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Jaq. With that face? 9
[Ereunt Dull and JAQ. Arm. Villain, thou shalt fast for thy offences, ere thou be pardoned.
Cost. Well, sir, I hope, when I do it, I shall do it on a full stomach.
Arm. Thou shalt be heavily punished.
Cost. I am more bound to you than your fellows, for they are but lightly rewarded.
Arm. Take away this villain; shut him up.
Cost. Let me not be pent up, sir; I will fast, being loose.
Moth. No, sir; that were fast and loose: thou shalt to prison.
Cost. Well, if ever I do see the merry days of desolation that I have seen, some shall see
Moth. What shall some see?
Cost. Nay nothing, master Moth, but what they look upon. It is not for prisoners to be too silent in their words;1 and, therefore, I will say nothing: I thank God, I have as little patience as another man; and, therefore I can be quiet.
[Exeunt Moth and Cost.
9 With that face?] This cant phrase has oddly lasted till the present time; and is used by people who have no more meaning annexed to it, than Fielding had; who putting it into the mouth of Beau Didapper, thinks it necessary to apologize (in a note) for its want of sense, by adding—“that it was taken verbatim, from very polite conversation." Steevens.
1 It is not for prisoners to be too silent in their words ;] I suppose we should read, it is not for prisoners to be silent in their wards, that is, in custody, in the holds. Johnson.
The first quarto, 1598, (the most authentic copy of this play,) reads-“ It is not for prisoners to be too silent in their words; and so without doubt the text should be printed. Malone.
I don't think it necessary to endeavour to find out any meaning in this passage, as it seems to have been intended that co tard should speak nonsense. M. Mason.
Arm. I do affect the very ground, which is base, where her shoe, which is baser, guided by her foot, which is basest, doth tread. I shall be forsworn, (which is a great argument of falshood,) if I love: And how can that be true love, which is falsely attempted? Love is a familiar; love is a devil: there is no evil angel but love. Yet Sampson was so tempted: and he had an excellent strength: yet was Solomon so seduced ; and he had a very good wit. Cupid's butt-shaft 3 is too hard for Hercules' club, and therefore too much odds for a Spaniard's rapier. The first and second cause will not serve my turn;4 the passado he respects not, the duello he regards not: his disgrace is to be called boy; but his glory is, to subdue men. Adieu, valour! rust, rapier !5 be still, drum! for your manager is in love; yea, he loveth. Assist me some extemporal god of rhyme, for, I am sure, I shall turn sonneteer. 6 Devise wit; write pen; for I am for whole volumes in folio.
affect -] i. e. love. So, in Warner's Albion's England, 1602, B. XII, ch. lxxiv:
“But this I know, not Rome affords whom more you might
butt-shaft - ] i.e. an arrow to shoot at butts with. The butt was the place on which the mark to be shot at was placed, Thus, Othello says
here is my butt, “ And very sea-mark of my utmost sail.” Steevens. 1 The first and second cause will not serve my turn;] See the last act of As you like it, with the notes. Johnson.
rust, rapier.!] So, in All's well that ends well: “Rust, sword ! cool blushes, and Parolles, live!” Steevens.
sonneteer.] The old copies read only--sonnet. Steevens. The emendation is Sir T. Hanmer's. Malone.
ACT II....SCENE I.
Another part of the same.
A Pavilion and Tents
at a distance, Enter the Princess of France, ROSALINE, MARIA, KA
THARINE, Boyet, lords, and other attendants. Boyet. Now, madam, summon up your dearest spirits :' Consider who the king your father sends; To whom he sends; and what 's his embassy: Yourself, held precious in the world's esteem; To parley with the sole inheritor Of all perfections that a man may owe, Matchless Navarre: the plea of no less weight Than Aquitain; a dowry for a queen. Be now as prodigal of all dear grace, As nature was in making graces dear, When she did starve the general world beside, And prodigally gave them all to you.
