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SARTAIN'S MAGAZINE.

Vol.VI. PHILADELPHIA, MARCH, 18 50. No. 3.

THE HUNGARIAN STRUGGLE AND ITS CONSEQUENCES.

BY FRANCIS J. OBCND.

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, Hk struggle between liberty and despotism,since the first French Revolution, in 1789, never was half as intense or as pregnant with imports tant consorqucnces as that which the world has just witnessed, and which ended with the subjugation of the Magyars by the combined armies of Russia and Austria. It has left all the parties engaged in it prostrate, and has scaled the doom of Austria. It overthrew the European doctrine of the atalua quo,—a mere diplomatic chimera that never had any real application in time and space—and proclaimed, trumpettongued, perpetual war between barbarism and civilization. The plains of Pannonia are now added to the battle-ground of the great and unceasing struggle between the lovers and the enemies of mankind; while Turkey, which has been slumbering for two generations, is called in to decide the contest. Meanwhile the forces of both parties are recruiting;—when the Parisians shall have done dancing, the combat will again begin in the streets of Paris, and terminate with the overthrow of feudalism, or a new armistice between mind and physical force. To believe in a permanent victory of despotism, would be despairing of Providence and the destiny of the human race. It would proclaim of sensualism over every noble

quality of the soul, and degrade history into a mere recital of crimes, without a warning or a moral. It is the mind which marks the progress of the human race, not the physical condition in which we are placed. If the mind is pregnant with changes, it is in vain to arrest its course by physical obstacles. The Russians themselves, if they could accomplish the conquest of western Europe, would, like the Mantshoo Tartars who conquered China, be subdued by the civilization of the vanquished.

For more than a thousand years Austria has been the watchtower, if not of liberty, at least of that species of civilization which, in the end, must beget liberty as a condition of its existence. Planted by Charlemagne on the eastern confines of Christianity, she guarded Germany and France against the Huns and Turks, who repeatedly swarmed over her fertile plains, and threatened the destruction of the empire. But Austria soon forgot what she owed to Europe; and, intent on her own aggrandizement, increased her own power at the expense of Germany. She became, by marriage, a conglomerate of many distinct nations, which she had neither the energy nor the mind to assimilate to her own people; sho acquired physical momentum without moral or intellectual force. The House of Hapsburg aimed at universal empire, without possessing one of the qualities of a great ruler. It increased its territory as a farmer increases his estate; it never comprehended its mission to become the mediator between tho different nations that met on the confines of Europe and Asia. Austria est imperare orbi universo, was the motto of Frederic IV., one of the poorest successors to the crown of Charlemagne, after the principle of this onward march had been explained in the wellknown adage: "Bella gcrunt alii, tu felix Am

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