« 上一頁繼續 »
Be by some certain king purg'd and depos'd. Bast. By heaven, these scroyles of Angiers
flout you, kings;
Secure and confident as lions, they are not at all afraid, but are kings, i. e. masters and commanders, of their fears, until their fears or doubts about the rightful King of England are removed.
TOLLET. We should read, than ye. What power was this ? their
fears. It is plain, therefore, we should read:
Kings are our fears ; i. e. our fears are the kings which at present rule us.
WARBURTON. Dr. Warburton saw what was requisite to make this passage sense; and Dr. Johnson, rather too hastily, I think, has received his emendation into the test. He reads :
Kings are our fears ;-" which he explains to mean, our fears are the kings which at present rule us.'
As the same sense may be obtained by a much slighter alteration, I am more inclined to read :
King'd of our fears ; -"! Kingd is used as a participle passive by Shakspeare more than once, I believe. I remember one instance in Henry the Fifth, Act 11. Sc. V. The Dauphin says of England:
she is so idly king'd.” It is scarce necessary to add, that of, here (as in numberless other places) has the signification of by. TYRWHITT.
King'd of our fears ;" i. e. our fears being our kings, or rulers. King'd is again used in King Richard II.:
«Then I am king'd again." It is manifest that the passage in the old copy is corrupt, and that it must have been so worded, that their fears should be styled their kings or masters, and not they, kings or masters of their fears; because in the next line mention is made of these fears being deposed. Mr. Tyrwhitt's. emendation produces this meaning by a very slight alteration, and is, therefore, I think, entitled to a place in the text.
The following passage in our author's Rape of Lucrece, strongly, in my opinion, confirms his conjecture : "So shall these slaves [Tarquin's unruly passions] be
kings, and thou their slave.” Again, in King Lear :
It seems, she was a queen
Sought to be king o'er her.”
sequent part of this scene, all the speeches of the citizens are given to Hubert; which I mention, because these, and innumerable other instances, where the same error has been committed in that edition, justify some licence in transferring speeches from one person to another. MALONE.
4 — these SCROYLES of Angiers-] Escroulles, Fr. i. e. scabby, scrophulous fellows. Ben Johnson uses the word in Every Man in his Humour:
hang them scroyles!” Steevens. 5 At your INDUSTRIOUS scenes-] I once wished to read illustrious ; but now I believe the text to be right. MALONE.
The old reading is undoubtedly the true one. Your industrious scenes and acts of death, is the same as if the speaker had said your laborious industry of war. So, in Macbeth :
and put we on “ Industrious soldiership.” STEEVENS. 6 Do like the MUTines of Jerusalem,] The mutines are the mutineers, the seditious. So again, in Hamlet :
6 Worse than the mutines in the bilboes.” Our author had probably read the following passages in A Compendious and Most Marvellous History of the Latter Times of the Jewes Common-Weale, &c. Written in Hebrew, by Joseph Ben Gorion,-translated into English, by Peter Morwyn, 1575: “ The same yeere the civil warres grew and increased in Jerusalem; for the citizens slew one another without any truce, rest, or quietnesse.-The people were divided into three parties ; whereof the first and best followed Anani, the high-priest ; another part followed seditious Jehochanan; the third most cruel Schimeon.Anani, being a perfect godly man, and seeing the common-weale of Jerusalem governed by the seditious, gave over his third part, that stacke to him, to Eliasar, his sonne. Eliasar with his companie took the Temple, and the courts about it; appointing of his men, some to bee spyes, some to keepe watche and warde. But Jehochanan tooke the market-place and streetes, the lower part of the citie. Then Schimeon, the Jerosolimite, tooke the highest part of the towne, wherefore his men annoyed Jehochanan's parte sore with slings and crosse-bowes. Betweene these three there was also most cruel battailes in Jerusalem for the space of four daies.
" Titus' campe was about sixe furlongs from the towne. The
Be friends awhile", and both conjointly bend
Bast. An if thou hast the mettle of a king,
next morrow they of the towne seeing Titus to be encamped upon the mount Olivet
, the captaines of the seditious assembled together, and fell at argument, every man with another, intending to turne their cruelty upon the Romaines, confirming and ratifying the same atonement and purpose, by swearing one to another; and so became peace amongst them. Wherefore joyning together, that before were three severall parts, they set open the gates, and all the best of them issued out with an horrible noyse and shoute, that they made the Romaines afraide withall, in such wise that they fled before the seditious, which sodainly did set uppon them unawares."
This allusion is not found in the old play. MALONE.
7 Be friends a while, &c.] This advice is given by the Bastard in the old copy of the play, though comprized in fewer and less spirited lines. STEEVENS.
8 Till their soul-FEARING clamours — ] i, e. soul-appalling. See vol. v. p. 34, n. 7. MALONE.
Being wrong'd, as we are, by this peevish town, -
assault? K. John. We from the west will send destruc
Aust. I from the north.
Our thunder from the south,
south; Austria and France shoot in each other's mouth':
[ Aside. I'll stir them to it :-Come, away, away ! 1 Cır. Hear us, great kings : vouchsafe a while
to stay, And I shall show you peace, and fair-faced league; Win you this city without stroke, or wound; Rescue those breathing lives to die in beds, That here come sacrifices for the field : Perséver not, but hear me, mighty kings. K. John. Speak on, with favour; we are bent to
90 prudent discipline! &c.] The poet has made Faulconbridge forget that he had made a similar mistake. See the preceding page :
By east and' west let France and England mount “ Their battering cannon-,". l'albot.
the lady Blanch] The lady Blanch was daughter to Alphonso the Ninth, King of Castile, and was niece to King John by his sister Eleanor. STEEVENS.
Of Lewis the Dauphin, and that lovely maid :
2 If Zealous love, &c.] Zealous seems here to signify pious, or influenced by motives of religion. Johnson.
3 If not complete, O say,] The old copy reads—“ If not complete of, say,” &c. Corrected by Sir T. Hanmer. Malone.
such a SHE;] The old copy-as she.” Steevens. Dr. Thirlby prescribed that reading, which I have here restored to the text. THEOBALD.
at this match, With swifter spleen, &c.] Our author uses spleen for any violent hurry, or tumultuous speed. So, in A Midsummer Night's Dream, he applies spleen to the lightning. I am loath to think that Shakspeare meant to play with the double of match for nuptial, and the match of a gun. 'Johnson.