Prin. Good lord Boyet, my beauty, though but mean, Needs not the painted flourish of your praise;8 Beauty is bought by judgment of the eye, Not utter'd by base sale of chapmen's tongues:'
— your dearest spirits:] Dear, in our author's language, has many shades of meaning. In the present instance and the next, it appears to signify-best, most powerful. Steevens.
8 Needs not the painted flourish of your praise;] Rowe has bor. rowed and dignified this sentiment in his Royal Convert. The Saxon Princess is the speaker:
“ Whate'er I am
“ Fucati sermonis opem mens conscia laudis
“ Abnuit." Steevens. • Beauty is bought by judgment of the eye,
Not utter'd by base sale of chapmen's tongues :] So, in our au. thor's 102d Sonnet:
“That love is merchandiz’d, whose rich esteeming
“ The owner's tongue doth publish every where.” Malone. Chapman here seems to signify the seller, not, as now com.
I am less proud to hear you tell my worth,
Boy. Proud of employment, willingly I go. [Exit.
Prin. All pride is willing pride, and yours is so.
1 Lord. Longaville’ is one. Prin.
Know you the man? Mar. I know him, madam; at a marriage feast, Between lord Perigort and the beauteous heir Of Jaques Falconbridge solemnized, In Normandy saw I this Longaville: A man of sovereign parts he is esteem'd ;3
monly, the buyer. Cheap or cheaping was anciently the market; chapman therefore is marketman. The meaning is, that the estimation of beauty depends not on the uttering or proclamation of the seller, but on the eye of the buyer. Johnson.
1 Bold of your worthiness,] i. e. confident of it. Steevens.
% Longaville -] For the sake of manners as well as metre, we ought to read-Lord Longaville – Steevens.
3 A man of sovereign parts he is esteem'd;] Thus the folio. The first quarto, 1598, has the line thus:
“ A man of sovereign peerlesse, he's esteemid.” I believe, the author wrote:
"A man of, -sovereign, peerless, he's esteem'd.” A man of extraordinary accomplishments, the speaker perhaps would have said, but suddenly checks herself; and adds--“ sove.
Well fitted in the arts,' glorious in arms:
Prin. Some merry mocking lord, belike; is 't so?
Prin. Such short-liv'd wits do wither as they grow. Who are the rest?
Kath. The young Dumain, a well-accomplish'd youth, Of all that virtue love for virtue lov’d; Most power to do most harm, least knowing ill; For he hath wit to make an ill shape good, And shape to win grace though he had no wit. I saw him at the duke Alençon's once; And much too little of that good I saw, Is my report, to his great worthiness.
reign, peerless, he ’s esteem'd.” So, before: “Matchless NaAgain, in The Tempest:
but you, O you, “So perfect, and so peerless, are created.” In the old copies no attention seems to have been given to abrupt sentences. They are almost uniformly printed corruptly, without any mark of abruption. Thus, in Much Ado about Nothing, we find both in the folio and quarto: “ - but for the stuff. ing well, we are all mortal.” Malone. Perhaps our author wrote:
“A man, a sovereign pearl, he is esteem'd.” i. e. not only a pearl, but such a one as is pre-eminently valuable. In Troilus and Cressida Helen is called—"a pearl;” and in Mac. beth the nobles of Scotland are styled—r the kingdom's pearl."The phrase—“a sovereign pearl” may also be countenanced by -"captain jewels in a carcanet,” an expression which occurs in one of our author's Sonnets.
Sovereign parts, however, is a kin to royalty of nature, a phrase that occurs in Macbeth. Steevens.
4 Well fitted in the arts,] Well fitted is well qualified. Johnson.
The, which is not in the old copies, was added for the sake of the metre, by the editor of the second folio. Malone.
match'd with - ] Is combined or joined with. Johnson. 6 And much too little &c.] i. e. And my report of the good I saw, is much too little compared to his great worthiness. Heath.