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And thy sea-marge, steril, and rocky-hard,
queen Summond me hither, to this short-grass'd-greeno?
it is cultivated, still higher : a circumstance that had escaped my notice, till I was told of it by Professor Martyn, whose name í am particularly happy to insert among those of other friends who have honoured and improved this work by their various communications. STEEVENS.
3 Being LASS-LORN;] Lass-lorn is forsaken of his mistress. So, Spenser :
" Who after that he had fair Una lorn." STEEVENS.
thy pole-CLIPT VINEYARD ;] To clip is to twine round or embrace. The poles are clipped or embraced by the vines. Vineyard is here used as a trisyllable. STEEVENS.
5 My Bosky acres, &c.] Bosky is woody. Bosky acres are fields divided from each other by hedge-rows. Boscus is middle Latin for wood. Bosquet, Fr. So, Milton :
“ And every bosky bourn from side to side," Again, in K. Edward I. 1599:
“ Hale him from hence, and in this bosky wood
Bury his corps." STEEVENS. - to this SHORT-GRASS'D GREEN ?] The old copy reads short-gras'd green. Short-graz'd green
grazed so as to be short.” The correction was made by Mr. Rowe.
IRIS. A contract of true love to celebrate ;
Tell me, heavenly bow,
Of her society
done Some wanton charm upon this man and maid, Whose vows are, that no bed-rite shall be paid Till Hymen's torch be lighted : but in vain ; Mars's hot minion is return'd again: Her waspish-headed son has broke his arrows, Swears he will shoot no more, but play with spar
rows, And be a boy right out. CER.
Highest queen of state ?, Great Juno comes ; I know her by her gait.
7 Highest queen of state,
Great Juno comes ; I know her by her gait.] Mr. Whalley thinks this passage a remarkable instance of Shakspeare's knowledge of ancient poetic story; and that the hint was furnished by the Divum incedo Regina of Virgil.
John Taylor, the water-poet, declares, that he never learned his Accidence, and that Latin and French were to him Heathen Greek ; yet, by the help of Mr. Whalley's argument, I will prove him a learned man, in spite of every thing he may say to the contrary: for thus he makes a gallant address his lady ; “ Most inestimable magazine of beauty! in whom the port and majesty of Juno, the wisdom of Jove's brain-bred girle, and the feature of Cytherea, have their domestical habitation.” FARMER. So, in The Arraignement of Paris, 1584 :
“ First statelie Juno, with her porte and grace."
Juno. Honour, riches, marriage-blessing,
Long continuance, and increasing,
Juno sings her blessings on you.
Barns, and garners never empty;
Chapman also, in his version of the second Iliad, speaking of Juno, calls her
the goddesse of estate.” Steevens. Highest queen of state.” Sir John Harrington has likewise used this word as one syllable : “ Thus said the high’st, and then there did ensue.”
Orlando Fur. b. xxix. st. 32. MALONE. • 8 EARTH'S INCREASE, and foison plenty, &c.] All the editions, that I have ever seen, concur in placing this whole sonnet to Jnno; but very absurdly, in my opinion. I believe every accurate reader, who is acquainted with poetical history, and the distinct offices of these two goddesses, and who then seriously reads over our author's lines, will agree with me, that Ceres's name ought to have been placed where I have now prefixed it.
TheoBALD. And is not in the old copy. It was added by the editor of the second folio. Earth's increase, is the produce of the earth. The expression is scriptural : “ Then shall the earth bring forth her increase, and God, even our God, shall give us his blessing." Psalm lxvii. MALONE.
This is one among a multitude of emendations which Mr. Malone acknowledges to have been introduced by the editor of the second folio; and yet, in contradiction to himself in his Prolegomena, he depreciates the second edition, as of no importance or value.
Vines, with clusť’ring bunches growing ;
Ceres' blessing so is on you.
Spirits, which by mine art
would from Pope or Hanmer where I thought them obviously right, without acknowledging its authority, for which Mr. Steevens has contended. MALONE.
I have endeavoured to show in The Essay on Shakspeare's Versification, that this and similar instances were unnecessary, and that a verse consisting of six syllables only was ,common among Shakspeare and his contemporaries. Boswell.
Foison plenty ;] i. e. plenty to the utmost abundance ; foison signifying plenty. See p. 66. Steevens. 1 Harmonious charmingly :] Mr. Edwards would read :
“ Harmonious charming lay.” For though (says he) the benediction is sung by two goddesses, it is yet but one lay or hymn. I believe, however, this passage appears as it was written by the poet, who, for the sake of the verse, made the words change places.
We might read (transferring the last syllable of the second word to the end of the first) “ Harmoniously charming.”
Ferdinand has already praised this aerial Masque as an object of sight; and may not improperly or inelegantly subjoin, that the charm of sound was added to that of visible grandeur. Both Juno and Ceres are supposed to sing their parts. Steevens. A similar inversion occurs in A Midsummer-Night's Dream:
“ But miserable most to live unlov’d. MALONE. So, in Shirley's Young Admiral :
" Double where Kings neglect, and he is valiant
“ Truely that dares forget to be rewarded." In The Wild Goose Chace by Beaumont and Fletcher, we have a still greater licence used :
“ Be not too glorious foolish : i. e. too foolishly vainglorious. Boswell.
I have from their confines call'd to enact
Let me live here ever;
Sweet now, silence;
Enter certain Nymphs.
a wonder'd father,] i. e. a father able to perform or produce such wonders. STEEVENS.
3 - WAND'RING brooks,] The modern editors read-winding brooks. The old copy-windring. I suppose we should read — wand'ring, as it is here printed. STEVENS.
4 Leave your CRISP channels,] Crisp, i. e. curling, winding, Lat. crispus. So, Henry IV. Part I. Act I. Sc. IV. Hotspur, speaking of the river Severn :
“ And hid his crisped head in the hollow bank." Crisp, however, may allude to the little wave or curl (as it is commonly called) that the gentlest wind occasions on the surface of waters. STEEVENS.