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her eye-by this light, but for her eye, I would not love her; yes, for her two eyes. Well, I do nothing in the world but lie, and lie in my throat. By heaven, I do love: and it hath taught me to rhyme, and to be melancholy; and here is part of my rhyme, and here my melancholy. Well, she hath one o' my sonnets already; the clown bore it, the fool sent it, and the lady hath it: sweet clown, sweeter fool, sweetest lady! By the world, I would not care a pin if the other three were in: Here comes one with a paper; God give him grace to groan!
[Gets up into a tree. Enter the King, with a paper. King. Ah me!
Biron. [Aside] Shot, by heaven! - Proceed, sweet Cupid; thou hast thump'd him with thy bird-bolt under the left pap:-I' faith secrets.
King. [Reads] So sweet a kiss the golden sun gives not
To those fresh morning drops upon the rose,
The night of dew that on my cheeks down flows : 6
Through the transparent bosom of the deep,
Thou shin'st in every tear that I do weep;
So ridest thou triumphing in my woe;
And they thy glory through my grief will show:
6 The night of dew, that on my cheeks down flows : ] This phrase, however quaint, is the poet's own. He means, the dew that nightly flows down his cheeks. Shakspeare, in one of his other pieces, uses night of dew for dewy night, but I cannot at present recollect in which. Steevens. 7 Nor shines the silver moon one half so bright,
Through the transparent bosom of the deep,
As doth thy face through tears -] So, in our poet's Venus and Adonis :
“ But hers, which through the crystal tears gave light,
How shall she know my griefs? I 'll drop the paper; Sweet leaves, shade folly. Who is he comes here?
[Steps aside. Enter LONGAVILLE, with a paper. What, Longaville! and reading ! listen, ear. Biron. Now, in thy likeness, one more fool, appear!
[Aside. Long. Ah me! I am forsworn. Biron. Why, he comes in like a perjure,8 wearing papers.
[Aside. King. In love, I hope;' Sweet fellowship in shame!
[Aside. Biron. One drunkard loves another of the name. [Aside. Long. Am I the first that have been perjur'd so? Biron. [Aside] I could put thee in comfort; not by
two, that I know: Thou mak'st the triumviry, the corner-cap of society, The shape of love's Tyburn, that hangs up simplicity.
Long. I fear, these stubborn lines lack power to move: O sweet Maria, empress of my love! These numbers will I tear, and write in prose. Biron. [Aside] O, rhymes are guards on wanton Cu
pid's hose: Disfigure not his slop. 1
8 he comes in like a perjure,] The punishment of perjury is to wear on the breast a paper expressing the crime. Johnson.
Thus, Holinshed, p. 838, speaking of Cardinal Wolsey: “_ he 80 punished perjurie with open punishment, and open papers wearing, that in his time it was less used.”
Again, in Leicester's Commonwealth :-"the gentlemen were all taken and cast into prison, and afterwards were sent down to Ludlow, there to wear papers of perjury.” Steevens.
9 In love, I hope ; &c.] In the old copy this line is given to Longaville. The present regulation was made by Mr. Pope.
Malone. 10, rhymes are guards on wanton Cupid's hose:
Disfigure not his slop.] The old copies read-shop. Steevens. All the editions happen to concur in this error: but what agreement in sense is there between Cupid's hose and his shop? or what relation can those two terms have to one another? or, what, indeed, can be understood by Cupid's shop? It must undoubtedly be corrected, as I have reformed the text.
Slops are large and wide-knee'd breeches, the garb in fashion in our author's days, as we may observe from old family pictures ;
This same shall go.
[He reads the sonnet. Did not the heavenly rhetorick of thine eye
('Gainst whom the world cannot hold argument) Persuade my heart to this false perjury ?
Vows, for thee broke, deserve not punishment. A woman I forswore; but, I will prove,
Thou being a goddess, I forswore not thee: My vow was earthly, thou a heavenly love ;
Thy grace being gain'd, cures all disgrace in me. Vows are but breath, and breath a vapour is :
Then thou, fair sun, which on any earth dost shine, Exhal'st this vapour vow; in thee it is:
If broken then, it is no fault of mine ; If by me broke, What fool is not 80 wise, To lose an oath to win a paradise ? 2 Biron. [Aside] This is the liver vein,3 which makes
flesh a deity; A green goose, a goddess : pure, pure idolatry. God amend us, God amend! we are much out o’the way.
Enter DUMAIN, with a paper. Long. By whom shall I send this?-Company! stay.
[Stepping aside. Biron. [ Aside] All hid, all hid, an old infant play:
but they are now worn only by boors and sea-faring men: and we have dealers, whose sole business it is to furnish the sailors with shirts, jackets, &c. who are called slop-men, and their shops, slop-shops. Theobald.
