller number. Whenever the powers of government are placed in any hands other than those of the community, whether those of one man, of a few, or of several, those principles of human nature which imply that government is at all necessary, imply that those persons will make use of them to defeat the very end for which government exists.
第 204 頁 - This natural liberty consists properly in a power of acting as one thinks fit ; without any restraint or control, unless by the law of nature ; being a right inherent in us by birth, and one of the gifts of God to man at his creation, when he endued him with the faculty of free will.