I suppose this alludes to the usual tawdry dress of Cupid, when he appeared on the stage. In an old translation of Casa’s Galateo is this precept: “ Thou must wear no garments, that be over much daubed with garding: that men may not say, thou hast Ganimedes hosen, or Cupides doublet." Farmer.
2 To lose an oath to win a paradise.?] The Passionate Pilgrim, 1599, in which this sonnet is also found, reads—To break an oath. But the opposition between lose and win is much in our author's manner. Malone.
the liver vein,] The liver was anciently supposed to be the seat of love. Fohnson. So, in Much Ado about Nothing:
“ If ever love had interest in his liver." Steevens. 4 All hid, all hid,] The children's cry at hide and seek.
Like a demi-god here sit I in the sky,
Dum. O most divine Kate!
O most prophane coxcomb! [Aside.
[Aside. Dum. Her amber hairs for foul have amber coted.?
- four woodcocks in a dish!] See note on Much Ado about Nothing, Act V, sc. i. Douce. 6 By earth she is but corporal; there you lie.] Old edition:
By earth, she is not, corporal, there you lie. Dumain, one of the lovers, in spite of his vow to the contrary, thinking himself alone here, breaks out into short soliloquies of admiration on his mistress; and Biron, who stands behind as an eves-dropper, takes pleasure in contradicting his amorous raptures. But Dumain was a young lord; he had no sort of post in the army: what wit, or allusion, then, can there be in Biron's calling him corporal? I dare warrant, I have restored the poet's true meaning, which is this: Dumain calls him mistress divine, and the wonder of a mortal eye; and Biron in flat terms denies these hyperbolical praises. I scarce need hint, that our poet commonly uses corporal, as corporeal. Theobald.
I have no doubt that Theobald's emendation is right.
The word corporal in Shakspeare's time, was used for corporeal. So, in Macbeth:-“each corporal agent.” Again:
- and what seem'd corporal, melted
" As breath into the wind." Again, in Julius Cæsar:
“ His corporal motion govern'd by my spirit.” This adjective is found in Bullokar's Expositor, 8vo. 1616, but corporeal is not.
Not is again printed for but in the original copy of The Comedy of Errors, and in other places. Malone.
amber coted.] To'cote is to outstrip, to overpass. So, in Hamlet:
- certain players
“ We coted on the way.” Again, in Chapman's Homer:
Words her worth had prov'd with deeds, “ Had more ground been allow'd the race, and coted far
his steeds." The beauty of amber consists in its variegated cloudiness, which Dumain calls foulness. The hair of his mistress in varied shadows
Biron. An amber-colour'd raven was well noted. [Aside.
Stoop, I say;
As fair as day. Biron. Ay, as some days; but then no sun must shine.
[Aside. Dum. O that I had
And I had mine! [Aside. King. And I mine too, good Lord!
(Aside. Biron. Amen, so I had mine: Is not that a good word?
[Aside. Dum. I would forget her; but a fever she Reigns in my blood, 8 and will remember'd be.
Biron. A fever in your blood, why, then incision Would let her out in saucers;' Sweet misprision! [Aside.
exceeded those of amber. Foul may be used (as fair often is) as a substantive. Pliny in his Nat. Hist. B. XXXVII, ch. xi, p. 609, informs us that “Nero Domitius made a sonnet in the praise of the haire of the Empresse Poppæa his wife, which he compared to amber; and from that time our daintie dames and fine ladies have begun to set their mind upon this colour,” &c. Steevens.
Quoted here, I think, signifies marked, written down. So, in All's well that ends well:
“ He's quoted for a most perfidious knave.” The word in the old copy is—coted; but that (as Dr. Johnson has observed in the last scene of this play,) is only the old spel. ling of quoted, owing to the transcriber's trusting to his ear, and following the pronunciation. To cote, is elsewhere used by our author, with the signification of over-take, but that will by no means suit here. Malone.
The word here intended, though mispelled, is quoted, which signifies observed or regarded, both here and in every place where it occurs in these plays; and the meaning is, that amber itself is regarded as foul, when compared with her hair. M. Mason.
- but a fever she Reigns in my blood,] So, in Hamlet : * For, like the hectic, in my blood he rages.” Steevens.
- why, then incision Would let her out in saucers ;] It was the fashion among the young gallants of that age, to stab themselves in the arms, or elsewhere, in order to drink their mistress's health, or write her name in their blood, as a proof of their passion.
Thus, in The Humorous Lieutenant, a gentleman gives the fol. lowing description of him, when in love with the King: